• Title/Summary/Keyword: IADL

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Fear of Falling, ADL/IADL disability, and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Community-Dwelling Middle-aged and Older People (중노년기의 낙상두려움이 ADL/IADL장애와 우울증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jina
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.2
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    • pp.183-202
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the relationships among fear of falling, ADL/IADL disability, and depressive symptoms among Korean community-dwelling middleaged and older adults based on the disablement process model. The panel data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging(KLoSa) were used to test whether fear of falling affects disablement process as a risk factor and an exacerbator. The results of path analysis showed that middle-aged and older adults who reported fear of falling were more likely to experience ADL/IADL disability and depressive symptoms, and fear of falling influenced depressive symptoms through increasing the risk of ADL/IADL disability. In addition, fear of falling exacerbate the risk of ADL/IADL disability among middle-aged and older adults who had chronic illnesses. The results indicated that fear of falling is not only risk factor but also excerbator in predicting ADL/IADL disability and depressive symptoms prospectively.

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Relationship Between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Function(ADL, IADL) Among the Rural Elderlies (농촌지역 노인들의 신체적 기능(ADL, IADL)과 우울수준과의 관련성)

  • Shin, Eun-Sook;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to determine the levels of depressive symptoms and to reveal its relationships between ADL and IADL among rural elderlies. The interviews were performed, during the period from April 1st, to June 30th, 2010, to 412 elderlies in rural areas. As a results, the distribution of ADL among all subjects were 94.7% in normal-range group, and 5.3% in impaired group. In terms of IADL, 87.4% of the subjects were normal-range group, 12.6% were impaired group. The distribution of depression group among all subjects were 38.2% in normal-range group of ADL, and 90.9% in impaired group of ADL, but it was 35.8% in normal-range group of IADL, and 76.9% in impaired group of IADL. In logistic regression analysis, the adjusted odds ratio of the depression was significantly increased in impaired group of ADL than in normal-range group of ADL(OR=23.21, 95% CI=4.38~123.05). Also it was significantly increased in impaired group of IADL than in normal-range group of IADL(OR=7.76, 95% CI=2.99~20.08). In conclusion, the depression of rural elderlies was significantly increased in impaired group than in normal-range group of ADL and IADL. Thus, strategic effort needs to be prevented to depression in impaired group of ADL and IADL.

A Correlation Study on IADL and Body Composition of the Elderly (노인의 신체조성과 일상생활기능(IADL)의 상관성 연구)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Yang, Yoon-Kwon;Lim, In-Hyuck
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of body composition on IADL (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living) of the elderly. This study consisted of male elder(n=50) and female elder(n=60). The average age of elder male and female was 73.79, 70.42 years. The data were analyzed with correlation test and regression test using SPSSWIN ver 10.1 and MINITAB program. Body composition was measured using InBody 3.0(seoul, korea) of Segmental Multifrequncy Bioelectical Impedance Analyzer technique. IADL was measured with Philadelphia Geriatric Center IADL. The result of this study were the following : A correlation of body composition between IADL. 1. Body composition of the elderly had effect on IADL. 1)The free fat mass(kg) and total body water(1) in Body composition of male elder had positive effect on IADL. 2)The WHR(waist-to-hip ratio %) in Body composition of male elder had negative effect on IADL.

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Comparisons of personal characteristics in noninstitutionalized elders with activity limitations (기능장애 노인의 도우미 유무에 따른 특성 비교)

  • Kim Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.25-40
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    • 1999
  • This study was to identify various personal characteristics between those having a helper and those not having a helper for ADL and IADL performance in noninstitutionalized elders. Secondary analysis was done with the data collected in 1994 national survey of aged householders. Of the elders with ADL limitations $47.8\%$ had no helper. while $26.2\%$ of those with IADL limitations had no helper. Those elders with a helper experienced more limitations in ADL and in IADL than those with no helper. Most of the helpers were family members. whereas very few had a formal helper. Age period and subjective economic status were significantly different between the groups with a helper and with no helper for both ADL and IADL. Compared to the elders with a helper. those elders with no helper had fewer children living together. whereas they had more grandchildren. They also had more contacts with friends or neighbors. Health status. in general. was worse in those elders with a helper than those with no helper. Logistic regression analysis revealed that ADL and IADL limitations had largest influence on having an ADL helper. The odds ratios for low levels of subjective economic status were very high. As for having an IADL helper. IADL score was the most important predictor. In particular. ADL limitations had a negative effect on having an IADL helper. This finding may indicate the urgency of ADL needs. which leads to the lack of an IADL helper when both ADL and IADL limitations are present. Considering the nature of ADL. those disabled elders with low economic status need public support for their daily activities and for home visiting nursing services. There should be studies of examining the adequacy of help in satisfying basic needs for performing ADL and IADL in elders.

