• Title, Summary, Keyword: Impression materials

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Comparison of wettability and setting time of dental impression materials (치과용 인상재의 젖음성 및 경화시간 비교)

  • Kim, Byung-Jin;Song, Kun-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Rae
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.36
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    • pp.45-48
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare wettability and setting time of twelve polyvinylsiloxane impression pastes. For comparing the wettability, the contact angle of a water drop on the impression materials was measured. It is important for impression materials to have higher wettability when trying to make impressions of interproximal spaces and gingival crevices. The higher wettability the better the material will flow into these spaces and the more accurate the impression. An ideal impression material will have adequate working time but a fast intraoral setting time. The clinician needs time to inject material into the sulcus, place the impression material into the tray and position it in the mouth, but the material should set rapidly to reduce time in the patient's mouth. It is considered that the results obtained in this study will provide guideline information for the manufacturing of impression materials and for selecting appropriate impression materials.

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AN EVALUATION OF THE TIME-DEPENDENT DIMENSIONAL STABILITY OF ELASTOMERIC IMPRESSION MATERIALS (인상채득 후 시간경과에 따른 고무인상재의 체적변화)

  • Lee Hong-Seok;Cho Suck-Kyu;Yoon Tae-Ho;Park Ju-Mi;Song Kwang-Yeob
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.363-373
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    • 2006
  • Statement of Problem : The accuracy and dimensional stability of elastomeric impression materials have been the subject of numerous investigation. Few studies have addressed the effect of changes in time on the dimensional stability of impression materials. Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of elastomeric impression materials and storage time on dimensional stability. Materials and methods: A total of 75 impressions were made of epoxy resin dies mimicked prepared 3-unit fixed partial denture. The dies had 1 buccolingual, 1 mesiodistal and 1 occlusogingival lines and interpreped dot. Impression materials investigated included two polyether impression materials and three polyvinylsiloxane impression material. 15 specimens were made of each impression material and poured by type IV stone over times (30 minutes, 24 hours, 72 hours) after mixing; the same examiner measured each specimen 3 times at a magnification of 3.5$\times$. All statistical tests were performed with the level of significance set at .05. Results : The results indicated that significant difference at any measuring point of stone dies of the polyether impression materials and when measurements at 30 minutes, 24 hours, and 72 hours were compared ; the length of measuring point increased significantly as time passed by. However this result is not significant clinically. Analysis also showed significant differences at any measuring point when polyvinylsiloxane and polyether impression materials were compared and significant differences clinically. Conclusion: Under the conditions of this study, the shrinkage rate of the polyvinylsiloxane and polyether impression materials significantly increased as time passed by. The polyether impression materials showed higher shrinkage significantly, while the shrinkage rate of all five materials showed a significant time-dependent increase.

AN STUDY ON THE DIMENSIONAL CHANGE OF PLASTER TO TIME WITH IMPRESSION MATERIALS

  • Choi, Seog-Sun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.43-46
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    • 1988
  • The purpose of this investigation was to determined the dimensional change of plaster to time with impression materials. This study was carried out through the literature & experiment, using 4sorts of the Impression Materials(Alginate, Impression Agar, Silicone Rubber, Polysulfide Rybber)and 5 treatments(1hr, 11/2 hrs, 2hur, 3hur, 6hur). The results of this experiment were as follows : 1. Main effect of Impression Meterials & tretments was statistically significant.(P<0.01). 2. The effect of 2-way interaction of Impression materials & Treatments was also statistically significant.(P<0.01) 3. Though this study was the difference of degree according to the materials. All Impression Materials were tended to be constained according to over the time.

