• Title, Summary, Keyword: ISA100.11a

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Performance Evaluation of ISA100.11a Superframe Using Deadline Monotonic Scheduling (마감 단조 스케줄링을 사용한 ISA100.11a 슈퍼프레임 성능평가)

  • Saputra, Oka Danil;Shin, Soo Young
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.39C no.12
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    • pp.1338-1345
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    • 2014
  • Recently, wireless technology gains attention for industrial networks due to low cost, flexibility, relatively easy installation and most importantly, solving the rouring issue. ISA100.11a is one of promising standard for wireless industrial networks (WINs). Data traffic in industrial networks are known to be periodic and must satisfy the real-time property namely deadline. Therefore, in this paper, we proposed to apply deadline monotonic scheduling to periodic tasks in ISA100.11a networks and to evaluate the performance of ISA100.11a by checking the schedulability and beacon frame overhead. Simulation results showns, that our proposed scheme can reduces the network overhead while maintaining schedulability as compared to the previous algorithm. In addition, by reducing the network overhead, our proposed scheme can send more data without degrading the overall performance of WINs.

Energy Efficient Graph Setup in ISA100.11a (ISA100.11a 에서 에너지 효율적인 그래프 구성방법)

  • Jung, In-Su;jung, hayeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.675-678
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    • 2011
  • 무선센서 네트워크는 많이 알려진 연구분야 중 하나이다. 스마트 그리드 나 자동화 시스템 등에 많이 적용된다. 산업장에서 사용되는 무선센서 네트워크 관련표준은 Ziebee, WirelessHART, ISA100.11a 등이 있다. ISA100.11a 는 그래프 라우팅 이라 불리 우는 간단하고 신뢰적인 그래프 라우팅 방법을 제안한다. 그래프 라우팅은 라우팅 테이블이 없는 고정된 라우팅이다. ISA100.11a 에서는 구체적인 라우팅 구성방법에 대해서는 설명되어 있지 않다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 베이스 라인(Base Line)을 이용한 에너지 효율적이고 신뢰적인 그래프 라우팅 구성방법을 제시한다.

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New function propose 'sensor status diagnostic' for ensure sensor value in ISA100.11a Network (ISA100.11a 네트워크에서 각 디바이스의 센서값에 대한 유효함을 보장하기 위한 센서 상태 진단 기능 제안)

  • Kim, Do-Sung;Chung, Yong-Hun;Yoo, Seung-Wha;Kim, Ki-Hyung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.740-743
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    • 2011
  • 산업장내에 사용하는 무선 네트워크인 ISA100.11a 네트워크의 각 디바이스들의 센서값의 유효함을 보장하기 위하여 센서 상태 진단 기능을 제안한다. ISA100.11a 네트워크의 각 디바이스들은 자체적으로 디바이스들의 오류를 감지하는데 디바이스 오류 감지 기준이 단순하여 다양한 오류에 대해서는 진단 기능이 취약하다. 또한 적은 디바이스의 리소스으로는 정교한 오류 감지에 한계가 있다. 그래서 본 논문는 정교한 오류 감지법과 디바이스 리소스를 고려하여 센서 상태를 진단하는 기능을 제안한다.

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Security Threats Analysis and Security Requirement for Industrial Wireless Protocols : ISA 100.11a and WirelessHART (ISA 100.11a 및 WirelessHART 기반 보안위협 식별 및 보안요구사항 도출 연구)

  • Jeong, Jae-Han;Kwon, Sung-Moon;Shon, Tae-Shik
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.1063-1075
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    • 2019
  • In recent years, industrial automation has been established and WISN (Wireless Industrial Sensor Network) has been introduced for efficient system management. By introducing WISN, many engineering costs have been reduced and process processors have been optimized. And communication flow using wireless is increasing. An empirical study on industrial wireless sensor networks is actively conducted, but there are few security studies on them and they are exposed to such threats. If there is a problem with the standard of the wireless communication protocol itself, the device that is certified according to the standard may also be subject to security threats including problems. We analyze security functions and threats of ISA 100.11a and WirelessHART protocol stack based on standards. Procedures for distributing the security key are not provided or it is vulnerable using the Global Data Link key when the device enters the network. This paper presents the problems of the standard itself and presents the security requirements accordingly.

Petrochemical Plant Safety Management System based on Wireless Transmitter (무선 트랜스미터 기반의 석유화학 플랜트 안전관리 시스템)

  • Kang, Sung-Min;Park, Soo-Yeol;Yeo, Keum-Soo;Park, Jae-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2015
  • Large-scale petrochemical and power plants has increased demanting wireless technology for continuous monitoring. However, the current USN technologies, such as ZigBee and Bluetooth, are lackof reliability and security. Therefore, there is a strong need to apply a new wireless technology standard of the ISA. In this study, a petrochemicalplant safety management system based on the ISA wireless transmitter isdeveloped. ISA100.11a communication module and LTE communication module equippedwith an explosion-proof wireless transmitter are developed. A petrochemicalplant safety management system is built based on the IoT technologies. Thedeveloped system is verified through a wide range of testing and thus, on-siteapplicability is proved.

