• Title, Summary, Keyword: Innovations

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The Aging Society from the Perspective of Urban Infrastructure and Community Environment: Searching for Policy and Technological Innovation

  • Kim, Dohyung;Park, Jiyoung;Bae, Chang-Hee Christine;Wen, Frank
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.79-94
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    • 2020
  • This study reviews how an aging society can be connected to the urban-built environment, transportation system, infrastructure, and climate change topics from the perspective of policy and innovation in science and technology. Each topic was described with the aging society that we will encounter in the near future. Based on the expected discussions, we suggested how policy and technological innovations may interact with the new emerging society. Especially, digital transformation is expected to hyper-connect the aging society beyond physical barriers where numerous policies and innovations in science and technology shed light on the elderly population. We observe, however, that this cannot be achieved only by the government sector; rather, municipal governments and local communities, as well as private sectors, all together need to prepare for the new society of the aging population. Furthermore, an ideal approach is to accommodate multidisciplinary studies that can address the policy and technological innovations simultaneously and collectively. By doing so, we can minimize the negative impacts when an aging society approaches.

A Study on the Prioritization of Policy for Gendered Innovations

  • Hwangbo, Wonju;Park, Young Il;Lee, Heisook
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.325-342
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    • 2019
  • Gendered innovation in Science, Technology and Innovation, which seeks better science for both men and women by integrating sex and gender analysis, has become an important issue in the entire process of STI, as initiated by the European Commission, Canadian Institutes of Health Research in Canada and the National Institutes of Health in the United States. Korea has also attempted to reflect gendered innovations in Science and Technology as a critical factor in the 3rd and 4th National Plan, followed by the Act on Women Scientists and Engineers (2002). Against this background, the aim of this study is to prioritize the policy instruments regarding gendered innovation in Research and Development. Through the Focus Group Interview (FGI) and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), this study attempts to set the priority among selected criteria, various types of policy instruments, and the applied research development area. As a result, this study shows the preparation of the relevant legal and institutional mechanisms for the full introduction of gendered innovation in S&T, and the importance of various policy instruments for S&T innovation in the fields of planning, budgeting, managing national R&D projects, evaluating and impact assessment, etc., being derived in a systematic way to ensure their effectiveness.

Gendered innovation for algorithm through case studies (음성·영상 신호 처리 알고리즘 사례를 통해 본 젠더혁신의 필요성)

  • Lee, JiYeoun;Lee, Heisook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.459-466
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    • 2018
  • Gendered innovations is a term used by policy makers and academics to refer the process of creating better research and development (R&D) for both men and women. In this paper, we analyze the literatures in image and speech signal processing that can be used in ICT, examine the importance of gendered innovations through case study. Therefore the latest domestic and foreign literature related to image and speech signal processing based on gender research is searched and a total of 9 papers are selected. In terms of gender analysis, research subjects, research environment, and research design are examined separately. Especially, through the case analysis of algorithms of the elderly voice signal processing, machine learning, machine translation technology, and facial gender recognition technology, we found that there is gender bias in existing algorithms, and which leads to gender analysis is required. We also propose a gendered innovations method integrating sex and gender analysis in algorithm development. Gendered innovations in ICT can contribute to the creation of new markets by developing products and services that reflect the needs of both men and women.

The Effects of Resource Inputs on Business Performances in Korean Environmental Companies Conducting R&D : Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Innovation (한국 R&D수행 환경기업의 자원투입이 경영성과에 미치는 영향 : 혁신의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Geun-U;Ryu, Jae-Ho;Park, Jung-Gu
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.61-75
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    • 2019
  • This article analyzed the direct impact of resource inputs on business performances of Korean environmental companies conducting R&D, and the mediation effects of product-, process-, organization-, marketing-innovations between resource inputs and business performances. We conducted the mediation analysis using SPSS and Process Macro, based on a survey data from the Korean environmental companies. The article found that ① resource inputs have directly had a positive impact on business performances, and ② innovations have mediated them. ③ But among 4 types of innovations, the only mediation effect of organization-innovation has been verified, and the others have not appeared. Considering the above results, the following policy implications can be suggested. ① It is necessary to reinforce related policies so that companies can improve business performances through innovation. ② The government needs to carry out the prudent supporting policies so that innovations in product, process, and marketing can lead to business performances. This article has the limitation of using the survey data, and needs further researches on the sectoral system of innovation for Korean environmental industry.