• Title, Summary, Keyword: Infection

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Infection control awareness and performance of dental Hygienist (치과위생사의 감염관리 인식과 수행)

  • Lee, Hyang-Nim
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.621-630
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate awareness and performance of infection control by dental hygienist. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was answered by 239 dental hygienists working in dental clinics from September 7 to 18, 2016 in Gwangju city & Jeonnam region after explaining the purpose of the study and receiving the informed consent. The questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic characteristics and awareness and performance of infection control using Likert 4 point scale. Results: Average of Infection control awareness was $3.33{\pm}0.38$, average of infection control Performance was $3.04{\pm}0.37$ (p<0.05). The awareness and practice of dental equipment management showed the largest difference. The awareness of infection control by general characteristics varied according to position, number of dental units, number of employees, Infection control needs, Received infection control training experience, infection experience, infection control guideline (p<0.05). The relationship between infection control awareness and Infection control performance was r = 0.624 (p<0.001), indicating positive correlation. Conclusions: To improve awareness and performance of dental hygienist's infection control, regular received infection control training experience is needed. It is considered that the dentist's active cooperation is needed in shortening the life span of the dental equipment due to the Infection control performance and securing the quantity.

Investigation of Infection Control Management in Occupational Therapy and Clinical Practice Students (작업치료(학)과 임상실습 학생들의 감염관리 인식 및 실태조사)

  • Won, Junghee;Chang, Moonyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.95-107
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    • 2019
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the infection management awareness and infection prevention management status of students who participated in occupational therapy and clinical practice. Methods : The study was carried out from June 27th to August 4th, 2017, to survey the awareness and practice of infection control in 11 practice institutes among 193 students who had experience in 8 universities. Results : A total of 93.3 % of the respondents said that they needed education about infectious diseases, but 53.3 % of them did not receive infection prevention education at school or in clinical trial institutes. Hygienic practices for infection prevention and infection control practices related to handwashing were high, but the use of protective equipment was poor in the observation of swallowing disorder treatment. It is also important to educate students who have been trained in infection control. However, infection prevention training at universities and training centers is insufficient suggesting the importance of future infection education. Conclusion : Infection control education to prevent infection is necessary not only for clinicians but also for students participating in on-the-job training. Effective efforts are also needed in universities and clinical practice institutes so that infectious disease prevention education can be implemented. This study provides basic data for infection control education in universities and practice educational institute that perform clinical training and occupational therapy.

Knowledge and Performance Level of Infection Control with MRSA of Medium and Small Hospital Nurses (중소병원 간호사의 메치실린 내성 황색포도알균 감염관리의 지식과 수행정도)

  • Kim, Tae-Kyung;Min, Hye-Sook;Jung, Ha-Yun
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.157-169
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    • 2012
  • This survey was undertaken to identify knowledge and performance level of MRSA infection control among medium and small hospital nurses. The subjects of the study were 261 medium and small hospital nurses. The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS WIN 18.0. The total mean values of the knowledge and performance on the MRSA infection control were $9.51{\pm}1.67$ and $2.26{\pm}.47$ respectively. the Knowledge about the general characteristics according to work department, MRSA infection control department presence, MRSA infection control guidelines presence, MRSA infection control education experience, MRSA infection control education method according to the statistically significant differences were observed. The performance about general characteristics according to age, work experience, work department, MRSA infection control department presence, MRSA infection control guidelines presence, MRSA infection control education experience and MRSA infection control education methods according to the statistically significant differences were observed. It is having sufficient various facilities, to enhance nurses knowledge about management of MRSA infection. If the continuous education of professional infection control is offered, it contributes to protect MRSA infection in the medium and small hospitals.

