• Title, Summary, Keyword: Imported Young Bull

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Effect of Imported Young Bulls with Higher Genetic Merit on Genetic Progress of Japanese Holstein Population

  • Terawaki, Y.;Shimizu, H.;Fukui, Y.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.416-421
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    • 1997
  • The effect of imported young bulls on the genetic progress was examined in the Holstein dairy cattle population in Japan. The effect of the difference of mean genetic merit between imported and domestic young bulls ("genetic difference") was recognized on the genetic progress of the domestic animals in the early stage of selection. On the other hand, the genetic progress of domestic animals were remarkably influenced by the genetic trend of imported young bulls ("genetic trend") in the later stage. Import of young bulls originated from high genetic level of young bulls originated from high genetic level population improved the genetic progress of domestic population. But, the increase of the immigration ratio of imported young bulls ("immigration ratio") did not influence linearly on the progress of the genetic merit of domestic animals. Even if "immigration ratio" was 100%, the genetic merit of domestic animals could not overcome the one of imported young bulls. In the later stage of selection, the genetic merit of domestic animals ran parallel to those of imported young bulls.

Comparison of Proven and Young Holstein Bulls for Major Economic Traits (홀스타인 젖소의 주요 경제형질에 대한 보증종모우와 후보종모우의 능력 비교)

  • Choi, You-Lim;Cho, Kwang-Hyun;Jeon, Byeong-Soon;Baek, Kwang-Soo;Park, Byoung-Ho;Lim, Hyun-Joo;Kim, Hyo-Sun;Cho, Joo-Hyun;Ahn, Byeong-Seog;Kim, Nae-Soo
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2009
  • The Objective of this study was to compare performances of proven and young holstein bulls bred in Korea. Proven bulls are categorized into the imported and the korean ones. Data from 148,329 heads of daughters of 1,128 bulls from 1990 to 2004 were used in this study. Proven bulls showed higher milk yield than young bulls in same year. Young bulls, however, always yielded more milk than korean bulls when proven bulls were categorized into the imported and the korean ones. Hence, it was proven that dairy bull selection program had properly been functioned in Korea. Selected bulls, which were korean proven bulls and young bulls, yielded higher milk fat than imported bulls as the selection was weighted on the yield of the milk fat. This comparison was based on the performances of daughters without the consideration of the semen price. Semen price of the imported proven bulls were higher than the korean proven bulls and the semen of young bulls was free. Hence, the performances of korean bulls with the consideration of the preferential effect would be much higher than others, and further studies are necessary.