• Title, Summary, Keyword: IL-1$\beta$

Search Result 2,387, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Production and bioactivity of recombinant tilapia IL-$1\beta$

  • Hong, Su-Hee
    • Journal of fish pathology
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.147-153
    • /
    • 2009
  • To study the biological activity of interleukin-$1\beta$(IL-$1\beta$), a proinflammatory cytokine, in nile tilapia, Oreochromis niliticus, the recombinant tilapia IL-$1\beta$ was produced in E. coli cells based on pQE vector. Ni-NTA (nitriloacetic acid) metal affinity chromatography was used to purify recombinant protein. The eluted fractions exhibited a single band of protein with a molecular weight of about 25kDa, which is in close agreement with 25.4 kDa predicted by the cDNA sequence. The biological activity of the purified recombinant tilapia IL-$1\beta$ was tested through its effects on IL-$1\beta$ gene expression, which are known as IL-$1\beta$ inducible genes in mammals and fishes. IL-$1\beta$ gene expression induced by poly I:C, a synthetic double stranded RNA, was also assessed in tilapia head kidney cells. IL-$1\beta$ gene expression was analysed using QPCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction). The ratio of the indicated gene expression was expressed as the relative mRNA level to $\beta$-actin mRNA level, which is constitutively expressed in macrophages. Consequently, head kidney cells incubated for three hours with rIL-$1\beta$(10, 2, 1 $\mu{g}$/ml) showed a dose dependent increase in IL-$1\beta$ mRNA levels and 1 $\mu{g}$/ml of poly I:C was also able to induce IL-$1\beta$ gene expression in head kidney in tilapia.

Effect of $17{\beta}$-Estradiol and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$ on Interleukin-6 Production of Periodontal Ligament Cells (($17{\beta}$-Estradiol 및 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$가 치주인대 세포의 Interleukin-6의 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwak, Wall-Ah;Choi, Bong-Kyu;Lee, Hyun-Jung;Yoo, Yun-Jung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.645-654
    • /
    • 1999
  • Interleukin-6(IL-6) stimulate osteoclast differentiation. $17{\beta}$-estradiol, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin $D_3$(1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$) and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ inhibit or stimulate osteoclast differentiation by decreasing or increasing the synthesis of interleukin-6(IL-6) from stromal/osteoblastic cells, respectively. Periodontal ligament(PDL) cells reside between the alveolar bone and the cementum and have osteoblastic characteristics. To estimate the effect of $17{\beta}$-estradiol and 1,25$(OH)_2D_3$ on IL-6 production of PDL cells, PDL cells were treated with $17{\beta}$-estradiol or 1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$ in the absence or the presence of IL-$1{\beta}$. The concentration of IL-6 produced form PDL cells was determined by enzym linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). In unstimulated PDL cells, we detected constitutive production of IL-6 at 1st and 2nd day. IL-$1{\beta}$ increased IL-6 synthesis at 1st day and 2nd day. $17{\beta}$-estradiol had no significant effect on the secretion of this cytokine, either constitutively or after stimulation with IL- $1{\beta}$(0.05 ng/ml). 1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$($10^{-8}M$) decreased not only constitutive IL-6 production but also IL-$1{\beta}$-induced IL-6 production at 2nd day. These results suggest that 1,25-$(OH)_2D_3$ may control IL-$1{\beta}$-induced osteoclast differentiation by decreasing IL-$1{\beta}$-induced IL-6 secretion of PDL cells.

  • PDF

The Effects of Oviduct and Uterine Epithelial Cells on the Expression of Interleukin-$1\beta$ Gene in Preimplantation Mouse Embryos (생쥐 초기배아에서 Interleukin-$1\beta$ 유전자의 발현에 미치는 수란관과 자궁내막세포의 영향)

  • 홍석호;계명찬;김종월;이정복;오은정;조동제;최규완;김문규
    • Development and Reproduction
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.59-67
    • /
    • 1999
  • To investigate the role of interleukin-l$\beta$ (IL-1$\beta$) in the embryonic development, in vivo and in vitro expression patterns of IL-1$\beta$ gene in the preimplantation mouse embryos were examined by RT-PCR, and the effects of explanted mouse ovi-duct and uterine epithelial cells on the expression of IL-1$\beta$ gene in the pleimplantation mouse embryos were examined by co-culture. IL-1$\beta$ mRNA was detected in the embryos from 4-cell stage to blastocyst stage in vivo and from morula stage to hatching blastocyst stage in vitro. This transcript was not detected from the GV stage to late 2-cell stage in vivo, and not at the 4-cell and 8-cell stages in vitro. For the co-culture of late 2-cell embryos with the explanted mouse oviduct and uterine epithelial cells, oviducts and uterine epithelial cells were isolated at 48 hour alter the hCG injection. The explanted oviduct and uterine epithelial cells in co-culture groups facilitated the IL-1$\beta$ gene expression of the mouse embryos in comparison with the control. Taken together these results suggest that the presence of IL-1$\beta$ plays an important role in preimplantation embryonic development. In addition, the up-regulation of IL-1$\beta$ gene expression by the explanted oviduct and uterine epithelial cells demonstrates that embryonic expression of IL-l$\beta$ gene may be regulated by the interaction with oviductal and uterine factor (s).

