• Title/Summary/Keyword: Hydrologic components

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Evaluation of High-Resolution Hydrologic Components Based on TOPLATS Land Surface Model (TOPLATS 지표해석모형 기반의 고해상도 수문성분 평가)

  • Lee, Byong-Ju;Choi, Young-Jean
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.357-365
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    • 2012
  • High spatio-temporal resolution hydrologic components can give important information to monitor natural disaster. The objective of this study is to create high spatial-temporal resolution gridded hydrologic components using TOPLATS distributed land surface model and evaluate their accuracy. For this, Andong dam basin is selected as study area and TOPLATS model is constructed to create hourly simulated values in every $1{\times}1km^2$ cell size. The observed inflow at Andong dam and soil moisture at Andong AWS site are collected to directly evaluate the simulated one. RMSEs of monthly simulated flow for calibration (2003~2006) and verification (2007~2009) periods show 36.87 mm and 32.41 mm, respectively. The hourly simulated soil moisture in the cell located Andong observation site for 2009 is well fitted with observed one at -50 cm. From this results, the cell based hydrologic components using TOPLATS distributed land surface model show to reasonably represent the real hydrologic condition in the field. Therefore the model driven hydrologic information can be used to analyze local water balance and monitor natural disaster caused by the severe weather.

Hydrologic Component Analysis of the Seolma-Cheon Watershed by Using SWAT-K Model (SWAT-K 모형을 이용한 설마천 유역의 수문성분 해석)

  • Kim, Nam-Won;Lee, Ji-Eun;Chung, Il-Moon;Kim, Dong-Pil
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1363-1372
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    • 2008
  • In this study, long term semi distributed hydrologic model SWAT-K(Korea) is applied to the Seolma-Cheon watershed to analyze the hydrological components. Seolma-Cheon watershed has been operated as the test watershed of Korea Institute of Construction Technology for 13 years. Therefore it has an enough hydrologic data to analyze the hydrologic characteristics of small watershed. Especially, for the proper runoff analysis of steep watershed, calibration is performed reflecting the regression equation of slope and slope length. The simulated discharge shows good agreement with the observed one and the simulated evapotranspiration and groundwater discharge also show satisfactory results. Finally we presents the ratio of major hydrologic components for 3 years with those obsrved ones. This study is the basic research for future analyses such as relationship between hydrologic components and vegetation, watershed sediment nonpoint sources discharge etc.

A Conceptual Soil Water Model of Catchment Water Balance: Which Hydrologic Components are Needed to Calibrate the Model? (유역 물수지 모의를 위한 개념적인 토양수분모형: 모형 보정에 필요한 수문성분 분석)

  • Choi, Daegyu;Yang, Jeong-Seok;Chung, Gunhui;Kim, Sangdan
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.31 no.3B
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    • pp.211-220
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    • 2011
  • In this study a conceptual soil water model is proposed to simulate water balance at catchment scale. The model is based on the sequential separation of daily precipitation into surface runoff, wetting, vaporization, and percolation. The proposed model is calibrated by using three observation sets: empirically estimated annual vaporization, monthly wetting estimated by NRCS-CN method, and both of them. The model performance is evaluated to understand which hydrologic components for calibrating the model are needed. It is shown that both of annual vaporization and monthly wetting are indispensable hydrologic components to simulate reasonably precipitation partitioning.

Development of Continuous Rainfall-Runoff Model for Flood Forecasting on the Large-Scale Basin (대유역 홍수예측을 위한 연속형 강우-유출모형 개발)

  • Bae, Deg-Hyo;Lee, Byong-Ju
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.51-64
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study is to develop a continuous rainfall-runoff model for flood prediction on a large-scale basin. For this study, the hourly surface runoff estimation method based on the variable retention parameter and runoff curve number is developed. This model is composed that the soil moisture to continuous rainfall can be simulated with applying the hydrologic components to the continuous equation for soil moisture. The runoff can be simulated by linking the hydrologic components with the storage function model continuously. The runoff simulation to large basins can be performed by using channel storage function model. Nakdong river basin is selected as the study area. The model accuracy is evaluated at the 8 measurement sites during flood season in 2006 (calibration period) and 2007~2008 (verification period). The calibrated model simulations are well fitted to the observations. Nash and Sutcliffe model efficiencies in the calibration and verification periods exist in the range of 0.81 to 0.95 and 0.70 to 0.94, respectively. The behavior of soil moisture depending on the rainfall and the annual loadings of simulated hydrologic components are rational. From this results, continuous rainfall-runoff model developed in this study can be used to predict the discharge on large basins.

Assessment of Groundwater Recharge via Grid-based Soil Mosture Routing (격자기반의 토양수분추적에 의한 지하수함양량 추정기법 개발)

  • 김성준;채효석
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • 1998.10a
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    • pp.22-27
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    • 1998
  • A grid-based soil moisture routing model(GRISMORM) was developed to assess the information of groundwater recharge using spatial data such as Landsat TM and digital elevation model etc.. The model predicts the hydrologic components, that is, surface runoff, subsurface runoff, baseflow and evapotranspiration at each grid elements by grid-based water balance computation.