Study on elements for effective infection control at dental hospitals (효과적인 치과병원 감염관리의 구성요소에 대한 고찰)

  • Bae, Sung-Suk;Lee, Myung-Sun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.557-569
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : Based on the system and control activity for the monitoring system made of components for infection control at dental hospitals and infection rate reporting, and the role of trained infection control staff, this study tried to understand approaches to the effective infection control program by surveying infection control at dental hospitals in Korea. Methods : The survey was conducted from December 14,2010 to January 31,2011 for 121 dental hospitals in Korea. For statistical analysis, PASW Statistic 18 was used. Results : And following conclusions were reached. 1. As for the infection control system at dental hospitals, 54.7% has an infection control committee, 58.7% infection control staff, 78.5% infection control rules, and 39.7% annual infection control plan and record. 2. As for surveillance indexes to report infection rates, 50.4% has the reporting system for staff's exposure to infectious disease and needle pricking. The average number of exposures to infectious disease was $0.28{\pm}2.23$ and that of needle pricking was $1.83{\pm}5.39$. 3. As for infection control indexes, it was reviewed whether infection control rules were implemented according to operation agents, general hospitals were more active in staff infection control, and hospitals annexed to a dental university or special legal entity were more active in microorganism control. As for use of personal protection gear, there was no significant difference among operation agents. More than 71% of operators and their assistants said they did not replace their masks between patients. 4. As for personnel indexes for effective infection control staff, most hospitals designated dental hygienists, which was followed by dental doctors (or doctors). Where their workload was reviewed, the ratio of other work such as treatment was relatively higher than that of infection control (n=71). Conclusions : These results show dental hospitals in Korea have a certain level of infection control system. As infection indexes are managed mainly for staff members, patient monitoring is needed, and trained and effective infection control staff should be designated. This study reviewed surveillance, infection control and personnel indexes. And further studies are needed in the future.

Influence of VRE Knowledge and Awareness with VRE Infection Control in Compliance with VRE Infection Control among Nurses in Intensive Care Units (중환자실 간호사의 VRE에 대한 지식과 감염관리 인지도가 감염관리 수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young-Mi;Park, Kyung-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.42-50
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) knowledge and awareness with VRE infection control in compliance with VRE infection control among nurses in intensive care units. Method: Participants (N=154) were recruited in B city from August 2007 to October 2007. Data were analyzed with SPSS PC+. Result: The degree of VRE knowledge of the participants was 12.41 out of the total score, 17; that of awareness with VRE infection control was 3.87 out of the total score, 4; that of compliance with VRE infection control 3.75 out of the perfect score, 4. A significantly positive relationship between awareness of VRE infection control and compliance with VRE infection control has been observed. Awareness with VRE infection control and type of intensive care unitpredicted 21.1% of the variance in compliance with VRE infection control. Conclusion: The study indicated that awareness with VRE infection control has the most important impact on the compliance with VRE infection control for the participants. Based on the finding, a suggestion is made to continue the research on VRE knowledge and nosocomical infection on the subject of nurse and nurse managers who are responsible for infection control in a medical institution.

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Impact factor of cognition and practice of infection control in the dental hygienists (일부 지역 치과위생사의 감염관리 인지 및 실천 영향요인)

  • Jeong, Ho-Jin;Lee, Jung-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.363-369
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the cognition and practice of infection control in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 220 dental hygienists in Busan and Gyeongnam from August 1 to 31, 2014. The questionnaire was adapted from Nam. The questionnaire consisted of four questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, two questions of infection control factors, four questions of clinic environment, 50 questions of awareness of infection control, and 50 questions of infection control practice. Cronbach's alpha in the awareness of infection control was 0.958 and that in infection control practice was 0.950. Results: The dental hygienists in the large scale hospitals tended to have higher score of cognition and practice of infection control thatn those in the small scale hospitals(p<0.001). Small scale hospitals tended to have lower infection rate than the large scale hospitals. The education for the infection control guideline reduced the infection prevalence rate. Conclusions: In order to reduce the infection prevalence rate, it is necessary to educate the dental hygienists continuously and to provide the infection control guideline to the dental clinics.

Infection control among dental hygienists according to infection control education experiences (치과위생사의 감염관리 교육경험에 따른 감염관리 실태)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Jin-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.547-556
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the infection control education experiences of dental hygienists and the state of their infection control. Methods : The subjects in this study were the dental hygienists who worked in Seoul. The relationship of their infection control education experiences to their gender, marital status, academic credential, workplace, length of service, infection control implementation, experience of being exposed to infection, way of coping with it, hand washing, use of personal protection devices and equipment management was analyzed. Results : It is found that the variable to affect the state of infection control was educational experiences about handpiece water pipe management, ultrasonic scaler water pipe management and three-way syringe water pipe management. Conclusions : Dental hygienists who are one of major dental personnels should receive systematic education on infection control to acquire accurate knowledge to ensure the successful prevention of cross infection.

