• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hydrologic components

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Evaluation of High-Resolution Hydrologic Components Based on TOPLATS Land Surface Model (TOPLATS 지표해석모형 기반의 고해상도 수문성분 평가)

  • Lee, Byong-Ju;Choi, Young-Jean
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.357-365
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    • 2012
  • High spatio-temporal resolution hydrologic components can give important information to monitor natural disaster. The objective of this study is to create high spatial-temporal resolution gridded hydrologic components using TOPLATS distributed land surface model and evaluate their accuracy. For this, Andong dam basin is selected as study area and TOPLATS model is constructed to create hourly simulated values in every $1{\times}1km^2$ cell size. The observed inflow at Andong dam and soil moisture at Andong AWS site are collected to directly evaluate the simulated one. RMSEs of monthly simulated flow for calibration (2003~2006) and verification (2007~2009) periods show 36.87 mm and 32.41 mm, respectively. The hourly simulated soil moisture in the cell located Andong observation site for 2009 is well fitted with observed one at -50 cm. From this results, the cell based hydrologic components using TOPLATS distributed land surface model show to reasonably represent the real hydrologic condition in the field. Therefore the model driven hydrologic information can be used to analyze local water balance and monitor natural disaster caused by the severe weather.

Hydrologic Component Analysis of the Seolma-Cheon Watershed by Using SWAT-K Model (SWAT-K 모형을 이용한 설마천 유역의 수문성분 해석)

  • Kim, Nam-Won;Lee, Ji-Eun;Chung, Il-Moon;Kim, Dong-Pil
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1363-1372
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    • 2008
  • In this study, long term semi distributed hydrologic model SWAT-K(Korea) is applied to the Seolma-Cheon watershed to analyze the hydrological components. Seolma-Cheon watershed has been operated as the test watershed of Korea Institute of Construction Technology for 13 years. Therefore it has an enough hydrologic data to analyze the hydrologic characteristics of small watershed. Especially, for the proper runoff analysis of steep watershed, calibration is performed reflecting the regression equation of slope and slope length. The simulated discharge shows good agreement with the observed one and the simulated evapotranspiration and groundwater discharge also show satisfactory results. Finally we presents the ratio of major hydrologic components for 3 years with those obsrved ones. This study is the basic research for future analyses such as relationship between hydrologic components and vegetation, watershed sediment nonpoint sources discharge etc.

A Conceptual Soil Water Model of Catchment Water Balance: Which Hydrologic Components are Needed to Calibrate the Model? (유역 물수지 모의를 위한 개념적인 토양수분모형: 모형 보정에 필요한 수문성분 분석)

  • Choi, Daegyu;Yang, Jeong-Seok;Chung, Gunhui;Kim, Sangdan
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.31 no.3B
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    • pp.211-220
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    • 2011
  • In this study a conceptual soil water model is proposed to simulate water balance at catchment scale. The model is based on the sequential separation of daily precipitation into surface runoff, wetting, vaporization, and percolation. The proposed model is calibrated by using three observation sets: empirically estimated annual vaporization, monthly wetting estimated by NRCS-CN method, and both of them. The model performance is evaluated to understand which hydrologic components for calibrating the model are needed. It is shown that both of annual vaporization and monthly wetting are indispensable hydrologic components to simulate reasonably precipitation partitioning.

Properties of Hydrologic Cycle in Catchments in Different Land Use and Runoff Analysis by a Lumped Parametric Model

  • Keiji Takase
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, properties of hydrologic cycle in three experimental catchments were compared and different types of a lumped parametric model were applied to understand the hydrologic cycle in the catchments. One of them is a forest catchment and another one includes the reclaimed upland fields and last one does terraces paddy fields. The comparison of hydrologic properties showed that the differences in land use have great influences on the soil properties of surface layer, which changes in hydrologic processes such as evapotranspiration and storm runoff et. al. By the runoff analysis models, good agreements between observed and calculated discharge from the catchments were obtained and it was found that the differences in values of optimized model parameters and water budget components reflect those in the hydrologic cycle among them.

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Properties of Hydrologic Cycle in Catchments in Different Land Use and Runoff Analysis by a Lumped Parametric Model

  • Takase, Keiji
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.33 no.S1
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, properties of hydrologic cycle in three experimental catchments were compared and different types of a lumped parametric model were applied to understand the hydrologic cycle in the catchments. One of them is a forest catchment and another one includes the reclained upland fields and last one does terraces paddy fields. The comparison of hydrologic properties showed that the differences in land used have great influences on the soil properties of surface layer, which cause changes in hydrologic processes such as evapotranspiration and storm runoff et.al. By the runoff analysis models, good agreements between observed and calculated discharge from the catchments were obtained and it was found that the differences in values of optimized model parameters and water budget components reflect those in the hydrologic cycle among them.

