• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hp

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The Effect of HP4060 on the Brain Neurotransmitter and Hot Flushes in the Female Sprague-Dawley Rat

  • Seo, Jin-Sook;Kum, Eun-Joo;Kwon, Do-Hyeong;Lee, Hye-Young
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.96-104
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    • 2010
  • In this study, the effects of HP4060, a pomegranate extract, on Sprague-Dawley (SD) female rats were investigated. SD rats used in the experiment were divided into 3 groups: a control group, 100 mg HP4060/kg rat powder fed group, and 25 mg HP4060/kg rat liquid fed group. After 20 days of administration, the changes of the brain neurotransmitters were measured. The data showed that the concentration of the serotonin and the norepinephrine were increased, whereas that of the epinephrine was decreased in HP4060 administered groups. In addition, the improving effect of HP4060 on depression symptom of menopause women were shown by increased immobility time of the SD rates in a separate experiment. The uterus weight of HP4060 fed groups were also shown to be increased. In order to monitor toxic effect of HP4060, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) levels were measured, and the results showed that no significant difference in GOT and GPT levels among experimental groups implying no significant toxic side effects of HP4060. According to these results, it seems clear that HP4060 may improve symptoms of hot flush and depression caused by menopause without significant level of toxic effects.

Backbone 1H, 15N, and 13C Resonance Assignment and Secondary Structure Prediction of HP1298 from Helicobacter pylori

  • Kim, Won-Je;Lim, Jong-Soo;Son, Woo-Sung;Ahn, Hee-Chul;Lee, Bong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2008
  • HP1298 (Swiss-Prot ID ; P65108) is an 72-residue protein from Helicobacter pylori strain 26695. The function of HP1298 was identified as Translation initiation factor IF-l based on sequence homology, and HP1298 is included in IF-l family. Here, we report the sequence-specific backbone resonance assignments of HP1298. About 97% of all the $^{1}HN$, $^{15}N$, $^{13}C{\alpha}$, $^{13}C{\beta}$, and $^{13}CO$ resonances could be assigned unambiguously. We could predict the secondary structure of HP1298, by analyzing the deviation of the $^{13}C{\alpha}$ and $^{13}C{\beta}$ shemical shifts from their respective random coil values. Secondary structure prediction shows that HP1298 consists of six $\beta$-strands. This study is a prerequisite for determining the solution structure of HP1298 and investigating the structure-function relationship of HP1298. Assigned chemical shift can be used for the study on interaction between HP1298 and other Helicobacter pylori proteins.

Evidence of Tandem Repeat and Extra Thiol-groups Resulted in the Polymeric Formation of Bovine Haptoglobin: A Unique Structure of Hp 2-2 Phenotype

  • Lai, Yi An;Lai, I Hsiang;Tseng, Chi Feng;Lee, James;Mao, Simon J.T.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.1028-1038
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    • 2007
  • Human plasma Hp is classified as 1-1, 2-1, and 2-2. They are inherited from two alleles Hp 1 and Hp 2, but there is only Hp 1 in almost all the animal species. Hp 2-2 molecule is extremely large and heterogeneous associated with the development of inflammatory-related diseases. In this study, we expressed entire bovine Hp in E. coli as a $\alpha\beta$ linear form. Interestingly, the antibodies prepared against this form could recognize the subunit of native Hp. In stead of a complicated column method, the antibody was able to isolate bovine Hp via immunoaffinity and gelfiltration columns. The isolated Hp is polymeric containing two major molecular forms (660 and 730 kDa). Their size and hemoglobin binding complex are significantly larger than that of human Hp 2-2. The amino-acid sequence deducted from the nucleotide sequence is similar to human Hp 2 containing a tandem repeat over the $\alpha$ chain. Thus, the Hp 2 allele is not unique in human. We also found that there is one additional -SH group (Cys-97) in bovine $\alpha$ chain with a total of 8 -SH groups, which may be responsible for the overall polymeric structure that is markedly different from human Hp 2-2. The significance of the finding and its relationship to structural evolution are also discussed.

Effects of Helicobacter pylori Antigen on Producton of Transforming growth factor-$\beta$1 and Nitric oxide in Human Fibroblast (사람성유아세포의 Transforming growth factor-$\beta$1과 Nitric oxide 생성에 미치는 Helicobacter pylori 항원의 효과)

