• Title/Summary/Keyword: Indicator species

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Application of the Carabid Beetles as Ecological Indicator Species for Wetland Characterization and Monitoring in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do (습지지표종으로서 딱정벌레류를 이용한 부산, 경남 주요 습지의 특성 및 변화 관찰)

  • Do, Yu-Do;Moon, Tae-Young;Joo, Gea-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 2007
  • Investigation of carabid beetles as on ecological indicator species for wetland characterization and monitoring was conducted in three types of wetlands such as emergent wetland, forested wetland, and estuary, During the investigation period, twenty-eight species belonging to twenty-two genera and three families(Carabidae, Harpalidae, Brachinidae) were identified. The diversity of carabid beetles at riverine wetland such as Woopo (H'=1.18) and Hwapo-neup (H'=1.08) were higher than in the forested wetland (H'=1.03) and estuarine (H'=0.91). Species compositions in each wetland were significantly different(${\chi}^2=1716.8$, P<0.01). Riverine wetlands differed significantly from the forested wetland. Indicator species for the wetland chose with indicator species analysis were reacted sensitively on the parameter such as soil composition, moisture of soil, and environmental change. Thus, it was consequently suggested that these indicator species may be applied for wetland characterization and monitoring of the wetland ecosystem.

Insect natural enemies as bioindicators in rice paddies

  • Ueno, Takatoshi
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.545-553
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    • 2012
  • In Asia, including Japan and Korea, rice paddies occupy the largest cultivated area in agricultural land. Rice paddies provide the habitats for many organisms including endemic species, sustaining high biodiversity. Insect natural enemies inhabiting rice paddies have an important function for rice production as agents of 'ecosystem services' because they play a major role in suppressing rice pests. The diversity and abundance of natural enemies can be a good index reflecting the 'healthiness' of agro-ecosystem services in rice paddies. The present study investigates whether insect natural enemies could be good biological indicators for general arthropod biodiversity and agricultural practice. First, the concept of ideal bio-indicators was summarized. The strategy to explore and select such bio-indicators was then proposed. Lastly, field survey was made to evaluate the abundance and biodiversity of natural enemies in Japanese rice paddies where chemical inputs, i.e., insecticide use, were different. The results showed that reduction of chemical inputs led to an increase in species richness or diversity of natural enemies including parasitoids and predators. Then, the data were analyzed to examine suitable indicator species to assess environmental soundness of agricultural practice and biodiversity in rice paddies. The density of several species of natural enemies did respond both to pesticide use and to general arthropod biodiversity. The analyses thus have indicated that natural enemies can be suitable as bio-indicators. Usefulness of indicator species in rice paddies is discussed in the context of ecologically sound agriculture.

Ecosystem Risk Assessment Using the Indicator Species (지표종을 이용한 생태계 위해성평가)

  • Chang, Jin-Soo;Kim, Kyoung-Woong
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.103-115
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    • 2007
  • Risk assessment by living indicator species provides the information about the ecosystem disturbance, disapperance of symbiosis and change of living group. In the initial stage of this kind research, the degree of contamination was reported using the level of simple number, but simple number may not represent the risk itself which can be casued in the living organisms. Risk assessment using various indicator species overcomes these limitations and can be expanded to the DNA level. In many developed counties, the government has supervised the researches about the indicator species for the monitoring and its application to ecosystem restoration. Several living indicator species found in the vicinity of the abandoned Au mines such as fern, earthworm, bacteria, rhizosphere-rhizoplane, salamamdor and DNA change of these species are described in this paper.

Analysis for the relationship of environmental factors and vegetation structure at natural streamside valley and riparian forest in South Korea

  • Cho, Kyu-Tae;Jang, Rae-Ha;You, Young-Han
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.405-413
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    • 2015
  • We classified the streamside plant community by phyto-sociological method and analyzed the relationship between environment factors and vegetation structure by using the classification and ordination method. We found that twenty one plant communities were classified according to dominant species at the natural streamside valley forest with surveying the 65 quadrats (10 m × 10 m). From the survey results, the hardwood plant communities were classified as streamside valley forest and the softwood plant communities as riparian forest according to the degree of flooding. The valley forest had a distribution of 17 plant communities which was 65% (42 quadrats) of 65 quadrats: Maackia amurensis community, Betula davurica community, Quercus variabilis community, Pinus densiflora community, Q. serrata community, Prunus sargentii community, and Meliosma oldhamii community etc. The riparian forest had a distribution of four plant communities which was 35% (23 quadrats) of 65 quadrats: Salix koreensis community, S. rorida community, S. purpurea var. japonica community, and S. glandulosa community, etc. From the two-way indicator species analysis (TWINSPAN) analysis, we found indicator species Oplismenus undulatifolius and Lindera obtusiloba for the streamside valley forest and Humulus japonicus, Phragmites japonica, and S. koreensis for the riparian forest. From the results of the canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), coordinates, altitude, and stream structure showed low correlation to the distribution of the plant community. Therefore, it seemed that valley forest and riparian forest were distinguished by the stream gradient and waterway width which determined by the stream water level.