Knowledge on Infection Control for Home Care (가정간호과정생의 가정간호에서의 감염관리에 대한 지식)

  • Jeong, Ihn-Sook;Jeong, Jae-Shim;Shin, Yong-Ae;Kang, Kyu-Sook;Kim, Myung-Ja;Jo, Bok-Hee;Kim, Keum-Soon;Hwang, Sun-Kyng
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to assess need for education on the infection control by examining the knowledge on infection control in home care of the home care trainees who had completed an infection control course. Using 64 items questionnaire. home care trainees of eight home care education institutions who took classes related with infection control. The level of knowledge evaluated subjectively was 4.24point (full mark: 5 point). The correct answer rates for handwashing and gloving. cleaning patients' rooms. preventing sharp injury, preventing exposure to potential infectious agents, home care bag technique were 84.5% 86.4% 70.7% 65.3% 76.2% representatively. For the knowledge on the infection control principles to prevent catheter related infection, indwelling catheter related infection, tracheal tube related pneumonia. L-tube related infection, oxygen therapy related infection. and wound infection were 62.8% 27.8% 39.1% 87.8% 76.5% 80.5% representatively. The correct answer rates varied depending upon the educational institutes (p< = .0001), educational levels (p= .001), workplaces (p<.0001), and the experience of infection control education (p= .001). Considering these results. a standardized curriculum must be developed and implemented after analyzing the existing infection control curricula of the home care education institutes. and guide books for infection control in home care should be developed and distributed. In addition. continuous infection control education be provided to the home care nurses through reeducation so they can acquire new knowledge needed for carrying out infection control activities effectively.

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The Status of Infection Control Nurses and Factors Affecting Infection Control Activities in Healthcare Facilities with more than 150 Beds in 2016 in KOREA (2016년도 국내 150병상 이상 의료기관의 감염관리간호사 현황 및 감염관리 활동 영향 요인)

  • Lee, Ji Young;Jeong, Sun Young;Kim, Og Son;Chun, Hee Kyung;Choi, Ji Youn;Kim, Sung Ran
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.267-280
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the status of infection control nurses (ICNs) and their activities, and to identify the factors affecting the level of infection control activities. Methods: Data were collected from 199 hospitals from June 24 to July 26, 2016. The structured questionnaires included status of infection control nurses, type and level of infection control activities. Results: Most participating hospital were advanced general hospital (20.1%) and general hospital (67.8%). Among the hospitals, 86.4% had an infection control department (ICD). The average hospital work experience of ICNs was 14.62 years, and their average infection control career was for 4.94 years. Among the ICNs, 85.6% worked in full time and the average number of beds per ICN was 311.21. There were significant differences in the existence of ICD, infection control activities including surveillance, outbreak investigation, negative pressure room, hand hygiene monitoring, disinfection, and sterilization according to hospital size. The level of infection control activities was higher with more number of ICNs, ICN employment as full time, and healthcare institution accreditation status. The explanatory power was 37.5%. Conclusion: These results of this study which reflect infection control status of healthcare facilities with more than 150 beds in 2016 will provide baseline data to establish infection control system in small to medium sized hospitals after the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome outbreak in 2015.

Properties of disease occurrence by season for cultivation facilities of oyster mushroom

  • Jang, Myoung-Jun;Park, YounJin;Kim, Jeong-Han
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 2019
  • We investigated the correlation between density of air and the infection rate of airborne microorganisms in mushroom cultivation facilities and found that the correlation was low in places where the infection rate during cultivation was less than 1%. The farms with an infection rate of 2~5% showed a high infection rate in the inoculation room in spring and summer seasons, and in the incubation room in autumn, and the farms with an infection rate of more than 6% showed infection in all the rooms regardless of the season. The farms where the Trichoderma sp. was investigated at the time of the mushroom cultivation showed the highest infection rates of 3.17%, 2.74%, and 2.64% in summer, spring, and autumn, respectively. The farms infected with Neurospora tetrasperma showed a lesser rate of infection than the ones infected with Trichoderma sp., and the highest infection rate of 0.56% was observed in summer. Based on these results, the type of infection could be classified into five groups, where type I was farms where the infection rate is less than 1% in all seasons. Three farms belonged to this type, and the infection rate in this type was lower than that in the other types.