• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ice class

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Hull Form Design for Baltic Ice Class Aframax Tanker

  • Park Kyung-Duk;Son Jin-Soo
    • Journal of Ship and Ocean Technology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2005
  • A hull form of Baltic ice class IA Aframax tanker has been developed taking into consideration of powering performance in brash ice channels based on IA class rules. Speed performance of the ship hull form in normal seagoing has been validated through model tests in a towing tank. The hull form design developed in this work has demonstrated good speed performance in normal seagoing although the ship design is entitled to ice class IA.

Development of 115K Tanker Design Adopted Ice Class 1A (Baltic Ice Class IA를 적용한 115K Ice Tanker 개발)

  • Kim, Hyun-Soo;Ha, Mun-Keun;Baek, Myeong-Chul;Kim, Soo-Young;Park, Jong-Woo;Chun, Ho-Hwan
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 2004
  • There are very few numbers of 115K FPP (Fixed Pitch Propulsion) Tankers for the Baltic ice class IA because the minimum power requirement of FMA (Finish- Swedish Maritime Association) needs quite large engine power and the 40 m Beam is out of calculation range of FMA minimum power requirements. The shipyard has no choice except to increase the engine power to satisfy FMA minimum power requirement Rule. And the operation cost, efficiency of hullform and its building cost are not good from the ship owners' point of view To solve this problem, the experience of ice breaking tanker development and the ice tank test results were adopted. The main idea to reduce the ice resistance is by reducing waterline angle at design load waterline. The reason behind the main idea is to reduce the ice-clearing force. Two hull forms were developed to satisfy Baltic Ice class IA. Two ice tank tests and one towing tank test was performed at MARC (Kvaener-Masa Arctic Research Center) and SSMB (Samsung Ship Model Basin) facilities, respectively. The purpose of these tests was to verify the performance in ice and open water respectively The hull form 2 shows less speed loss compared to Hull form 1 in open water operation but hull form 2 shows very good ice clearing ability. finally the Hull Form 2 satisfying Baltic ice class IA. The merit of this hull form is to use the same engine capacity and no major design changes in hull form and other related designs But the hull structure has to be changed according to the ice class grade. The difference in two hull form development methods, ice model test methods and analysis methods of ice model test will be described in this paper.

Numerical study on the structural response of energy-saving device of ice-class vessel due to impact of ice block

  • Matsui, Sadaoki;Uto, Shotaro;Yamada, Yasuhira;Watanabe, Shinpei
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.367-375
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    • 2018
  • The present paper considers the contact between energy-saving device of ice-class vessel and ice block. The main objective of this study is to clarify the tendency of the ice impact force and the structural response as well as interaction effects of them. The contact analysis is performed by using LS-DYNA finite element code. The main collision scenario is based on Finnish-Swedish ice class rules and a stern duct model is used as an energy-saving device. For the contact force, two modelling approaches are adopted. One is dynamic indentation model of ice block based on the pressure-area curve. The other is numerical material modelling by LS-DYNA. The authors investigated the sensitivity of the structural response against the ice contact pressure, the interaction effect between structure and ice block, and the influence of eccentric collision. The results of these simulations are presented and discussed with respect to structural safety.

A study on the propulsion shafting design of ice class vessel (대빙구조선박의 추진축계설계에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Yang-Gon;Oh, Joo-Won;Kim, Yong-Cheol;Kim, Ue-Kan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Marine Engineers Conference
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    • pp.183-183
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    • 2012
  • As as result of development of new voyage route, especially Baltic seas, it is necessary for the design to meet ice class requirements as vessels continue to increase in this route. For this reason Finish-Swedish ice class has recently amended a regulation on the propulsion shafting design and engine output required for the ships which will be navigable in the brash ice channels broken by ice-breakers in Baltic seas. Therefore, this study shows the appropriate calculation methods for the design of engine output and propulsion shafting system based on ice class requirements.

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Nonlinear Structural Analysis of E/R Longitudinal Frame of Ice Class Vessel (ICE CLASS가 적용되는 선박의 E/R longitudinal frame 비선형 구조 해석)

  • Cho, Sung-Am;Leem, Hyo-Kwan;Kim, Ho-Kyeong
    • Special Issue of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 2006
  • For ships of ice class, finish Maritime Administration(FMA) requires brackets on intersections between longitudinal frames and the web frames within the ice-strengthened area. The main object of this paper is to verify ultimate load carrying capacity of longitudinal frame without brackets of engine room region of 74,100 DWT Product Oil Tanker. Comparative approach between proposed structures from builder (the proposed structure) and structures satisfying the Finnish-Swedish ice class rules (the rule structure) is used for the analysis.

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Strength assessment method of ice-class propeller under the design ice load condition

  • Ye, L.Y.;Guo, C.Y.;Wang, C.;Wang, C.H.;Chang, X.
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.542-552
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    • 2019
  • The strength assessment is the most important part at the design of ice-class propeller. Based on ice rules for ice-class propeller in IACS URI3 and FEM, the strength assessment method of ice-class propeller is established in this paper. To avoid the multifarious meshing process of propeller blade, an automatic meshing method has been developed by dividing the propeller geometry into a number of 8-node hexahedron elements along radial, chordwise and thickness directions, then the loaded areas in five cases can easily be calculated and identified. The static FEM is applied to calculate the stress and deformation of propeller blade. The fair agreements between the results of the present method and ANSYS/Workbench demonstrate its robust and the feasibility, and also the method is able to produce smooth gradient field. The blade stress and deformation distributions for five load cases are studied, and then the strength of the whole blade is checked.

A Study on the De-Icing Performance Evaluation and Design Guide for Ice Class Louver of the Vessels Operating in Cold Region (빙해선박 아이스 클래스 루버의 해빙(de-icing) 성능평가 및 설계기준에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Young-Jun;Seo, Young-Kyo
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2015
  • For the design guide of a vessel operating in cold region, numerical analysis was carried out to evaluate the ice class louver which installed the heating cables by using ANSYS 13.0 CFX. The numerical analysis was performed by considering Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equation. This study based on the experimental results of ‘The Cryogenic Performance Evaluation for the Excellent De-icing Ice Class Louver’ in KRISO. For validation of the numerical analysis results, the cold chamber experimental data measured by the heat sensors in certain location of the ice class louver was used. The external environmental temperature which varies from 0℃ to –30℃ was considered in numerical analysis. Also the design guide for optimum de-icing presented through heating cable power capacity(33 W/m, 45 W/m, 66 W/m), location of the heating cable(front, center, behind on the blade) and relative velocity(1 m/s, 4 m/s, 7 m/s).

Study on Estimation of Local Ice Pressures Considering Contact Area with Sea Ice (해빙과의 접촉 면적을 고려한 국부 빙압력 추정 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Wook;Lee, Tak-Kee
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.423-428
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    • 2014
  • Ice loads may be conveniently categorized as local ice loads and global ice loads. Local ice loads are often defined as ice pressures acting on local areas of shell plates and stiffeners. Therefore, local ice loads are defined in all ice class rules. However, directly measuring the local ice pressure using the actual ice class vessel is a very difficult task because appropriate instruments for direct measurement must be installed on the outer hull, and they are easily damaged by direct ice contacts/impacts. This paper focuses on the estimation of the local ice pressure using the data obtained from icebreaking tests in the Arctic sea in 2010 using the Korean icebreaking research vessel (IBRV) ARAON. When she contacted the sea ice, the local deformation of the side shell was measured by the strain gauges attached to the inside of the shell. Simultaneously, the contact area between the side shell and sea ice is investigated by analyzing the distribution of the measured strain data. Finally, the ice pressures for different contact areas are estimated by performing a structural analysis.

Evaluation of the limit ice thickness for the hull of various Finnish-Swedish ice class vessels navigating in the Russian Arctic

  • Kujala, Pentti;Korgesaar, Mihkel;Kamarainen, Jorma
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.376-384
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    • 2018
  • Selection of suitable ice class for ships operation is an important but not simple task. The increased exploitation of the Polar waters, both seasonal periods and geographical areas, as well as the introduction of new international design standards such as Polar Code, reduces the relevancy of using existing experience as basis for the selection, and new methods and knowledge have to be developed. This paper will analyse what can be the limiting ice thickness for ships navigating in the Russian Arctic and designed according to the Finnish-Swedish ice class rules. The permanent deformations of ice-strengthened shell structures for various ice classes is determined using MT Uikku as the typical size of a vessel navigating in ice. The ice load in various conditions is determined using the ARCDEV data from the winter 1998 as the basic database. By comparing the measured load in various ice conditions with the serviceability limit state of the structures, the limiting ice thickness for various ice classes is determined. The database for maximum loads includes 3-weeks ice load measurements during April 1998 on the Kara Sea mainly by icebreaker assistance. Gumbel 1 distribution is fitted on the measured 20 min maximum values and the data is divided into various classes using ship speed, ice thickness and ice concentration as the main parameters. Results encouragingly show that present designs are safer than assumed in the Polar Code suggesting that assisted operation in Arctic conditions is feasible in rougher conditions than indicated in the Polar Code.

A Study on Coating Performance Design for Ice Belt Zone of the Arctic Vessels (극지 운항 선박 Ice Belt Zone의 도장 사양 설계 연구)

  • Baek, Yun-Ho;Park, Chung-Seo;So, Yong-Shin
    • Special Issue of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • pp.66-72
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    • 2013
  • The demand for an ice class ship is rising expected to rise according to the increase of energy consumption and the opening of arctic sea routes. Ice class ship should be designed to cope with the severe environmental conditions of arctic sea such as a high mechanical impact and abrasion damage, caused by pack ice, ice bergs and low temperature. The ice class ship hulls are coated with an anti-abrasion and low friction coating such as a solvent free epoxy or high solid-volume epoxy. These coatings require two-component heating pump and a high grade surface preparation. In this study, the coating performances for the arctic vessels, such as puncture absorbed energy, abrasive wear loss, friction coefficients and impact absorbed energy were evaluated. Based on this study, a proper coating performance specification for the arctic vessels was proposed and coating selection guideline in terms of coating performance and workability was also established.

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