• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hostility

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The relationship between hostility and obsessive-compulsive symptoms: Focused on the moderating effect of impulsivity (적대성과 강박증상과의 관계: 충동성의 조절역할을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Hyera
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.368-378
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the relationship between hostility and obsessive-compulsive symptoms to clarify the differential role of overt hostility and covert hostility on obsessive-compulsive symptoms. In addition, this study examined whether impulsivity has a moderating effect on the relationship between hostility measures and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. The Buss Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI), Revised Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (OCI-R), and Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) were used to measure hostility, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and impulsivity, respectively. Data were collected from 150 online university students and analyzed using the correlation and moderated multiple regression model. The result showed that overt hostility was positively correlated with obsessive thoughts; covert hostility was positively correlated with obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior. In addition, the regression results, which set the hostility variables as the predicting variable, revealed covert hostility to increase obsessive thinking and compulsive behavior, whereas overt hostility had no significant effect on both variables. Impulsivity was found to function as a moderator in the prediction of covert hostility on obsessive thought. With the result, the implications and limitations of this study are discussed.

Narcissists' Self-esteem and Hostility (자기애적 성격성향자의 자존감과 적대갑에 관한 연구)

  • CHA, Ta-Soon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.95-114
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examined the relationships between the narcissism and the self-esteem, the hostility. In order to accomplish the above purpose, empirical research has executed. First, the narcissism, the self-esteem and the hostility was analyzed, and the subfactors of narcissism, the self-esteem and the hostility was. The major results from this study were as follows. (1) The narcissism had significantly a positive correlation to the self-esteem and the hostility, and both of the self-esteem and the hostility influenced of significantly the narcissism, especially the hostility influenced of the narcissism even more importantly. (2) The more narcissism showed the higher self-esteem overtly and the more hostility. (3) The all subfactors to except the self-centeredness of the narcissism had a positive correlation to the self-esteem, and the all subfactors of narcissism had a positive correlation to the hostility. (4) The most important narcissism personality traits which influenced of the self-esteem was the superiority, and the hostility the self-centeredness. Narcissists are motivated by the preference for being superior to others. That is, narcissists have an extreme emotional investment in establishing their superiority, even if they are unsure that their superiority is merited. therefore, it is possible for narcissists to have high self-esteem. But this is to defence the fragility of the vulnerable self structure. And, narcissists feel very much a sense of hostility in psychologically. Because they are hyper-sensitive to negative information, they will be more likely to encounter information or situations that challenge their positive self-appraisals. In response to these challenges, or ego threats, they will likely experience negative emotion, such as hostility.

The Relationships among Hostility, Perceived Social Support and Health Behavior Compliance of Patients with Coronary Artery Disease (관상동맥질환자의 적대감, 지각된 사회적 지지 및 건강행위 이행)

  • Oh, Jung-Eun;Park, Hyoung-Sook;Kim, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to measure the degree of the hostility, perceived social support and health behavior compliance among patients with coronary artery disease and to identify the relationship among those variables. Methods: The participants were 145 hospitalized patients with coronary artery disease. Data were collected from December 15, 2007 to March 15, 2008 using a questionnaire and medical record. Results: Mean scores for hostility, perceived social support and health behavior compliance were 54.80, 53.03 and 59.38 respectively. Differences in the degree of hostility were significant for marital status and serum total cholesterol. There were significant differences in the degree of health behavior compliance according to body mass index, serum total cholesterol, smoking, drinking, exercise and regular diet. Health behavior compliance was correlated with hostility and perceived social support, and hostility was correlated with perceived social support. Conclusion: Intensive programs to enhance perceived social support but to reduce hostility are warranted to improve health behavior in patients with coronary artery disease.