A Study on Cyber Security Threat and Security Requirements for Industrial Wireless Communication Devices (산업용 무선통신기기 사이버 보안위협 및 보안요구사항에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jiseop;Park, Kyungmi;Kim, Sinkyu
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.757-770
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    • 2020
  • Industrial Control System(ICS) is a system that measures, monitors, and controls various distributed assets, and is used in industrial facilities such as energy, chemical, transportation, water treatment, and manufacturing plants or critial infrastructure. Because ICS system errors and interruptions can cause serious problem and asset damage, research on prevention and minimization of security threats in industrial control systems has been carried out. Previously wireless communication was applied in limited fields to minimize security risks, but the demand for industrial wireless communication devices is increasing due to ease of maintenance and cost advantages. In this paper, we analyzed the security threats of industrial wireless communication devices supporting WirelessHART and ISA100.11a. Based on the analysis results, we proposed the security requirements for adopting and operating industrial wireless communication devices. We expect that the proposed requirements can mitigate security threats of industrial wireless devices in ICS.

Effect of Vitamin C Supplementation on the Performance and Eggshell Quality of Layers (비타민 C 첨가가-산란계의 생산성과 난각품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 백인기;임희석;남궁환
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2002
  • An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of vitamin C supplementation on the performance and egg quality of layers. A total of 800 ISA Brown layers of 71 weeks old were assigned to one of the following diets containing 0, 3, 10, 50 or 100 ppm LG-vitamin C, 100ppm free ascorbic acid, 100 ppm Rovimix stay C-35 or 50 ppm LG-vitamin C supplemented with 100 ppm Zn methionine chelate. The feeding trial was conducted for flour weeks during the period of May to June when the average ambient temperature was $23.8^{\circ}C$ (5 :00 PM). Each treatment was replicated five times with 20 birds housed in 2 birds cage units. Vitamin C supplementation did not improve the overall performances (egg Production and egg Quality). Birds fed 100 ppm of LG vitamin C had the lowest egg Production while birds fed 100 ppm of Rovimix-35 had the lowest egg weight among birds fed different sources of vitamin C. Although supplementation of vitamin C over 50 ppm increased soft and broken egg Production, supplementation of 10 ppm LG vitamin C showed lowest soft and broken egg Production among all treatments. E99she11 thickness was highest in the treatment of 50 ppm LG vitamin C. In conclusion, supplementation of vitamin C at the level of 3 ~ 100 ppm did not significantly influence the laying performance and eggshell quality of laying hens under normal ambient(20 ~$26^{\circ}C$ ) condition.

Effect of Light and Feed Restriction During Rearing on Production Performance of Egg Strain Layers

  • Ahsan-ul-haq, Ahsan-ul-haq;Ahmad, Nazir;Rasool, Shahid;Shah, T.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.657-664
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    • 1997
  • 432 Babcock ISA white leghorn pullets reared for 8 weeks on a standard managemental conditions were exposed to feed/nutrient and light restrictions from 9 to 20 weeks of age. Four feeding regimes i. e. 100, 85 or 70 percent of the recommended allowance and low energy (2,500 Kcal/kg) low protein (13% CP) ration were fed each in the three light regimes i. e. (A) Natural day light starting from 13.24 hr/day at 8 weeks of age and ending 10.41 hr/day at the end of 20 weeks; (B) Constant 11 hr/day light and (C) starting with 13 hr/day at 8 weeks and decreasing @ 20 min/week till 20 weeks of age. At the age of 20 weeks all the birds were shifted to separate cages under uniform lighting feeding and management. During the 21st week light was increased to 12 hr a day and thereafter with an increase of 30 min per week, increased to 16 hr a day at the age of 29 weeks. From 20 weeks onward till 72 week age, all the birds were offered commercial layer rations ad libitum, prepared according to climatic conditions. The results of the study revealed that birds reared under natural and constant light had higher weights than decreasing light, yet they could not out perform during production period. The effect of feed and nutrient restriction, on the other hand, was found significant during rearing as well as production period. The birds exposed to higher level of feed and those exposed to nutrient restriction were lighter in weight. The 100% fed birds laid their first egg at an early age. However, those reared on 85% of the recommendation excelled all other groups in terms of produced number of eggs, egg mass, hen housed and hen day production and net returns.