• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hybrid damper

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Evaluation on the Structural Performance of Hybrid Damper Using High-damping Rubber and Steel (고감쇠고무와 강재를 이용한 복합제진댐퍼의 구조성능평가)

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Jung, In-Yong;Kim, Hyung-Geun;Kim, Do-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2016
  • The proposed hybrid damper installs at a coupling beam and consists of a high-damping rubber (HDR) and steel pin. The proposed hybrid damper adopted a pin-lock system acts as a viscoelastic damper under wind load (small displacement) while it behaves as a hysteretic damper under earthquake load (large displacement). In this paper, the pin-lock mechanism and structural performance of the proposed hybrid damper is evaluated through experiment. Experiments were carried out with the variables which displacement, loading frequency and steel pin quantities were used. Test results showed that the pin-lock mechanism and the performance of the hybrid damper under a large displacement were verified. Also equivalent damping ratios of HDR were increasing at a small displacement as displacement amplitudes were increasing. However HDR did not depend on frequency.

Seismic protection of the benchmark highway bridge with passive hybrid control system

  • Saha, Arijit;Saha, Purnachandra;Patro, Sanjaya Kumar
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.227-241
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    • 2018
  • The present paper deals with the optimum performance of the passive hybrid control system for the benchmark highway bridge under the six earthquakes ground motion. The investigation is carried out on a simplified finite element model of the 91/5 highway overcrossing located in Southern California. A viscous fluid damper (known as VFD) or non-linear fluid viscous spring damper has been used as a passive supplement device associated with polynomial friction pendulum isolator (known as PFPI) to form a passive hybrid control system. A parametric study is considered to find out the optimum parameters of the PFPI system for the optimal response of the bridge. The effect of the velocity exponent of the VFD and non-linear FV spring damper on the response of the bridge is carried out by considering different values of velocity exponent. Further, the influences of damping coefficient and vibration period of the dampers are also examined on the response of the bridge. To study the effectiveness of the passive hybrid system on the response of the isolated bridge, it is compared with the corresponding PFPI isolated bridges. The investigation showed that passive supplement damper such as VFD or non-linear FV spring damper associated with PFPI system is significantly reducing the seismic response of the benchmark highway bridge. Further, it is also observed that non-linear FV spring damper hybrid system is a more promising strategy in reducing the response of the bridge compared to the VFD associated hybrid system.

Experimental Evaluation for Structural Performance of Hybrid Damper Combining Steel Slit and Rotational Friction Damper (강재 슬릿과 회전 마찰형 감쇠 장치를 결합한 복합 감쇠 장치의 실험적 구조 성능 평가)

  • Kim, Yu-Seong;Kang, Joo-Won;Park, Byung-Tae;Lee, Joon-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2019
  • In order to develop the compatible damping device in various vibration source, a hybrid wall-type damper combining slit and friction damper in parallel was developed. Cyclic loading tests and two-story RC reinforced frame tests were performed for structural performance verification. As a result of the 5-cyclic loading test according to KBC-2016 and low displacement cyclic fatigue test, The hybrid wall type damper increased its strength and the ductility was the same as that of the slit damper. In addition, As a result of the two-layer frame test, the reinforced frame had about twice the strength of the unreinforced frame, and the story drift ratio was satisfied to Life Safety Level.

Seismic Performance Evaluation of Special Reinforced Concrete Moment Resisting Frames With Hybrid Slit-Friction Damper (복합 슬릿-마찰 감쇠장치가 적용된 철근 콘크리트 특수 모멘트 저항골조의 내진성능 평가)

  • Lee, Joon-Ho;Kim, Gee-Cheol;Kim, Jin-Koo
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2017
  • This study develops a new hybrid passive energy dissipation device for seismic rehabilitation of an existing structure. The device is composed of a friction damper combined with a steel plate with vertical slits as a hysteretic damper. Analytical model is developed for the device, and the capacity of the hybrid device to satisfy a given target performance is determined based on the ASCE/SEI 7-10 process. The effect of the device is verified by nonlinear dynamic analyses using seven earthquake records. The analysis results show that the dissipated inelastic energy is concentrated on the hybrid damper and the maximum interstory drift of the SMRF with damping system satisfies the requirement of the current code.

Experimental Study on the Structural Performance of Hybrid Friction Damper (혼합형 마찰댐퍼 구조성능에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Kim, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2015
  • Various hybrid dampers have been developed as increasing tall buildings in Korea. To minimize the installment space and cost, the new hybrid friction damper was developed using friction components. It is composed of two one-nodal rotary frictional components and a slotted bolted frictional connection. Because of these components, hybrid friction damper can be activated by building movements due to lateral forces such as a wind and earthquake. In this paper, displacement amplitude dependency tests were carried out to evaluate on the structural performance and the multi-slip mechanism of the hybrid damper. Test results show that the multi-slip mechanism is verified and friction coefficients are increasing as displacement amplitudes are increasing.

