• Title, Summary, Keyword: Infant

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Correlations of Infant Temperament, Mother-Infant Interaction, and Child-rearing Environment (영아 기질과 모아상호작용, 양육환경과의 관계)

  • Han Kyung Ja;Bang Kyung Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.132-143
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this correlational study was to find the correlation between the infant temperament, mother-infant interaction, and child-rearing environment. The subjects of this study were 37 dyads of healthy mothers and healthy infants. Data were collected from 15th of March to 3rd of September, 1999. Convenient sampling was done at Obstetric wards of one University hospital, and demographic data were collected before discharge. At one month and three month postpartum, we visited subject's home, and collected the data on the infant temperament, and also video taped the mother-infant interaction during feeding. In addition, child-rearing environment was checked by researcher according to HOME(Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment) at three months postpartum. Mother-infant interactions were rated according to the NCAST Feeding Scale later. Data were analyzed by window SPSS program, and correlations between the infant temperament, mother-infant interaction, and child-rearing environment were analyzed by Pearson's correlational coefficient. The results were as follows: 1. Infant temperament. 1) Among the subscales of infant temperament, mothers perceived cuddliness and amenability most positively at one month, and responsivity and amenability most positively at three months. 2) In subscale analysis of stability, amenability, responsivity, and persistence were stable with the time. 3) Significant relationships were found between the malleability and amenability, between the malleability and responsivity at one month, and also between the malleability and amenability, and between the malleability and cuddliness at three months. 2. Correlations of infant temperament and mother-infant interaction. 1) There was no significant relationship between the infant temperament and mother-infant interaction at one month. 2) There was a significant relationship between the infant temperament and mother-infant interaction at three months(r=.335, p<.05). In subscale analysis, there were significnt relationships between the total score of infant temperament and maternal sensitivity to infant's cues(r=.372, p<.05), and between the total score of infant temperament and maternal response to infant's distress (r=.331, p<.05). 3. Correlations of infant temperament and child-rearing environment. 1) There was no significant relationship between the total score of infant temperament at one month and total score of HOME at three months. In subscal analysis, the total score of infant temperament at one showed significant relationships with the organization of environment(r=.413, p<.05), and the emotional, verbal response at three months(r=.337, p<.05). 2) There was a significant relationship between the total score of infant temperament at three months and the total score of HOME at three months (r=.599, p<.01). In subscal analysis, the total score of infant temperament at three months showed significant relationships with the organization of environment(r=.410, p<.05), maternal involvement(r=.482, p,.01), and the emotional, verbal response(r=.695, p<.01) at three months. 4. Correlations of mother-infant interaction and child-rearing environment. There was a significant relationship between the maternal score of mother-infant interaction at one month and three months and the total score of HOME at three months (r=.474, p<.01; r=.452, p<.01). In conclusion, it was proved that infant temperament had significant relationships with mother-infant interaction and child-rearing environment, especially when the infants were getting older. This showed the possibility for changeability of infant teperament by the maternal factors.

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The Influence of Mother's Depression, Parenting Stress, Infant Cry, and Infant Temperament on Family Function (어머니의 우울과 양육스트레스 및 영유아의 울음과 기질이 가족기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Su-Won;Jang, Mi-Kyung;Kim, Yu-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.251-257
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    • 2007
  • The combined impact of maternal depression, parenting stress, infant cry, and infant temperament on family functions was examined. The sample included 257 mothers in the near communities. Questionnaires completed by the mothers who had 0-36 month old children were used to measure depressive symptoms in mothers, infant cry, infant temperament, parenting stress, and family function. Maternal depression, parenting stress, infant crying and infant temperament had negative influence on family adaptability and family cohesion. Mother's depression had negative effect particularly on infant cry. Infant cry had positive effect on infant temperament. Infant temperament had high direct effect on parenting stress. As a result, it had negative influence on family function.

