• Title, Summary, Keyword: Information Disclosure Intention

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Difference of Factors Affecting Continuance Use and Self-Disclosure of SNS Users: Focused on a Dual-Factor Model (SNS 사용자들의 지속 사용과 정보 공유에 영향을 미치는 선행 요인의 차이: 듀얼 팩터 모형을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Byoungsoo;Kim, Hyoeun;Kim, Dae-Kil
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2016
  • Purpose The study analyzed the factors affecting continuance use and self-disclosure in the SNS(social networking service) context based on a dual-factor model. As SNS users have concerned privacy for a long time, privacy concern affects continuous use and self-disclosure. In details, concern over privacy may have a stronger effect on self-disclosure than on continuance use as users' personal information can be more exposed during posting their dailies and photos. Design/Methodology/Approach SNS benefits, trust in SNS providers, and social influence are served as the key enablers and privacy concern as the inhibitor. Moreover, the relative impacts of SNS benefits and privacy concern on continuance use and self-disclosure were analysed in this study. From the data of 327 Facebook users, the researchers tested proposed theoretical model by using PLS. Findings Users' continuance intention and self-disclosure behavior are differently affected by different antecedents. Trust in SNS provider had a significant effect on self-disclosure intention, while it has no significant effect on continuance intention. Concern over privacy was negatively related to self-disclosure intention, while it was positively associated with continuance intention.

Intention to Disclose Personal Information in LBS : Based on Privacy Calculus Perspective (스마트폰 위치기반서비스에서 정보제공의도 : 프라이버시 계산 관점을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jong-Ki;Kim, Sang-Hee
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.55-79
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    • 2012
  • LBS(Location-Based Service) is one of the smartphone application services which has been receiving great attention recently. Various applications of smartphone use LBS to provide innovative services. However, use of LBS raises privacy concerns because the location information of users is constantly exposed. Privacy calculus perspective attempts to understand the characteristics of the user's privacy. It is based on the risk-benefit analysis in the economics' perspective. That is, when the benefit expected through personal information disclosure is higher than risk, we are willing to provide personal information. This research suggested a research model based on the privacy calculus perspective to clarify the effect of information disclosure intention of smartphone LBS application users. Based on the main factors of privacy calculus, perception of privacy risk and privacy benefit, the relationship of the perceived value and the information disclosure intention was empirically analyzed by utilizing structural equation modeling(SEM) methodology. According to the results of the empirical analysis, it was found that all relations have statistically significant explanatory power except the relation between privacy concern and information disclosure intention. This study showed a strong evidence of antecedent factors based on privacy calculus of personal information disclosure in smartphone LBS applications.

The Effects of Belongingness and Loneliness on Self-Disclosure in MIM: The Moderating Role of System Quality (모바일 인스턴트 메신저 상황에서 소속감, 외로움이 자기노출 행동에 미치는 영향: 시스템 품질의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Bo-Hee;Kim, Han-Ku
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - Recently, Mobile technologies and devices including smart phones and tablets have increased the possibility of communicating with other people and sharing personal information without time and space restriction. In order to realize the market potential related to mobile technologies, a large number of internet services have been incorporated into mobile platforms. Especially, The number of MIM(Mobile Instant Messenger) users has been increasing dramatically and services using MIM platform also have diversified. In spite of drastic growth in markets related to MIM, there is little empirical research on MIM and users' behaviors. This study designed to examine the structural relationships among belongingness, loneliness, self-disclosure intention, system quality, and self-disclosure behavior in context of MIM. Research design, data, and methodology - Three hypotheses were about the relationship among belongingness, loneliness and self-disclosure intention. The other two hypotheses were about the moderating effect of system quality in the causal relationship between self-disclosure intention and self-disclosure behavior. The data was analyzed by structural equation modeling. Research data were obtained from 330 undergraduate students who were KakaoTalk users and total 314 valid questionnaires were used in the final analysis. Results - The results from this study are as follow. First, the belongingness and the loneliness had a significant impact on self-disclosure intention in MIM. Second, the self-disclosure intention in MIM also had a positive impact on the self-disclosure behavior. Lastly, there is a moderating effect of the system quality in the relationship between the self-disclosure intention and self-disclosure behavior in MIM. Specifically, the higher system quality level was perceived, the positive effect of the self-disclosure intention in MIM on the self-disclosure behavior was greater. Conclusions - Based on the results from this study, academic and practical implications can be drawn. First, the study extends the scope of research about SNS through focusing on MIM to be classified by closed type SNS and identifies the relationship between emotion, behavioral intention and behaviors in MIM. Second, this study provides strategic guidelines to increase the efficiency for promotion activity. Limitations for the study also should be discussed.

