• Title, Summary, Keyword: Innovations

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Diffusion Policy for the Gendered Innovations in Science and Technology Research (과학기술 연구개발에서의 젠더혁신 확산방안 - 성별특성분석 토대의 젠더혁신 지원정책을 중심으로 -)

  • Paik, Hee Young;Woo, Soo-jung;Lee, Heisook
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.989-1014
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    • 2017
  • Major advanced countries pursuing accountability for research and development are carrying out gendered innovations by recognizing the importance of sex and gender analysis in science research and technology development. Korea needs to actively promote gendered innovations as a strategy moving from Fast Follower to First Mover. In order to promote gendered innovations in the science, technology and ICT fields, policies of integrating the gender dimension in the process of research from research design to the analysis of research outcomes should be declared and research support measures should be introduced from the proposal evaluation for the gendered innovations. In particular, in order to support the new gendered innovations research systematically in Korea's R & D system, a legal basis must precede. In this study, we propose an amendment to the law related to gender innovation by analyzing the cases in foreign countries.

How Can Marketers Overcome Consumer Resistance to Innovations? - The Investigation of Psychological and Social Origins of Consumer Resistance to Innovations - (마케팅관리자들이 어떻게 혁신에 대한 소비자저항을 극복할 수 있는가? - 혁신에 대한 소비자의 개인적 사회적 저항의 근원 탐색 -)

  • Bagozzi, Richard P.;Lee, Kyu-Hyun
    • Journal of Global Academy of Marketing Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.211-231
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    • 2005
  • It is important for marketers to understand both individual resistance and group resistance in order to successfully bring innovations into global markets. We suggest that consumers resist innovations as individuals and as members of a group and that they do this in different ways at different stages of decision-making. The individual resistance begins with forms of initial resistance, develops into emergent resistance and mature or belated resistance at the individual level. In addition, personal moral standards can influence decision making in relation to the adoption of innovations. Individual resistance is sometimes accompanied by or evolves into group resistance. We introduce a framework for thinking about consumer resistance to innovations that sees it as a consequence of social identity, which has functions for the individual, the group to which one belongs, and other individuals and groups. Consumers with membership in a certain group try to increase their self-esteem through the process of social comparison. The more consumers strongly identify with and bond with a certain group, the more in-group solidarity and out-group hostility will occur. Out-group hostility gives group members strong resistance toward products and services related to the out-group. Individual resistance and group resistance are threats to marketers and dampen performance. By considering the existence of resistance to innovations and seeking strategies to overcome it, marketers can transform these threat into new opportunities. A better understanding of consumer resistance can complement research on the adoption of innovations and help in the development of a universal model of consumer behavior.

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An empirical analysis based on organizational members' perceptions about the effects of antecedents to the external knowledge network on product and service innovations : on the basis of the open innovation perspective (조직 구성원들이 인식하는 자사의 외부 지식 네트워크 구축의 선행요인들이 제품 및 서비스 혁신에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증분석 : 개방형 혁신의 관점을 기반으로)

  • Hau, Yong Sauk;Kang, Minhyung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2013
  • As the external knowledge networks of firms have become more and more important to their product and service innovations, many global leading companies such as P & G, IBM, and Samsung Electronics have formulated and implemented their open innovation strategy. This study attempts to empirically analyze the effects of CEOs' supports for external knowledge networks, external knowledge network-oriented cultures and inter-organizational knowledge management systems as the major antecedents to external knowledge networks by using the data based on organizational members' perceptions about them. Based on 847 samples collected from employees in three companies in the medical, the construction and the IT service industries, this study performed a structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis about the effects of the antecedents to the external knowledge networks on product and service innovations through Partial Least Squares (PLS). The empirical findings of this study show that CEOs' supports for external knowledge network positively influence product and service innovations, partially mediated by external knowledge network-oriented cultures and inter-organizational knowledge management systems. And they also show that external knowledge network-oriented cultures and inter-organizational knowledge management systems have a positive effect on product and service innovations, respectively, partially mediated by external knowledge networks. With these new findings, academic and practical implications are discussed.

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Target Costing, Knowledge Management Activities, and Corporate Innovation (원가기획, 지식경영 활동들과 기업 혁신)

  • Choe, Jong-Min;Choi, Cheol-Hwan
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.45-66
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    • 2015
  • This study empirically investigated the relationships among organizational culture, target costing, knowledge management activities, and corporate innovations. The results of this study showed that innovative and supportive culture positively affects the adoption degrees of target costing. According to the results, it was observed that target costing as well as innovative and supportive culture have a positive impact on levels of knowledge management activities(i.e., knowledge creation, sharing, storage, and application). It was also demonstrated that organizational culture has an indirect effect on activation of knowledge management activities through target costing. Thus, to enhance knowledge management activities, target costing must be aligned with appropriate types of organizational culture. In examining the impact of knowledge management activities on the frequencies of product and process innovations, no significant effect was found. Additional analyses that compare across three groups(i.e., low level group, middle level group and high level group in knowledge management activities) and between two groups(i.e., between high level group and middle level group or between high level group and low level group) were performed. The results of comparison showed that the degrees of product and process innovations are highest in high level group, but no significant differences are found in the degrees of innovations between middle level group and low level group.

