• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hypercholesterolemia

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A Co- mparision of Normocholesterolemia and Hypercholesterolemia in Middle-Aged Men in Kwang-ju (광주지역 중년남성의 정상콜레스테롤혈증군과 고콜레스테롤혈증군의 비교)

  • 허영란;임현숙
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.327-337
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in anthropometric, hematologic, and lipidologic data between normocholesterolemia and hypercholesterolemia and influencing factors in hypercholesterolemia in middle-aged men in Kwang-ju. 179 middle-aged men were involved. Anthropometric data(body weight, height, body circumferences and skinfold thickness) and hematologic data(blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, albumin and hemoglobin) were measured. Bleed lipid profile(total cholesterol, tr- iglyceride, phospholipid, HDI-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and VLDL-cholesterol) were analyzed. To determined using questionnaire. The subjects were classified as hypercholesterolemic based on The Guideline for Korean Hyperlipidemia. body mass index, systolic blood pressure, waist and hip circumference, and triceps, subcostal, abdomen, subscapular and suprailliac skinfold thicknesses of the hypercholesterolemic group were significantly higher than in the normocholesterolemic group. The concentrat- ion of cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipod. HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and VLDL -cholesterol of the hypercholesterolemic group were significantly higher than normocholesterolemic group. The concentration of cholesterol has a significantly positive correlation with body mass index, diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, waist/thigh ratio and skinfold thickness(triceps, subcostal, abdomen, and supraillic skin- fold thickness). The general tendency of socioeconomec status, frequencyu of meat intake, smoking amounts and duration and duration and drinking frequencies and amount were higher in the hypercholesteolemic group but not significant. In conclusion, hypercholesterolemia in middle-aged men was closely correlated with upper body fat obesity and most of them had an accompanied high triglyceride level tendency.

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LJ-1888, a selective antagonist for the A3 adenosine receptor, ameliorates the development of atherosclerosis and hypercholesterolemia in apolipoprotein E knock-out mice

  • Park, Jong-Gil;Jeong, Se-Jin;Yu, Jinha;Kim, Gyudong;Jeong, Lak Shin;Oh, Goo Taeg
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.51 no.10
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    • pp.520-525
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    • 2018
  • Cardiovascular diseases arising from atherosclerosis are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Lipid-lowering agents have been developed in order to treat hypercholesterolemia, a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases is increasing, indicating a need to identify novel therapeutic targets and develop new treatment agents. Adenosine receptors (ARs) are emerging as therapeutic targets in asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, ischemia, and inflammatory diseases. This study assessed whether LJ-1888, a selective antagonist for $A_3$ AR, can inhibit the development of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knock-out ($ApoE^{-/-}$) mice who are fed a western diet. Plaque formation was significantly lower in $ApoE^{-/-}$ mice administered LJ-1888 than in mice not administered LJ-1888, without any associated liver damage. LJ-1888 treatment of $ApoE^{-/-}$ mice prevented western diet-induced hypercholesterolemia by markedly reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and significantly increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. Reduced hypercholesterolemia in $ApoE^{-/-}$ mice administered LJ-1888 was associated with the enhanced expression of genes involved in bile acid biosynthesis. These findings indicate that LJ-1888, a selective antagonist for $A_3$ AR, may be a novel candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and hypercholesterolemia.

Lipid Composition of total Serum Lipids obtained from Healthy Subjects and Patients with Hypercholesterolemia (정상인 및 고콜레스테롤혈증 환자의 혈청 지방질 조성)

  • Yoon, Tai-Heon;Lim, Kyung-Ja;Kim, Eul-Sang
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 1981
  • The lipid composition of total serum lipids were investigated by latroscan TH-10 TLC analyzer in 69 healthy subjects and 62 patients with hypercholesterolemia. Total serum lipids level in healthy subjects was higher in females than males. There was a increase in total serum lipids level with increasing total serum cholesterol level in patients with hypercholesterolemia, regardless sex. Total serum lipids obtained from healthy subjects and patients with hypercholesterolemia were separated into phospholipids, free cholesterol, free fatty acids, triglycerides and cholesterol esters. Increasing the level of total serum cholesterol in the patients resulted in a decrease in the level of phospholipids, which was a major lipid fraction, indicating that HDL level in the patients was also decreased. However, cholesterol esters, triglycerides and free cholesterol levels in the patients were higher than those found in healthy subjects. The FC/CE ratio for male patients was lower than for healthy males, while in female patients, this ratio was similar to that observed in healthy females.