The Planting Models of Carpinus turczaninowii Community by the Plant Community Structure Analysis in Badahyanggi Arboretum - Case Study of Daebu-Yeongheung Islands - (군집구조분석을 통한 바다향기수목원 소사나무림 식재모델 연구 - 대부도 및 영흥도를 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Yong-Hoon;Kwon, Oh-Jung;Ban, Su-Hong;Oh, Choong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.31-45
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    • 2020
  • This study suggested the planting models of Carpinus turczaninowii community to make in Badahyanggi Arboretum and was carried out to the structure of C. turczaninowii commnity in Daebu-Yeongheung Islands. In order to identify the current ecological environment, this study set to 13 plots(i.e. 100㎡) for analysing detailed structure of plant communities. The research methodology was qualitative analysis. It used TWINSPAN, PCA and Indicator Species Analysis tools which are performed well in several comparisons of classification techniques and one of the ordination techniques showed that the plant communities. The results were classified into 3 communities that C. turczaninowii-Pinus densiflora community(I), C. turczaninowii-Quercus serrata community(II) and C. turczaninowii-Platycarya strobilacea community(III). In all of communities, C. turczaninowii was dominant species in canopy layer and understory layer, the degree of closure was high. Proposed the planting models that are I~II communities based on planting status in Badahyanggi Arboretum(Island Plant Botanical Garden), the structure of plant communities, indicator species and individual distribution by DBH classes. Also, The multi-layer planting plans are necessary, such as P. strobilacea, Lindera erythrocarpa, Viburnum carlesii, V. dilatatum, Ligustrum obtusifolium, Zanthoxylum schinifolium and so on.

Potential of Using Oribatid mites(Acari: Oribatida) as Biological Indicators of Forest Soil Acidification (산림토양 산성화의 생물지표로써 날개응애(Acari: Oribatida) 이용 가능성)

  • Chuleui Jung;Joon-Ho Lee;Seong-Sik Choi
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 2002
  • The use of biological indicator for environmental monitoring has suddenly become popular in many international organizations as well as domestic ones. Since the biological indicator species should be well responsive to native environmental change, development of native indicator species is prerequisite for environmental assessment and restoration program. Through regression analysis of mean density and pH, potential indicator species were screened from Namsan and Kwangreung where differential environmental stresses are influenced; Lasiobelba remota, Ceratozetes sp. Tectocepheus velatus, Neogymnobates sp. and Oppia sp.3. Also keystone species in two study area were Lohmannia coreana, Ceratozetes sp., Rostrozetes pulcherrimus, and Lasiobelba remota in Namsan Deciduous forest and Neogymnobates sp., Neogymnobates donghaksaensis, and Cultroribula tridentata in Kwangreung. Advantages and disadvantages of using biological indicator for environmental monitoring were further discussed.

Identification of Bird Community Characteristics by Habitat Environment of Jeongmaek Using Self-organizing Map - Case Stuty Area Geumnamhonam and Honam, Hannamgeumbuk and Geumbuk, Naknam Jeongmaek, South Korea - (자기조직화지도를 활용한 정맥의 서식지 환경에 따른 조류 군집 특성 파악 - 금남호남 및 호남정맥, 한남금북 및 금북정맥, 낙남정맥을 대상으로 -)