  • 박무인;박선자;구자영;김광혁
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.181-189
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    • 2001
  • Cytokines are hormone-like proteins which mediate and regulast inflammatory and immune responses. Transforming growth factor -$\beta$1(TGF-$\beta$) plays an important role in the control of the immune response and wound healing, and in the development o various tissues and organs, Nitric oxide(NO) is major messenger molecule regulating immune function and blood vessel dilation and serving as a neurotransmitter in the brain and peripheral nervous system. Also, NO is to be a potent mutagen that cause mutation in the p53 tumor suppressor gene in early phases of human gastric carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Helicobacter phlori lystes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and Staphylococcus enterotoxin B(SEB) on production of TGF-$\beta$1 and NO by human fibroblasts. Primary cultured human fibroblasts were incubated with H. pylori lysates(Hp), LPs, SEB, Hp+LPS, Hp+SEB, Hp+LPS+SEB. Cultured supernatants that were collected at 24, 48 and 72 hr were assessed for TGF-$\beta$1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and NO production by quantification of nitrite ion. TGF-$\beta$1 production in fibroblasts exposed with Hp, LPS or SEB for 48 hrs was enhanced, but for 72 hrs inhibited. Its production by doble exposure such as Hp+LPS, Hp+SEB, Hp+LPS+SEB was lowered in comparison with single exposure of Hp in cases of 24 and 48 hrs incubation, but for 72 hrs decreased in Hp vaculoating toxin(+), increased in Hp vacuolating toxin(-). No production in fibroblasts increaed at all doses of LPS. But its production by exposure of SEB increased or decreased according to dose and incubation time. Also, NO production by Hp vacuolating toxin(+) increased at all doses, but its production by Hp vacuolating toxin(-) decreased. Its production by doble exposure such as Hp+LPS, Hp+SEB, Hp+LPS+SEB decreased in comparison with single exposure Hp Therefore, quantities pf TGB-$\beta$1 and NO released by human fibroblasts shows differences according to kinds of stimulants. Also, in care stimulated with same kinds of stimulants, its productions exhibit quantitative differences according to exposure times. These results suggest that the decreased of TGF-$\beta$1 in fibroblasts by mixed exposure with Hp producing vacuolating toxin and bacterial toxins such as LPS and SEB may effect negatively in healing of host tissue and increased of NO by infection oh H. pylori may related to the increased susceptibility for human gastric carcinogenesis.

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Relationship between Plasma Concentrations of Haloperidol and Its Metabolite, Reduced Haloperidol, and Clinical Response in Schizophrenia (정신분열증 환자에서의 Haloperidol 및 Reduced Haloperidol의 혈장농도와 임상반응과의 상관성)

  • Park, Kyung-Ho;Kim, Mu-Jin;Lee, Myung-Gul;Shim, Chang-Koo;Lee, Min-Hwa
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.165-177
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    • 1993
  • The relationship between the plasma haloperidol (HP) concentration and clinical response, and the effects of its active metabolite, reduced haloperidol (RH) on clinical response of HP were investigated in schizophrenic patients. In clinical study I, with 17 schizophrenic patients (male 8, fermale 9) who were administered with three different fixed doses of HP (15, 30 and 50 mg/day) for 3 weeks, the concentrations of HP and RH in plasma and blood and clinical response had been checked before and every week during the study. The clinical response was evaluated by the method of brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS), and relative improvement of clinical response based on baseline BPRS (before drug treatment) was calculated. The concentrations of HP and RH in plasma and blood were assayed by HPLC. In clinical study II, the plasma RH/HP concentration ratios were checked in 11 patients who were administered with high doses of HP, over 60 mg a day, because of the poor clinical response at usual doses of HP. Plasma HP concentration and relative improvement of BPRS at 3 week in schizophrenic patients showed a 'curvilinear' relationship, and the clinical response was improved relatively over 50% based on the baseline BPRS in the range of $5{\sim}57\;ng/ml $ of HP in plasma. Also, the plasma RH concentrations were increased nonlinearly as the plasma HP concentration increased, and in high plasma HP concentration, over 30 ng/mI, clinical response gradually decreased, while the plasma RH/HP concentration ratio increased nonlinearly. Blood partition coefficients of HP and RH were not changed according to daily HP dose and duration of drug therapy. From these results, it is noted that the higher plasma RH/HP concentration ratio, resulted from the accumulation of RH as HP concentration increased, might explain the 'curvilinear' decrease of HP clinical response.

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Accuracy Comparison of Blood Pressure among the Direct Measurement Method and Two Automatic Indirect Measurement Methods in the Patients with Various Blood Pressure (다양한 혈압상태에서 직접혈압을 기준으로 HP 자동혈압기와 국산자동혈압기의 정확도 비교)

  • Song Hyo-Sook;Jun Tae-Gook;Choi Eun-Jung;Kim Mi-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.366-378
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    • 2001
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify differences in measurement methods for blood pressure (Direct measurement, HP automatic indirect measurement, and SE 7000 Korean made indirect measurement), and to evaluate the clinical trial of the Korean made automatic indirect blood pressure measurement. Material & Methods: From June, 1999 to February, 2000, fifty five consecutive patients were randomized into hypertension group (n=20), normotension group (n=20), and hypotension group (n= 15). Measuring blood pressure by indirect methods (HP NIBP M 1008B and SE 7000 NIBP Korean made) was done simultaneously in the same arm with arterial line for direct blood pressure measurement (HP M1006A). The procedures were repeated ten times at intervals of 2 minutes. Statistical analysis was Performed using SPSS (version 8.0 for windows) software package. Values were expressed as means and standard deviation and means were compared using t-test. Statistical significance was considered present with a p value less than 0.05. Results: In the hypertension group and noromotension group, the disparity between HP direct measurement and indirect SE 7000 NIBP did not show any differences compared to the disparity between HP direct measurement and indirect HP NIBP. In the hypotension group, the disparity in the diastolic pressure between HP direct measurement and indirect SE 7000 NIBP was significantly different compared to the disparity between HP direct measurement and indirect HP NIBP (p<0.001), however, disparities in systolic pressure did not showed any differences. Conclusion: Direct blood pressure measurement (HP M1006A) can be replaced with indirect blood pressure measurements (HP NIBP M 1008B & SE 7000 NIBP) in normotension and hypertension patients. Korean made indirect measurement was found to be more accurate compared to HP indirect measurement in hypotension Patients, but more study is needed.

