• Title/Summary/Keyword: IgE

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Elevation of Specific IgE Antibody in Clonorchis sinensis infection (간흡충종 환자의 혈청내 IgE 열 간흡충 특이 IgE 항체의 상승)

  • 민득영;소진탁
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 1983
  • 21명의 간흡충 감염환자 및 15명의 건강인으로부터 혈청을 수집하여 혈청내 IgE와 간흡충에 대한 특이 IgE 항체를 RIST와 RAST법을 이용하여 측정하였다. 간흡충 감염환자 및 건강인의 혈청 IgE와 특이 IgE는 각각 2,372 lU/ml과 364IU/ml 그리고 52.0%와 4.4%로 간흡충 감염자에서 모두 유의하게 상승되어 있었으며 (p<0.001 및 p<0.01), 혈청 IgE의 상승과 특이 IgE의 상승은 상호 밀접한 관계가 있었고(r=0.9451), 혈청 IgE와 EPG(r=0.6056), 특이 IgE와 EPG(r=0.5693) 역시 상관 관계가 있었다. 이상의 결과로 보아 간흡충 감염은 인체 혈청내 IgE 및 특이 IgE항체를 상승시키며, IgE 및 간흡충에 대한 특이 IgK는 숙주-기생충간의 면역반응에 관여할 것으로 생각된다.

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Anti-IgE mAb Suppresses Systemic Anaphylaxis through the Inhibitory IgG Receptor Fc ${\gamma}$ RIIb in Mice - Interaction between Anti-IgE and Fc ${\gamma}$ RIIb -

  • Kang, Nam-In;Jin, Zhe-Wu;Lee, Hern-Ku
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2007
  • Background: Anti-IgE mAb which binds circulating but not receptor-bound IgE has been shown to be effective in treatment for asthma and other allergic diseases. However, the mechanisms by which anti-IgE mAb influences the pathophysiological responses are remained to be illustrated. This study was undertaken to examine the therapeutic efficacy of non-anaphylactogenic anti-mouse IgE mAb using murine models of IgE-induced systemic fatal anaphylaxis. Methods: Active systemic anaphylaxis was induced by either penicillin V(Pen V) or OVA and passive systemic anaphylaxis was induced by either anaphylactogenic anti-mouse IgE or a mixture of anti-chicken gamma globulin (CGG) IgG1 mAb and CGG. The binding of the Fc portion of anti-IgE to CHO-stable cell line expressing mouse Fc ${\gamma}$ RIIb was examined using flow cytometry. Fc fragments of anti-IgE mAb were prepared using papain digestion. The expression of phosphatases in lungs were assessed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Results: Anti-IgE mAb prevented IgE- and IgG-induced active and passive systemic fatal reactions. In both types of anaphylaxis, anti-IgE mAb suppressed antigen-specific IgE responses, but not those of IgG. Anti-IgE mAb neither prevented anaphylaxis nor suppressed the IgE response in Fc ${\gamma}$ RIIb-deficient mice. The Fc portion of anti-IgE mAb was bound to murine Fc ${\gamma}$ RIIb gene-transfected CHO cells and inhibited systemic anaphylaxis. Anti-IgE mAb blocked the anaphylaxis-induced downregulation of Fc ${\gamma}$ RIIb-associated phosphatases such as src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase (SHIP) and phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN). Conclusion: Anti-IgE mAb prevented anaphylaxis by delivering nonspecific inhibitory signals through the inhibitory IgG receptor, Fc ${\gamma}$ RIIb, rather than targeting IgE.

