• Title, Summary, Keyword: Insertion Loss

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A Ku-Band 5-Bit Phase Shifter Using Compensation Resistors for Reducing the Insertion Loss Variation

  • Chang, Woo-Jin;Lee, Kyung-Ho
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2003
  • This paper describes the performance of a Ku-band 5-bit monolithic phase shifter with metal semiconductor field effect transistor (MESFET) switches and the implementation of a ceramic packaged phase shifter for phase array antennas. Using compensation resistors reduced the insertion loss variation of the phase shifter. Measurement of the 5-bit phase shifter with a monolithic microwave integrated circuit demonstrated a phase error of less than $7.5{\circ}$ root-mean-square (RMS) and an insertion loss variation of less than 0.9 dB RMS for 13 to 15 GHz. For all 32 states of the developed 5-bit phase shifter, the insertion losses were $8.2{\pm}1.4$dB, the input return losses were higher than 7.7 dB, and the output return losses were higher than 6.8 dB for 13 to 15 GHz. The chip size of the 5- bit monolithic phase shifter with a digital circuit for controlling all five bits was 2.35 mm ${\times}$1.65 mm. The packaged phase shifter demonstrated a phase error of less than $11.3{\circ}$ RMS, measured insertion losses of 12.2 ${\pm}$2.2 dB, and an insertion loss variation of 1.0 dB RMS for 13 to 15 GHz. For all 32 states, the input return losses were higher than 5.0 dB and the output return losses were higher than 6.2 dB for 13 to 15 GHz. The size of the packaged phase shifter was 7.20 mm${\times}$ 6.20 mm.

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Performance of Absorption Diffuser Silencers (흡음형 디퓨저 소음기의 성능)

  • 정갑철;현승일;이종우;권영필
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.377-384
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    • 1994
  • This paper is an investigation of the performance of absorption diffusers to suppress the vent noise emitted when high pressure gas is throttled. First, experiment for the static performance is carried out. When there is no through-flow, the insertion loss has been obtained in terms of 1/3 octave band spectrum and the effect of the number of diffusers and the thickness of the absorption material on the static performance has been obtained. And the similarity in the spectrum of the static insertion loss is confirmed by comparing two similar models with different size. Second, the dynamic performance has been obtained by experiment using blow-down of compressed air from a storage tank through an orifice of diameter 10 mm. The back pressure by the diffuser is measured and compared with that of a single diffuser. It is found that the insertion loss of asingle diffuser is very low around 3 dB at high frequencies with negative value at low frequencies. By absorption material between the diffuser tubes, however, the performance is increased considerably. Without flow the static insertion loss increases by 3 - 4 dB by doubling the thickness or the density of the absorptionmaterial. With flow, however, the dynamic insertion loss increases. While, the back pressure by the diffuser is small enough to be neglected.

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Optimal Muffler Design Considering the Insertion Loss Calculated Outside the Duct (덕트 밖에서 계산된 삽입 손실을 고려한 머플러 최적 설계)

  • Lee, Jong Kyeom;Oh, Kee Seung;Lee, Jin Woo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.497-503
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we formulate an acoustical topology optimization problem to optimally design a partition layout inside the expansion chamber of a muffler. The lower-limit insertion loss value at a target frequency is constrained, and the partition volume is selected as an object function. In this study, we calculate the insertion loss outside the duct, while to determine the noise-attenuation performance, we use the insertion loss value calculated inside the duct or transmission loss value obtained in a previous study. We employ the finite-element model for acoustical analysis, and we determine the transmission of an incident acoustic wave through each finite element using the functions of design variables that change continuously between "0" and "1." The rigid body elements, which totally reflect incident waves, build up partitions. Finally, we compare optimal topologies that depend on the target frequency and the allowed lower-limit value of insertion loss.

An Experimental Study on Ducted Silencers I (ISO 7235) (덕트 소음기의 실험적 연구 I (ISO 7235))

  • 남경훈;박희주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.282-287
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    • 2001
  • The test facility has been manufactured to predict the dynamic insertion loss and the pressure drop for ducted silencers based on ISO 7235. The qualification test of the test facility is necessary for determining the dynamic insertion loss and the pressure drop of the test silencer, and is surveyed the reflection coefficient for an anechoic termination, the velocity profile near the upstream connection to the test silencer, the reduction of the system silencer and the limiting insertion loss due to the flanking sound transmission along the duct walls.

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CORRECTION METHOD OF ESTIMATED INSERTION-LOSS WITH FLOW

  • Nishimura, Tsuyoshi;Usagawa, Tsuyoshi;Ebata, Masanao
    • Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.746-751
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    • 1994
  • The four-terminal transmission matrix method has been widely used to estimate the insertion-loss. However, the predictins using the equations in the four-terminal transmission matrix method do not reflect a practical phenomenon accurately, In this paper, the correction method to derive the insertion-loss for a constant sound pressure source is presented. The method of correction to the four-terminal transmission matrix method was proposed by rewriting the real and imaginary parts as they depend solely on the flow velocity. Then the result was compensated for by adding the component of the temperature gradient.