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Applications of A Hydrologic Model to Small Watersheds -Description of Model Components- (小流域 水文模型의 開發과 應小流域 水文模型의 開發과 應用(I) -模型의 構成-)

  • Park, Seung-Woo
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 1984
  • A physically-based, distributed, parametric hydrologic model PARK 10 is described and its test results with three agricultural watersheds are presented. The model uses a rectangular grid system to depict hydrologic characteristics of a watershed, and thus, has potentials of identifying the effects of changes in land uses and/or other activities. The model is being tested with small watersheds in the pennisula.

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Hydrologic Cycle Simulation of Urban River for Rehabilitation of Water Environment (II) - Dorimcheon Basin - (물 환경 건전화를 위한 도시하천의 물 순환 모의 (II) - 도림천 유역 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Lee, Jung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.815-823
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    • 2006
  • The hydrologic cycle in urban catchment has been changed due to the expansion of impervious area by rapid urban development. In this study, the SWMM 5 (Storm Water Management Model 5) model was used to simulate the hydrologic cycle of the Dorimcheon catchment which suffers from the distorted hydrologic cycle as a typical urban catchment. This study compare continuous simulation of urban runoff combining the channel and sewer system with that of channel only in the Dorimcheon catchment. Continuous simulations of urban runoff were performed for the upstream basin of Dorim bridge. The urban impervious regions were processed by the land use analysis from LANDSAT_TM images. It was performed from 1975 to 2000 for every five years. Surface, groundwater and wastewater runoffs were additionally included in the simulations one at a time. Such simulations made it possible to evaluate those components quantitatively. The result of continuous simulation of urban runoff combining the channel and sewer system is that peak flow and recession are well simulated. The analysis results of urbanization effect on runoff are as follows: the surface runoff in 2000 increases to 64% of the whole precipitation whereas the surface runoff in 1975 amounts to 46% of the precipitation; the groundwater runoff in 2000 amounts to 6% and shows 8% decrease during the period from 1975 to 2000.

Development of Hydrologic Data Management System Based on Relational Database (관계형 데이터베이스를 이용한 수문자료 관리시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Hak-Kwan;Park, Seung-Woo;Kim, Sang-Min
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.39 no.10
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    • pp.855-866
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, the Hydrologic Data Management System (HDMS) was developed for the efficient management of hydrologic data. The applicability of the system was demonstrated using the hydrologic data of study watershed located in the southwest from Suwon city MySQL 5.0, relational database management system, and MS Visual Basic 6.0 were used for the development of MS windows based HDMS. The primary components of the HDMS are data search system, data management system, and data analysis system. Data search and management systems provide basic functions for the efficient data search, storage, update and export. Data analysis system enables the users to get the further and diverse hydrologic statistical information from the stored data. Furthermore, the accuracy and quality of hydrologic data was analyzed and evaluated through data analysis system.

Monitoring of Agro-Ecological Environments at Small Watershed (농업유역의 생태환경 모니터링 기법 연구)

  • 박승우;윤광식
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 1996
  • Monitoring techniques for afro-ecological environments were studied, Hydrologic and ecological components in conjunction with water quality were monitored in the Balkan watershed. The hydrologic monitoring program consists of four water level gauging stations along creeks and stream at the watershed having 26.5 km2. Stage - storage relationship of reservoir, rainfall amount of the watershed, and rating curve of the stream gauging stations were established. Soil type, land use, hydrologic soil group, population and economic activities within the watershed were surveyed. Water quality data from the streams were sampled weekly and chemical analysis was conducted. Temporal variations of water quality were investigated and water quality map of each reach of stream was made to identify spatial variations. Seasonal and spatial variations of vegetation densities along stream in the watershed were investigated using grid, Density variations of insect species such as arthropod, flying insect, spider spices, rice insects were also monitored to determine seansonal surveying density. These monitored data will be used to develop monitoring techi%ues and afro - ecological environment models.

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A Study of the Forecasting of Hydrologic Time Series Using Singular Spectrum Analysis (Singular Spectrum Analysis를 이용한 수문 시계열 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Hyun-Han;Moon, Young-Il
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.2B
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 2006
  • We have investigated the properties of the Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) coupled with the Linear Recurrent Formula which made it possible to complement the parametric time series model. The SSA has been applied to extract the underlying properties of the principal component of hydrologic time series, which can often be identified as trends, seasonalities and other oscillatory series, or noise components. Generally, the prediction by the SSA method can be applied to hydrologic time series governed (may be approximately) by the linear recurrent formulae. This study has examined the forecasting ability of the SSA-LRF model. These methods were applied to monthly discharge and water surface level data. These models indicated that two of the time series have good abilities of forecasting, particularly showing promising results during the period of one year. Thus, the method presented in this study suggests a competitive methodology for the forecast of hydrologic time series.

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