• Title/Summary/Keyword: Insulating oil

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Measurement of Electrical Insulating Oil Oxidation by Evaluating the UV Fluorescence Emission Ratio (자외선 형광 방출비 평가에 의한 전기 절연유의 산화측정)

  • Wicaksono, Britantyo;Kong, Hosung;Han, Hung-Gu
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 2013
  • In this work, a new fluorescence emission measurement technology was introduced and experimentally compared with other measurement methods, such as the titration method and IR spectroscopy, to validate it for the oil oxidation measurement of electrical insulating oil. The oxidation characteristics of insulating oil were found to be fairly represented by the titration method and IR spectroscopy, and the results are comparable to a change in the fluorescence emission ratio that is defined as the shift in fluorescence intensity in the measured wavelength range. The result also shows that by the measurement of fluorescence emission ratio, it is possible to detect the oxidation of oil relatively earlier than by other methods. This study suggests that the developed technology can provide sufficient information for evaluating the insulating oil quality, and that the developed FER sensor can be used as an effective condition monitoring device of electrical insulating oil oxidation.

A Study on Conductivity Characteristics of Insulating Oil by Corona Discharge in Oil (유중(油中)코로나 방전(放電)으로 인(因)한 절연유(絶緣油)의 도전특성(導電特性)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Young-Ill
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 1979
  • Not only the insulating oil used for extra high voltage and high capacity transformer has a lot of possibilites of a corona discharge in oil, but the oil is easily degraded by a response of light oxidization. This study is either to classfy, with priority given to a transformer oil produced in Korea belonging to, the insulating oil No. 2, the sample irradiated the ultraviolet rays, treated a corona discharge in oil by a high voltage DC source and done nothing, or to measure the characteristics of breakdown, V-i, I-t and electrode material. The obtained results can be summarized as followings: (1) Unless the sample is contacted with the air, on the process to irradiate the ultraviolet rays, the sample less influence on the changes of the electric characteristics. At the same time, if the sample is contacted with the air and irradiated the ultraviolet rays, the sample shows a remarkable changes of the electric characteristics, and a declined breakdown strength. This tells us that the influence of the light irradiation must be considered as a primary factor of degrading the insulating oil. (2) In the oil treated by a corona discharge, breakdown voltage is declined more than in the oil not to be treated with it. This means that the degradation of the insulating oil is getting increased by a corona discharge in oil. (3) It shows that the increase of conducting current has little to do with breakdown voltage. (4) The conducting current depending on the electrode materials can be put in order by value as Al>Cu>Fe. This is due to the differences of the work function of each metals, and an chemical reaction with the insulating oil. These result can be a great help in verifying the degradation progress of the insulating oil and furnish a new technical information to the manufacturers of the insulating oil and electrical equipment designers and operators. Besides, this study would be helpful to improve the electrical characteristics of the insulating oil produced in Korea.

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Thermal Destruction of Waste Insulating Oil Containing PCBs under High Temperature and Pressurized Conditions

  • Seok, Min-Gwang;Lee, Gang-Woo;Lee, Jae-Jeong;Kim, Min-Choul;Kim, Yang-Do;Jung, Jong-Hyeon;Shon, Byung-Hyun
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2012
  • This experimental study was performed to obtain thermal energy from the combustion of synthetic gas, produced by the pyrolysis of insulating oil containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in a high temperature and high pressure reactor. The average synthetic gas generated was $59.67Am^3/hr$ via the steady state gasification of insulating oil waste (20 kg/hr) with average concentrations (standard deviation) of $CO_2$, CO, and $H_2$ in the synthetic gas of $38.63{\pm}3.11%$, $35.18{\pm}1.93%$, and $28.42{\pm}1.68%$, respectively. The concentrations of the PCBs in the transformer insulating oil and synthetic gas after its gasification, and the concentrations of the dioxins that could be produced from the incomplete degradation of PCBs were measured. It was revealed that the PCBs in the insulating oil were composed of the series from tetrachlorobiphenyl to octachlorobiphenyl. However, only the #49, #44, #52, and #47/75/48 congeners were detected from the synthetic gas after gasification of the insulating oil and in the flue gas from the combustor. In conclusion, the experimental conditions suggested in this study were very useful for the appropriate treatment of insulating oil containing PCBs. Also, fuel gas containing CO and $H_2$ can be obtained from the pyrolysis of insulating oil containing PCBs.

Copper Particle Effect on the Breakdown Strength of Insulating Oil at Combined AC and DC Voltage

  • Wang, You-Yuan;Li, Yuan-Long;Wei, Chao;Zhang, Jing;Li, Xi
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.865-873
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    • 2017
  • Converter transformer is the key equipment of high voltage direct current transmission system. The solid suspending particles originating from the process of installation and operation of converter transformer have significant influence on the insulation performance of transformer oil, especially in presence of DC component in applied voltage. Under high electric field, the particles easily lead to partial discharge and breakdown of insulating oil. This paper investigated copper particle effect on the breakdown voltage of transformer oil at combined AC and DC voltage. A simulation model with single copper particle was established to interpret the particle effect on the breakdown strength of insulating oil. The experimental and simulation results showed that the particles distort the electric field. The breakdown voltage of insulating oil contaminated with copper particle decreases with the increase of particle number, and the breakdown voltage and the logarithm of particle number approximately satisfy the linear relationship. With the increase of the DC component in applied voltage, the breakdown voltage of contaminated insulating oil decreases. The simulation results show that the particle collides with the electrode more frequently with more DC component contained in the applied voltage, which will trigger more discharge and decrease the breakdown voltage of insulating oil.

