• Title, Summary, Keyword: ICT ownership

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A Study of Cross-Country Comparison of ICT Usage in Family Context (가족적 맥락에서의 ICT 이용에 관한 국가 간 비교 연구)

  • Brady, John T.;Lee, Bohan;Rha, Jong-Youn
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.277-291
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the impact of information and communications technology (ICT) on the sociocultural dimensions of the family by comparing ICT use in Korean, Chinese, and American families. This study investigated attitudes to ICT usage in the family context by country and explored how various consumers use ICT in the family context. The study explored how families can be clustered based on usage. ICT device ownership had differences in the use of ICT services including blogs and video chatting accounts. ICT usage in the family was also similar in all three countries in the study, but the depth of use differed. The cluster analysis indicated that users could be classified into four groups, however the proportion in each group differed by country. This study has implications for understanding ICT ownership and use by families in various countries and indicates that sociocultural elements are important in ICT use.

Effects of ICT Device Ownership on Consumers' Digital Piracy Behavior

  • Sim, Hyeonbo;Kim, Minki;Moon, Junghoon
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.169-196
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    • 2014
  • This study investigates how information and communication technology (ICT) can damage intellectual property rights (IPR) in the movie industry. Utilizing a survey questionnaire to gather information about the extensive use of ICT devices, including tablet PCs and smartphones, we demonstrate how digital piracy behavior is associated with various socio-demographic characteristics. Econometrically, since a large number of people do not engage in piracy activities, we adopt a zero-inflated negative binomial model. We find that people with tablet PCs are more likely to engage in the piracy of movies from peer-to-peer (P2P) sites. In particular, when we categorize ICT devices based on whether they are portable and allow downloads, we find that people with devices equipped with both functions are most likely to engage in movie piracy.

Discourse Analysis on ICT and Home - From Electronic Cottage to Sharable Home - (정보통신기술과 주거에 대한 중요 담론 분석연구)

  • Han, Sooyeon;Kim, Mi Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2014
  • This paper draws the home into the stream of information and communications technology (ICT) development. Considering that homes and our home life are constantly affected by persistent change influenced by ICT, it is remarkable that ICT has been relatively neglected as an object of research in the field of housing studies. This study provides an overview of conceptual movements in ICT/home relationships and their design and social impact through a critical discourse analysis. The conceptual movements must be considered by professionals in the field of housing and built environment to stay attuned to changes in the 21st Century. Diverse debates took place in the discourse about ICT in relation to home. The stream of thought was started by futurists who saw the electronic cottage as a solution to the social problems caused by the separation of work and home life in industrial cities. ICT has now entered a new phase, with WiFi P2P networks and location-based social media that encourage sharable homes. Based on the analysis of the discourse on ICT and home, we drew from three issues related to the paradigm shifts in homes in the context of ICT development to provide future directions for housing studies: from space programming to time scheduling, from individual ownership to shared access, and from live+work dwelling to live+work+community.

A Study on Financial Sharing Economic Business Model by the Digital Technology Development (디지털기술의 발달에 따른 금융부문의 공유경제 비즈니스모델 탐색)

  • Song, Keyong Seog
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.21 no.4_spc
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    • pp.485-499
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    • 2014
  • Sharing Economy is the modern main item with ICT Development. Of course sharing economic item is the old and long run mainstream, but by the ICT technological development sharing economy is the fostering and affluent factors in the world economic growth. Though, in Korea, till now sharing economy is minimal, that will growth sharply. We can track various business models of sharing economy. Sharing economy is to buy use right not ownership. With the sharing economic business model wee can make also financial sharing model. In finance model we can divide two kind models. First, we can trace small size lending model with p2p type. And second, we can make financial information transaction model. But till now sharing economic system is not activated, because of many reasons. To activate, first we have to set law and various standards, and also government actively support many sharing economy firms and institutions. To catch up developed countries in the field of sharing economy we have to make aggressive and flexible rules and standards.

Disconnected "Gold Medal outside the Arena": A History of the Development of the Information System for Seoul Olympic Games (계승되지 못한 올림픽 "장외금메달" : 서울올림픽 전산시스템 개발사)

  • SHIN, Hyang-Suk
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.207-249
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to show the dynamics behind official historical descriptions, tracking the development of information system for Seoul Olympic Games. Shortly after the decision was made to host the Seoul Olympics, the South Korean government planned to import a computer system used in the previous Olympics. In response, scientists at Electronic Data Processing Center of KAIST put much effort into persuading the authorities to take the initiative in their own development, and they had to prove their capabilities by developing a computer system that worked safely in the National Sports Festival. With the development of the Olympic information system taking shape, various disputes arose among the host ministries, participating organizations and researchers. As a result, the end product resulted in a modularity of four different systems developed by different agencies, rather than a single system. For this reason, no organization claimed ownership or directly inherited the technical performance of the Olympic computer system, although it was praised as a "gold medal outside the arena." Nevertheless, the technology, hardware and manpower accumulated during the development process have since spread to various areas, laying the groundwork for the development of South Korea's information and communication technology.