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A STUDY ON THE ACCURACY OF SEVERAL DENTAL ELASTOMERIC IMPRESSION MATERIALS (수종의 치과용 탄성인재의 정확도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Myoung-Soo;Lim, Ju-Hwan;Cho, In-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.850-868
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    • 1996
  • The accuracy and dimensional stability of impression materials are one of the most important factors for successful prosthodontic treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of several dental elastomeric impression materials used widely and clinically : Impregum-$F^{(R)},\;Permlastic^{(R)},\;Silascon^{(R)},\;Perfect^{(R)},\;Xantopren^{(R)}$. There have been many studies to evaluate the accuracy of impression materials. But it has not been decided yet, which method was most suitable for the evaluation of the accuracy. In this study, two resin teeth, #15 & 25, were prepared with rounded shoulder margin and 90 degree cavosurface angle. For the polysulfide rubber and polyether, the custom tray was made at least 24 hours prior to impression taking. For the silicone rubber materials, putty/wash impression technique was applied in taking impressions. Marginal openings of the castings on the master dies and prepared resin teeth were measured under stereomicroscope. The results were statistically analyzed and compared between tested impression materials. The results were as follows ; 1. In the overall accuracy of impression materials, polyether was the most accurate one, followed by polysulfide, additional silicone and condensation silicone. 2. On the first model pouring, condensation silicone had the largest discrepancies and there was significant difference compared to the other impression materials. 3. Polysulfide had the least discrepancies in the first model pouring, but showed larger discrepancies in the immediate second pouring than the first pouring. 4. On the immediate second pouring, the discrepancy of polyether was shown to be the smallest, while the largest one was additional silicone. 5. Polyether and polysulfide rubber using custom impression trays showed superior accuracy to silicone rubber, putty/wash impression technique.

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Effect of latex gloves on polymerization inhibition of addition silicone impression materials (라텍스 글러브가 시판되는 3종류 부가중합형 실리콘 인상재의 중합에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.369-379
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the polymerization inhibition effect of latex gloves on addition silicone impression material. Three different kinds of addition silicone impression materials and a natural latex gloves were used in this study. The results were as follows. 1. Compared to the control group, all of those three kinds of impression materials took longer curing time in order of unwashed, alcohol and washed group, on the other hand, degloving group had shorter curing time than control group(p<0.05). 2. By the type of impression materials, there was no significant difference observed between Exafine and Twinz in ungloved group, Exafine and Imprint II in unwashed group, and Exafine and Twinz in degloving group(p>0.05). 3. The degree of polymerization at 6 minutes after mixing impression materials was evaluated by dividing its range into score 1 to 5. All of the impression materials got score 5 in control group and degloving group, which implies perfect polymerization. In unwashed group, most of them appeared to be score 2 while score 3 were most frequently observed in alcohol group and score 4 in washed group. Thus each group showed differences in the degree of polymerization(p<0.05).

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Comparison of mechanical properties and flowability of dental impression materials (치과용 인상재의 기계적 물성 및 흐름성 비교)

  • Kim, Ji-Yeob;Song, Kun-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Rae
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.36
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the mechanical and flow properties of polyvinylsiloxane impression pastes. Twelve polyvinylsiloxane impression materials were used. As mechanical properties, tensile strength and tear resistance were measured. Impression materials are subjected to tensile stresses when they are removed from the oral cavity and from stone models and tear resistance is the ability of the material to resist tearing under a tensile stress. Flow is dependent on the ability of the material to resist shear forces. Flow tests were performed to determine the handling characteristics and was measured using a shark fin testing device. An impression material must be able to penetrate the narrow subgingival sulcus and tight interproximal areas. Therefore, it must be able to resist the shear forces as it is pushed between tooth and gingival walls. It is necessary to understand the properties of interocclusal recording materials and is considered that the results obtained in this study will provide guideline information for the manufacturing of impression materials and for selecting appropriate impression materials.

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A STUDY OF IMPRESSION TECHNIQUE USING PUTTY MATERIAL OF PVS IMPRESSION MATERIAL (Putty 인상재를 채용한 PVS 인상채득 기법에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Young-Chan;Nah, Kyung-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.535-543
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    • 1997
  • In order to compare the accuracy of impression technique using the addition silicone putty and improved heavy body material, impression were taken for the natural 6 maxillary anterior teeth, and for the metal mast model that has full arch shape with 4 cylindrical abutment teeth. Marginal gingiva was retracted by routine method using retraction cord, and two techniques were tried to compare the length of impression materials in the gingival sulcus. This was aimed to see the effect of viscosity and hydraulic pressure of impression materials for the subgingival impression. Impressions for the full arch-shaped metal master model were taken to compare the linear stability of the different impression materials and their related techniques. The conclusions were as belows : 1. The one-step impression technique showed longer extension of impression material in gingival sulcus than two-step impression technique. 2. High viscosity and hydraulic pressure of impression material were useful to take subgingival impression. 3. There was no statistically significant difference for the two-dimensional accuracy of impression technique, but two-step technique showed better trend than one-step technique.

