• Title, Summary, Keyword: IT Outsourcing

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The Introduction and Satisfaction in Outsourcing for Family Restaurants (패밀리 레스토랑의 아웃소싱 도입 현황과 만족도 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Young;Cheon, Hee-Sook
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.17-31
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    • 2006
  • There have not been the best method for improving the management system of an enterprise. Its management system must be changed according to new environment. Therefore, the food service industry had to accept outsourcing strategies to reduce cost and construct the core-capability of enterprise. In this respect, we studied the introduction and the satisfaction in outsourcing strategies for family restaurants, including a post of enterprise, decision on the supply-enterprises, contract preparation, cost of outsourcing, recontract items and outsourcing result estimation. The results of this study were as follows; First, 90.5% of managers for 7 family restaurants felt that outsourcing is needed. Second, the post of the outsourcing for 7 family restaurants was from 1 to 8; supply for raw food material, cleaning and equipment repair. The introduction of outsourcing for 7 family restaurants started in 1995 and it had constantly made progress up to 2003. Thirdly, the advantages of the outsourcing for 7 family restaurants were increase of benefit, improvement of controllable-power for family restaurants and improvement of employees' satisfaction. Fourthly, 42.9% of managers were satisfied and 4.8% of them were not satisfied. 36 to 40 year old vice-managers were very satisfied with the result of the outsourcing. Fifth, 90.5% of family restaurant managers found the outsourcing to be needed and especially managers in their late thirties realized the outsourcing.

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An Empirical Study on the Obligations of Contractual Parties for Successful IT Outsourcing (성공적인 IT 아웃소싱을 위한 계약당사자간 책임 요소에 대한 실증 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.21-41
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    • 2007
  • IT outsourcing has become a critical component of organizations, but improper expectations, ambiguous contracts and unclear goals frequently cause the failure of IT outsourcing. Especially we have to be concerned about the uncareful management of customer-supplier relationships based on a psychological contract perspective. This study focuses on the obligations of contractual parties for IT outsourcing which influence the outsourcing relationship(OR) and the successful performance of IT outsourcing(OP). The supplier obligations consist of the achievable infrastructure(S1) and capability(S2), and the customer obligations is composed of the acceptable environment(C1) and acceptability(C2) for IT outsourcing. This paper shows that the S1, S2, and C2 have an effect on the OR, the OR on the OP, and the S2 also on the OP directly. The four components of customer-supplier obligations are mutually related to each other. What is more, we must notice that the S2 has strong connections with the C2.

Clients' Strategic Choices to Mitigate Their Dependence on Vendors in IT Outsourcing : Resource Dependence and Opportunism Prospects (정보기술 아웃소싱에서 고객이 전문업체에 대한 의존도를 줄이기 위한 전략적 선택에 관한 연구 : 자원의존 및 기회주의 이론 관점에서)

  • Lee, Jae-Nam
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.167-193
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    • 2008
  • Clients' outsourcing strategies noted in the IT outsourcing literature generate varying levels of client dependence on vendors. This study investigates clients' efforts to mitigate such dependence by utilizing multiple vendors. We use the theoretical lenses of resource dependency and opportunism to study this phenomenon. Specifically. we consider degree of outsourcing, duration of contract, and externalization of control as strategic choices that engender vulnerabilities that clients seek to offset by using multiple vendors. This study then considers the basis of the outsourcing relationships, clients' satisfaction with the relationships. and clients' IT workforce size as conditions that induce clients' concerns about vendor opportunism. This study argues that these conditions can exacerbate clients' experience of vulnerability. further encouraging clients' use of multiple vendors. The research model developed is tested in a survey of firms in South Korea. Results suggest a strong impact of outsourcing strategic choices on the number of vendors used by clients. The anticipated moderating effects of opportunism were only weakly supported by the data though. Theoretical and practical implications of the results are considered and suggestions for future research are offered.

A Conceptual Study on Outsourcing Strategy in Betel Industry (관광호텔 아웃소싱 전략에 관한 개념적 고찰)

