• Title, Summary, Keyword: Information Privacy

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A Study on the Causes of Information Privacy Concerns and Protective Responses in e-Commerce: Focusing on the Principal-Agent Theory (전자상거래에서 정보 프라이버시 염려를 유발하는 원인과 보호반응에 관한 연구: 주인-대리인 이론을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jongki;Kim, Jinsung
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.119-145
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    • 2014
  • Under the premise that information privacy concerns can atrophy e-commerce by causing particular behaviors of Internet users, this study focused on exploring the causes of information privacy concerns, the related information privacy protective responses of Internet users, and measures for alleviating the information privacy concerns. This study is based on the 'principal-agent theory,' and established the following as factors that cause information privacy concerns of Internet users: perceived information non-transparency; perceived action uncertainty. Also, the information privacy concerns caused by the factors were established as the cause of information privacy protective responses of Internet users. Also, the concept of 'signaling' and 'incentive,' which were presented to solve the adverse selection and moral hazard issue in the host-agent theory, was introduced to establish the following as factors that alleviate information privacy concerns: trust; informativeness. Those factors were included in the research model to conduct an empirical analysis. The analysis has revealed that both the perceived information non-transparency (p<0.01) and perceived action uncertainty (p<0.01) as to websites had a significant impact on information privacy concerns. Also, information privacy concerns of Internet users (p<0.01) had a significant impact on their information privacy protective responses who strive to protect their personal information. In addition, when trust and informativeness, which were established as factors that can alleviate information privacy concerns, were empirically analyzed, trust and informativeness had the effect of alleviating information privacy concerns. Based on the findings, the following was confirmed: Boosting the trust of Internet users in websites and offering useful information related to personal data can play a key role in alleviating the information privacy concerns of Internet users.

Developing the online reviews based recommender models for multi-attributes using deep learning (딥러닝을 이용한 온라인 리뷰 기반 다속성별 추천 모형 개발)

  • Lee, Ryun-Kyoung;Chung, Namho;Hong, Taeho
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.97-114
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    • 2019
  • Purpose The purpose of this study is to deduct the factors for explaining the economic behavior of an Internet user who provides personal information notwithstanding the concern about an invasion of privacy based on the Information Privacy Calculus Theory and Communication Privacy Management Theory. Design/methodology/approach This study made a design of the research model by integrating the factors deducted from the computation theory of information privacy with the factors deducted from the management theory of communication privacy on the basis of the Dual-Process Theory. Findings According to the empirical analysis result, this study confirmed that the Privacy Concern about forms through the Perceived Privacy Risk derived from the Disposition to value Privacy. In addition, this study confirmed that the behavior of an Internet user involved in personal information offering occurs due to the Perceived Benefits contradicting the Privacy Concern.

Standard Implementation for Privacy Framework and Privacy Reference Architecture for Protecting Personally Identifiable Information

  • Shin, Yong-Nyuo
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.197-203
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    • 2011
  • Personal Identifiable Information (PII) is considered information that identifies or can be used to identify, contact, or locate a person to whom such information pertains or that is or might be linked to a natural person directly or indirectly. In order to recognize such data processed within information and communication technologies such as PII, it should be determined at which stage the information identifies, or can be associated with, an individual. For this, there has been ongoing research for privacy protection mechanism to protect PII, which now becomes one of hot issues in the International Standard as privacy framework and privacy reference architecture. Data processing flow models should be developed as an integral component of privacy risk assessments. Such diagrams are also the basis for categorizing PII. The data processing flow may not only show areas where the PII has a certain level of sensitivity or importance and, as a consequence, requires the implementation of stronger safeguarding measures. This paper propose a standard format for satisfying the ISO/IEC 29100 "Privacy Framework" and shows an implementation example for privacy reference architecture implementing privacy controls for the processing of PII in information and communication technology.

