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A Study on Economic Demand Response NBT and Performance (우리나라 전력시장에서 경제성 DR의 NBT 및 낙찰 관계 분석)

  • Yang, Min Seung;Lee, Sung Moo
    • Current Photovoltaic Research
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.100-104
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    • 2017
  • This paper analyzes the correlation between Net Benefit Test (NBT) and System marginal price (SMP), which has a significant impact on the allocation of demand response (DR) resources in resource scheduling and commitment (RSC) process, based on the performance data of the demand resource market which has been established in 2014. Demand resources compete with generation resources in the RSC process, and it is prescribed to use demand resources only when net benefit occurs. Analysis result shows that the larger the SMP than the Net Benefit Threshold Price (NBTP), the more the winning bid of demand response resource was. It is interpreted that the introduction of NBT in DR market is justified. The demand resource market has been steadily growing. It is required to expand the scope of resources up to the small-sized DR, and to expand the functionalities of demand resources not only in the current energy market but also in the reserve market in the future. In order for that, institutional improvements are required.

Preparation, Characterization of activated carbon fiber (ACF) from loofah and its application in composite vertical flow constructed wetlands for Tetracycline removal from water

  • Ahmed, Sanjrani Manzoor;Zhou, Boxun;Wang, Yue;Yang, Hang;Zheng, You P.;ShiBin, Xia
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.313-321
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    • 2020
  • ACF preparation from different materials and its application in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment has been focused in environmental field. Different materials have been used to prepare ACF around the world. This study aims to prepare, characterize and use of ACF from loofah for removal of Tetracycline from water through composite vertical flow constructed wetlands. ACF was prepared and it was tested for characterization, later it was used for removal of Tetracycline from water through composite vertical flow constructed wetlands. In composite vertical flow constructed wetlands, three HRTs were set according to the experiment, 1D, 2D, and 3D is individually. Samples were transported immediately from collection point to laboratory for analyzing. Samples were measured for Tetracycline (TC), Total Phosphorus (TP), and Total nitrogen and COD. Tetracycline absorbance with respective 356nm was obtained good and HRT is important factor. Results show that composite vertical flow constructed wetlands with ACF from luffa is best option and it is recommended to study further deep analysis.

Biological indicators to monitor responses against climate change in Korea

  • Lee, Byoung-Yoon;Nam, Gi-Heum;Yun, Jong-Hak;Cho, Ga Youn;Lee, Jin Sung;Kim, Jin-Han;Park, Tae Seo;Kim, Kigyoung;Oh, Kyounghee
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.202-207
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    • 2010
  • The most useful criteria and selection procedures of biological indicators have been developed in Korea because they have taken into account local and national concerns on biological responses against climate change. On the basis of these criteria and selection procedures, 100 climate-sensitive biological indicator species were selected to predict biodiversity distribution shift by climate change and manage biological resources integratedly at the national level. It is expected that selection and monitoring of biological indicators by climate change will provide significant information to prepare protective strategies of vulnerable species against climate change and adaptive policies under the changing environment in Korea. In this paper, we have reviewed what kinds of criteria were considered in selecting bioindicators to assess responses of biological organisms against climate change. Definition and selection steps of bioindicators were proposed, and the 100 species of climate- sensitive biological indicators were selected out of 33,253 taxa reported in Korea.

Mineralization in the Pegmatite of Mogok Metamorphic Belt, Myanmar (미얀마 모곡변성대 페그마타이트의 광화작용)

  • Oh, Il-Hwan;Heo, Chul-Ho;Choi, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Sunjin;Cho, Seong-Jun
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.183-191
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    • 2018
  • It is reported that Li-bearing minerals regarding as a promising battery industrial commodity occur in the Mogok metamorphic belt, Myanmar. Preliminary considerations on the mineralization of pegmatite occurrences within Mogok metamorphic belt such as Singu, Mogok and Momeik are as follows. In Singu area, lepidolite and rubellite occur together (Letpanhla No. 2 & 7 pegmatite) while rubellite only occur (Letpanhla No. 4 pegmatite). In Mogok area, lepidolite and rubellite occur together (Sakangyi pegmatite). In Momeik area, lepidolite and rubellite occur together (Pheyeou pegmatite) while rubellite only occur (Khetchel Ywar Thit pegmatite). In the future, it is estimated that it is necessary to implement the detailed exploration for the resource evaluation of lithium-bearing mineral targeted for the pegmatite of Mogok metamorphic belt.