The Moderating Role of Site Usage Experience in Internet Users' Decision on Personal Information Disclosure (개인정보제공 의사결정에 있어서 사이트 이용경험의 조절효과에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Joo
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.21-38
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    • 2012
  • The proliferation of the Internet and the advent of e-commerce have amplified public concerns about privacy. Accordingly, much research effort has been made on the issue. While existing research on online information privacy has usually focused on the examination of antecedents of personal information disclosure, the literature has not paid attention to the potential changes of the antecedents' effects depending on the user's experience of the service. The current study aims to investigate the moderating role of site usage experience in Internet users' decision on personal information disclosure. Specifically, this study considers two types of antecedents of personal information disclosure on a site - the attributes of personal information requested (sensitivity and relevance of information) and the value of the service provided by the site; and examines how the effects of the antecedents on the disclosure intention are affected by the users'experience of the site. Our analysis of the data gathered through a web-based experiment reveals that site usage experience moderates the relationship between the attributes of personal information and disclosure intention. While usage experience attenuates the negative effect of information sensitivity on disclosure intention, it intensifies the positive impact that relevance of information has on disclosure intention. Based on the analysis results, we provide implications for the mitigation of the Internet users' privacy concerns as well as theoretical implications.

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A Study on Privacy Paradox from the Behavioral Economics Perspective (행동경제학 관점에서 프라이버시 역설에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jongki;Kim, Sanghee
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.16-35
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    • 2015
  • Recently, several studies in the field of privacy research suggested counterintuitive phenomenon about previous studies on existing perspectives. They claim that consistency of attitude and behavior does not exist, which is called privacy paradox. This study aims to clarify the relationship between intention to information disclosure and actual behavior based on the privacy paradox perspective. It attempts to explain the causes of privacy paradox phenomenon through the dual process theory being discussed in the field of behavioral economics. The results of empirical analysis are as follows. First, paired t-test analysis between intention to information disclosure and actual behavior was statistically significant. This means the existence of privacy paradox. Second, privacy risk had significant explanatory power to behavioral intention, and privacy trust had significant explanatory power to actual behavior. In conclusion, this study shows that negative belief influences decision making situation controlled by rational thinking whereas positive belief influences actual situations controlled by intuitive thinking.

Understanding the formation mechanism of SNS addiction and its prevention strategy (SNS 사용자 중독 형성 매커니즘과 중독 예방 전략)

  • Kim, Byoungsoo
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.27-47
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    • 2019
  • Purpose The study examined the key factors influencing the formation mechanism of SNS addiction. Based on the use and gratification theory, we considered relationship maintenance, perceived enjoyment, and self-expression as main desires to induce SNS addiction. The characteristics of SNS users were also considered as major factors affecting SNS addiction. In particular, self-control and subjective well-beings were considered to be prevention factors that could reduce SNS addiction, while SNS relational intimacy was considered to be a facilitator that would increase SNS addiction. Design/Methodology/Approach A structural equation modeling (SEM) method was used to test the theoretical framework based on a sample of 224 Facebook users who have used it more than 6 months. Confirmation factor analysis was conducted to check the reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Findings Relationship maintenance had a significant effect on self-disclosure intention and SNS addiction, respectively. Perceived enjoyment was significantly related to self-disclosure intention, while it was insignificantly associated with SNS addiction. However, self-expression was not significantly related to both self-disclosure intention and SNS addiction. Consistent with our expectations, both self-control and subjective well-beings had negative effects on SNS addiction. The analysis results found that SNS relational intimacy was positively related to SNS addiction.