A Study on the Internet User's Economic Behavior of Provision of Personal Information: Focused on the Privacy Calculus, CPM Theory (개인정보 제공에 대한 인터넷 사용자의 경제적 행동에 관한 연구: Privacy Calculus, CPM 이론을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jinsung;Kim, Jongki
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.93-123
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    • 2017
  • Purpose The purpose of this study is to deduct the factors for explaining the economic behavior of an Internet user who provides personal information notwithstanding the concern about an invasion of privacy based on the Information Privacy Calculus Theory and Communication Privacy Management Theory. Design/methodology/approach This study made a design of the research model by integrating the factors deducted from the computation theory of information privacy with the factors deducted from the management theory of communication privacy on the basis of the Dual-Process Theory. In addition, this study, did empirical analysis of the path difference between groups by dividing Internet users into a group having experience in personal information spill and another group having no experience. Findings According to the empirical analysis result, this study confirmed that the Privacy Concern about forms through the Perceived Privacy Risk derived from the Disposition to value Privacy. In addition, this study confirmed that the behavior of an Internet user involved in personal information offering occurs due to the Perceived Benefits contradicting the Privacy Concern.

Investigating the Privacy Paradox in Facebook Based on Dual Factor Theory (페이스북에서의 프라이버시 패러독스 현상 연구 : 듀얼팩터이론을 중심으로)

  • Yu, Jae Ho;Lee, Ae Ri;Kim, Kyung Kyu
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.17-47
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    • 2016
  • People use social network services (SNSs) for various purposes, for example, to share information, to express themselves, and to strengthen social relationships with others. Meanwhile, problems of personal information leakage and privacy infringement become a social issue and thus information privacy concerns about inappropriate collection and use of personal information increase in SNSs (e.g., Facebook). Although people have privacy concerns in SNSs, they behave in a contradictory way, voluntarily presenting themselves and disclosing personal information. This phenomenon is called 'privacy paradox'. Using dual factor theory, this study investigates the phenomenon of privacy paradox by looking into enablers (e.g., self-presentation) and inhibitors (e.g., information privacy concern) for continuous use of Facebook that can co-exist independently of each other. It also includes antecedents of self-presentation (i.e., narcissism, need for affiliation, involvement, and self-efficacy) and those of information privacy concern (i.e., previous experience of privacy infringement, privacy awareness, and privacy control). The results show that most hypothesized relationships were supported. These findings provide strategic implications for SNS providers who want to promote continuous use of SNS. Under the current circumstances in which enhanced privacy policies are required, this study would be a useful reference for future research on information privacy issues in SNSs.

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The effect of Privacy Factors on the Provision Intention of Individual Information from the SNS Users (SNS 이용자의 프라이버시 요인이 개인정보 제공의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Hyeon-Hong;Hwang, Gee-Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2016
  • Today, with the popularity of smart phones and the proliferation of SNS, anyone is exposed to the risk of personal information leakage. Unlike the prior studies of privacy, this research aims to identify the privacy factors affecting the provision intention of individual information from the SNS Users. This study also analyses how the perceived privacy risks and corporate trust affect the provision intention of individual information. The analysis results of empirical data show that despite experiencing the privacy leakage such as direct hacking and being aware of the risk, people are providing firms with personal information. The most influential variables to perceived privacy risk are information privacy policy, information privacy concern, previous privacy experience and information privacy awareness in the decreasing order of importance. Those to the corporate trust are information privacy policy, information privacy awareness, previous privacy concern and information privacy experience. Besides, the corporate trust and the perceived privacy risk also affect the provision intention of personal information. Finally, this study proposes the implications for personal information privacy.