  • PDF

Genetic polymorphisms of the IL-1 ${\beta}$ genes in periodontally healthy Korean population (치주적으로 건강한 한국인에서 IL-1 ${\beta}$ 유전자의 유전자 다형성 발생빈도에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Seung-Yun;Kim, Kyoung-Hwa;Park, Ok-Jin;Kim, Kak-Kyun;Ku, Young;Yoshine, Hiromasa;Chung, Chong-Pyoung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.739-745
    • /
    • 2003
  • Interleukine-1(IL-1)은 여러 가지 기능을 가진 싸이토카인으로써 미생물에 대한 면역반응을 일으킨다. IL-1의 유전자 다형성과 치주질환과의 관련성에 대한 많은 연구가 있어왔지만, 대부분이 백인을 대상으로 한 연구였다. 이후 중국인과 일본인을 대상으로 한 연구에서 IL-1의 유전자 다형성의 분포가 인종간에 차이를 보인다는 점이 발견되었다. 이번 연구에서는 치주적으로 건강한 한국인에서 IL-1${\beta}$-511, IL-1${\beta}$+3954, IL-1RN에 대한 유전자형의 분포를 조사하고자 하였다. 서울대학교 치과병원에 근무하는 치과의사, 치과위생사, 간호조무사 및 서울대학교 치과대학 4학년 학생 중 치주낭 깊이와 부착소실이 4mm 이하인 치주적으로 건강한 한국인 65명을 대상으로 하였다. IL-1${\beta}$-511, IL-1${\beta}$+3954, IL-1RN의 유전자 다형성은 분리한 DNA에 각 대립유전자에 특이성을 지닌 primer를 넣고 PCR(Polymerase Chain Reaction)법을 이용하여 증폭시킨후 전기영동법을 이용하여 각 대립유전자의 존재를 확인함으로써 결정하였다. IL-1${\beta}$-511 대립유전자 11, 대립유전자 12, 대립유전자 22의 유전자형에 대하여 각각 23.1%, 49.2%, 26.2%의 분포를 보였다. IL-1${\beta}$+3954의 유전자 다형성은 대립유전자 11, 대립유전자 12의 유전자형에 대하여 각각 89.2%, 10.8%의 분포를 보였으며, 대립유전자 22의 유전자형을 갖는 사람은 한명도 발견되지 않았다. IL-1RN의 유전자형은 5가지의 대립유전자 중에서 1, 대립유전자 2, 대립유전자 4만일 발견되었으며, 대립유전자 11, 대립유전자 12, 대립유전자 14의 유전자형이 86.2%, 12.3%, 1.5%로 분포하였다. 이를 바탕으로 각 대립유전자의 발생빈도 계산한 결과 IL-1${\beta}$-511에서는 대립유전자 1과 2의 비율이 거의 유사하였으나 (47.7%, 52.3%), IL-1${\beta}$+3954, IL-1RN에서는 대립유전자 1이 90%이상 발견되었으며, 또한 대립유전자 1외의 다른 대립유전자가 발견된 경우, 모두 이형접합체였다. 이 연구는 IL-1${\beta}$-511, IL-1${\beta}$+3954, IL-1RN에 대한 유전자형의 분포를 조사한 것으로 한국인에서 이들 유전자의 유전자형의 분포는 백인에서의 분포와 차이를 보이고 있었다. 이후 치주질환자의 유전자형 분포와의 비교로 치주질환과 IL-1${\beta}$-511, IL-1${\beta}$+3954, IL-1RN의 유전자다형성과의 관련성에 관한 추가적인 연구가 필요할 것으로 여겨진다.

Intra-articular Injection of $IL-1{\beta}$ Facilitated Formalin-induced Temporomandibular Joint Pain in Freely Moving Rats

