• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hybrids

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Performance of Imported Sweet Corn Hybrids in Korea

  • Seo, Seo-Jung;Yun, Yun-Sang;Lee, Lee-Suk
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.305-310
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    • 2002
  • The performance of 7 sugary (su) and 12 shrunken-2 (sh2) sweet com hybrids which are commercially grown in the United States was tested in Korea. The 100-seed weight of su hybrids (16.5-23.6 g) was much heavier compared to that of sh2 hybrids (10.9-17.5 g). The germination rate of su and sh2 hybrids at $25^{\circ}C$ ranged 93.3-100% and 86.7-98.9%, the emergence rate of su and sh2 hybrids in cold test ranged 78.9-97.8% and 62.2-97.8%, and field emergence rate of su and sh2 hybrids ranged 74.4-100.0% and 79.9-98.2%, respectively. In su hybrids, there was a significantly positive correlation between germination rate at $25^{\circ}C$ and emergence rate in cold test or early growth. In contrast, in sh2 hybrids seed weight was positively correlated with early plant growth, while not with the germination rate at $25^{\circ}C$ or emergence rate in cold test and field. Most sh2 hybrids produced larger and more marketable ears compared to su hybrids although there were significant differences among the hybrids in the same genotype. At harvest (24 days after pollination) soluble solids content of su hybrids (24.3-27.1 Brix %) was much higher than that of sh2 hybrids (13.8-18.0 Brix %), while total sugars of sh2 hybrids (21.4-28.6% on the dry weight basis) was much higher compared to su hybrids (2.4-15.9%). Considering germination and emergence rates, marketable ear production, and total sugar content, 'GCB 70' and 'Sweet Satin' in su hybrids and 'Ice Queen', 'Aspen', 'Sweet Magic', 'Bandit', 'Xtrasweet 82', 'Aspen', and 'Cambella 90' in sh2 hybrids performed better than other hybrids.

Evaluation of Two Promising Hybrids Viz., HSP1 (A3x935 E) and HSP2 (A3x916 B) in the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

  • Begum, A.Naseema;Rekha, M.;Ahsan, M.M.;Rao, P.Sudhakara
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2000
  • To evolve silkworm hybrids with higher survival and better cocoon characters, evaluation of semen hybrids in the laboratory (short-listed out of 143 hybrids) resulted in the identification of two promising hybrids, A3${\tines}$935 E (HSP1) and A3${\tines}$916 B (HSP2). The hybrids were evaluated at three different Regional Sericultural Research Stations of Central Silk Board during 1997-1998 and also tested with the farmers along with two control hybrids, KAxNB4D2 and PMxNB4D2. Evaluation of the hybrids indicated that these hybrids can be reared in all the seasons, especially during summer season. These hybrids show shorter larval duration (22 days 17 hrs against 23 days in control KAxNB4D2 and better cocoon characters as compared to the crossed breeds PM ${\tines}$NB4D2).

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Comparison of Agronomic Characteristics, Forage Yield and Quality of Sorghum X sudangrass Hybrid (수수 X 수단그라스 교잡종의 생육특성, 사초 수량 및 품질 비교)

  • 김종덕;권찬호;김호중;박진길;이병생;빙기선;문승태
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.297-302
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to compare the agronomic characteristics, forage yield, and quality of four sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrids at Yonam College of Agriculture Experimental Livestock Farm, Sunghwan in 2001. The four recommended hybrids used in this study were ‘SXl7’ and ‘877F’(heading type), and ‘TE Evergreen’ and ‘Turbo 9’(headless type). sugar content or heading hybrids(SX17 and 877F) were higher then that of headless hybrids(TE Evergreen and Turbo 9). SX17 had resistance to lodging, while all hybrids had resistance to foliar disease and insect. Dry matter(DM) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) yields of heading hybrids were higher then those of headless hybrids. Among sudangrass hybrids, DM and TDN yields of 877F were the highest(21,007 and 12,276kg/ha). The crude protein of Turbo 9(10.5%) was higher than other hybrids. Neutral detergent fiber(NDF) content of headless hybrids were higher than that of heading hybrids, while acid detergent fiber(ADF) and acid detergent lignin(ADL) contents of headless hybrids were lower than those of heading hybrids. Calculated TDN of headless hybrids were higher than that at heading hybrids. Cellulase digestible of organic matter of dry matter (CDOMD) of headless hybrids also were higher then that of heading hybrids. Results of this experiment indicates that heading hybrid was better than headless hybrid in the agronomic characteristics and forage yield of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass. However heading hybrid was lower than leafless hybrid in quality of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass.

Effect of High Temperature and High Humidity on the Quantitative Traits of Parents, Foundation Crosses, Single and Double Hybrids of Bivoltine Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

  • Kumar, N.Suresh;Basavaraja, H.K.;Reddy, N.Mal;Dandin, S.B.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2003
  • The hot climatic conditions prevailing particularly in summer are not conducive to rear these high yielding bivoltine hybrids throughout the year, In order to select efficiently the breeds with high temperature tolerance, it is very important to analyze critically the impact of high temperature on many silk yielding attributes of silkworm races. Keeping the above in view, the present study was undertaken to determine the effect of high temperature $(36 {\pm} 1^{\circ}C)$ and high humidity $(80 {\pm} 5% Relative Humidity)$ on the rearing performance of pure races, foundation crosses, single hybrids and double hybrids of bivoltine silkworm, Bombyx mori L. The robust bivoltine breeds, CSR18, CSR19, 8HT and 5HT, eight foundation crosses, eight single hybrids and eight double hybrids involving these breeds were chosen as materials in this study.