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WETTABILITY OF POLYVINYLSILOXANE IMPRESSION MATERIALS AND IMPROVED STONE MATERIALS (부가중합 실리콘 인상재 및 모형재의 젖음성에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Cho, Lee-Ra;Chung, Kyung-Ho;Kim, Kyoung-Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.191-199
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    • 2000
  • Wettability of addition silicone impression material is very important property for making an accurate restoration. This study examined the impression quality in clinical condition and the wettability of impression and die material. Four commercially available addition silicone impression material (Express, Examix, Contrast, Perfect) and three die materials (Die-Keen, Vel-Mix, Fuji-Rock) were studied. A total of 50 putty/wash and heavy body/wash impressions of wet intact permanent molar teeth were examined for definition of the gingival sulcus reproduction and then classified in quality ranking. The percentage of the sulcus reproduction ability of each material was calculated from the sulcus depths of cross-sectioned epoxy resin casts from the impressions and clinically measured sulcus depths, The same impression materials were used to produce 3 groups of die stone casts form void entrapment die had been exposed to milk. Voids in the impression body and stone casts ere counted under a stereoscopic microscope. From the experiment, the following results were obtained : 1. Sulcus reproduction ability of additional silicone impression material were diminished in order of Express, Examix, Perfect, Contrast. The significant difference was found between Perfect and other material. Heavy body/wash combination was superior In putty/wash method n Perfect impression material. 2. In direct observation, Contrast showed least void in impression body but correlations ere not found between sulcus reproduction and void production. 3. In void entrapment laboratory test, wettability were diminished in order of Examix, Contrast, Express, Perfect. Clinical impression recording seems not to correlate with laboratory test. 4. The wettability of die material to impression material was not different in Express, Examix, Contrast. But, in Perfect, Die-Keen had superior wettability to others.

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Investigation of the effects of storage time on the dimensional accuracy of impression materials using cone beam computed tomography

  • Alkurt, Murat;Duymus, Zeynep Yesil;Dedeoglu, Numan
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.380-387
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE. The storage conditions of impressions affect the dimensional accuracy of the impression materials. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of storage time on dimensional accuracy of five different impression materials by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS. Polyether (Impregum), hydrocolloid (Hydrogum and Alginoplast), and silicone (Zetaflow and Honigum) impression materials were used for impressions taken from an acrylic master model. The impressions were poured and subjected to four different storage times: immediate use, and 1, 3, and 5 days of storage. Line 1 (between right and left first molar mesiobuccal cusp tips) and Line 2 (between right and left canine tips) were measured on a CBCT scanned model, and time dependent mean differences were analyzed by two-way univariate and Duncan's test (${\alpha}=.05$). RESULTS. For Line 1, the total mean difference of Impregum and Hydrogum were statistically different from Alginoplast (P<.05), while Zetaflow and Honigum had smaller discrepancies. Alginoplast resulted in more difference than the other impressions (P<.05). For Line 2, the total mean difference of Impregum was statistically different from the other impressions. Significant differences were observed in Line 1 and Line 2 for the different storage periods (P<.05). CONCLUSION. The dimensional accuracy of impression material is clinically acceptable if the impression material is stored in suitable conditions.

The convergence study on the use of dental impression materials (치과용 인상재의 사용 실태에 대한 융합 연구)

  • Jang, Sun-Ok;Choi, Eun-Mi;Kang, Min-Kyung;Shim, Youn-Soo;Cho, Yoon-Jeong;Oh, Sang-Hwan;Choi, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigate the types and methods of dental impression materials used in dental clinics in south Korea, the questionnaire was surveyed by a self-administered method for one dentist in a one dental clinic, the collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 20. The most frequently used addition silicone impression materials were used in most dental treatment. It was confirmed that the method of taking impression materials having different flow properties(light body and heavy body) was most preferred at one time, also, the implant impression taking method was the most preferred for two rubber impression materials with different flow properties, both direct and indirect. There were statistically significant differences in age and clinical experience between the methods of impression taking of casting restorations and prosthetic according to general characteristics. These results are expected to be helpful for the development of theoretical and practical work based on the basic data for impression material development and research and the preference of impression materials required for dental professional in clinical practice.