Female Baby Boomers' Perceptions on Resource Transfers to their Children Who Have Gotton Married or Plan on Getting Married (여성 베이비부머의 결혼기 자녀에 대한 자원이전 인식)

  • Hong, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the resource transfer process from female baby boomers to their children who have gotten married or plan on getting married. The following research questions were explored. (1)To what extent have female baby boomers been transferring their resources to their children supporting marriage or vice versa? (2)What are the opinions of female baby boomers on future resource transfer plans to their children? (3)What are the opinions of female baby boomers on supporting themselves in their old age, and those of their children on supporting their aging parents? In-depth interviews were conducted with 11 female baby boomers who were born between 1955 to 1963. A case study research method was used to analyze the interview results. The findings were as follows. First, economic resource was the most common type of resources that the interviewees transferred to their children. Those who could not transfer their economic resources instead transferred their instrumental resources. Second, it was anticipated that the current trend of interviewees' resource transfers would be similar in the future. In other words, those who used to transfer a large amount of economic resources to their children showed their willingness to do the same in the future. Third, the interviewees did not expect support from their children, but rather were trying to prepare for their old age by themselves. Based on the overall results, the female baby boomers' transferring economic resources to their children implied that they took responsibility for their children. This appears to stem more from to altruistic motivation than reciprocal motivation. Moreover, it can be cautiously concluded that female baby boomers have different perspectives on the transfer of their resources from male's since the interviewees had different opinions on it from their husbands'.

Evaluating Village-based Resources for Conserving Nakdong-Jeongmaek (낙동정맥 보전을 위한 마을기반 자원평가)

  • Kim, Tae-Su;Hwang, Shin-Hee;Cho, Ki Hwan;Kim, Su-Jin;Jang, Gab-Sue
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 2020
  • This study was done to evaluate resources distributed around the Nakdong-Jeongmaek which is the eastern ridge line of the Nakdong-river basin with 437km in length. Here we found and/or searched for thousands of resources within each of 210 villages around the ridge, which were divided into six categories including landscape, natural park, protected area, history, tourism and biodiversity. An inventory was also created using an attribute table in a shape file for identifying the spatial location and property for every resource existing in each village. Each of fields for six-typed resources has 210 records representing each village and resources within it. If a resource exists in a village, '1' is assigned for its existence in its corresponding record. Otherwise, '0' is assigned for its non-existence in the record. The number of '1' on six records for a village is meaning the number of resources contained within a village, which can be a barometer to decide the properties of each village. In this study, we found five core villages containing all kind of resources in it, while 52 villages were found having only a single type of resources within it. The other villages were known to have multiple resources like having two or more ones.

Plants Resources Investigation to Develop Supplement Food for Infant (영유아 및 아동의 보충식 개발을 위한 식물자원탐색)

  • Park, Hye-Jin;Ha, Joo-Young;Lee, Jong-Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.646-652
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    • 2002
  • In this study, we selected supplementary vegetable resources to develpe nutritious supplementary model of korean formula for infants and children, purchased and analyzed it to use with a model. We also referred to an old book about Korean vegetable resources and searched a form of vegetable resources. There are a lot of vegetable resources of various kinds which lied scattered in mountains and fields of our country. As for these, a beyond compare menstruation activity component is becoming clear with a lot of things. It is thought that depth search and study of these vegetable resources and practical application to a infant and child supplemen is desirable. Therefore, we choosed vegetable resources ; a Capsella brusapastoris, a Codonopsis lanceolata, Dandelion, a wild plant, a Tractylis ovata(dried), a Tractylis ovata(native), a Pine plant, a burdock, a JanDae, a Plantain, a HollpDae, which gathered in our country, and we analyzied priximate aomposition of sample (moisture, ash, total carbohydrate, crude fat, crude protein, dietary fiber) and micronutrient contents of sample (calcium, Iron, flavonoids, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E).