Intention to Disclose Personal Information in LBS : Based on Privacy Calculus Perspective (스마트폰 위치기반서비스에서 정보제공의도 : 프라이버시 계산 관점을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jong-Ki;Kim, Sang-Hee
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.55-79
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    • 2012
  • LBS(Location-Based Service) is one of the smartphone application services which has been receiving great attention recently. Various applications of smartphone use LBS to provide innovative services. However, use of LBS raises privacy concerns because the location information of users is constantly exposed. Privacy calculus perspective attempts to understand the characteristics of the user's privacy. It is based on the risk-benefit analysis in the economics' perspective. That is, when the benefit expected through personal information disclosure is higher than risk, we are willing to provide personal information. This research suggested a research model based on the privacy calculus perspective to clarify the effect of information disclosure intention of smartphone LBS application users. Based on the main factors of privacy calculus, perception of privacy risk and privacy benefit, the relationship of the perceived value and the information disclosure intention was empirically analyzed by utilizing structural equation modeling(SEM) methodology. According to the results of the empirical analysis, it was found that all relations have statistically significant explanatory power except the relation between privacy concern and information disclosure intention. This study showed a strong evidence of antecedent factors based on privacy calculus of personal information disclosure in smartphone LBS applications.

A Privacy Negotiation Algorithm for Digital Rights Management

  • Phuttharak, Jurairat;Sathitwiriyawong, Chanboon
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.788-793
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    • 2004
  • Internet-based distribution of digital contents provides great opportunities for producers, distributors and consumers, but it may seriously threaten users' privacy. The Digital Rights Management (DRM) systems which one of the major issues, concern the protection of the ownership/copyright of digital content. However, the most recent DRM systems do not support the protection of the user's personal information. This paper examines the lack of privacy in DRM systems. We describe a privacy policy and user's privacy preferences model that protect each user's personal information from privacy violation by DRM systems. We allow DRM privacy agent to automatically negotiate between the DRM system policy and user's privacy preferences to be disclosed on behalf of the user. We propose an effective negotiation algorithm for the DRM system. Privacy rules are created following the negotiation process to control access of the user's personal information in the DRM system. The proposed privacy negotiation algorithm can be adapted appropriately to the existing DRM systems to solve the privacy problem effectively.

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A Study on the Factors Affecting Continuous Intention and Expansion of Communication Channels in Social Network Service (소셜네트워크서비스에서 지속사용의도 및 관계채널확장에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Seon-Hwa;Gim, Gwang-Yong
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.319-337
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    • 2012
  • To stress the importance of privacy in social networking, I presented an analysis on how information control and information management vulnerability influence trust and privacy concerns in social networking, and how trust and privacy concerns influence the sustainable usage intention of social network services. I also analyzed the factors affecting privacy concerns to present the method to alleviate social network users' concerns about privacy. Information collection control, information processing control and information management vulnerability were chosen and analyzed as the factors affecting privacy concerns. The results showed that information collection control and information management vulnerability significantly affected trust and privacy concerns; and information processing control did not significantly affect privacy concerns. The relationship between trust and privacy concerns, and sustainable usage intention was statistically significant; and the relationship between trust and expansion of communication channels was also statistically significant.

An Empirical Research on Information Privacy Risks and Policy Model in the Big data Era (빅데이터 시대의 정보 프라이버시 위험과 정책에 관한 실증 연구)

  • Park, Cheon Woong;Kim, Jun Woo;Kwon, Hyuk Jun
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.131-145
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    • 2016
  • This study built the theoretical frameworks for empirical analysis based on the analysis of the relationship among the concepts of risk of information privacy, the policy of information privacy via the provision studies. Also, in order to analyze the relationship among the factors such as the concern of information privacy, trust, intention to offer the personal information, this study investigated the concepts of information privacy and studies related with the privacy, and established a research model about the information privacy. Followings are the results of this study: First, the information privacy risk has the positive effects upon the information privacy concern and it has the negative effects upon the trust. Second, the information privacy policy has the positive effects upon the information privacy concern and it has the negative effects upon the trust. Third, the information privacy concern has the negative effects upon the trust. At last, the information privacy concern has the negative effects upon the provision intention of personal information and the trust has positive effects upon the offering intention of personal information.