• Title/Summary/Keyword: Industry Characteristics

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A Study on the Influence of Internet Characteristics on SMEs' IT Abilities (인터넷 특성이 중소기업 정보기술능력에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chul-Young
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.51-64
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to reveal the influence of Internet Characteristics on SME's IT Abilities. In order to develop the rational model, the previous studies have been reviewed. The scope of Internet characteristics can be classified into 3 categories such as innovation, market opportunity, and industry characteristics. To test the hypotheses, 200 korean small and medium sized enterprises were surveyed. Regression analysis was made. The results of this study are as follows: Internet characteristics such as innovation, market opportunity, industry characteristics have an effect on SMEs' IT Abilities.

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Ethical Issues of Multinational Companies in Africa: host country and industry characteristics (아프리카에서 다국적기업의 윤리경영)

  • Kim, Jai-June
    • Korea Trade Review
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.271-287
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    • 2019
  • This paper reviews and analyzes the ethical issues of multinational corporations (MNCs) in Africa. First, we find that the transparency and institutions of a host country have a negative relationship with the number of ethical violations of the MNCs. Second, this covers the effects of industry characteristics on each category of ethical issues such as the human rights and the environment. Based on the database of "Ethical Consumer", we show that the Auto, Chemical, Finance, and Telecommunication industries are more likely to violate human rights issues, and that Mining, Oil, Cosmetics, and Chemical industries are more likely to pollute the environments. Further, the country of origin does matter: the US and Asian companies are more likely to be involved with the business ethics violations than are their European counterparts.

A Study of Implementing Knowledge Management (KM) in Construction Domain (건설업 지식경영체제 구축에 관한 연구)

  • Park Min-Kyoo;Baek Jong-kun;Kim Dae-Ho;Kim Jae-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • autumn
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2001
  • Since its introduction in mid 1990s, Financial Crisis in Korea, knowledge management (KM) has been considered as a new, optimal way of corporate management style. And a large number of researches, either theoretically or empirically, were carried out in order to find out what the key success factors will be in common. However, though key success factors are extracted, it can hardly be a successful project if those are not well matched for the unique industry characteristics, still more in construction industry. Even we can find some KM precedents in construction industry, it can hardly be revealed how far they exerted themselves in order to match key factors with industry characteristics. Hence, at the dawn of implementing KM, this research work will scrutinize key success factors (KSFs) derived from previous studies and funnel those KSFs into construction domain. Then rearranged KSFs will be proposed with each key issues. Therefore, this article can contribute to setting strategies for KM in construction sector.

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A Study on Industry Characteristics of Technology Trade in Korea : evidence from OECD Countries (우리나라 기술무역의 산업별 특성에 관한 연구 : OECD 국가를 대상으로)

  • Baek, Eun-Young;Moon, Hee-Cheol
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.151-170
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    • 2010
  • The present study made an empirical analysis for investigating the competitiveness of technology trades in Korea. In particular, the study deduced the correlation between technology export and technology import using the variables of Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D and Per capita industry value added Productivity and employed fixed effect model in panel linear regression model. It is found that the R&D expenditure of OECD countries made a significant effect on the technology import and the value-added labor productivity made a significant result on both technology export and import. Therefore, it showed that the technology trade in Korea made a sensitive response to labor productivity in OECD countries. By panel analysis, machine, construction, ICT, and service industry affect most on technology export in Korea for recent 5 years. For technology import, electric-electron, chemical, service, and construction industry have significant effects. This study contributed to understanding of industrial characteristics affecting technology trades in Korea and empirical analysis to show correlation between the factors affecting technology trade.

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The Effects of Industry Characteristics on the Mode of Entering Foreign Markets (산업 특성이 해외시장 진출 방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Bang, Yea-Na;Jun, Joo-Sung
    • Korea Trade Review
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.69-88
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    • 2018
  • Using a panel data set covering 19 Korean manufacturing sectors for the period 2009-2015, this paper investigates the extent to which industry characteristics affect the mode of entering foreign markets. The estimation results across various specifications show that firms prefer affiliate sales to export as firm heterogeneity increases, implying positive effects of productivity regarding foreign relative to domestic operations. The motive for overseas production is reinforced as economies of scale at the plant level decrease and economies of scale at the corporate level increase.