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Correlation among Ownership of Home Appliances Using Multivariate Probit Model (다변량 프로빗 모형을 이용한 가전제품 구매의 상관관계 분석)

  • Kim, Chang-Seob;Shin, Jung-Woo;Lee, Mi-Suk;Lee, Jong-Su
    • Journal of Global Academy of Marketing Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2009
  • As the lifestyle of consumers changes and the need for various products increases, new products are being developed in the market. Each household owns various home appliances which are purchased through the choice of a decision maker. These appliances include not only large-sized products such as TV, refrigerator, and washing machine, but also small-sized products such as microwave oven and air cleaner. There exists latent correlation among possession of home appliances, even though they are purchased independently. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of demographic factors on the purchase and possession of each home appliances, and to derive some relationships among various appliances. To achieve this purpose, the present status on the possession of each home appliances are investigated through consumer survey data on the electric and energy product. And a multivariate probit(MVP) model is applied for the empirical analysis. From the estimation results, some appliances show a substitutive or complementary pattern as expected, while others which look apparently unrelated have correlation by co-incidence. This research has several advantages compared to previous literatures on home appliances. First, this research focuses on the various products which are purchased by each household, while previous researches such as Matsukawa and Ito(1998) and Yoon(2007) focus just on a particular product. Second, the methodology of this research can consider a choice process of each product and correlation among products simultaneously. Lastly, this research can analyze not only a substitutive or complementary relationship in the same category, but also the correlation among products in the different categories. As the data on the possession of home appliances in each household has a characteristic of multiple choice, not a single choice, a MVP model are used for the empirical analysis. A MVP model is derived from a random utility model, and has an advantage compared to a multinomial logit model in that correlation among error terms can be derive(Manchanda et al., 1999; Edwards and Allenby, 2003). It is assumed that the error term has a normal distribution with zero mean and variance-covariance matrix ${\Omega}$. Hence, the sign and value of correlation coefficients means the relationship between two alternatives(Manchanda et al., 1999). This research uses the data of 'TEMEP Household ICT/Energy Survey (THIES) 2008' which is conducted by Technology Management, Economics and Policy Program in Seoul National University. The empirical analysis of this research is accomplished in two steps. First, a MVP model with demographic variables is estimated to analyze the effect of the characteristics of household on the purchase of each home appliances. In this research, some variables such as education level, region, size of family, average income, type of house are considered. Second, a MVP model excluding demographic variables is estimated to analyze the correlation among each home appliances. According to the estimation results of variance-covariance matrix, each households tend to own some appliances such as washing machine-refrigerator-cleaner-microwave oven, and air conditioner-dish washer-washing machine and so on. On the other hand, several products such as analog braun tube TV-digital braun tube TV and desktop PC-portable PC show a substitutive pattern. Lastly, the correlation map of home appliances are derived using multi-dimensional scaling(MDS) method based on the result of variance-covariance matrix. This research can provide significant implications for the firm's marketing strategies such as bundling, pricing, display and so on. In addition, this research can provide significant information for the development of convergence products and related technologies. A convergence product can decrease its market uncertainty, if two products which consumers tend to purchase together are integrated into it. The results of this research are more meaningful because it is based on the possession status of each household through the survey data.

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A Study on the Institutional Conditions and Problems for the Transition of North Korean Economic System (북한 경제체제전환을 위한 제도적 조건과 문제점에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Chae-Yeon;Kwak, In-ok
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.163-186
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the institutional conditions and problems for the transition to the North Korean economic system. As a research method, we first analyzed the legislative processes of 4th stage market reform policies (liberalization, privatization, privatization, and corporation) by major economic transition countries. And we found out the difference with North Korea. Based on this, it analyzed the process of institutionalization of North Korea's 4th stage economic reform policies (7.1 measures, comprehensive market policies, Currency reform, 6.28 policy). According to research, There are three important conditions that can not compare the changes of the North Korean market economy with those of the transition economies. First, the internal and external conditions and environment for the transition of the economic system and the role of the state and civil society are very different. Second, the means and objectives of the policy decision process and the implementation process are different. Third, it differs absolutely in terms of the nature and effectiveness of the nation's political and economic policies. Fourth, the priority, contents, and legislation process of economic policies for economic reform differ considerably from those of North Korea. Especially, when discussing the possibility of transition to the 'Chinese model', it is accompanied a considerable risk. It is because the purpose of market entry of control power in North Korea and their survival network are quite unique. In addition, China's domestic market size, population size, and type of control are quite different from North Korea. A necessary and sufficient condition for the transition of the North Korean economic system is the relaxation of physical control mechanisms and institutions in the market area. Next, it is necessary to make a legitimate institutionalization as well as an entire survey on the illegal ownership market. Based on this, it is necessary to gradually change the dependence of the domestic market on China to South Korea. In other words, this is a paradigm shift in the semi-controlled power exclusion, post-automation and domestic market.