A study on the improvement of the thermal expansion formula of the insulating oil in electric facilities (전력설비 절연유 열팽창 계산식 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Rim, Seong-Hwang;Moon, Bong-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • 2001.11b
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    • pp.153-156
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    • 2001
  • The transformer and the OF cable are cooled and insulated by insulating oils in their body. The insulating oil expands or contracts with the heat transfer according to the operating conditions of the electric facilities. So we install the $N_2$ gas tank connected with the insulating oil system to overcome the change. The change of the insulating oil volume for the operation temperature range must be calculated to decide the $N_2$ gas volume and to set the alarm point for safe operation. It is known that this change is proportional to the temperature change and to the insulating oil volume if the temperature change is small enough.[1][11] However this proportional formula has been accepted generally in the design of electric facilities for wide operation temperature range such as $40^{\circ}C{\sim}125^{\circ}C$. Hence, it makes large errors in calculation which car result in serious damage against safe operation of the electric facilities. This paper presents a improved method of calculating the accurate change of the insulating oil volume to insure the safe operation of electric facilities.

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A study on electrical conduction of streaming insulating oil (유동 절연유의 전기전도에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, J.H.;Park, J.Y.;Lee, D.Ch.;Kim, W.G.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • 1991.11a
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    • pp.296-298
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    • 1991
  • When insulating oil was flowed through a pipe, the electrostatic charge in the oil was increased using inflammability oil, an electrostatic phnomena which may cause significantly problems as explosion must be circumvented by some methods. In this paper, Streaming insulating oil electrificated by streaming electrification of electrification pipe and standing insulating oil were affected under the high field strength, temperature of insulating oil, and concentration of surfactant. The electrical conduction was compared and analysed by these influence.

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Evaluation of Insulating Oil by Terahertz Time Domain Spectroscopy (테라헤르츠파 분광법에 의한 절연유 특성 평가)

  • Kim Geun-Ju;Jeon Seok-Gy;Sun Jong-Ho;Jin Yun-Sik
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.55 no.8
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 2006
  • A new method on the evaluation of insulation oil was proposed. Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) was applied to investigate the properties of the insulating oil. For the diagnostics of oil degradation, three kinds of oils have been analyzed by THz-TDS. The degraded oil showed different optical and electrical constants compared with a new one. Generally, the power absorption coefficient, the refractive index, the dielectric constant and loss $tan{\delta}$ of the oil increase as the aging of insulating oil proceed. And the characteristics of two kind of insulation oil, 1-4 and 7-4, was compared in terahertz spectral region. Difference in refractive index and complex dielectric constant has been observed between the samples. The results of this study suggest that THz-TDS is a promising new means for evaluating degradation and identification of insulating oil.

Breakdown Properties for Insulation Design of the Environment-Friendly Pole Transformer using the Vegetable Insulating Oil (식물성절연유를 사용한 친환경 주상변압기 설계를 위한 절연파괴 특성)

  • Kwag, Dong-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2011
  • In recent years, environmental concerns have been raised on the use of poorly biodegradable fluids in electrical apparatus in regions where spills from leaks and equipment failure could contaminate the surroundings. The newly invented vegetable insulating oil is highly biodegradable and have negligible impact on the environment, human health and the ecosystem. For development of the environmental-friendly pole transformer using vegetable insulating oil, the dielectric constructions of the pole transformer were discussed in this paper. Depending on the dielectric constructions, the AC breakdown characteristics of the Nomex insulating papers and the vegetable insulating oil were studied by simulated electrode systems. Based on the experimental results, the maximum design stress($E_{max}$) for insulation design of the environmental-friendly pole transformer were suggested.

The Effect of Additive on the Electric conductivity of Insulating Oil (절연유의 전기전도에 미치는 첨가제의 영향(II))

  • Chung, K.H.;Kim, Y.B.;Kim, Y.I.;Park, S.H.;Park, J.Y.;Lee, D.C.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • 1996.07c
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    • pp.1630-1632
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    • 1996
  • The static charges are generated by streaming electrification phenomena when insulating oil flowing by force for the purpose of cooling at the internal of Ultra-high power transformer. In this thesis, their elimination method was studied. In this paper the effect of Additive on the electric conductivity of Insulating oil is studied. The variation of electric conductivity disappear when Additive is molten in insulating oil, the variation of Additive is not enough to decrease streaming electrification of insulating oil(${\sigma}>10^{-12}$[S/cm]).

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The Effect of Additive on the Electric conductivity of Insulating Oil (절연유의 전기전도에 미치는 첨가제의 영향)

  • 정광현;김영봉;김용운;임헌찬;이덕출
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • 1996.05a
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    • pp.158-161
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    • 1996
  • The static charges are generated by streaming electrification phenomena in insulating oil flowing by force for the purpose of cooling at the internal of Ultra-high power transformer. In this thesis, their elimination method was studied. In this paper the effect of Additive on the electric conductivity of Insulating oil is studied. The variation of electric conductivity disappear when Additive is molten in insulating oil BTA(Benzotriazole) appear more variation of electric conductivity than that of SP-S10(Sorbitan mono-stearate). But the variation is not enough to decrease streaming electrification of insulating oil($\sigma$>10$\^$-12/[S/cm]).

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