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The Inhibiton Effects of Hypercholesterolemia and Platelet in Fermented and Non-Fermented Preparation of Garlic

  • Kim, Hyun-Kyoung
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2019
  • This Dietary cholesterol augments lipid profile and primes production and activation of platelets, leading to development of atherosclerosis which produce several detrimental effects on cardiovascular health. Ethnomedicine and Mediterranean diet are natural sources and cost effective modes against several ailments including cardiovascular diseases while fermented foods have gained interest due to their increased nutrient profile, enhanced bioavailability and efficacy. Garlic has been known to reduce cholesterol and inhibit platelet activation. We examined whether fermented garlic ameliorates effects of hypercholesterolemia and platelet functions in rats. Methodology: Male SD rats were fed with hypercholesterolemia diet and treated with spirulina, fermented and non-fermented preparations of garlic for one month. Platelet aggregation and granule secretion were assessed to evaluate platelet activation. Liver and kidney weights, lipid and enzymatic profile of serum and whole blood analysis was performed. Expressions of SREBP, ACAT-2 and HMG-CoA were assessed using RT-PCR while liver and adipose tissues were analyzed for histological changes. Both fermented and non-fermented garlic inhibited platelet aggregation and granule secretion while fermented garlic showed greater inhibitor tendency. Fermented garlic significantly reduced liver weight and triglycerides concentrations than non-fermented garlic. Similarly, fermented garlic greatly abrogated the detrimental effects of steatosis on liver and adipose tissues. Fermented garlic significantly improved lipid profile and modulated platelet functions, thereby inhibiting atherosclerosis and platelet related cardiovascular disorders.

Antihyperlipidemic and Antioxidant Effects of the Mixture of Ginseng Radix and Crataegi Fructus: Experimental Study and Preliminary Clinical Results

  • Ko, Chang-Nam;Park, Seong-Uk;Chang, Gyu-Tae;Jung, Woo-Sang;Moon, Sang-Kwan;Park, Jung-Mi;Cho, Ki-Ho
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.162-169
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    • 2011
  • The mixture of Ginseng Radix and Crataegi Fructus (Gen-CF) was developed to increase the pharmacological effect of ginseng in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and prevention of cardiovascular disease. This study evaluated the effects of Gen-CF on serum lipids of hypercholesterolemic rats in vivo, as well as its antioxidant activities in vitro, and explored its clinical effects on patients with hypercholesterolemia. In vitro, Gen-CF displayed 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrasyl and superoxide radical scavenging activities, and inhibited hemolysis induced by 2,2'-azobis-2-amidinopropane dihydrochloride in a dose-dependent manner. In vivo, Gen-CF significantly inhibited the increases of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride in high cholesterol-diet and Triton WR-1339 models. It also significantly inhibited the decrease of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in these models. In the clinical trial, Gen-CF significantly lowered total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, total lipid and phospholipid, with no adverse events, including hepatic or renal toxicity. The data suggest that Gen-CF has the potential to treat hypercholesterolemia and prevent cardiovascular disease.

Dietary Factors Associated with Hyperlipidemia in Korean Postmenopausal Women

  • Son, Soak-Mee;Namgung, Sin-A
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to investigate the related dietary factors associated with hypercholesterolemia in postmenopausal Korean women. The study sample comprised 455 postmenopausal women aged40 $\leq$ < 65. The hypercholesterolemic (serum cholesterol $\geq$240mg/dl group (N = 82) showed significantly higher BMI and waist circumference compared to the normal group (N = 373). However, both group did not show any significant difference in energy intake but hypercholesterolemic group demonstrated significantly lower intakes of fat and vitamin A with higher intake of vitamin C. Significant dietary factors associated with the higher risk of hypercholesterolemia included consumption frequencies of light color vegetable more than 3.79times/day (OR = 4.62 ; $95\%$ CI : 2.96 - 7.22), dried squid more than 0.08time/day (OR = 1.63 ; $95\%$ CI : 1.13 - 2.35), and beer more than 0.03time/day (OR = 1.57 ; $95\%$ CI : 1.01-2.43). Whereas consumption frequency of yellow and green leafy vegetables more than 1 time per day was associated with the significantly lower risk of hypercholesterolemia (OR = 0.06 ; 95 CI : 0.038 - 0.101). (J Community Nutrition 7(4): $193\∼200$, 2005)

The Clinical and Cost Effectiveness of Medical Nutrition Therapy in Persons with Hypercholesterolemia (고콜레스테롤혈증 환자에 대한 영양치료요법의 임상 및 비용효과 분석)

  • Son, Jeong-Min;No, Mi-Ra;Lee, Yeong-Hui;Im, Jeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2003
  • Although medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is considered as a cornerstone of medical treatment for hypercholesterolemia, few studies have evaluated medical and economical outcome of MNT. This study was conducted to identify whether MNT administered by registered dieticians could lead to a beneficial clinical and cost outcome in persons with hypercholesterolemia. A prospective clinical trial was carried out at outpatient clinics, which involved an initial visit with a dietitian followed by another visit at first 4 weeks during the 6 weeks study periods. Thirty-nine subjects took part in a 6 weeks nutrition intervention program. Clinical and economical outcomes were compared before and after MNT. Medical nutrition therapy lowered total serum cholesterol level 6.1% (P<0.05), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) 9.4% (P<0.05) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) 3.0% (P<0.05). The cost-effective ratio was ₩ 1,520/cholesterol mg/dl and ₩ 1,441/LDL-cholesterol mg/dl, respectively. After dietitian's intervention, lipid drug eligibility was obviated in 16 of 39(41%) subjects. The cost savings from the avoidance of lipid medications was ₩ 151,107 per patient annually. In conclusion, it is suggested that provision of systemic intensive nutritional care for persons with hypercholesterolemia has significant effects on serum cholesterol reduction and clinical cost savings.

