• Title, Summary, Keyword: Information Barriers

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A Study on the Barriers of Researcher's Access to Information (경보접근 장애요소의 심각도와 심각도 구성요인 간의 관계)

  • Lee Eun Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.23
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    • pp.165-205
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this research is to verify the hypothesis that the serious ness of barriers may have significant relevance to barrier components expressing the extent of barrier, e. g. their frequency of occurrence, effect of the barrier on the acquisition of information and on the research project and trend of the barrier. Major conclusions made in this research are summarized as follows: 1. Barriers that their frequency of occurrence are high, show high seriousness of barriers. This indicates that frequency of barriers affects the seriousness of barriers. 2. Barriers that their effects on the acquisition of information and on the research project are large, show high seriousness of barriers. This indicates that the effect of the barrier on the acquisition of information and on the research project affects the seriousness of barriers. 3. Barriers that their trends are increasing, show high seriousness of barriers. This indicates that the trend of the barrier affects the seriousness of barriers.

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A Unified Framework of Information Needs and Perceived Barriers in Interactive Video Retrieval

  • Albertson, Dan
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.4-15
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    • 2016
  • Information needs of users have been examined both generally and as they pertain to particular types and formats of information. Barriers to information have also been investigated, including those which are situational and also across certain domains and socioeconomic contexts. Unified studies concerning both information needs and barriers are needed. Both are likely always present in any given interactive search situation; further, users' attempts to satisfy their own individualized information needs will likely encounter barriers of some sort. The present study employed a survey method to collect users' perceptions of video information needs and barriers as part of recent video search situations. Findings from this analysis establish a unified framework, based on the themes emerging directly from the responses of users, and present the suitability and benefit for informing future designs and evaluations of user-centered interactive retrieval tools.

A Study on the Barriers of Researcher's Access to Information (연구자의 정보접근을 저해하는 요소에 관한 연구 - 장애요소의 구명과 장애 심각도의 측정)

  • 이은철
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.24-54
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this research is to identify barriers which researchers experience in gaining access to information, and to present the rank of the seriousness of barriers by measuring the extent of barrier. Fourty-three barriers are identified through consulting scholarly papers related to library and information science. managers of library and information system and researchers. And the rank of the seriousness of barriers is analyzed by researchers' study fields, study careers and frequency in library use.

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Exploring the Impact of Switching Barriers on e-Loyalty

  • Han, Hyun-Soo;Park, Woo-Sung;Joung, Seok-In
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.121-134
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    • 2010
  • Past studies in e-commerce loyalty were mostly focused on the effects of customer satisfaction and trust on loyalty toward online vendors. Few studies investigated the impacts of switching barriers, whilst they are widely proven to affect customer loyalty in offline commerce. Even in a handful of studies that did deal with switching barriers, their treatment of the subject remained at best superficial. This may have to do with the fact that switching costs in e-commerce could be comparatively negligible, as switching to another online vendor often involves one simple mouse click. In this study, we investigated the impact of switching barriers on loyalty under the e-commerce context. Furthermore, the extent of switching barriers which could be affected by those positive factors (most constructs were adopted from IDT) was also examined. The statistical testing results revealed that combined model which includes both the positive factors and the switching barriers explains the loyalty formation process more strongly ($R^2$ = 0.543) than each separated models ($R^2$ = 0.468 for positive factor only model, and $R^2$ = 0.365 for switching barrier only model). While only the two switching barriers such as convenience and emotional were shown to be statistically significant, we found that trust strongly influences customer's emotional barrier, let alone direct impact on loyalty, which thereby influences loyalty. The results offer insights for better understanding switching barriers in e-commerce related applications.

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Spatial Segmentation of the Intra-Metropolitan Local Labor Markets : A Theroetical Review

  • Kim, Jae-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.37-57
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    • 1996
  • Intra-metropolitan spatial segmentation of the labor marker requires barriers of mobility on both supply and demand side of the local labor marker. The phenomena of spatial segmentation of the labor market are particularly applied to the secondary workers rather than to the primary workers. Supply side barriers include the costs of obtaining job information regarding jobs outside of the immediate area, commuting costs, and barriers to residential mobility. Demand side barriers include site-specific technology and product demand, and discrimination. In this paper, I discuss these barriers and examine their implications for differences in segmentation by demographic and skill groups at the intra-metropolitan scale. In particular, I apply a job search model to examine supply side barriers such as information and commuting costs, and an implicit contract model to explain demand side barriers such as dual/internal labor market and firms' (re) location strategies.

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The Major Barriers to Provision of Pharmaceutical Care Service in Compliance with Internationally Recognized Good Pharmacy Practice Standards in Community Pharmacies in Korea: A Questionnaire Survey (한국의 지역약국에서 국제통용 우수약무기준의 약료서비스 제공을 어렵게 하는 주요 장애요인의 분석: 설문조사 연구)