The Relationship among Narcissism, Self-esteem, Hostility, Alienation and Delinquency (청소년의 자기애적 성격성향, 자존감, 적대감, 소외감과 비행성향간의 관계)

  • CHA, Ta-Soon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.409-419
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was the examination of delinquency according to, narcissism, self-esteem, hostility and alienation of juvenile. For this, setting 172 students of an academic high school and 366 students of a vocational school(total 538) as the object of this study, the measures of Narcissistic Personality Scales, Self-Esteem Scales, Alienation Scales, and Delinquency Scales were inquired. The method of statistical analysis about these materials was composed of Two-way Analysis of Variance, One-way Analysis of Variance, and Multi-regression Analysis by using SPSS 10.0. The result, when delinquency was examined according to narcissism and self-esteem, in the case that narcissism was highest, self-esteem was lowest, delinquency was highest. When delinquency was examined according to narcissism and hostility, in the case that narcissism was highest, hostility was highest, delinquency was highest. When delinquency was examined according to narcissism and alienation, in the case that narcissism was highest, alienation was highest, delinquency was highest. And, when Multi-regression Analysis about the effect of narcissism, self-esteem, hostility and alienation on delinquency was administrated, the variation that affected delinquency significantly was narcissism, hostility and alienation. That is, we could look forward that the more narcissists feel hostility and alienation, the higher they have delinquency.

Differences of Irrational Belief, Anger-Thought, and Satisfaction with Life among Four Groups Classified based on the Levels of Hostility and Verbal Aggression (적대감 및 언어적 공격행동수준에 따른 네 집단 간의 비합리적 신념, 분노사고 및 삶의 만족도의 차이)

  • Lim, Jeeyoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.281-291
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the relationships between factors of aggression and satisfaction with life and the differences of irrational belief, primary secondary anger thought, and satisfaction with life among four groups classified based on the levels of hostility and verbal aggression. 268 middle school boys in Chungnam areas served as subjects. The results showed that hostility showed the most negative correlation with satisfaction with life. Stepwise regression analyses showed that hostility negatively predicted satisfaction with life, whereas verbal aggression positively predicted satisfaction with life. Factors of irrational belief, primary/secondary anger thought were negatively correlated with satisfaction with life. Analyses of variances revealed that covert hostility group showed higher scores on self-depreciation, disregard and disappointment in intimate relationship situation, hopelessness, whereas overt hostility group showed higher scores on derogation of others/revenge. In addition, covert hostility group showed lower scores on satisfaction with life than other groups. Finally, limitations of this study and suggestions for future study were discussed.

A Study on the Expression of Hostility, Trait Anger, and Anger in Patients with CAD (관상동맥 질환자의 적대감, 특성분노 수준 및 분노표현방식에 관한 연구)

  • Son Youn-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of expressions of hostility, trait anger, and anger in patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Method: Ninety patients between 30 and 80 who were admitted to A hospital participated in the study. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey using convenience sampling. The research tool consisted of 24 questions by Costa et al (1986) and 10 questions specifically on anger from the Korean version (Chon, Hahn, & Lee, 1998) of the State-Trait Anger Inventory by Spielberger (1988). All of the questions were answered using a 4-point Likert scale. The data were analyzed with SPSS Win version 10.0. Result: Mean scores for hostility, trait anger, anger-out, anger-in, and anger-control were 2.51, 2.19, 1.93, 1.85, and 2.56, respectively. Hostility and trait anger showed a significantly positive correlation to anger-out and anger-in. Conclusion: This study presented baseline data that indicate that psychosocial factors are associated with the occurrence and progression of CAD. Accordingly, various programs that include psychological interventions are required to diminish the level of hostility and anger. Also, further studies should be conducted with larger patient populations.