  • 정연홍;하용규
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.123-146
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    • 2002
  • Outsourcing is procuring of outside resources, other than core resources for core competence, by a contract, from which a corporate can focus its core resources on core business. The outsourcing strategies of Korea tourist hotel business are in a rudimentary stage, which has been limited in simple work areas such as housekeeping services, room maid services, parking control services, security services, janitor services, laundry services, facility management, shuttle bus services, and sterilization services and their purposes are mainly to retrench a burden of employment or firm-fixed expenses. Therefore, the outsourcing strategies of Korea tourist hotel business have the following problems. First, their outsourcing has introduced only for the purpose of retrenching expenses. Second, it tends to deteriorate service quality, due to lack of pre-training. Third, it tends to concentrate their attentions only on simple repetition works. Fourth, their outsourcing is slow adjusted to the needs of business cultures. Outsourcing services in Korea tourist hotel business have never contributed to their basic concepts such as 1) maintenance or enhancement of core competences, 2) promotion of business efficiency through service quality improvement and expense retrenchment, and 3) achievement or enhancement of competitive advantage through enlarging their specialties, cultivating their market, learning new knowledge, and developing their asset. Therefore, this study is to insist on fife necessity of overcoming simple repetitive service outsourcing in tourist hotel business. In order to build a core competence and/or achieve a competitive advantage, the scopes of outsourcing services should be enlarged in Korea tourist hotel business.

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A Study of Success Factors for Information System Outsourcing (정보시스템 아웃소싱 성공 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Yong-Kil;Chung, In-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.1414-1421
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    • 2008
  • The information system outsourcing has been received considerable attentions in recent years. Despite it great potential, the execution of the outsourcing need to be guided to avoid any possible failure. This study shows how the difference in the resources and capabilities between the customer company and the service provider affects the quality of partnership, finally the success of information system outsourcing. From the hypotheses testings, it is found that If the financial ability of the customer company is higher than that of the service provider, the partnership is good. In addition, If the IT resource of the service provider is higher than that of the customer company, the qualify of partnership is high. As a conclusion, the partnership quality has an effects on the success of outsourcing. Especially, the trust has an greater effect on the success of outsourcing than cooperation does.

An Investigation on Strategic Choice and Utilization of Information Systems Outsourcing (정보(情報)시스템 Outsourcing의 전략적(戰略的) 선택(選擇) 및 활용(活用)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Moon, Tae-Soo;Han, Kyong-Soo
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.39-59
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    • 1997
  • This study presents the growth strategy of outsourcing service by finding out the differences of importance between user firms and system integration(SI) firms in Korean outsourcing business, The result of data analysis reveals that there are siginificant differences between user firms and SI firms in some components of information systems(IS) outsourcing services. User firms regarded integation of distributea data centers as the prominent issue of IS environment changes. Meanwhile, SI firms chose management of IS/VAN center, office automation(OA), and management of global network, as the more important issues in the application area of outsourcing. Among the merits of outsourcing, both of them considered cost reduction and IS flexibility as the most important factors, However, they chose the difficulty of management control and the lack of operation knowledge among the demerits of outsourcing, Also, they commonly selected overall IS consulting among the components of outsourcing diffusion. In the question of future outsourcing services, user firms chose the adoption of client/server architecture, while SI firms selected the application of multimedia. These results show that there are some differences of preference between user firms and SI firms. Most of user firms consider the outsourcing to maximize information utilization, while the service suppliers focus on new IT adoption and its application to organization. For the strategic use of outsourcing services, SI firms are required to establish the diffusion strategy to meet the outsourcing needs of user firms.

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Decision Making Factors of IT Outsourcing in Public Sector : A Delphi Method (공공부문 IT 아웃소싱 의사경정 요인 도출 : 델파이 방법)

  • Yoon, Sung-Chul;Lee, Seul
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.121-134
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    • 2003
  • To improve the quality of the services and to concentrate on the core capability, in public sector the IT outsourcing is recently being vitalized by the institutional support of the government for the entrusting non-government. Because the lots of general studies so far have simply focused on indicating fragmentary factors i.e. economical factors, risk factors, system factors, or induction objects, etc., they are insufficient in making the practical decisions, therefore we indicated systemized model extending over the whole range of the IT outsourcing to support substantial decision makings, and assorted 4 categories and drew considerable 55 factors from the literature study to materialize the previously considerable factors at each decision making stage. And the principal factors were drawn from each decision making category by a group of 11 experts. Besides, a henceforth plan for the application was also presented through an actual example of the IT outsourcing decision making process of 'M', a public enterprise.

Determinants and Optimum Modelling of Logistics Outsourcing Strategy (물류(物流) 아웃소싱 전략(戰略) 결정요인(決定要因) 및 최적(最適) 모델)

  • Song, Gye-Eui
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.13
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    • pp.283-302
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    • 2000
  • The firms aim to acquire services and costs advantage from logistics outsourcing strategy. But it is very important to select optimum service provider. A checklist of the criteria for the evaluation of service providers follows : service quality, low cost, logistics information system, service network, financial stability, investments in plant and equipment, management attitude and lookout for the future strategic fit, cultural and psychological barriers etc. Also, a 8-step implement of logistics outsourcing strategy will be of help for maximizing benefits of logistics outsourcing. It follows : 1-step : logistics environment analysis, 2-step : check service provider availability, 3-step : logistics outsourcing determinant analysis, 4-step : select of optimum service provider, 5-step : contract with optimum service provider, 6-step : identify of remaining barriers, 7-step : performance of logistics outsourcing, 8-step : evaluation.

