• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Innovations

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정보기술 혁신 특성에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Characteristics of IT Innovations)

  • 백상용;박경수
    • 정보기술응용연구
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.71-90
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    • 2001
  • 혁신에 대한 연구는 다양한 학문 분야에서 오랫동안 이루어져 왔다. 경영정보학에서도 정보기술의 도입과 활용 현상을 설명하기 위해 기존의 혁신 연구 이론과 결과를 수용하고 있다. 그러나 기존의 혁신 이론은 정보기술 혁신을 설명하는데 있어 한계가 있고 정보기술 혁신의 특성을 제대로 반영하지 못한다는 비판을 받아왔다. 본 연구는 이러한 문제점을 바탕으로 기존의 정보기술 혁신 연구 결과를 종합하여 정보 기술 혁신 특성을 제시하고 경영자를 대상으로 그 특성에 대한 인식을 조사하였다. 분석결과는 일반 혁신보다는 정보기술 혁신에 있어 지식장애 요인이 강하게 나타났으며 혁신 도입 결정요인은 일반 혁신과 정보기술 혁신상의 차이를 발견할 수 없었다.

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지식경영 전략과 정보기술 역량 간의 적합 관계가 제조기업 혁신에 미치는 영향: 혁신의 공개성 (The Effects of the Fit between Forms of KM Strategy and Types of IT Capability on the Innovations of Manufacturing Firm: Innovation Openness)

  • 최종민
    • 한국정보시스템학회지:정보시스템연구
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2019
  • Purpose This study exploratory investigated the effects of the fit between forms of knowledge management(KM) strategy and types of information technology(IT) capability on the kinds of innovations such as product and process innovations. In this study, the openness of innovations that affects the innovations of a firm is considered. Design/methodology/approach For this empirical study, 104 manufacturing firms' data were finally collected through field survey. For the analysis of the data, cluster analysis and multiple regression analysis were employed. Findings This study demonstrated that when a system-oriented KM strategy is adopted, IT flexibility, which supports the implementation of a system-oriented strategy, is highly employed and utilized. It was also found that under a dynamic KM strategy, both IT integration and IT flexibility are highly employed. For the innovation of a firm, it was found that when a system-oriented strategy is employed and the flexibility of IT is highly adopted, the levels of product innovation are enhanced. Under a dynamic strategy, when the degrees of IT integration and IT flexibility are high, high levels of product and process innovations were empirically found. The impact of innovation openness on the innovations of a firm were partially demonstrated. Finally, the positive impact of the innovations on the improvement of performance in manufacturing firms were demonstrated.

Innovations as an Option to Increase the Market Share of Rail Freight Transport in Europe

  • Wiegmans, Bart W.
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.80-92
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    • 2009
  • Successful market adoption of rail freight transport innovations that might offer opportunities for market share increase is the focus of this paper. Firstly, seen from a theoretical point of view, it is not incremental innovations but radical organizational and transformation innovations that are likely to increase the market share of rail freight transport. Secondly, the particular inovations that offer some success potential for market adoption are: dedicated infrastructure, the fixed timetable, locomotive upgrades, and INTERFACE. Thirdly, unfortunately, the opportunities to increase the market share of rail freight transport appear to be limited.

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사회네트워크가 혁신확산에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Social Networks on the Diffusion of Innovation)

  • 이규현;오장균
    • 기술혁신학회지
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.33-47
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    • 2000
  • We focus on the investigations of the effect of social networks on the diffusion of innovations, in order to successfully bring innovations into markets. We begin with consideration of social system from Rogers(1995)' perspective, which includes the fifty-year sequential tradition of diffusion studies, and expand the conceptualization into a framework for thinking about the effect of social networks on the diffusion of innovations. We draw upon basic ideas from the research traditions of social network theory in sociology, and social identity theory in social psychology. Finally, we offer propositions for the future empirical researches. A better understanding of social networks can complement research on the diffusion of innovations and help in the development of a universal model of consumer response to innovations.

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병원의 혁신 활동: 클리블랜드 클리닉 사례연구 (Disruptive Innovations of Group Practice Model Hospital - A Case Study of a Cleveland Clinic -)

  • 홍상진
    • 병원경영학회지
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.78-88
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    • 2015
  • Disruptive innovations have brought convenience and affordability in a variety of industries. The innovations that will eventually turn it around are ready. However, health care remains expensive and unsustainable to many because of the lack of innovations. Health care may be the most entrenched, change-averse industry in the united states. The aim of this article is to describes the innovations of Cleveland Clinic. The author present innovation activities in Cleveland Clinic, followed by a discussion of some of the reasons how disruptive innovations in Cleveland Clinic has been achieved.

기술혁신을 촉진하는 심리적 작업환경에 관한 연구 -후원적 작업환경과 도전적 작업환경을 중심으로- (An Analysis of the Psychological Work Environments Facilitating Technology Innovations)

  • 한인수;박경환
    • 기술경영경제학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.83-123
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    • 1997
  • The psychological work environments which facilitate technology innovations in organizations are divided into two dimensions of supportive work environments and challenging work environments. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the construct validity of two work environments. And simple and hierarchical regression analysis confirmed the significant effects of two work environments on motivations to the technology innovations. Therefore, Both of the challenging work environments(uncertainty of exta- organizational environments and tasks) and supportive work environments(managerial environments of intra-organizations) are the two important psychological work environments which facilitate technology innovations in organizations.