  • Choi, Hyo-Soon;Jung, Sung-Chul;Choi, Byung-Ju;Ahn, Dong-Kuk
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-27
    • /
    • 2005
  • The present study was performed to investigate the effects of intra-articular injection of interleukin-1${\beta}$ (IL-1${\beta}$) on the formalin-induced temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain. Under anesthesia, a 30-gauge needle was introduced into the right TMJ region for injection of formalin. Microinjection of 50 ${\mu}l$ of 5% formalin significantly produced noxious scratching behavioral response, and the scratching behavior lasted for 40 min. Although the responses produced by formalin injection were divided into two phases, the response of 1st phase did not significantly differ from the scratching behavior response in the saline-treated group. We examined the effects of intra-articular injection of IL-1${\beta}$ on the number of noxious behavioral responses produced by 50${\mu}l$ of 5% formalin injection. Intra-articular injection of 100 pg and 1 ng of IL-1${\beta}$ significantly increased the number of behavioral responses of the 2nd phase, while 10 pg of IL-1${\beta}$ did not change the formalin-induced behavioral responses. To investigate whether IL-1 receptor was involved in the intra-articular administration of IL-1${\beta}$-induced hyperalgesic response, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL- ra, 50 ng) was administrated together with IL-1${\beta}$ injection. IL-1${\beta}$ receptor antagonist blocked IL-1${\beta}$- induced hyperalgesic response in the TMJ formalin test. These results suggest that intra-articular injection of IL-1${\beta}$ facilitated the transmission of nociceptive information in the TMJ area.

Effect of M11C (Non-lectin Components) Obtained from Korean Mistletoe on the $IL-1\beta$ Secretion from Mouse Splenocytes (쥐의 비장세포로부터 $IL-1\beta$ 분비에 있어서 한국산 겨우살이 추출물 M11C (비렉틴 구성물질)의 효과)

  • Jun, Myung-Ha;Kang, Tae-Bong;Chang, Sung-Ho;Choi, Wahn-Soo;Seong, Nak-Sul;Her, Erk
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.38-45
    • /
    • 2007
  • Korean mistletoe (Viscum album L) extract has been found to posses immunoregulating activity. In this study, Korean mistletoe extract, M11C (non-lectin components), was used to know whether this extract activates splenocytes to secret interleukin $1\beta(IL-1\beta)$. The splenocytes were treated with M11C, and then collected the supernatant and cell lysate that were prepared to analyze the level of $IL-1\beta$, using ELISA, immunoblotting, and RT-PCR. Maximum effective dose and time of M11C on $IL-1\beta$ secretion from splenocytes were $200{\mu}g/m\ell$ and 8 hours, respectively. Treatment dose and time for the maximum expression of $IL-1\beta$ mRNA were $200{\mu}g/m\ell$ and 4 hours, respectively. Saccharide degradation enzyme Viscozyme L completely blocked the effect of M11C on $IL-1\beta$ secretion from splenocytes. As the result, among non-lectin components saccharide could be regarded as a main component for $IL-1\beta$ expression from splenocytes.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced Expression of Interleukin-1 Beta is Mediated Via Protein Kinase C Signaling Pathway

  • Cho, Jang-Eun;Lee, Kyung-Hong;Son, Sin-Jee;Park, Sang-Jung;Lee, Hye-Young;Kim, Yoon-Suk
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.119-122
    • /
    • 2010
  • Interleukin-1${\beta}$ $(IL-1{\beta})$ is one of the key proinflammatory cytokines and it plays an important role for the antimycobacterial host defense mechanisms. In this study, we examined Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-stimulated induction of IL-1${\beta}$ and evaluated the associated signal transduction pathways. In PMA-differentiated THP-1 cells, MTB infection increased mRNA expression of IL-$1{\beta}$ in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of IL-1${\beta}$ mRNA began to be induced at 1.5 h after infection, and induced expression of IL-1${\beta}$ was retained for 48 h after MTB infection. The increase in expression of IL-1${\beta}$ caused by MTB was reduced in cells treated with Ro-31-8425 (an inhibitor of PK$C{\alpha}$, ${\beta}I$, ${\beta}II$, ${\gamma}$, ${\varepsilon}$) or PD98059 (an inhibitor of MEK1), meanwhile, pre-treatment with $G\ddot{o}6976$ (an inhibitor of $Ca^{2+}$ dependent PK$C{\alpha}$ and PK$C{\beta}I$) or Rottlerin (an inhibitor of PK$C{\delta}$) has no effect on MTB-induced expression of $IL-1{\beta}$ mRNA. These results show that the expression of $IL-1{\beta}$ mRNA caused by MTB may be mediated via MEK1 and PKC isoforms including PK$C{\beta}II$, $PKC{\gamma}$, or $PKC{\varepsilon}$. Further studies are required to determine whether other PKC isoforms $(PKC {\eta},\;{\theta},\;{\varepsilon},\;and\;{\lambda}/{\iota})$, except $PKC{\delta}$, $PKC{\alpha}$, and $PKC{\beta}I$, are also involved in $IL-1{\beta}$ mRNA expression after mycobacterial infection.