The Relationships Between Infant's Temperament and Infant's Attachment to Their Mothers, and Mother-Infant Interaction Across Situations (영아의 기질 및 어머니에 대한 애착과 상황에 따른 모-영아의 상호작용간의 관계)

  • Han, Ji-Hyeon;Lee, Young-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.287-303
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to describe infant and mother behaviors across situations. And, it was to examine the associations between infant's temperament and infant's patterns of attachment to their mother with mother-infant interaction. Results showed that there were significant main effects for the attentional focus of the situation and the level of regulatory challenge on observed mother-infant interaction behaviors. Also, mother and infant showed significant differences in their interaction behaviors depending on the patterns of infant temperzment and the patterns of infant-mother attachment.

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The Effects of Infant Massage on Weight, Height, and Mother-Infant Interaction

  • Lee, Hae-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.1331-1339
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    • 2006
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was to test the effects of infant massage (auditory (mother's voice), tactile/ kinesthetic (massage) and visual (eye to eye contact) stimulation) on weight and height of infant and mother-infant interaction with normal infants over a period of 4 weeks. Method. This study was designed as a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The experimental group infants (aged 2-6 months) participated in one of the infant massage programs at the health district center for 4 weeks. The control group (N=26) was paired with the experimental group (N=26) by matching the infant's age and sex. Infant weight, height, and mother-infant interaction were measured two times and recordings of the mother-infant interaction were done using the video equipment in a room at the health center for 10 minutes. Results. After 4 weeks of massage, there were no significant differences weight gain and height increase between the two groups. Comparison of the total scores for the mother-infant interaction between the two groups showed a significant difference (t=5.21, p=.000). There were also significant differences on maternal response (t=3.78, p=000), infant response (t=5.71, p=000) and dyadic response (t=4.05, p=000) in the mother-infant interaction between the two groups. Conclusion. Overall, the results of this study reassure that infant massage facilitates the mother-infant interaction for infants and mothers who give massage to their baby.

A Study on the Infant Furniture as Infant Playing Behavior (놀이 형태에 따른 미취학 아동용 가구에 관한 연구)

  • 신준희
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.29
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 2001
  • The environment is very important to the human being, most of all, infant is sensitive to the environment because infant is on the way to the brought-up. The Furniture in living space is a medium to connect a house and dweller, and is intimately relate to the living environment. Therefore we have to consider the infant various behavior for the plan of infant furniture. But studies on the infant seems not to have concern of infant environment as a living. Specialty, the demands of the adults for space is up to express in living space, but that of infant is latent. Also the demands of infant is difficult for the adults to be understood. So the studies on the infant furniture through the Infant playing behavior have to be achieved for the proper infant cultural environment.

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A Study on Infant Respiratory Diseases Diagnosis using Frequency Bandwidth Analysis of Crying Waveform (울음소리의 주파수 대역폭 분석을 이용한 소아호흡기 질환 진단에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Bong-Hyun;Cho, Dong-Uk
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.33 no.12B
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    • pp.1123-1130
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    • 2008
  • Baby's diseases diagnosis has inconvenient for received direct coming to help that order expression ability was insufficiency which consciousness situation concern about the infant health because of birth rate and decrease the marriage rate and divorce rate. So in this paper through the infant crying sound about home a foundation which infant diseases develop the system comparison normal infant with take a infant that analysis the extract the voice analytics component. Especially this paper propose about the methodology for development system that infant cold, infant pneumonia, infant asthma among extract the crying sound feature part for infant respiratory diseases discussion the most easy has involved the infant. So infant respiratory put case stimulus diseases about all voice organs and experiment the analysis method through the bandwidth about phonetics analysis component that comparison normal infant with take a respiratory infant. Through these method, we were extracted to results that infant's frequency bandwidth suffering from respiratory diseases than a normal infant is short.

