• Title, Summary, Keyword: Industrial Revolution

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Historical Development of Industrial Revolutions and the Place of So called 'the Fourth Industrial Revolution' (산업혁명의 역사적 전개와 4차 산업혁명론의 위상)

  • Song, Sungsoo
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.5-40
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this paper lies in summing up the historical stream of industrial revolutions and inspecting the place of so called 'the Fourth Industrial Revolution' set off by 2016 World Economic Forum. This paper examined the development of the First Industrial Revolution, the Second Industrial Revolution, the Third Industrial Revolution, and extracted the characteristics of each industrial revolution. Consequently, this paper certificated the history of industrial revolutions perceived by participants concerning the Fourth Industrial Revolution is problematic with reference to core technology and starting time. In addition, this paper raised a question whether the Fourth Industrial Revolution is another new industrial revolution or not, suggested some conditions required to bring industrial revolution into existence. In conclusion, the Fourth Industrial Revolution discussed enthusiastically in recent times is a sort of working hypothesis, and it is necessary to make future vision appropriate to Korean situation.

Analyzing the Major Issues of the 4th Industrial Revolution

  • Jeon, Jeonghwan;Suh, Yongyoon
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.262-273
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    • 2017
  • Recently, the attention to the $4^{th}$ Industrial Revolution has been increasing. In the $4^{th}$ Industrial Revolution era, the boundaries between physical space, digital space, and biological space are becoming blurred because of the active convergence between various fields. There are many issues about the $4^{th}$ Industrial Revolution such as artificial intelligence, Internet of things, big data, and cyber physical system. To cope with the $4^{th}$ Industrial Revolution, an accurate analysis and technology planning need to be undertaken from a broad point of view. However, there is little research on the analysis of the major issues about the 4th Industrial Revolution. Accordingly, this study aims to analyse these major issues. Data mining such as topic modelling method is used for this analysis. This study is expected to be helpful for the researcher and policy maker of the 4th Industrial Revolution.

A Study on the Systematization of the Technology Act for Platforming the Fourth Industrial Revolution

  • Moon, Hyeon-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.163-169
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    • 2019
  • Korea has the potential to lead the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which succeeded in the information and communication revolution, including the establishment of an e-government. The Go match between humans and computers has led to the realization that humans are starting to live in a new era that they have never experienced before. In 2018, the Federation of Science and Technology Organizations conducted a recognition survey on "what is the most urgent thing?" in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. As a result, it has been shown that the readjustment of the laws of science and technology is most urgent, so it is necessary to analyze the laws of science and technology. According to the research, more than 400 laws are diagnosed, and laws that serve as basic laws cannot lead the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The Framework Act on Science and Technology provides an emphasis on the promotion and management of R&D projects. When analyzing the regulations on 'Development of Science and Technology Innovation System', 'Basic Plan of Science and Technology', and 'Comprehensive Plan for Promotion of Local Science and Technology', there is no suggestion of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. After all, a comprehensive analysis of the current Framework Act on Science and Technology indicates that it is in effect the R&D and Management Act. The "Regulations on the Establishment and Operation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution Committee" poses the problem of defining parliamentary legislation as administrative legislation. 'In addition, if we analyze the Smart City Act, the lack of logical links with the Framework Act on Science and Technology and the Regulations on the Establishment and Operation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution Committee is a major problem. In conclusion, in order to platform the Fourth Industrial Revolution, two improvements can be put forward. First, the Framework Act on Science and Technology shall be abolished to enact the National Research and Development Administration Act, and secondly, the Framework Act on the Fourth Industrial Revolution shall be enacted to absorb the contents of the Regulations on the Establishment and Operation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution Committee.

The Internet Information and Technology Research Directions based on the Fourth Industrial Revolution

  • Chung, Mihyun;Kim, Jaehyoun
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1311-1320
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    • 2016
  • The fourth industrial revolution is currently proceeding and is expected to significantly affect the way individuals live and in result change the society in various aspects. The ICT-based convergence industries of the fourth industrial revolution contain various fields such as driverless cars, lighter and tougher materials, robotics, 3D printing and even biotechnology. This paper examines the researches done in fourth industrial revolution field based on the articles submitted to APIC-IST 2015. The topics from articles related to the fourth industrial revolution were categorized based on the keyword frequency of main issues. Results suggested that IoT and Wireless sensor network related researches were among the fields that the most researches were done in it and topics like nanotechnology, biotechnology, driverless cars, sharing economy and 3D printing were not mentioned at all. This paper also suggests necessary contents in the fourth industrial revolution to be focused on for further research in this field.