  • Park, Se Jung;Shin, Hyun Taek
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.272-281
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    • 2014
  • Objective: The provision of pharmaceutical care service in compliance with good pharmacy practice (GPP) standards is important, but there is lack of studies to investigate the barriers that significantly hinder community pharmacies in Korea from adhering to the standards. This study was aimed to identify the major barriers to provision of pharmaceutical care service in compliance with the proposed pharmacy practice standards which have been developed based on the GPP standards recommended jointly by WHO and FIP. Methods: Questionnaires reviewed by the expert committee were posted for 32 days on the website which is most frequently accessed by community pharmacists. The respondents completed them by checking the scores (Max=5, Min=1) for major barriers to provision of pharmaceutical care service focusing on patient information management and drug use review process in prescription fillings. The answered scores were automatically collected using online data processing. Mean differences between scored data were assessed by ANOVA. Results: Total 321 pharmacists participated in the survey. Results indicated that 'difficulty of diagnosis identification' (m=3.92, SD=1.21), 'lack of time' (m=3.48, SD=1.22) and 'lack of updated clinical information' (m=3.17, SD=1.10) were the major barriers to provision of pharmaceutical care service in patient information management. The main barriers to drug utilization review were 'lack of time' (m=3.32, SD=1.21), 'lack of updated clinical information' (m=3.11, SD=1.17), and 'negative feedbacks or refusals from prescribers' (m=3.00, SD=1.38). There were significant differences among the groups by location, employed number of pharmacists and acceptability to the proposed GPP standards. Conclusion: Difficulties in managing patient clinical information and lack of time were found to be the major barriers in providing pharmaceutical care services in community pharmacies in Korea. Further research is recommended to determine ways to reduce these barriers in order to provide quality pharmaceutical care service that is in compliance with the internationally recognized GPP guidelines.

Analysis of factors affecting career preparation behavior - Based on the recognition of college students -

  • Lee, Sookja;Kweon, Seong-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.9
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing career preparation behavior based on the perception of college students from the perspective of social cognitive career theory and to examine the effect of career barriers and career decision self - efficacy on career preparation behavior And career - decision self - efficacy. The results of the study are as follows. First, career barriers perceived by college students showed a significant positive correlation with career decision self - efficacy and career preparation behavior(-), and career decision efficacy showed a statistically significant correlation with career preparation behavior(+). Second, as a result of linear regression analysis to examine the effect of career barriers on career preparation behavior, lack of self - clarification, lack of job information, and lack of recognition of need were subordinate factors of career barriers. Third, as a result of linear regression analysis to examine the effect of career decision - making self - efficacy on career preparation behavior, goal setting and job information, which are sub - factors of career decision self - efficacy, were analyzed. Fourth, mediating effects of career decision self - efficacy on career barriers and career preparation behavior were analyzed by hierarchical regression analysis. The results of this study confirm that the level of career barrier, which is an important factor in career preparation behavior of college students, should be lowered and career decision self - efficacy should be increased.

Exploring Older Adults' Experienced Barriers and Emotional Changes in Seeking Health Information (건강정보검색에서 노인이 경험하는 어려움과 감정변화)

  • Na, Kyoungsik;Jeong, Yongsun
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.227-243
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to explore older adults' experiences on cognitive and physical barriers and emotional changes of interactions from their health information seeking. Total of 10 older adults aged 65 or more were individually interviewed. The results show that the older adults may experience more difficulty from the perspectives on cognitive and physical barriers. The cognitive barriers are to: 1) know information resource and information search skills, 2) to choose relevant information, and 3) to know information search tools. The physical barriers for them to consider are eyes, hands, legs, and the whole body when accessing health information. In terms of emotion, the older adults express curiosity and negative emotion and at the beginning of the search and then they have more emotional expressions in the middle, and then they express positive emotion at the end of the search. The results suggest that information professionals should consider library as a connection to help them reduce these barriers and stabilize emotional changes.

Customer' Perceptions of Motivators, Barriers, and Expansion of Menu Labeling in Restaurants (외식 영양표시 제도에 대한 소비자의 사용동기, 장애요인과 확대 실시에 대한 인식)

  • Chung, Yoo-Sun;Yang, Il-Sun;Ham, Sunny
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.190-196
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    • 2015
  • Restaurants implement menu labeling to provide nutritional information to customers in an attempt to help customers select healthy menu items. Considering the increase in food-away-from-home consumption, the purpose of this study was to identify motivators and barriers in restaurant customers regarding use of menu labeling. Data were collected from a survey on restaurant customers in Seoul, Korea. The findings of this study indicate that customers used menu labeling for health reasons. However, barriers to using menu labeling were identified as small font size, difficulty in locating nutritional information display, and difficulty in interpreting nutritional information. In addition, they also suggested expanding the scope of menu labeling for restaurants by including chain restaurants with less than 100 units. The findings of this study offer strategies for the government to improve menu labeling practices for customers.

Barriers Causing the Value Gap between Expected and Realized Value in IS Investment: SCM/ERP/CRM (정보시스템 투자 전후 가치 격차 유발 장애요인: 탐색적 사례연구)

  • Cho, Nam-Jae;Park, Ki-Ho
    • Information Systems Review
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2003
  • Many organizations experience that the value they gained from IT (information technology) investment is lower than they expected prior to the actual implementation of a system - the value gap between expected value and realized value from IT. Research on the barriers to the expectation and realization is of high importance both in practice and in IS research. This study analyzed such barriers observed in three companies that have adopted such IT systems as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems each. From analyses of the three companies we specifically identified eight types of barriers: barriers related to industry, organization, knowledge, resource, usage, competence, product, and safety. Common barriers among the three cases were classified into six types, e.g. lack of strategic mind-set, improper organizational structure, lack of human resource, etc. We expect that the results help managers in IS investment to minimize the valuation gap and maximize realized values.