The Effect of Infant Massage on Mother-Infant Play Interaction (영아마사지가 유희적 모아상호작용에 미치는 효과)

  • 최소영;김영혜
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.823-831
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    • 2002
  • This study is attempts to clarify the effect of infant massage for the promotion of primipara's mother-infant interaction Method: The term for collecting data for experimental group ranged from April 25, 2001 to June 5, 2001. The infants for this group were sampled among normal mother-infant from one postpartum care center located in J city. The term for collecting data for control group ranged from June 10, 2001 to August 3, 2001. The infants for this group were sampled among normal mothers infant from 1 general hospital, 1 university hospital and 1 postpartum care center located in J city. The experiment was implemented giving primipara education about massage based on protocol for infant massage provided by Johnson & Johnson Korea and they received 10 days of education, 10 minutes a day (from 10 to 11 a.m) In the post test, we videotaped both the control group and the experimental group visiting their homes 4 weeks after delivery to observe mother-infant play interaction. Data analysis was done using SAS and the homogeneity between general properties owned by both control group and experimental group and mother's perception scale for children was verified through -test. Mother-infant play interaction with both control group and experimental group was analyzed through t-test in the experiment. And analysis of mother-infant interaction points based on general properties was made using ANOVA and t-test. Result: Hypothesis that mother-infant play interaction with primipara who gave her infant a massage will be more active than that of the primipara who didn't was verified (t= -4.27, p=.0001). And the points in each item, points in each item were estimated as follows. Mother behavioral items (t=-4.96, p=.0001), infant behavioral item (t=-0.36, p=.71), mother-infant interaction reciprocity (t=-2.64, p=.01). Conclusion: An infant massage program can contribute to promoting the Mother-Infant Play Interaction positively.

A STUDY ON THE INFLUENCE OF INFANT FORMULAS ON PLAQUE pH (유아용 조제 분유가 치태 pH에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Woo-Jin;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Hahn, Se-Hyun
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 1998
  • Infant formula in nursing bottle, with inappropriate feeding habits, is major factor associated with the development of nursing caries. Although each infant formula has different carbohydrate and protein composition, studies comparing cariogenic potential of many Korean-branded infant formulas are deficient. In addition, it is on the point of being difficult to evaluate the cariogenecity of milk due to development of many infant formulas. In this study, to evaluate the cariogenic potential of many infant formulas, after oral rinse with six Korean-branded infant formulas(three milk based formulas, one soy based formula and two specific formulas for infants with allergy to milk protein and with lactose intolerance) for ten adult volunteers(eight males and two females), plaque pH change was measured with In vivo/In vitro combination technique and results were as follows. 1. All six different kinds of Korean-branded commercial infant formulas dropped the plaque pH significantly(p<0.05) and at an hour after rinse, plaque pH was not recovered in most of subjects. 2. Soy based infant formula and casein-hydrolyzated infant formula containing no casein dropped the plaque pH significantly more than milk based infant formula containing casein (p<0.05). 3. In the milk protein of infant formulas, casein had more effect on buffering the pH change of the infant formula than whey protein and casein-hydrolyzated infant formula had a reduced effect of casein. 4. In infant formulas with similar protein composition, infant formula containing sucrose dropped plaque pH more than infant formula containing lactose, but there was no significant difference (p>0.05).

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A study on the infant daycare center teacher practicing infant's rights respect in care giving daycare center's daily work (어린이집의 하루일과에서 영아반 보육교사가 실행하는 영아권리존중보육에 관한 연구)

  • Youn, Jin-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.407-417
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the extent to which childcare methods of infant classroom childcare teachers who respect infant rights in the everyday teaching curriculum at day-care centers occurs. To achieve these objectives, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 210 infant classroom childcare teachers who were in charge of the day-care center classrooms located in [G] city of [J] province. The results of the research confirmed that first there were no statistically significant differences when verifying the extent to which childcare methods of infant classroom childcare teachers who respect infant rights in the everyday teaching curriculum at day-care centers according to the final education level, professional experience, age, and education major of the infant classroom childcare teacher. On the other hand, the results confirmed that when analyzing for arrival time for infant classroom childcare instruction at the day-care center and for the time spent taking the infant to and from the bathroom, the infant classroom childcare teachers who had graduated from 2 year colleges showed more respect for infant rights compared to that of infant classroom childcare teachers who had graduated from 4 year universities, and for the arrival time for infant classroom childcare instruction at the day-care center and nap times, the infant classroom childcare teachers who were above 50 years of age showed more respect for infant rights compared to that of infant classroom childcare teachers who were in their 30s and 40s. The results of the research confirmed that there were statistically significant differences for both the age and education major of the infant classroom childcare teachers. When examining each of the sub-factor, the age of the infant classroom childcare teachers, respect for the infant's opinion, respect for individuality, and for information provision, infant classroom childcare teachers older than 50 years of age were shown to exercise a higher level of respect for the infant according to the rule of prioritizing the infant compared to infant classroom childcare teachers in their 30s and 40s, and infant classroom childcare teachers who majored in infant education-related majors exercised a higher level of respect for the infant for respecting freedom and autonomy compared to that of infant classroom childcare teachers who majored in welfare and childcare-related fields. The results of the research confirmed a statistically significant static correlation between the two related variables. Therefore, this suggests that the more childcare methods of infant classroom childcare teachers who respect infant rights in the everyday teaching curriculum at day-care centers, the more childcare methods of infant classroom childcare teachers who respect infant rights occurred according to the rule of prioritizing the infant. These results can be used to establish both quantitatively and qualitatively an excellent and balanced respect for infant rights.