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Impact Assessment of Climate Change on Hydrologic Components and Water Resources in Watershed (기후변화에 따른 유역의 수문요소 및 수자원 영향평가)

  • Kim Byung Sik;Kim Hung Soo;Seoh Byung Ha;Kim Nam Won
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2005.05b
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2005
  • The main purpose of this study is to suggest and evaluate an operational method for assessing the potential impact of climate change on hydrologic components and water resources of regional scale river basins. The method, which uses large scale climate change information provided by a state of the art general circulation model(GCM) comprises a statistical downscaling approach and a spatially distributed hydrological model applied to a river basin located in Korea. First, we construct global climate change scenarios using the YONU GCM control run and transient experiments, then transform the YONU GCM grid-box predictions with coarse resolution of climate change into the site-specific values by statistical downscaling techniques. The values are used to modify the parameters of the stochastic weather generator model for the simulation of the site-specific daily weather time series. The weather series fed into a semi-distributed hydrological model called SLURP to simulate the streamflows associated with other water resources for the condition of $2CO_2$. This approach is applied to the Yongdam dam basin in southern part of Korea. The results show that under the condition of $2CO_2$, about $7.6\% of annual mean streamflow is reduced when it is compared with the observed one. And while Seasonal streamflows in the winter and autumn are increased, a streamflow in the summer is decreased. However, the seasonality of the simulated series is similar to the observed pattern and the analysis of the duration cure shows the mean of averaged low flow is increased while the averaged wet and normal flow are decreased for the climate change.

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Development of the Ecohydrologic Model for Simulating Water Balance and Vegetation Dynamics (물수지 및 식생 동역학 모의를 위한 생태수문모형 개발)

  • Choi, Daegyu;Choi, Hyunil;Kim, Kyunghyun;Kim, Sangdan
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.582-594
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    • 2012
  • A simple ecohydorlogic model that simulates hydrologic components and vegetation dynamics simultaneously based on equations of soil water dynamics and vegetation's growth and mortality is discussed. In order to simulate ungauged watersheds, the proposed model is calibrated with indirected estimated observation data set; 1) empirically estimated annual vaporization, 2) monthly surface runoff estimated by NRCS-CN method, and 3) vegetation fraction estimated by SPOT/VEGETATION NDVI. In order to check whether the model is performed well with indirectly estimated data or not, four upper dam watersheds (Andong, Habcheon, Namgang, Milyang) in Nakdong River watershed are selected, and the model is verified.

APPLICATION OF GRID-BASED KINEMATIC WAVE STORM RUNOFF MODEL(KIMSTORM)

  • Kim, Seong-Joon;Kim, Sun-Joo;Chae, Hyo-Sok
    • Water Engineering Research
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 2000
  • The grid-based KIneMatic wave STOrm Runoff Model(Kim, 1998; Kim, et al., 1998) which predicts temporal variation and spatial distribution of overland flow, subsurface flow and stream flow was evaluated at two watersheds. This model adopts the single overland flowpath algorithm and simulates surface and/or subsurface water depth at each cell by using water balance of hydrologic components. The model programmed by C-language uses ASCII-formatted map data supported by the irregular gridded map of the GRASS(Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) GIS and generates the spatial distribution maps of discharge, flow depth and soil moisture of the watershed.

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Sensitivity Analysis of Hydrologic Components According to Change Characteristic Soil (토양특성 변화에 따른 수문성분 민감도 분석)

  • Kim, Nam-Won;Lee, Byong-Ju;Lee, Jeong-Eun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2007.05a
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    • pp.1548-1552
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    • 2007
  • 최근 유역단위의 수자원 계획 및 관리를 비롯하여 물 배분 문제 등에 관심이 집중되면서 장기유출모의 또한 국내에 많이 적용되고 있는 실정이다. 장기유출 모의시 가장 중요시 되는 부분 중 하나는 정확한 토양 수분 모의이며 이는 다양한 토양특성인자와 매우 밀접한 관계가 있을 뿐 아니라 지표면 유출량, 중간 유출량, 지하수 유출량 및 증발산량에도 큰 영향을 주게 된다. 통상 토양수분 함양량을 비롯하여 수문성분 발생량에 영향을 주는 대표적인 토양 매개변수는 토양의 깊이, 용적밀도, 포화수리전도도, 가용토양수분량, 포장용수량, 영구위조점 등이 있다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 토양 특성인자의 변화에 따른 수문성분의 변동성을 정량적으로 평가하기 위해 토양 매개변수들을 물리적으로 고려할 수 있으며 최근 국내에 많이 활용되고 있는 SWAT 모형을 이용하여 토양 매개변수 변화에 따른 수문성분 변화량을 분석하고자 한다.

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Effect of Drainage System on ET and Drainage Flows

  • ;Ph.D.,P.E.
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.34 no.E
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    • pp.12-19
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    • 1992
  • The effects of drainage system on evapotranspiration and drainage flows are studied. Data from drainage field experiment at Castalia in North Central Branch, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center were used in this study. A water table management model, ADATP (Agricultural Drainage and Pesticide Transport), which was developed by combining the GLEAMS and the subsurface drainage part of the DRAINMOD model with several modifications, was evaluated and used to predict hydrologic components. The ET is very much affected by the presence of tile drainage system but not significantly affected by the surface drainage system. The combined surface and subsurface drainage system gives the largest total outflow values while the surface drainage only system gives the smallest. Comparisons of model predicted and measured values of surface runoff only, subsurface drainage only, and combined surface runoff and subsurface drainage system are in satisfactory agreement. The model predicted values are within the range of the variations of the observed replications in general. Based on the results of the model evaluation study, it is concluded that ADAPT model can be used to design water table management systems.

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