Identification of the IL-1$\beta$ inhibitor in the febrile patient urine by anti-IL-1$\beta$ monoclonal antibody (Anti-IL-1$\beta$ 단일클론 항체를 이용해서 발열환자의 뇨중 IL-1$\beta$ inhibitor의 확인)

  • 남경수;배윤수;남명수;오은숙;박순희;최인성;정태화
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.420-426
    • /
    • 1993
  • To effectively purify of IL-1 inhibitor from human febrile urine, we have established monoclonal antibody that reacts with human recombinant interleukin l$\beta$(IL-1$\beta$). The antibody, designated ON-1, was highly specific to IL-1$\beta$ and no cross-reaction with other cytokines(IL-l$\alpha$ and IL-4) was observed. As the results of ELISA inhibition assay and Western blotting method, it was further identified that ON-1 had high binding specificity with IL-1$\beta$. IL-1 receptor binding material from febrile patient urine was effectively purified with affinity column chromatography which conjugated with ON-1. This urinary material inhibited the thymocyte proliferation in a dosedependent manner. IL-l$\beta$ induced thymocyte proliferation activity was inhibited to 67.3% at 6 $\mu\textrm{g}$ of the purified urinary material. The result may suggest that this urinary material the purified urinary material. The result may suggest that this urinary material will have antagonic effect on IL-1 action mechanism and act IL-l$\beta$ inhibitor.

  • PDF

Interleukin-$1{\beta}$ induces bone resorption by regulation of prostaglandin $E_2$ synthesis and plasminogen activator activity, and TGF-$\beta$ inhibits bone resorption of rat bone cells (쥐의 골세포에서 $PGE_2$ 합성과 plasminogen activator 활성 조절에 의한 IL-$1{\beta}$의 골 흡수유도와 TGF-$\beta$에 의한 골 흡수 억제 기전에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Hun;Lee, Young-Jun;Chung, Kyu-Rhim;Park, Young-Guk
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
    • /
    • v.30 no.6
    • /
    • pp.713-721
    • /
    • 2000
  • Bone cells produce multiple growth factors and cytokines that have effects on bone metabolism and can be incorporated into the bone matrix. The present study was designed to extend these observations by examining the interactions between transforming growth factor-$\beta$(TGF-$\beta$) or interleukin-$1\beta$(rhIL-$1\beta$) and bone cells in a rat long bone culture model. IL-$1\beta$ regulates several activities of the osteoblast cells derived from rat long bone explants in vitro. IL-$1\beta$ stimulated cellular proliferation as well as the synthesis of prostaglandin $E_2$ and Plasminogen activator activity in the cultured cells in a dose-dependent manner. TGF-$\beta$ is present in the bone matrix and potentially released during bone resorption. TGF-$\beta$ reduced basal bone resorption and inhibited vitamin $D_3[1,25(OH)_2D_3]$-induced bone resorption in rat long bone cells. These results support the role of IL-$1\beta$ in the pathological modulation of bone cell metabolism, with regard to implication in the Pathogenesis of osteoporosis by IL-$1\beta$, and that TGF-$\beta$ positively inhibits the bone resorption.

  • PDF

A BIOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE ROLE OF $IL-1{\beta}$ UPON INFlAMMATION IN MOUSE (마우스에서 $IL-1{\beta}$가 염증의 발현에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Duk-Sang;Lee, Ki-Soo
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.611-626
    • /
    • 1998
  • Cytokines are intercellular peptide mediators that regulate homeostasis and host defense reactions in living body. Of the diversity of cytokines in terms of biological accomplishment, interleukin $1-{\beta}$($IL-1{\beta}$) and tumor necrosis factor(TNF) are the most conspicuous cytokines with a wide variety of effects on cells involved in inflammatory and immune responses, and likely to be involved in the inflammatory pathogenesis of oral tissue as well. The present study was designed to explicate the role of $IL-1{\beta}$ on inflammatory revelation of oral tissues in mice biochemically. In the Induced arthritis by injection of 10${\mu}g$ LPS shown the relaese of 0.93 ${\mu}g$ $IL-1{\beta}$/joint with a peak at at 4-5 h. and diminished at 24t and the release of $TNF_{\alpha}$ of 1.25 ${\mu}g$/joint with a peak at 2-3h and diminished at 6h. After injection of th $IL-1{\beta}$ into the joint, the mumber of leucocytes proliferated with a peak at 4-5h and diminished at 36h and the loss of proteoglycan showed with maximum at 15-30h. After injection of $IL-1{\beta}$ into the oral tissue, cycloosygenase metabolites ($PGE_2$) accumulated in the oral tissue with dose dependant. These elucidated $IL-1{\beta}$ to be inflammatory mediator in the early phase of its pathogenesis. Intraoral injection of recombinant $IL-1{\beta}$ induced the proliferation of leukocytes in situ. $IL-1{\beta}$ took an pertinent part in the development of inflammation and the succession of cellular infiltration. The results exemplify that $IL-1{\beta}$ plays a significant role in mediating inflammatory response induced by LPS in oral tissue, the inflammatory response is regulated by $IL-1{\beta}$ at an acute phase of pathogenesis.

  • PDF