• Title, Summary, Keyword: Imote2

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Performance Evaluation of Imote2-Platformed Wireless Smart Sensor Node for Health Monitoring of Harbor Structures (항만구조물 건전성 모니터링을 위한 Imote2 플랫폼 기반 스마트 무선센서노드의 성능 평가)

  • Park, Jae-Hyung;Kim, Jeong-Tae;Lee, So-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.26-33
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    • 2011
  • In this study, a high-sensitive smart wireless sensor based on an Imote2 sensor platform is developed for structural health monitoring of harbor structures. To achieve the objective, the following approaches are implemented. Firstly, the smart wireless sensor based on the high-performance Imote2 sensor platform is designed to measure acceleration with high sensitivity from structures. Secondly, embedded software is designed for autonomous structural health monitoring. Finally, the performance of the smart wireless sensor is estimated from experimental tests on a lab-scaled caisson structure.

Structural Health Monitoring of Harbor Structures using Imote2-Platformed Smart Wirless Sensor Node (Imote2 플랫폼 기반 스마트 무선센서노드를 이용한 항만구조물 건전성 모니터링)

  • Park, Jae-Hyung;Lee, So-Young;Kim, Jeong-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.307-310
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 항만 구조물의 구조건전성 모니터링을 위한 Imote2 센서 플랫폼 기반의 스마트 무선센서의 적용성을 평가하였다. 이를 위해 먼저, 고민감도 MEMS 가속도계를 탑재한 Imote2 센서 플랫폼 기반스마트 무선센서를 설계하였다. 둘째, 스마트 무선센서노드의 독자적인 구조 상태 모니터링을 위한 내장소프트웨어를 설계하였다. 마지막으로, 모형 케이슨 구조물의 진동실험을 통해 개발된 스마트 무선센서의 성능을 검증하였다.

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Solar-powered multi-scale sensor node on Imote2 platform for hybrid SHM in cable-stayed bridge

  • Ho, Duc-Duy;Lee, Po-Young;Nguyen, Khac-Duy;Hong, Dong-Soo;Lee, So-Young;Kim, Jeong-Tae;Shin, Sung-Woo;Yun, Chung-Bang;Shinozuka, Masanobu
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.145-164
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, solar-powered, multi-scale, vibration-impedance sensor node on Imote2 platform is presented for hybrid structural health monitoring (SHM) in cable-stayed bridge. In order to achieve the objective, the following approaches are proposed. Firstly, vibration- and impedance-based hybrid SHM methods are briefly described. Secondly, the multi-scale vibration and impedance sensor node on Imote2-platform is presented on the design of hardware components and embedded software for vibration- and impedance-based SHM. In this approach, a solar-powered energy harvesting is implemented for autonomous operation of the smart sensor nodes. Finally, the feasibility and practicality of the smart sensor-based SHM system is evaluated on a full-scale cable-stayed bridge, Hwamyung Bridge in Korea. Successful level of wireless communication and solar-power supply for smart sensor nodes are verified. Also, vibration and impedance responses measured from the target bridge which experiences various weather conditions are examined for the robust long-term monitoring capability of the smart sensor system.

Hybrid acceleration-impedance sensor nodes on Imote2-platform for damage monitoring in steel girder connections

  • Kim, Jeong-Tae;Park, Jae-Hyung;Hong, Dong-Soo;Ho, Duc-Duy
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.393-416
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    • 2011
  • Hybrid acceleration-impedance sensor nodes on Imote2-platform are designed for damage monitoring in steel girder connections. Thus, the feasibility of the sensor nodes is examined about its performance for vibration-based global monitoring and impedance-based local monitoring in the structural systems. To achieve the objective, the following approaches are implemented. First, a damage monitoring scheme is described in parallel with global vibration-based methods and local impedance-based methods. Second, multi-scale sensor nodes that enable combined acceleration-impedance monitoring are described on the design of hardware components and embedded software to operate. Third, the performances of the multi-scale sensor nodes are experimentally evaluated from damage monitoring in a lab-scaled steel girder with bolted connection joints.

Design and calibration of a wireless laser-based optical sensor for crack propagation monitoring

  • Man, S.H.;Chang, C.C.;Hassan, M.;Bermak, A.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1543-1567
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    • 2015
  • In this study, a wireless crack sensor is developed for monitoring cracks propagating in two dimensions. This sensor is developed by incorporating a laser-based optical navigation sensor board (ADNS-9500) into a smart wireless platform (Imote2). To measure crack propagation, the Imote2 sends a signal to the ADNS-9500 to collect a sequence of images reflected from the concrete surface. These acquired images can be processed in the ADNS-9500 directly (the navigation mode) or sent to Imote2 for processing (the frame capture mode). The computed crack displacement can then be transmitted wirelessly to a base station. The design and the construction of this sensor are reported herein followed by some calibration tests on one prototype sensor. Test results show that the sensor can provide sub-millimeter accuracy under sinusoidal and step movement. Also, the two modes of operation offer complementary performance as the navigation mode is more accurate in tracking large amplitude and fast crack movement while the frame capture mode is more accurate for small and slow crack movement. These results illustrate the feasibility of developing such a crack sensor as well as point out directions of further research before its actual implementation.