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Suggestions for Korea's Corporate Image, Product Image, and Purchase Intention with Consumer Hostility: Focusing on Korean Wave and Satisfaction Variables

  • Bae, Jeong-Min;Lee, Chun-Su
    • East Asian Journal of Business Economics (EAJBE)
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Korean Wave on consumer intentions by adjusting the Korean image and image of Korean company to counterbalance the hostility through the control effect of Korean Wave. Research design and methodology - This paper measure individual and national hostility and suggest that the effect of the adjustment of Korean culture satisfaction on corporate image, product image and consumer's purchase intention. Results - This study suggests the subjects to be studied empirically by presenting research themes and models, but it is necessary to verify the model through statistical verification since it is not verified empirically. In addition, it is necessary to further control factors and identification of anti-marginal or anti-marginal products. Conclusions - This study suggests research topics that investigate how hostility affects Korean Wave in consideration of the current special situation, while conventional researches mainly focus on ethnocentrism and patriotism. In this way, this study suggests research direction that helps to enhance corporate image and product image by eliminating hostility and actively utilizing Korean Wave. The Proposal will be helpful to provide a frame for empirical analysis in future and to develop strategic means to further utilize it in international marketing.

Self-esteem as a Moderator of the Effects of Happiness, Depression, and Hostility on Suicidality Among Early Adolescents in Korea

  • Choi, Yeun-Soon;Shin, Hee Kyoung;Hong, Dae-Yong;Kim, Jang-Rak;Kang, Yune-Sik;Jeong, Baekgeun;Park, Ki Soo;Lee, Key Hyo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.30-40
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of self-esteem as a moderator of the factors influencing suicidality among middle-schoolers. Methods: Moderated multiple regression analysis was applied to assess the influence of happiness, depression, and hostility on suicidality and to determine the degree to which self-esteem served as a moderator of those relationships. Data were collected from 268 students at a middle school in Busan, Korea, using a self-administered structured questionnaire. Results: Happiness, depression, and hostility had significant direct effects on suicidality. Self-esteem showed no direct effect, but had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between hostility and suicidal behavior. Conclusions: These results suggest that various interventions, such as counseling programs, should be designed to alleviate hostility and depression and to enhance happiness and self-esteem among early adolescents.

Mothers′ Child-Rearing Attitude (어머니의 아동 양육태도)

  • Kim Shin-Jeong;Kim Young-Hee;Kim Kye-Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.392-398
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to provide the theoretical understanding of mothers' child-rearing attitude and the eventual purpose was to contribute to the development of nursing interventions to help mothers have love-automous childrearing attitudes which will foster child development and enhance harmonious child-mother relationship. Method: The data were collected from April to september, 2002 by questionnaires with 130 married child-rearing mothers. Mothers' child-rearing attitudes were rated on the 5-point sclae of Schaefer's Maternal Behavior Research Instrument(MBRI). Result: 1) In love vs hostility and autonomy vs control, the score of love(3.79) is higher than hostility(2.64) and the score of autonomy(3.54) is higher than control(2.58). 2) In love- autonomous child-rearing attitude(3.69) is highest than hostility-control(2.75), love-control(2.70), hostility-autonomous (2.54) child-rearing attitude and the direction is autonomy→love. Conclusion: Nurses assess mothers' child-rearing attitude and provide teaching and counselling to help mothers to form love-autonomous child-rearing attitude.

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The Effect of Emotional Labor of Casino Dealers on Depression : Through a Moderated Mediation Model (카지노 딜러의 감정노동이 우울에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 조절된 매개모형을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ji Young;Lee, Ji Hae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.449-460
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the moderated mediation effect, consisting of the moderation effect of alexithymia and the mediation effect of hostility in the relationship between emotional labor and depression of casino dealers. A total of 160 casino dealers (56 males, 94 females) working in a foreigner exclusive casino in Seoul responded to a survey on emotional labor, alexithymia, hostility and depression. SPSS 22.0 Macro was used to verify the moderated mediation effect. First, the level of depression amplified as the emotional labor of casino dealers increased. Hostility had a significant partial-mediation effect on the relationship between emotional labor and depression. Second, the moderation effect of alexithymia was significant, indicating that the interaction effect of emotional labor and alexithymia as well as hostility and alexithymia predicted depression. Third, the moderated mediation effect of alexithymia was significant. Alexithymia moderated the influence of emotional labor on depression, which was mediated through hostility. Implications on how to assist casino dealers on emotional labor were discussed.