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Anlaysis on Perference of Appropration Methods in Korean Manufacturing: Focusing on Patents and Trade Secrets (한국제조기업의 전유방법 선호분석: 특허와 영업비밀을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sang-Sin;Choi, Seok-Joon
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.143-175
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we have analyzed the impact of firm, innovation and industry characteristics on firm's appropriation strategy focusing of the relative preference of patents and trade secrets by using the Korea Corporate Innovation Survey 2005, 2010 and 2014 data. According to the analysis results, companies with characteristics such as venture, high-technology industry, receipt of public R&D subsidies, performing product innovation, high R&D expenditure, prefer patents to trade secrets relatively. However, firm size and R&D cooperation did not have a statistically significant effect on the relative preference. This shows that policy on appropriation system considering the industry characteristics may be more effective. Companies in the industries with a high market concentration showed that trade secrets are preferred, especially these characteristic was distinctly in small and venture companies. This means that the increase in strategic patent applications of the incumbent firms is able to restrict the patent activities in small and venture companies. Because the excessive increase in strategic patents is likely to constrain the innovation activities of small and venture firms ultimately, policy initiatives to limit the abuse of strategic patent applications is required.

Investigating the Relationships Among Inventory Turnover Performance, IT, and Firm and Industry Characteristics (정보기술, 기업 및 산업특성, 재고회전율 간의 관계에 대한 실증분석)

  • Kim, Gilwhan
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study is three-fold: to investigate the relationship between information technology (IT) investment and inventory turnover, using 98 U.S. firms spanning eleven years (from 1999 to 2009); to analyze the correlation of inventory turnover with firm and industry characteristics, where vertical integration and growth options are chosen to reflect the features of the firm's internal characteristics, and industry dynamism and industry concentration are selected to represent the industry's competitive environment; and to examine time trends in inventory turnover. The significant findings include the following: (i) both IT investment and growth options have a positive impact on inventory turnover; (ii), but vertical integration and industry concentration have a negative impact on inventory turnover; (iii) the impact of industry dynamism on inventory turnover positive; and (iv) the time trends in inventory turnover and 'adjusted inventory turnover' have been increased during the sample period from 1999 to 2009.

The Credit Evaluation System for Micro-small Sized Individual Firms Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP 모형을 활용한 소상공인 신용평가시스템 구축)

  • Lee, Ju-Min;Kim, Seung-Yeon;Ha, Eun-Ho;Roh, Tae-Hyup
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2007
  • In the paper, we builds an advanced new credit evaluation system for Micro-small sized individual firms through appropriate evaluation factors derived by logistic regression analysis for credit evaluation model using in Korean Federation of Credit Guarantee Foundations, and the weights of factors computed by analytic hierarchy process(AHP). Industry characteristics are more applied to previous credit model with the additional the financial fact-information and non-financial judgement-information. Our results show that the financial factors have become more important than three years ago. Moreover, in the non-financial factors, the fact-information factors consider more important then the judgement-information factors. A new credit evaluation system is developed based on this credit evaluation model.

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The eBusiness Environment and Competing Firms' Collaboration Models - A System Dynamics Simulation Approach - (e비즈니스 환경과 경쟁기업간 협력 모형 - 시스템 다이내믹스 시뮬레이션 접근방법 -)

  • 김보원;이승철
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2001
  • In the recent Internet environment, there are different competition patterns among competitors as it was before. As we see real world example such as Covisint in automobile industry and Exostar in aerospace industry, collaboration among competitors now takes place and industry-wide B2B marketplaces come into existence. Hence, we suggest the extended system dynamics simulation model based on Kim(2002)’s collaboration profit models in order to explain competitors’ collaboration in the e-business environment. After all, we investigate the necessity of collaboration between competitors, and show the presence of the optimal investment decision making to collaborate. We also show that the effect of collaboration is changed as varying the industry characteristics such as standardization and volatility.

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Evaluating The Adoption of EDI Systems (EDI 시스템의 도입에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Gyeong-Tae
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.86-111
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    • 1995
  • This study investigates a special class of Inter-Organizational Systems, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) systems. The major objective of this research is to identify the factors that facilitate or inhibit the adoption of an EDI system. A research model is developed to investigate the research questions identified. The adoption of EDI systems is assumed to be affected by four contextual factors: 1. general characteristics of the industry in which a firm operates, 2. EDI-related industry characteristics, 3. general characteristics of the firm, and 4. information technology (IT) related firm characteristics. The findings of this study provide strong supporting evidence that most of the variables proposed and tested in the study are important factors affecting the adoption of EDI systems.

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