A Phenomenological Study on Mother-Infant Interacting Behavior Patterns Related to Newborn Infant Feeding in Korea (한국인 영아초기 수유시 모아상호작용 행동형태에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • 한경자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.89-116
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    • 1991
  • The purpose of this study was to describe mother -infant interacting behavior patterns related to newborn infant feeding and to explore the mother's cultural belief about their infant. The data collection was conducted by observation and interview. Twenty-five mothers and their newborn infants who were normally delivered and were also planned to breast feed were comprised as the subjects of this study. All subjects were interviewed and observed individuaily at 1 to 5 days after the delivery at the hospital, mid -wife's clinic, Maternal Child Health Center and their home throughout the country from remote area to big city, The observation data were recorded with symbolic letter on a recording sheet newly developed as a result of preliminary study. The interview data were taperecorded and then recorded in narrative form. Mother - infant interaction behaviors in early feeding period were analyzed based on 19 analytic sub-categories and their composing elements. Unit of analysis were mother, infant and mother -infant dyad. 8 analytic categories draw from the data. Each were preparation, instrument, interaction inducing, evaluation referred to mother's behavior, preparation, instrument, interaction inducing referred to infant's behavior and synchronic behaviors referred to mother - infant dyad. Frequencies of behavior items based on the categories were converted to percent. The result showed that in mother's preparation behavior, the breast condition of Korean mother can be an affecting factor for mother - infant interaction during feeding, and vocalization behavior was observed most frequently in interaction inducing behavior while the least frequent behavior observed was contacting. Subcultural characteristics of mother - infant interaction behaviors were analyzed for their relationships between groups of mothers who have lived in remote area vs urban area, and who were multipara vs primipara. Using a chi -square test, there were statistically significant relationships in the activity of psychological readiness in preparation behavior and the movement of extremities for the position of instrumental behavior in both groups. However, interaction inducing behaviors were not related with statistical significance in any set of groups. Accomplishment of marriage, bonding and emotional mediation of family members were the categories related to mother's cultural belief about the infant in aspect of functional values. Infant at birth is considered little more than a biological organism without social capabilities. Although the newborn infant is still be attached to his mother, he makes his mother extend her territoriality. The mother's interacting behavior toward her infant based on those beliefs appeared task oriented, separative behavioral series. On the other hand, it was seen that infant reacted independently to his mother's behavior by the in-nate perceptual abilities. Those independent behavioral series of mother and infant on the feeding situation were synchronized at any moment. Nurses are In a unique position to teach mothers about their infant's capabilities and help reducing some of uncertainty about infant's behaviors. Study results indicated that the informations infant's social capabilities and breast feeding should be given to the mothers. The results of this study have several implications for nursing. First, the study results will be used as fundamental resources for the development of the assessment tool about the early mother - infant interaction. Second, the results could be a relevant information in the fied. I of maternal child nursing education as real and useful data. Third, the behavioral patterns of early mother - infant interaction which were classified based on the qualitative analysis could be used for nursing theory development as very fundamental data.

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