• Title/Summary/Keyword: IPR protection

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A Study on the Activation of the Technology Trade to Changing Trade Environment - Focusing on the Intellectual Property Rights - (통상환경 변화에 따른 기술무역 활성화 방안 - 지식재산권을 중심으로 -)

  • Seo, Gab-Sung;Kim, Jong-Sung
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.165-188
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    • 2008
  • Some developed countries have already long been adapted to these changes in the international economic environment would improve productivity rather than traditional technology based on more high value-added business and increased investment. IPR protection is not just a national interest in the creation and growth of dimensions beyond the country's national competitiveness and a driving force to decide whether to challenge the core of the matter. Therefore, the importance of IPR in the country to raise awareness of IPR protection, and for systematic and comprehensive policy that will continue to be prepared.

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Protection of Intellectual Property Rights and Subsidy Policy for Foreign Direct Investment

  • Kang, Moonsung
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.139-154
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    • 2012
  • This paper provides a theoretical setup for an analysis of strategic relationships inherent to activities of an innovative multinational enterprise (MNE) and a local company in a host country. Additionally, we explore the incentives of the host country's government to provide subsidies to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and to protect outcomes of R&D activities conducted by the MNE. We show that the MNE's commercial interests may collide with local companies' over protection of IPRs. Therefore, the extent of knowledge spillovers from the MNE to the local company and the magnitude of incentives to the MNE perform a crucial function in determining the optimal policy mix of IPR protection and FDI subsidies of the host country's government.

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An LBX Interleaving Watermarking Method with Robustness against Image Removing Attack (영상제거 공격에 강인한 LBX 인터리빙 워터마킹 방법)

  • 고성식;김정화
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2004
  • The rapid growth of digital media and communication networks has created an urgent need for self-contained data identification methods to create adequate intellectual property right(IPR) protection technology. In this paper we propose a new watermarking method that could embed the gray-scale watermark logo in low frequency coefficients of discrete wavelet transform(DWT) domain as the marking space by using our Linear Bit-eXpansion(LBX) interleaving of gray-scale watermark, to use lots of watermark information without distortion of watermarked image quality and particularly to be robust against attack which could remove a part of image. Experimental results demonstrated the high robustness in particular against attacks such as image cropping and rotation which could remove a part of image.

Assessment of the Korean-Chinese Exports Competition in Sophisticated Markets

  • La, Jung Joo;Shin, Wonkyu
    • Journal of Korea Trade
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - This paper empirically investigates the competition effect of exports between Korea and China in their common-export markets considering market sophistication. Modern market sophistication includes an importing country's aggregate demand for products of high quality, design, novelty, eco-friendliness, and even IPR protection. Using an empirical analysis to identify the demand for product quality across countries, this paper estimates the effects of market sophistication on the competition between Korean exports and Chinese products. Design/Methodology - Our empirical model considers the relationship between an importing country's consumer sophistication and the export competition between Korea and China. This study employs the existing theoretical framework to identify the aggregate demand for product quality across countries. Using a quite direct measurement (the consumer sophistication index, our analysis investigates the differential effects of Korea's export market sophistication, particularly in markets where Korean exports are in competition with similar Chinese products. Findings - Our main findings can be summarized as follows: the negative effects of the export competition between Korea and China on Korea's exports are stronger in third markets where consumers are less sophisticated while the effects are not as pronounced in markets where consumers are more sophisticated. This result, however, best applies to differentiated goods which significantly vary in product quality. Originality/value - Existing studies focus on the supply side of production and make the assumption that the market preference for export quality is identical across countries. This paper attempts to evaluate the export competition between Korea and China from the demand-side perspective. This area of trade studies is underexplored both empirically and in theory, although the issue has long been important to Korean and world trade.