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A Study on the Determinants of the Elderly's ADL/IADL: Focused on the Comparison of Urban and Rural Areas (노인의 일상생활수행능력(ADL/IADL) 결정요인에 관한 연구: 도시와 농촌 비교를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Sang-Boong;Hur, Nam-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.419-429
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    • 2021
  • This study examined the differentiation and influence of socio-demographic factors that affect the daily living ability of the elderly living in urban and rural areas. The research data is 「Korean Social Life, Health and Aging Project」. The analysis target was 400 urban elderly people (K-gu, Seoul: surveyed Apr. ~ Jun. 2017) and 524 rural elderly people (B-myeon, Gyeonggi-do: surveyed Dec. 2015 ~ Feb. 2016). The research methods included descriptive statistical analysis, chi-square test through cross-analysis, correlation analysis, and logit analysis. The summary of the research results is as follows. First, the ratio of 'complete independence' in ADL/IADL was 'ADL(city)> ADL(rural)> IADL(city)> IADL(rural)". Second, the probability that the elderly living in rural areas will experience a lower ADL level and lower IADL level was 7.1 times and 3.25 times higher than that of the urban elderly. Lastly, the statistically significant variable affecting the ADL level of urban elderly was depression, and the IADL level was gender, age, economic activity, spouse presence, and depression. Age and economic activity were statistically significant variables for the ADL level of the rural elderly, and the IADL level was gender, age, and economic activity.

Age-Related Physical Function(ADL, IADL) and its Related Factors of Elderly People in Korea (우리나라 고령자의 연령에 따른 신체적 기능(ADL, IADL)과 관련요인)

  • Song, Young-Su;Bae, Nam-Kyou;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.2002-2011
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to determine the levels of physical function (ADL, IADL) and to reveal its association with the related factors in the elderly people. The study subjects were 1,756 (male 872, female 884) people aged over 70 who received medical check-ups and long-term care services between 2009 and 2012 from the National Health Insurance Corporation. As a result, the distribution of impaired ADL and IADL increased significantly with age. Logistic regression showed that the risk ratio of impaired ADL was increased significantly in the following groups: female, urban, low weight, stroke history group, smoking, alcohol drinking, and not regular exercise group. The risk ratio of an impaired IADL were increased significantly in the group of females, low weight, smoking, alcohol drinking. On the other hand the risk ratio of an impaired ADL and IADL was similar in each age group. As above results, the levels of ADL and IADL in the study subjects are closely related to the socio-demographic characteristics and health related behaviors. In particular, they suggested that the levels of ADL and IADL were lower in the poor group of the health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol drinking, and regular exercise.

The Influence of Motor Ability of Elderly on IADL (노인의 운동능력이 IADL에 미치는 영향)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Yang, Yoon-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.821-831
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    • 2001
  • Motor ability were hypothesized to be major factors that may have an influence on IADL(instrumental activities of daily living). The purpose of this study was to investi gate the effect of motor ability of elderly on IADL. This study consisted of forty eight elder male and ninety elder female. The subjects were selected from L, S, Y-institution in kyoung ki do. The average age of elder male and female was 73.81, 71.38 years. The data were analyzed with t-test, repeated measurement, correlation test, regression test, using SPSS PC+ and MINITAB program. The measurement item of motor ability was muscle strength(left, right- grip strength), flexibility(sitting trunk flexion, trunk extension, leg raising while in a standing position), agility(whole body reaction test, standing up), power(sargent jump), balance (stork stand). IADL was measured with Philadelphia Geriatric Center IADL. The result of this study were the following : 1. The factor of significant difference of between elder male and female was muscle strength, flexibility, power but no significant difference was agility, balance. 2. Between IADL of elder male and female was no significant difference. 3. Correlation of IADL and Motor ability of elder male had effect on muscle strength and power, agility. Correlation of Body composition and Motor ability of elder female had effect on muscle strength and power, agility. As a result of this study, optimal motor ability of elder male and female had improved IADL. In addition to, this result of this study, it can suggested the consideration of the Health promotion program for elderly.