Wireless Impedance Sensor with PZT-Interface for Prestress-Loss Monitoring in Prestressed Concrete Girder

  • Nguyen, Khac-Duy;Lee, So-Young;Kim, Jeong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.616-625
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    • 2011
  • Ensuring the designed prestress force is very important for the safety of prestressed concrete bridge. The loss of prestress force in tendon could significantly reduce load carrying capacity of the structure. In this study, an automated prestress-loss monitoring system for prestressed concrete girder using PZT-interface and wireless impedance sensor node is presented. The following approaches are carried out to achieve the objective. Firstly, wireless impedance sensor nodes are designed for automated impedance-based monitoring technique. The sensor node is mounted on the high-performance Imote2 sensor platform to fulfill high operating speed, low power requirement and large storage memory. Secondly, a smart PZT-interface designed for monitoring prestress force is described. A linear regression model is established to predict prestress-loss. Finally, a system of the PZT-interface interacted with the wireless sensor node is evaluated from a lab-scale tendon-anchorage connection of a prestressed concrete girder.

Wireless Impedance-Based SUM for Bolted Connections via Multiple PZT-Interfaces

  • Nguyen, Khac-Duy;Kim, Jeong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.246-259
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    • 2011
  • This study presents a structural health monitoring (SHM) method for bolted connections by using multi-channel wireless impedance sensor nodes and multiple PZT-interfaces. To achieve the objective, the following approaches are implemented. Firstly, a PZT-interface is designed to monitor bolt loosening in bolted connection based on variation of electro-mechanical(EM) impedance signatures. Secondly, a wireless impedance sensor node is designed for autonomous, cost-efficient and multi-channel monitoring. For the sensor platform, Imote2 is selected on the basis of its high operating speed, low power requirement and large storage memory. Finally, the performance of the wireless sensor node and the PZT-interfaces is experimentally evaluated for a bolt-connection model Damage monitoring method using root mean square deviation(RMSD) index of EM impedance signatures is utilized to estimate the strength of the bolted joint.

Performance evaluation of EMI interface and multi-channel wireless impedance sensor node for bolted connection monitoring (볼트 연결부 모니터링을 위한 다채널 무선 임피런스 센서노트와 EMI 인터페이스의 성능 분석)

  • Nguyen, Khac-Duy;Lee, Po-Young;Kim, Jeong-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.36-39
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, performance of EMI interface and multi-channel wireless impedance sensor node is evaluated for SHM on bolted connection. To achieve the objective, following approaches are implemented. Firstly, an interface washer is designed to monitor loosened bolt through the variation in EMI of interface washer due to change in preload in bolt. Secondly, a multi-channel wireless impedance sensor node based on Imote2 platform is designed for automated and cost-efficient impedance-based SHM on bolted connections. Finally, performance of the multi-channel wireless impedance sensor node and the interface washer are experimentally validated for a lab-scale bolted connection model. A damage monitoring method using RMSD index of EMI signatures is utilized to examine the strength of each individual bolted connection.

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Vibration-Based Monitoring of Stay-Cable Force Using Wireless Piezoelectric-Based Strain Sensor Nodes

  • Nguyen, Khac-Duy;Kim, Jeong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.669-677
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    • 2012
  • This study presents a method to monitor cable force using wireless sensor nodes and piezoelectric sensors. The following approaches are carried out to achieve the objective. Firstly, the principle of piezoelectric materials (e.g., PZT) as strain sensors is reviewed. A cable force estimation method using dynamic features of cables measured by piezoelectric materials is presented. Secondly, the design of an automated cable force monitoring system using the data acquisition sensor-node Imote2/SHM-DAQ is described. The sensor node is originally developed by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is adopted in this study to monitor strain-induced voltage from PZT sensors. The advantages of the system are cheap, and eligible for wireless communication and automated operation. Finally, the feasibility of the proposed monitoring system is evaluated on a lab-scaled cable.

Flexible smart sensor framework for autonomous structural health monitoring

  • Rice, Jennifer A.;Mechitov, Kirill;Sim, Sung-Han;Nagayama, Tomonori;Jang, Shinae;Kim, Robin;Spencer, Billie F. Jr.;Agha, Gul;Fujino, Yozo
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.6 no.5_6
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    • pp.423-438
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    • 2010
  • Wireless smart sensors enable new approaches to improve structural health monitoring (SHM) practices through the use of distributed data processing. Such an approach is scalable to the large number of sensor nodes required for high-fidelity modal analysis and damage detection. While much of the technology associated with smart sensors has been available for nearly a decade, there have been limited numbers of fulls-cale implementations due to the lack of critical hardware and software elements. This research develops a flexible wireless smart sensor framework for full-scale, autonomous SHM that integrates the necessary software and hardware while addressing key implementation requirements. The Imote2 smart sensor platform is employed, providing the computation and communication resources that support demanding sensor network applications such as SHM of civil infrastructure. A multi-metric Imote2 sensor board with onboard signal processing specifically designed for SHM applications has been designed and validated. The framework software is based on a service-oriented architecture that is modular, reusable and extensible, thus allowing engineers to more readily realize the potential of smart sensor technology. Flexible network management software combines a sleep/wake cycle for enhanced power efficiency with threshold detection for triggering network wide operations such as synchronized sensing or decentralized modal analysis. The framework developed in this research has been validated on a full-scale a cable-stayed bridge in South Korea.