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A Study on the Effect of Outsourcing for the Apparel Maker in Korea (우리나라 의류생산업체(衣類生産業體)의 아웃소싱 효과에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kwon, Young-Ja
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.138-146
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    • 1999
  • For an enterprise to survive in extremely competitive world, it had better to down budget and resource of unimportant fields so that the enterprise can concentrate resources on the strong field. Nowadays in Korea, it is important to research outsourcing for strengthen the competitive power in apparel maker because of recent depression. The questionnaire was composed of 14 factors about outsourcing effect. The questionnaires were selected for finial analysis 67 apparel makers in Pusan and Seoul and data was analysed by using paired t-test by SPSS program. Almost of apparel makers (85.07%) has been outsourced the sewing process to contractor or vendor. Outsourcing in this case is marked lower effect than insourcing except reducing cost, economy of time and overcoming internal resources. This means that our outsourcing has been progressed with so many risk. If we have research the successful outsourcing and have a strategic vision and plan with vendor and product mutually beneficial relationship, we can share the risk and creating new business synergies through outsourcing.

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The Impact of Service Level Management(SLM) Process Maturity on Information Systems Success in Total Outsourcing: An Analytical Case Study (토털 아웃소싱 환경 하에서 IT서비스 수준관리(Service Level Management) 프로세스 성숙도가 정보시스템 성공에 미치는 영향에 관한 분석적 사례연구)

  • Cho, Geun Su;An, Joon Mo;Min, Hyoung Jin
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.21-39
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    • 2013
  • As the utilization of information technology and the turbulence of technological change increase in organizations, the adoption of IT outsourcing also grows to manage IT resource more effectively and efficiently. In this new way of IT management technique, service level management(SLM) process becomes critical to derive success from the outsourcing in the view of end users in organization. Even though much of the research on service level management or agreement have been done during last decades, the performance of the service level management process have not been evaluated in terms of final objectives of the management efforts or success from the view of end-users. This study explores the relationship between SLM maturity and IT outsourcing success from the users' point of view by a analytical case study in four client organizations under an IT outsourcing vendor, which is a member company of a major Korean conglomerate. For setting up a model for the analysis, previous researches on service level management process maturity and information systems success are reviewed. In particular, information systems success from users' point of view are reviewed based the DeLone and McLean's study, which is argued and accepted as a comprehensively tested model of information systems success currently. The model proposed in this study argues that SLM process maturity influences information systems success, which is evaluated in terms of information quality, systems quality, service quality, and net effect proposed by DeLone and McLean. SLM process maturity can be measured in planning process, implementation process and operation and evaluation process. Instruments for measuring the factors in the proposed constructs of information systems success and SL management process maturity were collected from previous researches and evaluated for securing reliability and validity, utilizing appropriate statistical methods and pilot tests before exploring the case study. Four cases from four different companies under one vendor company were utilized for the analysis. All of the cases had been contracted in SLA(Service Level Agreement) and had implemented ITIL(IT Infrastructure Library), Six Sigma and BSC(Balanced Scored Card) methods since last several years, which means that all the client organizations pursued concerted efforts to acquire quality services from IT outsourcing from the organization and users' point of view. For comparing the differences among the four organizations in IT out-sourcing sucess, T-test and non-parametric analysis have been applied on the data set collected from the organization using survey instruments. The process maturities of planning and implementation phases of SLM are found not to influence on any dimensions of information systems success from users' point of view. It was found that the SLM maturity in the phase of operations and evaluation could influence systems quality only from users' view. This result seems to be quite against the arguments in IT outsourcing practices in the fields, which emphasize usually the importance of planning and implementation processes upfront in IT outsourcing projects. According to after-the-fact observation by an expert in an organization participating in the study, their needs and motivations for outsourcing contracts had been quite familiar already to the vendors as long-term partners under a same conglomerate, so that the maturity in the phases of planning and implementation seems not to be differentiating factors for the success of IT outsourcing. This study will be the foundation for the future research in the area of IT outsourcing management and success, in particular in the service level management. And also, it could guide managers in practice in IT outsourcing management to focus on service level management process in operation and evaluation stage especially for long-term outsourcing contracts under very unique context like Korean IT outsourcing projects. This study has some limitations in generalization because the sample size is small and the context itself is confined in an unique environment. For future exploration, survey based research could be designed and implemented.

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