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A comparative study of ADL and IADL of residential home and home for the aged dwelling elderly (노인의 거주 형태에 따른 일상생활동작(ADL) 및 도구적 일상 생활 동작(IADL)의 수행능력 비교)

  • Park, Chan-Eui;Chang, Chung-Hoon;Lee, Jae-Hyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) of residential home dwelling elderly and home for the aged dwelling elderly. In attempt to address medical professional caring the elderly, this comparative study examines the factors associated with dependence in the ADL and IADL in two samples of elderly people living in two different environments. Methods: The instrument of ADL and IADL widely used Katz ADL and IADL. Katz ADL and IADL was not a perfect fit for Korean. In concern with cultural factors Won developed K(Korean)-ADL and K-IADL scale reflecting Korean's own language expression and cultural factors in year of 2002. The assessment tool of this study was K-ADL and K-IADL. Differences of ADL and IADL were tested for statistical significance using group t-test and x2 test for comparisons between the residential home dwelling elderly and the home for the aged dwelling elderly. Results: Comparison of assessment for K-ADL and K-IADL in two different dwelling types was significant. Performance of ADL and IADL depend upon their living environment such as social status, number of children, income, present illness as well as age group. This study also showed significant differences of performance in some activities of ADL and IADL between the elderly who live in their own home and live in home for the aged. Comparison of performance of ADL and IADL in different dwelling types revealed that only one item of ADL was significant but only one item of IADL was not significant. It means that IADL is more difficult activities in the home for the aged dwelling elderly than the residential home dwelling elderly. The coupled elderly has more independent in some ADL and IADL activities compared with the single elderly. Conclusion: Using K-ADL and K-IADL is more convenient for Korean elderly. Medical professional consider some factors like dwelling style, social status, existing diseases and disabilities in order to care the elderly and train him/her activities of daily living as well as instrumental activities of daily living. Medical professional, especially physical and occupational therapist emphasize the training items which are bathing of ADL and grooming, housework, preparing meals, laundry, traveling, public transportation, shopping, using telephone and taking medicine of IADL based on the result of this study.

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The Effect of Exercise Therapy on IADL and Muscle Strength of the Elderly (운동요법이 노인의 근력과 IADL에 미치는 효과)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Yang, Yoon-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise therapy to oldwomen's muscle strength and IADL. The result of this study were the following : 1. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of grip strength between pre and post after regular exercise. 2. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of back strength between pre and post after regular exercise. 3. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of leg strength between pre and post after regular exercise. 4. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of IADL between pre and post after regular exercise. As a result of this study, the effect of exercise training program had improved muscle strength and IADL.

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Activity of Daily Living(ADL) and Instrumental Activity of Daily Living(IADL) of Elderly in Home (재가노인의 일상생활활동(ADL)과 수단적 일상생활활동(IADL) 실태)

  • Jeon, Eun-Young
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the ADL and IADL of elderly in home. Method: This was a descriptive study. Data were collected from convenient samples of 76 elderly in home using ADL and IADL scales among MDS-HC V2.0 instrument from October to November. The data were analyzed using SPSS/Win 12.0 with frequency, t-test, and ANOVA at a significant level of=.05. Result: The elderly in home had performance with difficulty at bathing, locomotion outside of home, and transfer. On the other hand, the elderly in home had performance with easy at mobility in bed, dressing lower body and eating. Relation to the IADL the elderly in home had performance with difficulty at transportation, shopping, and managing finance. Conclusion; Based on the results, it is necessary to develop of a nursing intervention program and rehabilitation plan for the bathing and locomotion of the elderly in home.

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