The Effects of the Specific Attitudes toward the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Job Satisfaction

  • Hahm, SangWoo
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2020
  • The period of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is our near future and the ongoing changes in this age. We need to strive to adapt to this changes and also try to create new values. This study focuses on workers' perceptions and attitudes (self-efficacy, expectancy, and acceptance of change) toward the Fourth Industrial Revolution. These positive attitudes toward the upcoming future and the Fourth Industrial Revolution will influence on both the future and the current attitude, behavior and performance of employees. People have certain attitudes to the future, and these attitudes have an impact on current behavior. This paper tries to examine the positive attitudes toward the Fourth Industrial Revolution era and the influence of positive attitudes toward this new age on the current job satisfaction. Through this process, this paper explains what kinds of attitudes the workers should have in the Fourth Industrial Revolution era, and also sheds light on significance and purpose of this paper to explain how these specific attitudes toward the future influence the present performance such as job satisfaction.

Future Image of Fashion Industry According to Level of Consumer Knowledge and Anxiety Level of the 4th Industrial Revolution (4차 산업혁명에 대한 소비자의 지식수준과 불안수준에 따른 패션산업의 미래이미지)

  • Seo, Sangwoo
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.130-144
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to examine the future image of the fashion industry according to the level of consumer knowledge and anxiety about the 4th industrial revolution. An online survey was carried out from March 13 to 23, 2018. A total of 698 consumers participated in the survey. The results of the study are as follows. The consumer knowledge level about the 4th industrial revolution was 10.2% for the first recognition, 48.3% for the term recognition, and 41.5% for the content understanding. The level of consumer anxiety about the 4th industrial revolution was 36.5% lower than average and 63.5% higher than the average. An ANOVA was conducted to confirm the anxiety according to the knowledge level of the 4th industrial revolution. The results revealed that consumers with higher knowledge level felt more anxiety than consumers with a lower level of knowledge. Consumer's knowledge level about the 4th industrial revolution did not affect the future image of fashion industry and individual phases of the fashion industry. Consumer's anxiety level about the 4th industrial revolution had a partial influence on the future image of the fashion industry and on each phase of the fashion industry. In the midstream and downstream areas of the fashion industry, significant differences were observed in the future image according to the level of anxiety.

Development Direction of Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration for the 4th Industrial Revolution (4차 산업혁명 대응을 위한 신개념기술시범사업 발전방향)

  • Kim, Sang-Hun;Chey, Seung-Woo;Hong, Sung-pyo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.729-737
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    • 2019
  • The world is now going through the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Major global economies, including the United States, Germany, Japan and China, are fostering industries related to the fourth industrial revolution with policies and investments. South Korea is also setting up its fourth industrial revolution committee under the president, expanding policies and investment to foster industries related to the fourth industrial revolution, and increasing investment in research and development. Accordingly, government and private investment in industries and technologies related to the Fourth Industrial Revolution is made extensively around the world, and many related industries and technologies are being developed. In this paper, we will look into the status and problems of Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration projects that can quickly and easily introduce technologies related to the fourth industrial revolution in the private sector where many developments are taking place, and present the direction of development.

A Study on the 4th Industrial Revolution in the View of Special Educational Teachers (특수교사들의 관점에서 바라보는 4차 산업혁명)

  • Jeong, Gyeong Hee;Song, Byung Seop
    • 재활복지
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.153-172
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    • 2018
  • This study is to examine the awareness of the 4th industrial revolution among special educational teachers as a preliminary study to explore the future special educational should continue forward in this new period. For the purposes of this study, a survey was conducted focusing on 117 special educational teachers in Korea. The major results were presented as follow. special educational teachers recognized that "the 4th industrial revolution" will have a positive effects on the special education, However, the level of understanding and interest in this was low. Moreover, Special teachers learned about 4th Industrial Revolution mainly through TV and media, recognized the needs for expert education on the fourth industrial revolution. Special teachers recognized that the Fourth Industrial Revolution was necessary for special education but was not realistically prepared. Special teachers said that programs for special education should be developed and distributed based on the 4th Industrial Revolution. In conclusion, The study is meaningful in understanding the Fourth Industrial Revolution from the perspective of special teachers and in providing basic evidence to support special education.

Development Direction of Defense Weapon System for the 4th Industrial Revolution (4차 산업혁명 대응을 위한 국방 무기체계 개발 발전방향)

  • Kim, Sang-Hun;Chey, Seung-Woo;Hong, Sung-pyo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2019
  • Since the announcement of President Klaus Schwab's fourth industrial revolution at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland in January 2016, the fourth industrial revolution has emerged as a hot topic in our society. The United States, Japan, China, and Germany, which are major advanced nations, are preparing and implementing a strategy and system for responding to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, focusing on information and communication technology (ICT) and manufacturing convergence in response to the fourth industrial revolution era. Korea is announcing the expansion of financial support for R & D investment budget and related industries for major technology related to revolution. In this paper, we analyze the defense R & D project procedure of the Defense Improvement Project, which is responsible for the development of the defense weapon system, and present the development direction of the defense weapon system in accordance with the 4th world industrial revolution trend.