• Title, Summary, Keyword: In vitro

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Studies on the Survival and In Vitro Developmental Rates after Bisection of Bovine Embryos (소 초기배 분할후 생존성과 체외발생율에 관한 연구)

  • ;Y. Noriko
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.275-280
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to investigate on the survival and in vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos by microblade, micropipette and pronase methods. Bisected embryos cultured for 1∼7 days in TCM-199 media with 10 FCS+hormones. Survival and in vitro developmental rates was defined on in vitro culture or FDA-test. The results are summarized as follows ; 1. The survival and in vitro developmental rates of bisected bovine embryos by microblade, micropipette and pronase methods were 22.2, 16.7, 15.0% and 22.2, 23.3, 18.8%, respectively. In vitro developmental rate of bisected bovine embryos was significantly lower than that of non-bisection embryos(27.8% and 25.0%). 2. In vitro developmental rates of bovine embryos bisected for 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 cells stages during in vitro culture in 10% FCS+TCM-199 media were 25.0, 20.0, 20.0, 15.0 and 6.7%, respectively. 3. In vitro developmental rates of intact and free-zona pellucida of bisected demi-embryos during in vitro culture in 10% FCS+TCM-199 media were 25.6, 16.7%, respectively. 4. In vitro developmental rates of biopsied embryos and biopsied blastomeres during in vitro culture in 10% FCS+TCM-199 media were 20.0, 11.1%, respectively.

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In Vitro Fertilization and Development of Bovine Oocytes (우 난포란의 체외수정과 발육)

  • 김정익
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.98-104
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    • 1989
  • Successful techniques of in vitro fertilization(IVF) are valuable for studying the process of fertilization and for developing economical procedures for gene and nuclear transfer in farm animals. To date, bovine IVF system has been developed with oocytes in vitro or vitro, but the resulting zygotes exhibit limited embryonic development after in vitro culture. Even though in vitro matured oocytes achieved high fertilization and cleavage rates, these embryos appear extremly low rate of pregnancies when transferred to synchronized recipients. Development of early bovine embryos in vitro is generally arrested at the 8-to 16-cell stage. However, recent use of somatic cells such as trophoblastic vesicle, granulosa and oviduct epithelial cell for co-culture with early bovine embryos has proven effective for development of embryos, matured and fertilized in vitro, past the in vitro cell blocks. These factors clearly indicate the value of the co-culture system in promoting development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro to morula or blastocyst stage in vitro. In addition, co-culture system may beome a tool for evaluation of viability of ova that have been manipulated by procedures such as splitting, microinjection and nuclear transfer.

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In vitro/In vivo Correlation of Sustained Release Diltiazem (딜티아젬서방정을 이용한 In vitro/In vivo 상관성)

  • Choi, Myoeng-Sin;Kang, Chan-Soon;Choi, Bo-Kyung;Hong, Chong-Hui;Kim, Kil-Soo
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.321-325
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    • 2002
  • IVIVC (In vitro/in vivo correlation) is useful for predicting in vivo results from in vitro data. The aim of this study was to develop IVIVC of sustained release diltiazem. For this purpose, three types of diltiazem tablets with different in vitro dissolution rates were prepared. An in vitro dissolution testing method comprising of paddle apparatus, 50 rpm, water as dissolution medium was developed. Under these condition, we demonstrated that AUCinf could be predicted by evaluating $d_{70%}$ (time dissolved 70%) in vitro since the in vivo AUCinf was correlated with the in vitro $d_{70%}$ (r=-0.9981).

Effect of MEM Vitamins Supplementation of In vitro Maturation Medium and In vitro Culture Medium on the Development of Porcine Embryos

  • Kim, J.Y.;Lee, E.J.;Park, J.M.;Park, H.D.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.1541-1546
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to examine the influence of minimum essential medium (MEM) vitamins supplementation to in vitro maturation medium and in vitro culture medium on the development of porcine embryos. Porcine embryo development was investigated following cultivation in both in vitro maturation and culture medium with the supplementation of MEM vitamins (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4%) using immature oocytes collected from the ovary of prepubertal gilts. Embryo development was observed and the total cell number in each blastocyst generated under the culture conditions was quantified following supplementation of the medium. The embryonic development rate of the blastocyst and hatched blastocyst was higher, but not significantly so, when 0.4% MEM vitamins were supplemented to the in vitro maturation medium of the porcine oocyte. Interestingly, the total number of cells in the blastocyst was significantly higher in the in vitro maturation MEM vitamins supplemented group compared to either the untreated group or the group which had MEM vitamins supplemented to both in vitro maturation and in vitro culture medium simultaneously (p<0.05). Therefore, the supplementation of 0.4% MEM vitamins to the in vitro mature medium has a beneficial effect on the embryonic development of in vitro produced blastocysts derived from the immature porcine oocytes.

Study on the In Vitro Maturation and Sperm Penetration Rates of Canine Oocytes

  • Park, Ji-Hoon;Seok, Ho-Bong;Kim, Sang-Keun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the collection time, co-culture and sperm penetration of canine oocytes on in vitro maturation and fertilization. The oocytes were cultured in TCM-199 media containing hormonal supplements (10% FCS, 10 IU/ml HCG, 10 IU/ml PMSG) at 5% $CO_2$, 95% air, $38^{\circ}C$. The in vitro maturation rate to MII stage of in vitro oocytes recovered from ovaries that collected at follicular, luteal and inactive phases of the reproductive phase for 44~72 hrs were 19.2%, 12.2%, and 6.0%, respectively. Follicular phases oocytes had a significantly higher in vitro maturation rate than oocytes collected at luteal and anestrus stage (p<0.05). The in vitro maturation rates to the MII stage of canine oocytes after 48 hrs of culture with glutathione, pyruvate, or glutathione + pyruvate were 12.5%, 10.7%, and 17.5%, respectively. This was higher than that in both alone or the combination of the two compared to the control group (19.0%). The sperm penetration rates of in vitro matured oocytes by fresh and frozen semen were 29/80 (36.3%) and 18/80 (22.5%), respectively. Although there are limited reports about canine oocytes co-culture and in vitro fertilization, our results on in vitro maturation is comparable to the results from other researches.