Clinical significance of serum IgE (혈청 IgE의 임상적 의의)

  • Chung, Hai Lee
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.416-421
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    • 2007
  • Many previous studies have proved that human allergic disease resulted from the formation of antibodies belonging to a unique immunoglobulin isotype termed immunoglobulin E (IgE). Most of IgE-producing plasma cells are found in the lymphoid tissue associated with the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. IgE may be found free in the mucosal secretions of these tissues, bound to local mast cells, or distributed by the systemic circulation to mast cells and basophils throughout the body. Total serum IgE concentrations tend to be higher in allergic adults and children compared with non-allergic individuals, but the value of total serum IgE as a screening test for allergic disease is limited. Total serum IgE levels are related to the probability of an individual having detectable allergen-specific IgE. Allergen-specific IgE concentrations vary with a person's age, the degree and duration of the recent allergen or cross-reactive allergen exposure. The value of quantitative assays for allergen-specific IgE has been suggested in recent studies. Serum IgE increases in many non-allergic diseases, including infectious and parasitic diseases. The IgE changes appear to be specific to the infectious agents, whereas non-specific in other diseases. The increased serum IgE in some of these conditions probably results from alterations in immune function. This review summarizes the clinical significance of total and allergen-specific IgE examinations in allergic diseases.

Inhibitory Effect of Immunoglobulin E Production by Poncirus tripoliata (지실(枳實)에 의한 면역(免疫)글로블린 E 생성(生成)의 억제효과(抑制效果))

  • Kim, Hyeong-Kyun;Kweon, Yong-Taek
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.419-429
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    • 1998
  • Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf (Rutaceae) fruits (PTFE) has been used for the treatment of allergic disease. IgE is normally one of the least abundant immunoglobulin (Ig) isotypes in the serum of both humans and several species of experimental animals: however a number of different stimuli can result in profound increases in IgE levels relative to other isotypes. In rodents, infection with many parasitic helminths can cause approximately 100-fold elevation in IgE within 2 wks. Immunization of mice with small amounts of protein antigens on alum also results in 10-fold to fold increase in total serum IgE, much of it specific for the immunizing antigen. In this experiment, I investigated the effect of an aqueous extract of Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf (Rutaceae) fruits (PTFE) on a in vivo and in vitro IgE production. PTFE dose-dependently inhibited the serum levels of IgE induced by antigens. The regulation of IgE synthesis is influenced by T cells and T cell derived factors. IL -4, a T cell-derived cytokine, has been shown to stimulate murine IgE synthesis both in vitro and in vivo. Current evidence suggests that IL-4 induces IgE synthesis in the mouse by stimulating H chain isotype switch. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plus IL-4 cause about l00-fold increase in IgE secretion by murine B cells. The effects of PTFE on the IL-4-dependent IgE response by mouse whole spleen cells were studied. Whole spleen cells were cultured for 7 days in the presence of LPS plus IL-4 and PTFE and the supernatants were assayed for IgE. IL-4 dependent IgE production of LPS-stimulated whole spleen cells was inhibited by PTFE. Moreover, in the present study using U266Bl human IgE-bearing B cells, I found that PTFE inhibited the production of IgE activated by LPS plus IL-4. These results indicate that PTFE have antiallergic activity by inhibition of IgE production from B cells.

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Relationship between Immunoglobulin E, Eosinophil Count and Allergens in Allergic Patients (알레르기 환자에서 Immunoglobulin E와 Eosinophil count 및 Allergen과의 관련성)

  • Yoon, In-Sook;Kwon, Se-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.236-246
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    • 2009
  • As the allergic diseases in patients are increasing, it is important to find out the allergens. A multiple antigen simultaneous test(MAST) is a simple method for in vitro measurement of allergen-specific IgE antibodies. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between allergen-specific IgE antibodies, serum total IgE and peripheral eosinophil count in the allergic patients. According to the results of the study, the total IgE positive rate(above class 2) from the inhalent is 96.97%, and that from food panel is 98.06%. The research showed that the positive rate of the allergen-specific IgE was House dust 51.52%, D. farinae 45.46%, Cat 31.99% in inhalent panel, and 55.34%, 42.72%, 34.96% in food panel. Serum total IgE was associated with allergy, however, allergy was not always associated with eosinophilia.

Serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and dietary intake of Korean infants and young children with atopic dermatitis

  • Lee, Sangeun;Ahn, Kangmo;Paik, Hee Young;Chung, Sang-Jin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.429-435
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    • 2012
  • Atopic dermatitis (AD) has become a serious epidemic in Korean children. We aimed to investigate the association between vitamin C, E and other nutrients, and serum total IgE/specific IgE levels in children with AD. A total of 119 children (0-24 mo) diagnosed with AD were recruited for this cross-sectional study from a medical center in Seoul. A 24 h recall was used to assess dietary intakes. Serum total and six food-allergen specific IgE levels were measured by CAP-FEIA. Serum vitamin E was also measured but only in 25 out of the total 119 participants. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to estimate the coefficients between serum IgE levels and dietary intake as well as serum vitamin E. Serum vitamin E levels showed a significantly inverse association with serum total IgE and all specific IgE levels (P < 0.05). Fat intake was inversely related with specific-IgEs for egg whites, milk, buck wheat, soy, and peanuts (P < 0.05). Positive associations were found between carbohydrate (CHO) intake and total IgE and specific IgEs to egg whites, milk, soy, and peanuts (P < 0.05). Vitamin C, E and n-3/n-6 fatty acids were not related with serum total IgE and specific IgE levels except for the association between buck wheat and vitamin E. In addition, there were no significant differences between males and females in dietary intake and serum IgE levels by student's t-test. Although dietary vitamin E showed no association with serum IgE levels, serum vitamin E drew a significant inverse relationship with serum IgE levels. The evidence seems to suggest that vitamin E may possibly lower total and specific-IgEs in children with AD, and that it is important to maintain a relatively high serum vitamin E level in children with AD.

Effects of antii-IgE mAb on serum IgE, $Fc{\varepsilon}RII/CD23$ expression on splenic B cells and worm burden in mice infected with Paragonimus westermani (폐흡충 감염 마우스에 있어 Anti-lgE 단일크론 항체 처치시 혈청내 총 IgE, 비장 B 세포표면의 $Fc{\varepsilon}RII/CD23$ 발현 및 충체수에 미치는 영향)

  • 신명헌;민홍기
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 1997
  • It is generally accepted that parasite-specific IgE plays a crucial role in host defense against helminthic parasites. However, the role of high levels of nonspecific IgE in helminthic infections is still controversial. To investigate the role of nonspecific IgE in primary infections with P. westemani the effect of anti-lgE mAb treatment on serum IgE, $Fc{\varepsilon}RII/CD23$ expression and worm burden in Parcgonimus-infected mice were examined. In mice treated with anti-lgE antibody, the total IgE levels were not detectable ($1{\;}{\mu\textrm{g}/ml}$) throughout the experiment compared with untreated infected mice. The mean percentages of $Fc{\varepsilon}RII/CD23$ positive splenic B cells in anti-lgE treated mice (ridge: 20.3 - 30.5) were also decreased throughout the experiment compared with untreated infected mice (range: 35.7-44.4). Reduction of the total IgE and expression of $Fc{\varepsilon}RII/CD23$ on splenic B cells resulted in decreased worm burden six weeks post infection. These results suggest that high levels of nonspecific IgE in mice with primary infections of P. westemnni play a harmful, rather than beneficial, role for the host, perhaps by interfering with CD23-dependent cellular pathways.

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Analysis of cow's milk specific IgE positive patients in newborns (신생아에서 우유 특이 IgE 항체검사 양성을 보인 환아에 대한 분석)

  • Lee, Gil Sang;Baek, Nam Kyung;Kim, Won Duck
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.49 no.10
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    • pp.1061-1066
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to research whether measurement of cow's milk specific IgE on the newborn would be helpful in the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy. We tried to find out the relation between cow's milk specific IgE and other allergy diseases by following up cases. Methods : We reviewed clinical features of 87 episodes in infants less than 4 weeks old who were positive in cow's milk specific IgE test. For the study group, history taking, physical examinations, elimination and cow's milk specific IgE tests were carried out. We investigated the connection among cow' milk specific IgE, allergic disease and family history in 40 of 87 patients we could follow up on. Results : The mean age of the study group was $17.2{\pm}5.4days$. The subjects were classified in four groups according into allergens : 87 milk allergy positive patients, 24 casein positive, 38 ${\alpha}$-lactoalbumin positive, and 75 ${\beta}$-lactoglobulin positive. The number of patients who had follow-ups for more than 6 months to was 40(45.9 percent). The patients whose parents had allergic disease numberred 10(25 percent). Fiften patients had allergic diseases, 4 had asthma and 11 atopic dermatitis. According to the follow-up study, there is a significant relation between casein positive patients and allergic disease. But there is no statistical and significant relation between cow's milk specific IgE and a family history of allergic disease. Conclusion : For the newborn babies, elimination tests and cow's milk specific IgE tests can be useful in the diagnosis of IgE-mediated or mixed milk allergies.

Clinical validation of ImmuneCheck IgE for the rapid detection of serum total IgE (총 IgE의 신속한 정량 측정을 위한 ImmuneCheck IgE의 임상적 유용성)

  • Lee, Shinhaeng;Choi, Jinyoung;Choe, Eunju;Lee, Sang Chul;Park, Kyung Hee;Lee, Jae-Hyun;Park, Jung-Won
    • Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.310-314
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Conventional serum IgE assay was costly, required the skills of expert, and relied heavily on expensive equipment. Quantitative measurement of total IgE using Point of Care Test (POCT) device can be the solution for these limitations. This study evaluated and validated the reproducibility of ImmuneCheck IgE. Methods: This study included 120 patients of allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, drug allergy, food allergy, atopic dermatitis, or anaphylaxis. The reliability of POCT ImmuneCheck IgE was evaluated by comparing results from the naked eye and from the Q-Reader. Intratest reproducibility and intertest correlation were analyzed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: Of the 120 enrolled patients, 51 were males and 69 were females. The ages ranged from 19 to 84 years, with an average age of 51.5 years. The concentration of serum total IgE measured by Phadia ImmunoCAP IgE ranged from 5.95 to 5,000 IU/mL. ICC for Intratest reproducibility of ImmuneCheck IgE by naked eye and by Q-Reader were 0.991 (P< 0.001) and 0.989 (P< 0.001), respectively. In addition, intertest correlation between ImmuneCheck IgE and Phadia ImmunoCAP IgE results of naked eye and Q-Reader were 0.968 (P< 0.001) and 0.948 (P< 0.001), respectively. Conclusion: The ImmuneCheck IgE was reproducible and highly correlated with conventional Phadia ImmunoCAP IgE assay. This result suggests that ImmuneCheck IgE can be a useful tool for rapid and precise detection of total IgE.

Identification of Functionally Different Rat IgE in RBL-2H3 Exocytosis

  • Kim, Jin-Sub;Cho, Sungae;Joo, Kyoung-Hwan;Lee, Joon-Sang;Conrad, Daniel H.;Cho, Sung-Weon
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2002
  • Background: IgE is closely related to the development of allergies. However, the poor relationship between the specific IgE level and the severity of allergic diseases suggests the possibility of functionally different IgE isoforms. With this in mind, rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 activation was analyzed with each type of rat IgE for two parameters, exocytosis and IL-4 mRNA production. RBL-2H3 has been well documented in the rat mucosal mast cell line. Methods: RBL-2H3 cells sensitized with each kind of rat IgE was activated by cross-linking FcRI with B5 (monoclonal anti-rat IgE mouse IgG antibodies). The RBL-2H3 exocytosis was measured by analyzing the ${\beta}$-hexosaminidase level, and the level of IL-4 mRNA synthesis was analyzed using semiquantitative RT-PCR. Rat IgE, which was produced by a parasite infection (REP), was prepared using either Paragonimus westermani metacercariae (REP-PW) or Anisakis simplex third stage larvae (REP-AS). A rat IgE prototype of IR162 was prepared by a peritoneal injection of immunocytoma. Results: The level of exocytosis showed a linear relationship with the rat IgE concentration when REP-PW or REP-AS was applied. However, it exhibited a biphasic response with IR162. In addition, the time course of heating at $56^{\circ}C$ illustrated the similarity between REP-PW and REP-AS, which differed from that of IR162. In contrast, the level of IL-4 mRNA synthesis in the RBL-2H3 cells with IR162 was comparable to that of either REP-PW or REP-AS. Conclusion: These results suggest that functionally different rat IgE isoforms exists in RBL-2H3 exocytosis.