  • Hwang, Jong-Kyeong;Kang, Te-han;Han, Seung-Woo;Cho, Hae-Jin;Nam, Hyung-Kyu;Kim, Su-Jin;Lee, Joon-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2021
  • This study was conducted to provide basic data for habitat management and preservation of Jeongmaek. A total of 18 priority research areas were selected with consideration to terrain and habitat environment, and 54 fixed plots were selected for three types of habits: development, valley, and forest road and ridge. The survey was conducted in each season (May, August, and October), excluding the winter season, from 2016 to 2018. The distribution analysis of birds observed in each habitat type using a self-organizing map (SOM) classified them into a total of four groups (MRPP, A=0.12, and p <0.005). The comparative analysis of the number of species, the number of individuals, and the species diversity index for each SOM group showed that they were all the highest in group III (Kruskal-Wallis, the number species: x2 = 13.436, P <0.005; the number of individuals: x2 = 8.229, P <0.05; the species diversity index: x2 = 17.115, P <0.005). Moreover, the analysis by applying the land cover map to the random forest model to examine the index species of each group and identify the characteristics of the habitat environment showed a difference in the ratio of the habitat environment and the indicator species among the four groups. The index species analysis identified a total of 18 bird species as the indicator species in three groups except for group II. When applying the random forest model and indicator species analysis to the results of classification into four groups using the SOM, the composition of the indicator species by the group showed a correlation with the habitat characteristics of each group. Moreover, the distribution patterns and densities of observed species were clearly distinguished according to the dominant habitat for each group. The results of the analysis that applied the SOM, indicator species, and random forest model together can derive useful results for the characterization of bird habitats according to the habitat environment.

Distribution of Copepod Indicator Species and Zooplankton communities in Pusan Harbor, Korea (부산항 해역의 지표성 요각류 분포 및 동물플랑크톤 군집)

  • 홍성윤;마채우
    • 한국해양학회지
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.132-144
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    • 1994
  • The relationship of zooplankton communities and distributions of copepods as indicator species to environmental variables, such as temperature, salinity, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) was studied in Pusan Harbor in October 1990 and January, April and July 1991. Zooplankton communities were analysed by using cluster analysis and species diversity index. Four groups of copepods as indicator species were Acrocalanus gacilis, Euchaeta plana, pareuchaeta russell and Pleuromamma gracilis as the oceanic warm water species; Cemtropages abdominalis as the neritic cold water species; Meridian lucens as the oceanic cold water species Acartia omorii as the polluted water species. the offshore waters of Pusan harbor was dominated by the oceanic warm water species in October and by the neritic cold water species in January and April. This area showed the low values of COD and Tin. the inshore waters of Pusan harbor, where the high values of cod And Tin and the low value of diversity were recorder was represented by A.. omorii. Cluster analysis of the zooplankton community revealed two or three regional areas in Pusan harbor. Area I, the offshore area of Pusan harbor, not only was represented high species diversity and low density of A. omorii but also was dominated copepods in zooplankton roups. Areas II and III were grouped horizontally from offshore to inshore of Pusan harbor. Area II was showed intermediate values in diversity, density of A. omorii and percentage composition of copepods. Area III was revealed the lowest diversity,density of A.omorii and percentage composition of Cladocerans.Coperpoda was a dominant zooplankton group in each area during the study periods except two special cases.Area II was dominated by Noctiluca scintillans in April and Area III was occupied by Cladocerans in July.Distribution of Indicator species and areas demarcated based on cluster analysis showed a close relationship with environments.

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Comparison of Spatio-temporal Variations of Phytoplankton Communities in Lakes in the Boseong River Basin (보성강 유역에 위치한 호수에서의 식물플랑크톤의 시공간적 군집 비교 분석)

  • Cho, Hyeon Jin;Na, Jeong Eun;Lee, Hak Young
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we compared the spatio-temporal differences of phytoplankton communities among 4 lakes in the Boseong River basin. Field research was conducted quarterly from 2014 to 2017 for this study. A total of 345 species of phytoplankton were identified including 107 Bacillariophyceae, 175 Chlorophyceae, 27 Cyanophyceae and 36 other phytoplankton taxa. Lake Boseong showed higher species numbers and density of phytoplankton than other lakes (Dunn's test, P<0.01). Bacillariophyceae such as Asterionella formosa, Aulacoseira granulata, Fragilaria crotonensis was dominated in most research periods, whereas Scenedesmus ecornis and Coelastrum cambricum belonging to Chlorophyceae were dominant species on August. The self-organizing map (SOM) classified 3 clusters with 10 × 7 grid and showed spatio-temporal variation of phytoplankton communities based on significant difference among each clusters. Total 31 species of phytoplankton were chosen as a indicator species using indicator species analysis(ISA) and reflected seasonal phytoplankton succession and diversity and density of phytoplankton according to nutrient concentration. Water temperature, Secchi depth, conductivity and DO were identified as important factors affecting the differences of phytoplankton communities in the studied lakes in Boseong River basin using non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS).