• Title, Summary, Keyword: IWF

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A New Multicast Routing Protocol for Multicast Delivery Agent-based Mobile-IPv6 in 3GPP2 IMT-2000 System (3GPP2 IMT-2000 시스템에서 멀티캐스트 전달 대리자 기반의 새로운 Mobile-IPv6 멀티캐스트 라우팅 프로토콜)

  • Park, Byeong-Seob;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of KIISE:Information Networking
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2002
  • We present a new MDA-based Mobile-IPv6 multicast routing algorithm for wirelese service operators to offer Mobile-IP over IMT-2000 service under IMT-2000 network by taking advantage of the existing infrastructure for IMT-2000 multimedia application services. The extended IMT-2000 system architectures use an PDSNs (i.e. IWFs), and the home network (i.e. Internet) backbone and intermediate network are composed of ATM entities. A key feature of the new protocol is the use of MDA(Multicast Delivery Agent) to reduce delivery path length of the multicast datagram. We show that proposed protocol is efficient in terms of various performance measures such as multicast traffic load, multicast related handoff, and average routing length when we implement it using the Mobile-IPv6. Particularly, the number of tunneling and average routing length of datagram are reduced relatively, the multicast traffic load is also decreased.

Genomic Heterogeneity of Chicken Populations in India

  • Rajkumar, Ullengala;Gupta, B. Ramesh;Reddy, A. Rajasekhara
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.1710-1720
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    • 2008
  • A comprehensive genome profiling study was undertaken based on automated genotyping and analysis of 20 microsatellite markers that involved 155 birds representing eight different populations. The distribution of microsatellite markers in each of these breeds helped us to decipher genetic heterogeneity, population genetic structure and evolutionary relationships of the present day chicken populations in India. All the microsatellite loci utilized for the analysis were polymorphic and reasonably informative. A total of 285 alleles were documented at 20 loci with a mean of 14.25 alleles/locus. A total of 103 alleles were found to be population/strain specific of which, only 30 per cent had a frequency of more than 10. The mean PIC values ranged from 0.39 for the locus ADL158 to 0.71 for loci MCW005 or ADL267 across the genomes and 0.55 in Dahlem Red to 0.71 in Desi (non-descript), among the populations. The overall mean expected and observed heterozygosity estimates for our populations were 0.68 and 0.64, respectively. The overall mean inbreeding coefficients (FIS) varied between -0.05 (Babcock) and 0.16 (Rhode Island Red). The pairwise FST estimates ranged from 0.06 between Aseel and Desi (non-descript) to 0.14 between Dahlem Red and Babcock. The Nei's genetic distance varied from 0.30 (WLH-IWD and WLH-IWF) to 0.80 (Dahlem Red and Babcock. Phylogenetic analysis grouped all the populations into two main clusters, representing i) the pure breeds, Dahlem Red and Rhode Island Red, and ii) the remaining six populations/strains. All the chicken populations studied were in the state of mild to moderate inbreeding except for commercial birds. A planned breeding is advised for purebreds to revive their genetic potential. High genetic diversity exists in Desi (non-descript), local birds, which can be exploited to genetically improve the birds suitable for backyard poultry.

A Study on the Call-Setup and Message Mapping for Interworking between H.323 and SIP (H.323과 SIP간의 상호 연동을 위한 호 설정과 메시지 매핑에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-Seok;Tae, Won-Kwi;Kim, Jeong-Ho;Ban, Jin-Yang
    • Journal of the Korea Computer Industry Society
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    • v.5 no.9
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    • pp.1017-1024
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we propose the progressed interworking method between H.323 and SlP, then explain the improved property. The VolP(Voice over Internet Protocol) technology which is able to use a voice service through internet is more cheaper then existing telephone charges, and is easil)· accept the various of multimedia services from internet. Previous connectionmethod of VoIP used H.323 protocol, but it is very complex to connection establishment. so, the SIP(Session Initiation Protocol) protocol that propose in SIP-Working Group is in use recently. Therefore, we need new interworking methodology between H.323 and SIP Products. In this thesis, the progress interworking method between H.323 and SIP are Propose, then interpret unnecessary packet delay for call setup and improved feature of message exchange.

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레이저 추적시스템의 원시자료 후처리 및 정규점 산출 연구

  • Seo, Yun-Gyeong;Ryu, Dong-Yeong;Jo, Jung-Hyeon;Kirchner, Georg;Im, Hong-Seo;Park, In-Gwan;Im, Hyeong-Cheol;Park, Jong-Uk
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.42.1-42.1
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    • 2009
  • 한국천문연구원은 우주측지용 레이저 추적 시스템 개발 사업 중 현재 이동형 시스템(ARGO-M) 1기를 개발 중에 있으며, 2009년 5월에 시스템 개념 설계 검토(SDR) 회의를 수행하였고 현재는 예비 설계 단계를 진행 중이다. ARGO-M을 구성하는 5개의 서브시스템 중 하나인 운영시스템은 레이저 관측에 필요한 각종 서브시스템을 제어하고 환경을 종합 판단 후 이를 관측에 반영하며, 실제 관측을 통해 획득한 데이터를 통합 처리 및 전송하는 역할을 담당하고 있다. 현재 본격적인 예비 설계 수행 단계에 있는 운영시스템은 우선적으로 핵심이 되는 소프트웨어의 설계를 위해 오스트리아의 Graz에 위치한 IWF(Institut fur Weltraumforschung) 소속 SLR(Satellite Laser Ranging) 관측소를 2009년도에 방문하여 운영 전반에 관련한 소프트웨어의 로직분석 작업을 수행하였다. Graz 운영시스템 중 소프트웨어관련 시스템은 크게 KHz급 반복율을 가진 레이저를 사용하여 위성까지의 거리 측정에 해당되는 실시간 시스템과 실시간 측정을 통해 저장된 관측 원시 자료를 이후 분석을 수행하는 비 실시간(Non-real time) 시스템으로 나눌 수 있다. 이 중에서 비 실시간 시스템은 원시 자료 분석을 통해 시간 및 거리 바이어스 적용, 노이즈 제거 등의 후처리 과정과 다양한 통계 분석 그리고 SLR시스템의 최종 산출물인 정규점(Normal Point) 생성 등을 수행한다. 이번 소프트웨어 분석 연구를 통해 얻어진 주요 알고리즘과 다양한 다이어그램을 포함한 결과물은 ARGO-M 운영시스템에 최적화하도록 소프트웨어 재구성 및 개발에 반영할 예정이다.

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The Effect of Microbial Transglutaminase on Textural and Sensory Properties of Noodles Mixed with Rice Flour (미생물유래 Transglutaminase 첨가가 쌀가루 혼합분 반죽과 조리면의 조직감 및 관능특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Weon-Sun;Seo, Hee-Sun;Woo, Gun-Jo;Jeong, Yong-Seob
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.1434-1442
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    • 2005
  • The Present study was attempted to investigate the Possibility of modification of functional properties of the rice flour by crosslinking proteins using microbial transglutaminase (mTGase) derived from a variant of Streptoverticillium sp. MTGase was added at various levels (3,000, 5,000, 7,000 and 10,000 ppm) during making noodles mixed with the rice flour. Mixograph and farinograph showed that imported wheat flour (IWF) had strong dough stability, while the rice flour showed very weak dough strength. However addition of mTGase (3,000, 5,000 and 7,000 ppm) resulted in improvement of dough stability of the rice flour. Texture profile analysis (TPA) results indicated that most of texture parameters (gumminess, chewiness and hardness) of cooked noodles prepared from the rice flour were significantly lower than those of noodles prepared from IWF. However, by addition of mTGase (at the levels of 3,000, 5,000, 7,000 ppm) dough stability and all the TPA values and sensory score (at the level of 7,000 ppm mTGase) on chewiness and hardness of cooked noodles made with $30\%$ rice flour were improved significantly. These results suggest that dough stability and texture of rice noodles as well as sensory characteristics could be improved by addition of mTGase to the rice flour.