• Title, Summary, Keyword: Innovations

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A Study on the Characteristics of IT Innovations (정보기술 혁신 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 백상용;박경수
    • Journal of Information Technology Application
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.71-90
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    • 2001
  • Research on innovation has a long tradition from various disciplines. MIS research has also been interested in the innovation adoption because IS development and implementation can be regarded as an innovation process. To deal with IT innovations, MIS research adopted existing innovation(diffusion) theories which have been developed on general innovation phenomena. However, the MIS innovation research revealed that there exist some limitations in applying the innovation theories to IT innovations and proposed that research on IT innovations should reflect the unique characteristics of IT. The purpose of this study is twofold; first, to synthesize the past research and propose the uniqueness of IT innovations and second, to survey the Perceptions of managers on If innovations. Three unique characteristics of IT innovations are derived from the past research which are (1) knowledge barriers, (2) increasing returns, (3) organizational decision. Data collected from 68 Korean managers showed that the perceptions of managers support the uniqueness of IT innovations. Some recommendations to facilitate IT innovations are discussed and further research directions are suggested.

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The Effects of the Fit between Forms of KM Strategy and Types of IT Capability on the Innovations of Manufacturing Firm: Innovation Openness (지식경영 전략과 정보기술 역량 간의 적합 관계가 제조기업 혁신에 미치는 영향: 혁신의 공개성)

  • Choe, Jong-min
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2019
  • Purpose This study exploratory investigated the effects of the fit between forms of knowledge management(KM) strategy and types of information technology(IT) capability on the kinds of innovations such as product and process innovations. In this study, the openness of innovations that affects the innovations of a firm is considered. Design/methodology/approach For this empirical study, 104 manufacturing firms' data were finally collected through field survey. For the analysis of the data, cluster analysis and multiple regression analysis were employed. Findings This study demonstrated that when a system-oriented KM strategy is adopted, IT flexibility, which supports the implementation of a system-oriented strategy, is highly employed and utilized. It was also found that under a dynamic KM strategy, both IT integration and IT flexibility are highly employed. For the innovation of a firm, it was found that when a system-oriented strategy is employed and the flexibility of IT is highly adopted, the levels of product innovation are enhanced. Under a dynamic strategy, when the degrees of IT integration and IT flexibility are high, high levels of product and process innovations were empirically found. The impact of innovation openness on the innovations of a firm were partially demonstrated. Finally, the positive impact of the innovations on the improvement of performance in manufacturing firms were demonstrated.

Innovations as an Option to Increase the Market Share of Rail Freight Transport in Europe

  • Wiegmans, Bart W.
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.80-92
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    • 2009
  • Successful market adoption of rail freight transport innovations that might offer opportunities for market share increase is the focus of this paper. Firstly, seen from a theoretical point of view, it is not incremental innovations but radical organizational and transformation innovations that are likely to increase the market share of rail freight transport. Secondly, the particular inovations that offer some success potential for market adoption are: dedicated infrastructure, the fixed timetable, locomotive upgrades, and INTERFACE. Thirdly, unfortunately, the opportunities to increase the market share of rail freight transport appear to be limited.

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The Effect of Social Networks on the Diffusion of Innovation (사회네트워크가 혁신확산에 미치는 영향)

  • 이규현;오장균
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.33-47
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    • 2000
  • We focus on the investigations of the effect of social networks on the diffusion of innovations, in order to successfully bring innovations into markets. We begin with consideration of social system from Rogers(1995)' perspective, which includes the fifty-year sequential tradition of diffusion studies, and expand the conceptualization into a framework for thinking about the effect of social networks on the diffusion of innovations. We draw upon basic ideas from the research traditions of social network theory in sociology, and social identity theory in social psychology. Finally, we offer propositions for the future empirical researches. A better understanding of social networks can complement research on the diffusion of innovations and help in the development of a universal model of consumer response to innovations.

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Disruptive Innovations of Group Practice Model Hospital - A Case Study of a Cleveland Clinic - (병원의 혁신 활동: 클리블랜드 클리닉 사례연구)

  • Hong, Sang-Jin
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.78-88
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    • 2015
  • Disruptive innovations have brought convenience and affordability in a variety of industries. The innovations that will eventually turn it around are ready. However, health care remains expensive and unsustainable to many because of the lack of innovations. Health care may be the most entrenched, change-averse industry in the united states. The aim of this article is to describes the innovations of Cleveland Clinic. The author present innovation activities in Cleveland Clinic, followed by a discussion of some of the reasons how disruptive innovations in Cleveland Clinic has been achieved.

An Analysis of the Psychological Work Environments Facilitating Technology Innovations (기술혁신을 촉진하는 심리적 작업환경에 관한 연구 -후원적 작업환경과 도전적 작업환경을 중심으로-)

  • 한인수;박경환
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.83-123
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    • 1997
  • The psychological work environments which facilitate technology innovations in organizations are divided into two dimensions of supportive work environments and challenging work environments. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the construct validity of two work environments. And simple and hierarchical regression analysis confirmed the significant effects of two work environments on motivations to the technology innovations. Therefore, Both of the challenging work environments(uncertainty of exta- organizational environments and tasks) and supportive work environments(managerial environments of intra-organizations) are the two important psychological work environments which facilitate technology innovations in organizations.

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Innovations for Sustainability: A Case of Mainstreaming Energy Access in Rural India

  • Patil, Balachandra
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.154-177
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    • 2015
  • India faces a formidable challenge in ensuring security of access to modern energy carriers to majority of its population. The fossil-fuel dominated centralized energy system has proved to be ineffective in creating sustainable access to energy, which suggests need for a radical and innovative approach. We present such an approach. First, the need for innovations given the implications of lack of energy access on sustainable development is assessed. Next, possible innovations with respect to technologies, policies, institutions, markets, financial instruments and business models are discussed. Finally, an economic and financial feasibility of implementing such innovations are analyzed. The results indicate that such a proposal needs an investment of US$ 26.2 billion over a period of 20 years for a GHG mitigation potential of 213Tg $CO_{2e}$. The proposition is profitable for the enterprises with IRRs in the range of 39%-66%. The households will get lifeline access to electricity and gas for cooking at an affordable monthly cost of about US$ 5.7.

The Effects of the Co-innovation with Suppliers through IT on the Product and Process Innovations in Manufacturing Firms (정보 기술을 이용한 공급 기업과의 공동 혁신이 제조기업 제품 및 과정 혁신에 미치는 영향)

  • Choe, Jong-Min
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.111-131
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    • 2018
  • Purpose This study empirically investigated the impact of information technology(IT) capability on the co-innovation with suppliers and the effects of the co-innovation with suppliers on the product and process innovations in manufacturing firms. We demonstrated that IT promotes innovations trough the sharing of knowledge with suppliers. Design/methodology/approach The empirical data were collected through post-survey. 97 valid survey data were finally collected. With a multiple-regression analysis, we confirmed the influence relationships among critical variables. Findings In the empirical results, it was found that IT integration positively and significantly influences the amount of inter-organizational information exchange with suppliers. The results showed that the inter-organizational information flow with suppliers has a positive and significant impact on the inter-organizational learning with suppliers. It was also observed that the inter-organizational learning with suppliers facilitates and promotes the co-innovation with suppliers. From these results, it is concluded that the co-innovation with suppliers is activated through the knowledge transfer or sharing caused by an inter-organizational information flow or learning. Finally, the positive effects of the co-innovation with suppliers on the product and process innovations were empirically confirmed. Thus, it is suggested that IT capability influences innovations through the co-innovation with suppliers caused by an inter-organizational information flow.

Diffusion of Innovations for Bio-technology Ventures (생명공학 혁신의 시장확산 -Venture 기업을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Kyu-Hyun
    • Journal of Global Academy of Marketing Science
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    • v.8
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    • pp.515-535
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    • 2001
  • This paper begins with investigation of the race to unlock human DNA, and investigates the emergent areas of bio-technological innovations. This paper draws upon basic ideas from the research traditions of the diffusion of innovations in the competitive situations. To achieve the succesful diffusion of bio-technological innovations, following issues are suggested; clusters, alliances competence, core competence, consumer resistance, chasm phenomena, qualitative research, social network, and cross-culture. The better understanding of the diffusion of bio-tech innovations with empirical studies can complement research on the diffusion of bio-technological innovations and help in the development of a universal model for diffusion of high technological innovations.

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