The Development of GIS-based Small Hydropower Package Tool (GIS기반 소수력 Package Tool 개발)

  • Heo, June-Ho;Jeong, Sang-Man;Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2009
  • The generation of small hydropower as compared to other different developed environmental methods produces one of the clean energies. In such manner, various application system development through IT technique is being developed for an advanced small hydropower energy resources data mining. However, existing data analysis of New & Renewable Information System for small hydropower resources application is incomplete therefore it limits expressing these information on the Web. Thus for positive usage of small hydropower resources, a more systematic and precise analysis system should be built. This study seeks to develop a map of the domestic small hydropower resources problems to further improve small hydropower resources, developed through Package Tool which can accurately evaluate a wide range of small hydropower basin in a short period of time. Small hydropower Package Tool was calculated using existing Analysis System small hydropower resources which did not provide diverse capabilities resulting to 840 standard basin classified by A and facility capacity, etc., and to assume a 40% annual capacity, expected annual electricity production was calculated. Small hydropower for the national water system of small hydropower resources potential calculated in terms of resources for the development of small hydropower will be utilized as basic data.

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Analysis of Ecohydrologic Characteristics based on Development of Riparian Zone (수변 식생대 조성에 따른 생태수문학적 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Nam Won;Kim, Jitae;Chung, Il Moon;Lee, Jeongwoo
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.910-915
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    • 2009
  • The ecohydrologic characteristics according to planting in riparian zone for the riparian restoration are analyzed in this research. The ecohydrologic components due to land use change in riparian zone from existing land cover to planted area such as pasture and wildrye are simulated in the test basin with the integrated SWAT-MODFLOW model. After analysis of change of the hydrologic properties such as surface flow, lateral flow, transpiration and soil water in riparian zone, it is revealed that soil water is one of the key factors and planting of wildrye can increase soil water in riparian zone. The simulation performance of the SWAT-MODFLOW model is validated in this study and it is expected that this model can be used to evaluate various riparian restoration scenarios.

A Study on the Possibility of Introducing a Resources Circulation Type Livestock Zone of Reclaimed Land (간척지 자원순환형 축산단지의 도입 가능성 연구)

  • Yoon, Sung-Yee
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.307-326
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    • 2009
  • The present study suggests a concept of resources circulation type agriculture and a concept of a livestock zone related to it and evaluated economical efficiency about a possibility of the resources circulation type livestock zone based on the concept. As a result, when the resources circulation type livestock zone is operated in an area of 1,300ha, it was evaluated that the profit of 11,244 hundred thousand won per year is generated, compared to the conventional agriculture. When light and heat expenses and roughage of Hanwoo production, production of TMR forage as well as income of the energy and composting business of livestock manure at the recycling center were considered in addition to that, it was judged that the present zone development bushiness has enough business feasibility. However, it is necessary that the support regulations, etc. is constructed so that all produced compost byproducts are used at farmhouses and the system related to facility investment assurance and assistance of operating expenses is maintained. It is thought that the complement of a system is also necessary so that energy or power generation expenses can be operated in the same conditions as other new & renewable energy, and the nation's purchase of carbon credits(CDM) is investigated and systemized in the early period, and construction of a revitalization plan of the business through budget securing of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry related to the trade of CDM and carbon emission rights is also a business that should be urgently developed. In the future, the change of an outside environment will further promote use of the energy. Also, as people, who don't know agriculture. farm village, increase day by day because of population concentration in a city, an opportunity that can new added value through experience tourism or educational programs utilizing them is increasing. Accordingly, if programs utilizing social characteristics, such as utilization as a space of tourism. leisure. experience, system construction of bio-energy and system construction that Micro Grid or Smart Grid as a dispersed storage and generation system is stabilized, are constructed, it can be said that revitalization or success conditions of the zone is further achieved.

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