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Herba Portulacae induced Apoptosis in Human CervicalCarcinoma HeLa Cells (마치현(馬齒莧)이 자궁경부암세포(子宮頸部癌細胞)(HeLa Cell)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Eum, Joo-Oh;Kang, Bok-Hwan;Kim, Yang-Ho;Yoo, Sim-Keun
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.29-44
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    • 2005
  • To address the ability of Herba Portulacae(HP) to induce cell death, we investigated the effect of HP on cell viability. Twenty-four hours later, loss of viability occurred following HP exposure in a dose-dependent manner. The treatment of HP, a commonly used herb formulation in Korea, Japan and China, caused a decrease in cell viability. HP also resulted in apoptotic morphology a brightly blue-fluorescent condensed nuclei by Hoechst 33258-staining, and reduction of cell volume. Our results show that 2mg/ml HP induces mitochondria membrane potential collapse. Immunoblotting data also shows that the expression of Bcl-2, antiaoptotic protein, decrease by the addition of HP. This GFP-Bax overexpression system shows that an important pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-family protein, Bax is translocated to mitochondria by the addition of 2mg/ml HP. Inerestingly, MAPK inhibitor study shows that p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB203580 inhibits HP-induced cell death and caspase-3 activation in HP-treated HeLa cells. Furthermore, HP transiently but significantly induces p38 activation. But P38 MAPK inhibitor does not have any effect on the translocation of Bax. Considering these results, HP induces apoptosis via p38 MAPK activation. But the pathway does not involve the translocation of Bax.

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Utilization of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide for the Preparation of 2-Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin Microparticles and Their Inclusion Complexes with Ibuprofen (초임계 이산화탄소를 이용한 2-Hydroxypropyl-β-Cyclodextrin 미립자와 이부프로펜과의 포접복합체 제조)

  • Ryu, Jong-Hoon
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.212-218
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    • 2013
  • The microparticles of 2-hydroxypropyl-${\beta}$-cyclodextrin (HP-${\beta}$-CD) were prepared using aerosol solvent extraction system (ASES) by employing supercritical carbon dioxide as an antisolvent, The effects of various process parameters such as temperature, pressure, solution concentration and solution flow rate on the formation of HP-${\beta}$-CD microparticles were investigated. The HP-${\beta}$-CD microparticles prepared by the ASES process were observed to consist of agglomerates of nano-sized (50-200 nm) particles. When an aqueous solution of ethanol was used as a solvent for HP-${\beta}$-CD, the HP-${\beta}$-CD particles were found to be spherical in shape and to become larger as the water content increased. It was confirmed that the micronization of HP-${\beta}$-CD using the ASES process could enhance the inclusion efficiency of ibuprofen/HP-${\beta}$-CD complexes significantly.

Backbone 1H, 15N, and 13C Resonance Assignment and Secondary Structure Prediction of HP0495 from Helicobacter pylori

  • Seo, Min-Duk;Park, Sung-Jean;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Seok, Seung-Hyeon;Lee, Bong-Jin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.839-843
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    • 2007
  • HP0495 (Swiss-Prot ID; Y495_HELPY) is an 86-residue hypothetical protein from Helicobacter pylori strain 26695. The function of HP0495 cannot be identified based on sequence homology, and HP0495 is included in a fairly unique sequence family. Here, we report the sequencespecific backbone resonance assignments of HP0495. About 97% of all the $^1HN$, $^{15}N$, $^{13}C{\alpha}$, $^{13}C{\beta}$, and $^{13}CO$ resonances were assigned unambiguously. We could predict the secondary structure of HP0495, by analyzing the deviation of the $^{13}C{\alpha}$ and $^{13}C{\beta}$ shemical shifts from their respective random coil values. Secondary structure prediction shows that HP0495 consists of two $\alpha$-helices and four $\beta$-strands. This study is a prerequisite for determining the solution structure of HP0495 and investigating the protein-protein interaction between HP0495 and other Helicobacter pylori proteins.

HP인디고 총판 로지트코퍼레이션

  • Jo, Gap-Jun
    • 프린팅코리아
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    • pp.164-167
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    • 2004
  • 한국 HP의 HP인디고 디지털 인쇄기 총판 계약자인 로지트코퍼레이션이 9월 22일 서울시 강남구 압구정동 부근에 HP인디고 디지털 인쇄기 데모센터를 개장, 고객과의 접촉을 확대하고 디지털 인쇄기의 장점을 적극 부각시킴으로써 국내 인쇄 시장을 공략한다는 계획이다.

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