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Innovations for Sustainability: A Case of Mainstreaming Energy Access in Rural India

  • Patil, Balachandra
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.154-177
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    • 2015
  • India faces a formidable challenge in ensuring security of access to modern energy carriers to majority of its population. The fossil-fuel dominated centralized energy system has proved to be ineffective in creating sustainable access to energy, which suggests need for a radical and innovative approach. We present such an approach. First, the need for innovations given the implications of lack of energy access on sustainable development is assessed. Next, possible innovations with respect to technologies, policies, institutions, markets, financial instruments and business models are discussed. Finally, an economic and financial feasibility of implementing such innovations are analyzed. The results indicate that such a proposal needs an investment of US$ 26.2 billion over a period of 20 years for a GHG mitigation potential of 213Tg $CO_{2e}$. The proposition is profitable for the enterprises with IRRs in the range of 39%-66%. The households will get lifeline access to electricity and gas for cooking at an affordable monthly cost of about US$ 5.7.

정보 기술을 이용한 공급 기업과의 공동 혁신이 제조기업 제품 및 과정 혁신에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of the Co-innovation with Suppliers through IT on the Product and Process Innovations in Manufacturing Firms)

  • 최종민
    • 한국정보시스템학회지:정보시스템연구
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.111-131
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    • 2018
  • Purpose This study empirically investigated the impact of information technology(IT) capability on the co-innovation with suppliers and the effects of the co-innovation with suppliers on the product and process innovations in manufacturing firms. We demonstrated that IT promotes innovations trough the sharing of knowledge with suppliers. Design/methodology/approach The empirical data were collected through post-survey. 97 valid survey data were finally collected. With a multiple-regression analysis, we confirmed the influence relationships among critical variables. Findings In the empirical results, it was found that IT integration positively and significantly influences the amount of inter-organizational information exchange with suppliers. The results showed that the inter-organizational information flow with suppliers has a positive and significant impact on the inter-organizational learning with suppliers. It was also observed that the inter-organizational learning with suppliers facilitates and promotes the co-innovation with suppliers. From these results, it is concluded that the co-innovation with suppliers is activated through the knowledge transfer or sharing caused by an inter-organizational information flow or learning. Finally, the positive effects of the co-innovation with suppliers on the product and process innovations were empirically confirmed. Thus, it is suggested that IT capability influences innovations through the co-innovation with suppliers caused by an inter-organizational information flow.

생명공학 혁신의 시장확산 -Venture 기업을 중심으로- (Diffusion of Innovations for Bio-technology Ventures)

  • 이규현
    • 마케팅과학연구
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    • v.8
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    • pp.515-535
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 인간 유전자를 해독하려는 경주가 어떻게 전개되어왔는가에서 시작하여 생명공학 혁신들이 나타나고 시장 창출이 이루어지고 있는 분야들이 어떠한 것이 있는가에 대한 연구를 하였다. 의학/의약 분야, 농업/식품 분야, 화학/공정 분야, 환경분야, bioelectronics 분야 등에서 혁신 창출이 이루어지고 거대한 시장이 창출되어가고 있음을 탐색하였다. 그리고 나타나는 생명공학 혁신의 시장확산의 성공에 관한 연구 분야를 경쟁력에 관한 이론, 혁신의 소비자 수용과 확산에 관한 문헌들을 중심으로 하여 제시하였다. 클러스터를 잘 형성할 수록, 제휴를 통한 보완관계를 잘 형성할수록 혁신 창출과 확산에서 성공가능성이 높을 것 이다. 그리고 생명공학 분야는 기술과 시장의 양 측에서 벤처 창업에서 시간이 경과함에 따라 기술에서 시장으로 무게 중심이 점차적으로 옮겨갈 것이라고 제기하였다 생명공학과 같은 첨단기술 분야에서 혁신 확산이 제대로 이루어지려면 핵심역량을 창출하는 과정에서 기업가의 전략적 의도를 제대로 형성하는 것이 중요한 것이라는 것을 제기하였다. 생명공학 분야에서 나타나는 혁신의 소비자 수용과정에서 저항이 예상되며, 이는 기존의 습관과 지각된 위험이라는 변수에서 지각된 위험이라는 변수가 더 강하게 작용할 것이라고 제기하였다. 생명공학 분야에서 혁신의 소비자 수용과 확산에 관한 조사에서는 양적 조사보다 질적 조사가 중요하며 이는 앞으로 창출되어야하는 시장조사이기 때문이다. 생명공학에서의 혁신에 대한 소비자 수용과 확산은 소비자들이 형성하고 있는 사회네트워크의 성격이 영향을 미친다. 소비자들이 약한 연결로 많은 네트워크를 가지고 있는 소비자집단 사이로 혁신이 전달 될수록 확산이 빠르게 나타난다. 글로벌 혁신확산 영역에서는 생명공학과 같은 첨단기술 분야에서는 문화적인 영향을 적게 받을 것이라는 명제를 제기하였다. 이러한 이론적 연구가 앞으로 실증적 연구로 나타나 보다 일반화된 이론으로 발전하는 것은 미래의 연구로 돌린다.

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