Numerical study on Jarque-Bera normality test for innovations of ARMA-GARCH models

  • Lee, Tae-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.453-458
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, we consider Jarque-Bera (JB) normality test for the innovations of ARMA-GARCH models. In financial applications, JB test based on the residuals are routinely used for the normality of ARMA-GARCH innovations without a justification. However, the validity of JB test should be justified in advance of the actual practice (Lee et al., 2009). Through the simulation study, it is found that the validity of JB test depends on the shape of test statistic. Specifically, when the constant term is involved in ARMA model, a certain type of residual based JB test produces severe size distortions.

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Promotion of Agricultural Technology Innovations for the Poor Smallholders in Marginal Rural Areas of Bangladesh: An Innovative Business Model Approach

  • Mohammad, Ikhtiar;Malek, Mohammad Abdul
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.58-84
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    • 2017
  • This article aims at demonstrating location specific approach for agricultural technology promotion and adoption in improving the livelihood of the small farmers in the haor basin and coastal belt of Bangladesh. Innovative technologies that have potentials are initially screened by ex-ante investigation and instrumented by the business model canvas, which is used as a bottom-up approach for sustainability of the adoption of proposed technology innovations. Village-level extension farmers, sub-district extension officers and farmers' cooperative are the unique and central features to the business models and forward linkages. Extension service, power tiller, low-lift pump, sunflower, shallow tube well, quality seed, forward linkage for farmed duck eggs, live ducks and open catch fish etc. are the suggested potential technology innovations for the small farmers. The technology adoption business model can be reinvented for different locations within or beyond the country considering the local agricultural problems and prospects for greater sustainability.

Multiple Target Angle-tracking Using Angular Innovations Extracted from Noise Subspace (잡음 부공간에서 추출된 방위 변위를 이용한 다중 표적 방위 추적)

  • Hwang Soo Bok;Kim Jin Seok;Kim Hyun Sik;Nam Ki Gon
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.24 no.1E
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    • pp.34-37
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    • 2005
  • Ryu et al. proposed a multiple target angle-tracking algorithm without a data association problem using angular innovations. This algorithm, however, needs the computational loads in proportion to the square number of sensors regardless of the number of targets, because it uses a nonlinear equation between the signal subspace and angular innovation. In this Paper, we proposed an efficient algorithm for the multiple target angle-tracking using angular innovations. The proposed algorithm extracts the angular innovations from noise subspace. Also, it is demonstrated by computer simulations dealing with the tracking of crossing targets. The simulation results show that the computational loads of the proposed algorithm are $80\%$ and $60\%$ of those of Ryu's algorithm for 3 targets and 6 targets without degrading the performance of the target tracking.

Technological Innovation Induced Growth of Engineering Industry SMEs: Case Studies in Bangalore

  • Krishnaswamy, KN;Subrahmanya, MH Bala;Mathirajan, M
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.217-241
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    • 2015
  • This paper, based on two engineering industry SME case studies, traces the origin and process of technological innovations enabling the development and introduction of new products leading to market expansion and enterprise growth. The study throws light on how entrepreneurs played a decisive role in recognizing market opportunities, building up crucial in-house technological capability, supplementing it with appropriate external assistance, to carry out technological innovations. A constant interaction with its customers is in-built into the system. As a result, the SMEs could achieve successful product innovations leading to their gradual growth, over time. Finally, based on the observations and inferences derived out of the two cases, a theoretical construct of the growth of innovation in SMEs is postulated. This is done linking the three stages of their development: (i) start-up and stabilizing, (ii) building up technological capability and implementing innovations; and (iii) opening up of new markets resulting in firm growth.

Recent Developments in Reducing Bulkiness of CRT Glass Bulbs

  • Sugawara, Tsunehiko;Shimizu, Naoya;Murakami, Toshide
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.359-363
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    • 2002
  • Several innovations for reducing the bulkiness of glass bulbs for flat and large CRTs have been made and further technologies are being developed by using material and structural approaches. The integrated glass technology based on these innovations will provide a lightweight shallow glass bulb for the realization of a half- depth CRT.

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A Study on the Electronic Payment and Settlement System in EU (유럽의 전자결제제도에 관한 연구)

  • CHOI, Byoung-Kwon
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.67
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    • pp.69-95
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    • 2015
  • The main purpose of this study is to analyse what are the key financial innovations in the euro area electronic payment systems. TARGET2 is the RTGS-system provided through the Eurosystem. It is used for settling central bank operations, for large interbank transfers in euro and also for other euro-denominated transfers. The specific features of TARGET2 include processing in real time, settlement in central bank money and immediate finality. In addition, the SEPA is a payment-integration initiative of the European Union for simplification of bank transfers denominated in euro. In particular, the main innovations consist of the completion of the phased migration to the TARGET2 infrastructure, and the introduction of a single retail payment market in euro - the SEPA and its products, schemes and frameworks. As the study analyse, the key innovations consist of the TARGET2 introduction, SEPA establishment and migration towards the T2S system. These innovations will lead to a better understanding of the payment and settlement systems' behavior in stress situations and to enhance the stability of the euro area financial system. Moreover, the successful integration of the European payment and settlement infrastructures will further contribute to the integration of the European financial markets, as well as to their higher competitiveness.

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