Strategic Approach to Privacy Calculus of Wearable Device User Regarding Information Disclosure and Continuance Intention

  • Cho, Ji Yeon;Ko, Daesun;Lee, Bong Gyou
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.3356-3374
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    • 2018
  • The healthcare and fitness wearable-device market is considered as the driving force of the entire wearable device market. However, there are concerns with respect to information privacy because wearable devices constantly collect sensitive data such as individuals' health information. Thus, there is a need for a comprehensive understanding from the perspective of information privacy concerns and related behavior. This study investigates factors considered in the privacy calculus of wearable fitness devices, and verifies differences obtained by the privacy calculus process according to the frequency of exercise. The results obtained from a survey of 248 undergraduate students in Korea revealed that service providers should consider users' interests and exercise characteristics in order to mitigate their privacy concerns and encourage continuous use of wearable devices. This study provides useful insights pertaining to users of wearable fitness devices, and targets researchers and practitioners.

An Empirical Study on the Influence of Social Network Services(SNS) and Individual Characteristics on Intention to Continuous Use of SNS (소셜 네트워크 서비스의 지속적 사용의도에 영향을 미치는 서비스 및 개인 특성에 대한 실증연구)

  • Kim, Sanghyun;Park, Hyun-Sun
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.17-38
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    • 2012
  • Social network service(SNS), provided by social network sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Cyworld is rapidly growing in online business. Furthermore, many companies have growing interests in finding effective ways to use SNSs for their innovations, marketing and advertisement. In fact, firms have recognized the utility value of the SNS for their business. In this aspect, this study attempts to identify key factors influencing the intention to continuous use of SNSs. Based on the UTAUT(the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Usage of Technology)model, this study proposes the research model, including the effects of social network service characteristics(social relationship support, information sharing, image expression) and individual characteristics(self-disclosure, extroversion, familiarity) on performance expectancy as well as the moderating effect of perceived information security among UTAUT variables. The 412T sets of data collected in a survey were tested against the modeling using SEM using SmartPLS. Results indicated that social network service and individual characteristics had significant effect on performance expectancy with exception of self-disclosure. In addition, the moderating effect of perceived information security had significant effect. The results had important implications for firms providing SNSs hoping to develop a successful business model.

Nonprofit Accounting Information System and Charitable Donations: Evidence from Korea

  • Woo, Mi-Hyang;Roh, Hee-Chun;Park, Jin-Ha
    • Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.2793-2804
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the perception of donors on the necessity of making improvements in accounting information system. Along with the increasing size and number of activities of nonprofit organizations, many people are more and more interested in their organizational efficiency and transparency. Accordingly, researchers and policy makers have focused on how to improve accounting information system and how to monitor nonprofits to efficiently obtain and use resources. We thus aim to provide some useful insights by analyzing the opinions of donors regarding the display of nonprofit statements, accounting system, and the intention of donation. Using survey data obtained from 263 respondents, we find that displaying functional expenses is considered to enhance the usefulness of financial reports. We also find that the filing and disclosure of financial reports is considered to be necessary. Respondents also require external audits, but not to the same extent as disclosure. Finally, respondents have a positive attitude toward making future donations.

Privacy Calculus and the Role of Information Transparency in Personal Information Disclosure (온라인상의 개인 정보 제공에 있어서 정보 투명성의 역할 - 프라이버시 계산 모형을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Dong-Joo;Bang, Youngsok;Bae, Yoon Soo
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.68-85
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    • 2010
  • This study extends the privacy calculus model to investigate the role of information transparency in influencing individual decision making on information disclosure. The proposed model integrates perceived usefulness and ease of use as benefit-side factors and information privacy risk as a risk-side factor accompanying information disclosure, and theorizes the effects of information transparency on the factors. The research model was tested using data gathered from 163 respondents through an online survey method. Results suggest that users'perception of information transparency not only increases the perceived benefits from the online site but also mitigates the risk related with information disclosure, resulting in higher intention to provide personal information to the site. Further, we find that online firms may improve users' perception of information transparency by providing explanation on why particular personal information is required and how it will be used.

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