Comparison of Agronomic Performance of Introduced Corn Hybrid for Silage Production I. Performance of hybrids in different regions (도입 사일리지용 옥수수의 생육특성 및 생산성 비교 I. 지역별 생육특성 및 생산성)

  • 김동암;조무환;권찬호;한건준;김종관
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.161-172
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    • 1992
  • The agronomic performance of four introduced corn(Zea mays L.) hybrids and a domestic hybrid Suwon 19(control) was compared for silage production in the Middle Northwestern Coast(MNWC). Middle Southwestern Coast(MSWC) and Middle Northern Inland(MN1) regions of Korea, 1988 to 19 90. In the MNWC region, DK713 and P3144W were recorded as more resistant corn hybrids to rice black streaked dwarf virus(RBSDV) than other hybrids. P3144W, P3352 and DK689 hybrids produced higher dry matter(DM) and total digestible nutrient(TDN) than the control hybrid Suwon 19 and DK 713. In the MSWC region, P3144W and DK689 tended to yield more DM and TDN than other hybrids and a severe infection of RBSDV was observed during 3 years of experiment. In the MNI region, P3144W and P3352 corn hybrids showed higher ear and dry matter percentage and gave the highest DM and TDN yield compared with other hybrids. The RBSDV infection of the hybrids in the MNI region was moderate level compared with the two regions, but rate of stay green was the lowest. In the three regions, the control hybrid Suwon 19 gave the highest RBSDV infection, followed by P 3352, DK689, and P3144W, while DK713 was the lowest. P3144W and P3352 hybrids gave higher DM and ear percentages than all other hybrids at harvest. During 3 years of experiment, it was found that there were regional and year differences in RBSDV infection, forage DM yield, DM percentage and ear ratio to total DM yield of the corn hybrids.

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Evaluaton of the Government Recommended Forage Cultivars in Korea III. Forage performance of corn hybrids (목초 및 사료작물 정부장려품종의 지역적응성 평가 III. 사일리지용 옥수수의 생육특성과 수량)

  • 김동암;최기춘;신정남;김종덕;한건준;김원호;조무환
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.315-322
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    • 1997
  • Sixteen cultivars of corn(Zea mays L.) hybrids have been recommended as the government recommended corn hybrids since 1984, however, their forage performances have been mostly tested at two locations, such as Suweon and Sunghwan in the Middle parts of Korea. Therefore, the objective of this experiment was to retest the agronomic characteristics and yield of eleven of sixteen government recommended corn hybrids at five scattered locations, such as Icheon, Suweon, Sunghwan, Keonpan and Kwangju in 1993 and 1995 with the intention of improving recommendations to dairy farmers. Among the corn hybrids tested, 'Suweon 19' was susceptible to foliar diseases and poor stay green at all locations in 1993 and 1995. Generally, all hybrids have less lodging and infection rate of rice black streaked dwarf virus(RBSDV) varied by location but mostly not exceed 10%. Infection rate at Sunghwan and Kwangju among locations was the highest as 13.5 and 15.3% respectively. Among the corn hybrids tested, 'Suweon 19' was the highest RBSDV infection rate, but that of 'Kwanganok' and '3282' was lower than other hybrids. At all locations, '3352' and '3394' were the earliest in growth stage, but 'Kwanganok', '3282', 'DK729', 'G4624' and 'DK713' were the latest among the corn hybrids. Ear percentage in total DM of '3352', '3394' and 'G4624' was higher than other hybrids, but that of 'DK713' was the lowest among the corn hybrids. '3352' and '3394' showed the most suitable DM content for silage production at harvest. Among the corn hybrids tested, 'Suweon 19' and '3282' were the lowest DM yield at all locations in 1993 and 1995, but the highest DM yield varied by location. At Icheon, '3144W' and 'G4743', at Suweon, '3352' and '3144W, at Sunghwan, 'DK729' and '3144W', at Keongsan, '3352' and 'DK729', and at Kwangju, '3352' and 'DK689' were the highest DM yield in 1993 and 1995, respectively. Then, '3394' was higher than other hybrids at all locations in 1995. The government recommended corn hybrids tested were generally adapted across the country. However, in forage production situations where wrn should be harvested before the rainy season in late summer, earlymedium maturing corn hybrids, '3352' and '3394' might be preferred.

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Silage Productivity of Korean Improved and Introduced Maize Hybrids (국내 육성 및 수입 옥수수 품종의 사일리지 생산성)

  • Lee, S.S.;Yun, S.H.;Seo, J.M.;Yang, S.K.;Min, H.K.;Ryu, S.H.;Park, J.Y;Kim, S.K.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.323-334
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    • 2004
  • Silage yield Potential and some agronomic characteristics of Korean improved and introduced corn hybrids from the United States were tested for five year in Gyeongsan, Gyeongsangbug-do and for one year in Hongcheon, Gangwon-do. 1. At 20 days after emergence, plant height and dry matter of hybrids were different, while the early growth of the hybrids was not correlated to the culm length and silage yield. 2. In Cyeongsan, silage yield potential of Suwon19 was relatively high, while most susceptible to rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) disease and leaf senescence at harvest time. In contrast, silage yield potential and resistance to RBSDV of Cwanganok were moderate, while susceptible to leaf senescence at harvest. Generally, Suwon19 showed similar or higher yield than most introduced hybrids, while some introduced hybrids showed lower silage yield than Korean improved hybrids. Most introduced hybrids were more resistant to RBSDV and leaf senescence at harvest time compared to Korean improved hybrids. 3. In Hongcheon, silage yield of three Korean improved hybrids were lower than that of NC+5514 and DK729, while similar or higher than other introduced hybrids. af senescence of all Korean hybrids was severer compared to introduced hybrids.

폴리실세스키옥산

  • Hwang, Seung-Sang;Baek, Kyung-Youl;Choi, Seung-Sock;Lee, He-Seung;Oh, Dong-Yeop
    • Polymer Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2009
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