Utility of Structural Information to Predict Drug Clearance from in Vitro Data

  • Lee, So-Young;Kim, Dong-Sup
    • Interdisciplinary Bio Central
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.3.1-3.4
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    • 2010
  • In the present research, we assessed the utility of the structural information of drugs for predicting human in vivo intrinsic clearance from in vitro intrinsic clearance data obtained by human hepatic microsome experiment. To compare with the observed intrinsic clearance, human intrinsic clearance values for 51 drugs were estimated by the classical methods using in vivo-in vitro scale-up and by the new methods using the in vitro experimental data and selected molecular descriptors of drugs by the forward selection technique together. The results showed that taking consideration of molecular descriptors into prediction from in vitro experimental data could improve the prediction accuracy. The in vitro experiment is very useful when the data can estimate in vivo data accurately since it can reduce the cost of drug development. Improvement of prediction accuracy in the present approach can enhance the utility of in vitro data.

Development of In vitro Technique for Bioavailable Corn Energy Value

  • Kim, I.B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.1645-1646
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    • 2001
  • The objective of this study was to develop an in vitro digestion technique to estimate bioavailable energy values of different corn hybrids in swine and poultry. A total of 21 samples were investigated; 18 normal corn (NC) and 3 high-oil corn (HOC) hybrids. One step-two enzymes digestion system was introduced to develop the in vitro technique. The gross energy (GE) values of NC hybrids were correlated with the in vitro disappearing energy values (IVE; r=0.85, p<0.01), the in vitro energy digestibilities (IVED; r=0.70, p<0.01), and the in vitro DM digestibilities (IVDM; r=0.55, p<0.05). It appears, however, that IVE values of NC and HOC hybrids were not significantly different according to the one step-two enzyme digestion system. Results of in vivo and in vitro estimates suggested that there was no significant correlation between them in poultry. The IVE value was regressed linearly with ME and DE values in swine with low regression coefficient (34 and 41%, respectively).

Evaluation of the Genetic Toxicity of Synthetic Chemical (XVII) -In vitro Mouse Lymphoma Assay and In vitro Supravital Micronucleus Assay with 1, 2-Dichlorobenzene

  • Kim, Youn-Jung;Ryu, Jae-Chun
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2007
  • Chlorobenzenes due to their acute toxicity and the capability of bioaccumulating are of great health and environmental concern. Especially, 1, 2-dichlorobenzene (CAS No. 95-50-1) is used for organic synthesis, dye manufacture, as a solvent and for other applications in chemical industry. Adverse effects of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene includes increases in liver and kidney weights and hepatotoxicity. In this study, we evaluated the genetic toxicity of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene with more advanced methods, in vitro mouse lymphoma assay $tk^{+/-}$ gene assay (MLA) and in vitro mouse supravital micronucleus (MN) assay. 1, 2-Dichlorobenzene appeared the significantly positive results and the induction of large mutant colonies only in the presence of metabolic activation system with MLA. But in vitro testing of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene yielded negative results with supravital MN assay. These results suggest that 1, 2-dichlorobenzene may play a mutagen rather than clastogen in vitro mammalian system.

Viability of In Vitro Fertilized Bovine Embryos Following In Vitro Culture and Embryo Transfer (소 체외수정란의 체외배양 및 이식후 생존성)

  • 정희태;유재원;박연수;양부근;김정익
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 1994
  • This study was conducted to examine the condition of in vitro culture system and the viability after embryo transfer of in vitro matured-in vitro fertilized (IVM-IVF) bovine embryos. The in vitro development to the blastocyst stage was enhanced by supplying bovine serum albumin(BSA) to co-culture medium with bovine oviduct epithelial tissue(BOET) compared with that in medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum(FBS) (41.2% vs. 26. 3%, P<0.05). After transfer of IVM-IVF blastocysts into the uterine horn of recipient females (Aberdeen Angus), one was pregnant to term and produced a head of male Korean native calf. These results confirm that the in vitro development of IVM-IVF bovine embryos is affected with different protein source in co-culture with BOET, and IVM-IVF embryos can develop to term after in vitro culture and embryo transfer.

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Improvement of in vitro Sun Protection Factor Measurement (In vitro SPF 측정법 개선에 관한 연구)

  • 안성연;배지현;이해광;문성준;장이섭
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.129-133
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    • 2004
  • The major advantage of the in vitro test is that it is a rapid, objective and cost-effective screening methodology. In vitro tests can provide a formulation tool to identify new fillers that are optimized by combinations of old ones and they can be used to pre-screen protective formulas prior to in vivo testing in humans. Therefore, the accuracy of in vitro SPF measurement is very important. In this study, improvement of application method of samples was tried to improve the accuracy of in vitro SPF measurement. The outer part of Transpore$\^$(R)/ tape was used to apply samples as the substrates and the standard drying time was set at 15 min. The new method, topical applications at light scan areas, results in more accurate and reliable results. This result suggests that more accurate prediction system can be established for in vivo SPF with in vivo SPF measurement.