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Prediction model of hypercholesterolemia using body fat mass based on machine learning (머신러닝 기반 체지방 측정정보를 이용한 고콜레스테롤혈증 예측모델)

  • Lee, Bum Ju
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.413-420
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the present study is to develop a model for predicting hypercholesterolemia using an integrated set of body fat mass variables based on machine learning techniques, beyond the study of the association between body fat mass and hypercholesterolemia. For this study, a total of six models were created using two variable subset selection methods and machine learning algorithms based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) data. Among the various body fat mass variables, we found that trunk fat mass was the best variable for predicting hypercholesterolemia. Furthermore, we obtained the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve value of 0.739 and the Matthews correlation coefficient value of 0.36 in the model using the correlation-based feature subset selection and naive Bayes algorithm. Our findings are expected to be used as important information in the field of disease prediction in large-scale screening and public health research.

The effects of Ohwangsahwa-Tang(Wu-Huang-Xie-Huo-Tang) on Hypercholesterolemia Rats induced by 2% Chole- sterol Fed-Diet (콜레스테롤식(食) 유발(誘發) 고지혈증(高脂血症) 흰쥐에 대(對)한 오황석화탕(五黃瀉火湯)의 효과(效果))

  • Jang, Yong-Soo;Ko, Chang-Nam;Cho, Ki-Ho;Kim, Young-Suk;Bae, Hyung-Sup;Lee, Kyung-Sup
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.195-206
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    • 1997
  • In order to study the effects of Ohwangsahwatang on Hyperchole-sterolemia, experimental study were performed on Hypercholesterolemia Rats induced by 2% cholesterol diet. Also the level of total cholesterol. triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol. HDL-cholesterol, phospholipid, transami-nase(GOT, GPT) were measured. The results were summerized as follows : In the model of Hypercholesterolemia induced by 2% cholesterol diet in rats, Ohwangsahwatang showed decreasing effects on total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, phospholipid level, and transaminase (GOT, GPT) activity in serum significantly, depending on the concentration, and showed increasing effects on HDL-cholesterol level in serum significantly depending on the concentration. According to the above results, Ohwangsahwatang showed significant decreasing effects on Hypercholesterolemia, and it is considered that it is appropriate to apply for Hypercholesterolemia.

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Development and Validation of Computerized Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire for Koreans with High-Risk of Hypercholesterolemia

  • Kim, Hyung-Sook;Lee, Kyoungsin;Park, Haymie
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2004
  • Cardiovascular disease has the highest mortality rate in South Korea. Previous studies have reported that serum cholesterol level relates to intake of dietary fat and cholesterol. Therefore, in this study we developed a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for Koreans with a high-risk of hypercholesterolemia and to validate the FFQ. Semiquantitative FFQ, which includes 160 food items, reflects intakes of energy, fat, saturated fatty acid (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUPA), polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUPA) and cholesterol. We chose food items from the previous study of our research group (Suh 1999) which reported a nutritional status of Korean adults with normocholesterolemia, borderline and hypercholesterolemia. To validate the FFQ, we compared the results of the FFQ with those of a 3-day food record using a paired t-test. In addition, we calculated Pearson's and Spearmen's correlation coefficients. Intakes assessed by the FFQ and a 3-day food record were classified into quartile and the degree of agreement was obtained. Fifty-five participants responded for the validation study by completing both the FFQ and a 3-day food record. Pearson's correlation coefficients between estimated intakes by respective methods for energy, fat, SF A, MUPA, PUPA and cholesterol were 0.32,0.41,0.37,0.41,0.37 and 0.21, respectively. Spearman's correlation coefficients of energy, fat, SF A, MUPA, PUPA, cholesterol were 0.31, 0.44, 0.39, 0.46, 0.46, and 0.37, respectively. Nutrient densities in 1000kcal were compared. Pearson's correlation coefficient of cholesterol density increased and other values were similar with original values. The average degree of agreement was 67% that intakes of energy, fat, SF A, MUPA, PUPA and cholesterol assessed by the FFQ and 3-day food records were classified within the same and the adjacent quartile. On the average, 8% were misclassified into the extreme opposite quartile. The average of weighted kappa was 0.46. In conclusion, the FFQ developed in this study is considered to be a reliable tool to assess nutrient intakes for Koreans with a risk of hypercholesterolemia because the FFQ reflects the intakes of energy, fat, SFA, MUFA, PUPA, and cholesterol.