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A Study of Barrier Insertion Loss Near a High Rise Building (고층 건물에 인접한 방음벽의 삽입손실에 관한 연구)

  • 진병주;김현실;김상렬
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2000
  • In this paper performance of the noise barrier which is 53 m long and 6m high, and is located between the high rise apartment and road, is studied by using experimental and analytic method. The insertion loss is measured by using the direct method in accordance with the ISO code, while theoretical prediction is based on Muradali and Fyfe's method (Applied Acoustics, Vol. 53, 49~75, 1998). In addition to the diffraction at the top of the barrier, the waves are reflected infinite times between the building and the barrier, which is equivalent to replacing the building by the infinite series of the image receiver points. In two-dimensional study, the prediction of the insertion loss results in significantly overestimated values compared with the measurement. However three-dimensional analysis shows reasonable agreements, where traffic noise is assumed as incoherent line source and the length of the source is larger than that of the barrier.

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The Effect of Insertion Loss on the Element of Exhaust Muffler (배기 소음기 구조가 삽입손실에 미치는 영향)

  • 강동림;김영호;전현부기;김의간
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2000
  • The performances of the simple expansion, perforated tube, and conical-connector type as an exhaust muffler are shown in this study. Applying a model in which the method of four-pole parameter is used makes theoretical estimation of the insertion loss. Experiment is performed for the measurement of the insertion loss under four cases according to the variation of the tail pipe length. By comparing the theoretical prediction with the experimental results, the validity of the modeling using the method of four-pole parameter is verified. The personal computer simulation programs for the above mentioned theory on the muffler design have been developed and exhaust sound level measurements have been carried out for simple expansion muffler, conical-connector muffler, perforated tube mufflers and the combined type of conical-connector and simple expansion muffler. The measured results for attenuation characteristics of noise for each muffler are compared with the computed theoretical results to verity the confidence and applicable limits of the theoretical equation derived.

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The Pigrailing and The Loss Analysis of low loss LiNbO$_3$ Optical Waveguide with Fiber-to-fiber Insetion Loss<6dB (Total Fiber-to-fiber Insertion Loss가 <6dB 인 Ti:$LiNbO_3$ 과도파로 Pigtailing 및 손실분석)

  • 김성구;박계춘;조재철
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.557-564
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    • 1998
  • A low loss x-cut $LiNbO_3$optical waveguide was fabricated by Yi in-diffusion, and the properties of guided-mode and the total insertion loss of the pigtailed waveguide with polarization maintaining fiber(PMF) were measured at optical wavelength 1550nm. for forming the waveguides, the parameters of diffusion, Ti thickness, waveguide line-width, length, diffusion temperature, time and atmosphere were set $1400{\AA}$, $8{\mu}m$, 3.3cm, $1050^{\circ}C$, 8 hours and wet bubbled oxygen, respectively. And then after the polishing and piatailing, it showed that the total insertion loss was -4.1dB for TM mode, -5.5dB for TE mode, and mode size, that is, the horizontal/ vertical size were $13.8{\mu}m/18{\mu}m$ for TM mode, $9.6{\mu}m/6.5{\mu}m$ for TE mode.

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Design of the L-band Rotary Joint in Ring Contact Type to Improve Signal Insertion Loss (삽입손실 개선을 위한 링 접촉식 구조의 L대역 로터리조인트 설계)

  • Na, Jae-Hyun;Roh, Don-Suk;Kim, Dong-Gil
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2019
  • This paper deals with the design of the L-band rotary joint, which is a core part of the tracking radar system. The rotary joint is a part that is mounted on the rotating parts of the tracking system antenna, which smoothly transmits RF signals with minimizing signal insertion loss. To improve the insertion loss of rotary joint, 1) dielectric materials, 2) design of distribution ring and 3)dielectric shape are studied. The performance of proposed rotary joint is compared with the conventional product. The prototype rotary joint showed a max insertion loss of 0.68dB, that is improved about 46% compare with conventional product which insertion loss was 1.26dB.

Evaluation for the Capability of the Sound Insulation and Experimental Analysis for the Improvement of the Sound Insertion Loss of the Air Conditioner-cabinet Considering the Thickness and Aperture of the Partition (파티션의 두께 및 틈새를 고려한 에어컨 캐비닛의 차음 성능 평가 및 음향 삽입 손실 향상에 대한 실험적 분석)

  • Han, Hyung-Suk;Jung, Woo-Seoung;Mo, Jin-Yong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.263-271
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    • 2008
  • Compressor radiated noise is one of the dominant noise for the outdoor unit of the air conditioner. Therefore, air conditioner makers are trying to reduce it continuously. Even though noise absorption and isolation technology are one of the important parts for reducing the noise from the compressor, it is usually treated to the substitute technology when the noise from the compressor is very difficult to reduce by the compressor noise control only. In this paper, we focus on the property of the sound insulation for the cabinet and measure it applying the theory of the sound transmission loss and insertion loss of the simple enclosure. The insertion loss is evaluated by the experiments according to the thickness and the aperture of the partition in the cabinet.