Self-powered hybrid electromagnetic damper for cable vibration mitigation

  • Jamshidi, Maziar;Chang, C.C.;Bakhshi, Ali
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.285-301
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents the design and the application of a new self-powered hybrid electromagnetic damper that can harvest energy while mitigating the vibration of a structure. The damper is able to switch between an energy harvesting passive mode and a semi-active mode depending on the amount of energy harvested and stored in the battery. The energy harvested in the passive mode resulting from the suppression of vibration is employed to power up the monitoring and electronic components necessary for the semi-active control. This provides a hybrid control capability that is autonomous in terms of its power requirement. The proposed hybrid circuit design provides two possible options for the semi-active control: without energy harvesting and with energy harvesting. The device mechanism and the circuitry that can drive this self-powered electromagnetic damper are described in this paper. The parameters that determine the device feasible force-velocity region are identified and discussed. The effectiveness of this hybrid damper is evaluated through a numerical simulation study on vibration mitigation of a bridge stay cable under wind excitation. It is demonstrated that the proposed hybrid design outperforms the passive case without external power supply. It is also shown that a broader force range, facilitated by decoupled passive and semi-active modes, can improve the vibration performance of the cable.

Structural Performance of RC Frame with SAFE Damper (SAFE댐퍼 보강골조의 구조성능 실험적 평가)

  • So, Byeong-Chan;Lee, Chang-Hwan;Ju, Young-Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2015
  • SAFE damper is a hybrid damper which is comprised of a friction damper and a metallic damper. These two dampers combine to resist external energy in stages. Under minor earthquake loads, the friction damper operates alone. However, the friction damper and metallic damper dissipate the energy together when a severe earthquake occurs. In comparison with other methods for seismic retrofitting, the SAFE damper has many advantages. The SAFE damper doesn't cause damage to façade of the building, and the construction period can be reduced when retrofitting. This paper describes experiments evaluating the structural performance of the SAFE damper. From the results, it was found that the structural performance of a conventional RC bare frame can be significantly improved by the installation of the SAFE damper.

A Study on the Adaptability of Hybrid Mass Damper for the Vibration Control of Structure under Base Excitation (지반 기진력을 받는 구조물의 진동 제어를 위한 Hybrid Mass Damper 의 유용성 연구)

  • Lim, Chae-Wook;Chung, Tae-Young;Moon, Seok-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.268-275
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    • 2000
  • A hybrid mass damper that combines a tuned mass damper and an actuator has been recognized to be one of the most promising devices for vibration control of a tall building subjected to dynamic loads such as wind and earthquake. In this paper, in order to reduce vibration levels of a 5-story test structure, a hybrid mass damper using AC-servomotor was designed and developed. And control performances using HMD and TMD under random and earthquake excitations are compared through experimental test. It is confirmed that it is more effective to reduce the vibration levels of the test structure using HMD especially for earthquake excitation.

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Evaluation on Structural Performance of Two-nodal Rotary Frictional Component (2절점 회전형 마찰요소의 구조성능 평가)

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Kim, Ji-Young;Kim, Myeong-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2015
  • Various hybrid dampers have been developed in Korea to control the vibration due to a wind and earthquake. In order to minimize the installment space, cost and construction process, the new hybrid friction damper is developed. This hybrid damper is composed of several rotary friction components having two frictional joint. Because of these components, the building vibration due to wind and earthquake can be mitigated by hybrid friction damper. In this paper, various dependency tests were carried out to evaluate on the structural performance of two joint rotational friction component of the hybrid damper. Test results show that two joint rotational components do not depend on a displacement and a frequency of forcing but friction coefficients is reducing as a clamping force is increasing.

Development and Evaluation of a Hybrid Damper for Semi-active Suspension (반능동 현가장치의 하이브리드형 댐퍼 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Jin, Chul Ho;Yoon, Young Won;Lee, Jae Hak
    • Journal of Drive and Control
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.38-49
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    • 2018
  • This research describes the development model and testing of a hybrid damper which can be applicable to a vehicle suspension. The hybrid damper is devised to improve the performance of a conventional passive oil damper using a magneto-rheological (MR) accumulator which consists of a gas accumulator and a MR device. The level of damping is continuously variable by the means of control in the applied current in a MR device fitted to a floating piston which separates the gas and the oil chamber. A simple MR device is used to resist the movement of floating piston. At first a mathematical model which describes all flows within the conventional oil damper is formulated, and then a small MR device is also devised and adopted to a mathematical model to characterize the performance of the device.