• Title, Summary, Keyword: Host

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Unrecorded causal organisms of Korean Powdery (한국산 미기록 백섭병균류에 관한 연구)

  • 이호준;이배함
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 1967
  • Fifty-two specimens of the infected plants were collected from areas through the country during the year of 1965. We report here 14 unrecorded specoes which were identified in this work. The results are as follows: 1. Erysiphe cichoracearum DC. (Host: Artemisia princeps PAMPAN. var. orien-talls HARA.) 2. Erysiphe cichoracearum DC. (Host: Plantago sp.) 3. Erysiphe cichoracearum DC. (Host: Sonchus oleraceus L.) 4. Erysiphe pisi DE CANDOLLE. (Host: Lespedeza sp.) 5. Erysiphe polygoni DE CANDOLLE. (Host: Clematis patens MORR et DECAIS.) 6. Microsphaera alphitoides GRIFFITHS et MAUBLANCE (Uncinula bifurcata GERARD.) (Host: Quercus serrate GERARD) 7. Microsphaera baumleri MAGNUS. (Host: Robinia pseud-acacia L.) 8. Microsphaera coryli HOMMA. (Host: Corylus heterophylla FISCH. var. japonica KOIDZUMI) 9. Podosphaera tridactyla (WALLROTH) DE BARY. (Host: Prunus leveilleana KOEHN. var. typica NAKAI) 10. Sphaerotheca fuliginea (SCHLECHTENDAHL) POLLACI. (Host: Impatiens balsamina L.) 11. Sphaerotheca fuliginea (SCHLECHTENDAHL) POLLACI. (Host: Zinnia elegans JACQ) 12. Uncinula aceris SACCARDO (Host: Acer negundo L.) 13. Uncinula fraxini MIYABE(U. salmon SYDOW) (Host: Fraxinus rhynchophyllus HANCE.) 14. Uncinula salicis (DE CANDOLLE) WINTER. (Host: Salix gracilistyla MIQ.)

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Host and Non-Host Disease Resistances of Kimchi Cabbage Against Different Xanthomonas campestris Pathovars

  • Lee, Young-Hee;Hong, Jeum-Kyu
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.322-329
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate host and non-host disease resistances of kimchi cabbage plants to bacterial infection. Kimchi cabbage leaves responded differently to infections with a virulent strain of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) 8004 and two strains (85-10 and Bv5-4a.1) of non-host bacteria X. campestris pv. vesicatoria (Xcv). Non-host bacteria triggered a rapid tissue collapse of the leaves showing as brown coloration at the infected sites, highly increased ion leakage, lipid peroxidation and accumulation of UV-stimulated autofluorescence materials at the inoculated sites. During the observed interactions, bacterial proliferations within the leaf tissues were significantly different. Bacterial number of Xcc 8004 progressively increased within the inoculated leaf tissues over time, while growths of two non-host bacteria Xcv strains were distinctly limited. Expressions of pathogenesis-related genes, such as GST1, PR1, BGL2, VSP2, PR4 and LOX2, were differentially induced by host and non-host bacterial infections of X. campestris pathovars. These results indicated that rapid host cellular responses to the non-host bacterial infections may contribute to an array of defense reactions to the non-host bacterial invasion.

Studies on the Laboulbeniomycetes in Korea (I) (한국산(韓國産) 충생균류(蟲生菌類)에 대한 연구(硏究) (I))

  • Lee, Yong-Bo;Lee, Ji-Yul
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.177-192
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    • 1981
  • From a large number of insects collected by the athours, in Korea. various species of the Laboulbeniales have been obtained Seven species in four genera of these fungi which were found on several beetles of the. families Carabidae, Endomychidae, Staphylinidae are reported as new to Korea. They are as follows: Dichomyces biformis (Host: Philonthus micanticolis), D. furcifer (Host: Philonthus sp.), Enathromyces indicus (Host: Pheropsophus jessoensis), Laboulbenia exigus (Host: Chlaenius varricornis), L. flagellata (Host: Anisodactylus punctatipennis), L. vularis (Host: Bembidion oxyglimma, B. thermarum) and Rickia ancylopi (Ancylopus) melanocephalus). All the specimens studied are deposited in the Biological Laboratory of Educational College, Cho Sun University.

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Early-type host galaxies of Type II and Ib supernovae

  • Suh, Hye-Won;Yoon, Sung-Chul;Jeong, Hyun-Jin;Yi, Suk-Young K.
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.57.2-57.2
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    • 2011
  • Recent studies find that some early-type galaxies host Type II or Ibc supernovae (SNe II, Ibc). This may imply recent star formation activities in these SNe host galaxies, but a massive star origin of the SNe Ib so far observed in early-type galaxies has been questioned because of their intrinsic faintness and unusually strong Ca lines shown in the nebular phase. To address the issue, we investigate the properties of early-type SNe host galaxies using the data with Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) ultraviolet photometry and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey optical data. Our sample includes eight SNe II and one peculiar SN Ib (SN 2000ds) host galaxies as well as 32 SN Ia host galaxies. The host galaxy of SN 2005cz, another peculiar SN Ib, is also analyzed using the GALEX data and the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database optical data. We find that the NUV?optical colors of SN II/Ib host galaxies are systematically bluer than those of SN Ia host galaxies, and some SN II/Ib host galaxies with NUV - r colors markedly bluer than the others exhibit strong radio emission. We perform a stellar population synthesis analysis and find a clear signature of recent star formation activities in most of the SN II/Ib host galaxies. Our results generally support the association of the SNe II/Ib hosted in early-type galaxies with core collapse of massive stars. We briefly discuss implications for the progenitors of the peculiar SNe Ib 2000ds and 2005cz.

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Modulation at the Virus-Host Interface Affects Immune Outcome and Disease Pathogenesis

  • Tripp, Ralph A.
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.163-167
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    • 2013
  • The dynamics of the virus-host interface in the response to respiratory virus infection is not well-understood; however, it is at this juncture that host immunity to infection evolves. Respiratory viruses have been shown to modulate the host response to gain a replication advantage through a variety of mechanisms. Viruses are parasites and must co-opt host genes for replication, and must interface with host cellular machinery to achieve an optimal balance between viral and cellular gene expression. Host cells have numerous strategies to resist infection, replication and virus spread, and only recently are we beginning to understand the network and pathways affected. The following is a short review article covering some of the studies associated with the Tripp laboratory that have addressed how respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) operates at the virus-host interface to affects immune outcome and disease pathogenesis.

Improved Performance of White Phosphorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes through a Mixed-Host Structure

  • Lee, Jong-Hee;Lee, Jeong-Ik;Chu, Hye-Yong
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.642-646
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    • 2009
  • Highly efficient white phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with a mixed-host structure are developed and the device characteristics are studied. The introduction of a hole-transport-type host (N, N'-dicarbazolyl-3-3-benzen (mCP)) into an electron-transport-type host (m-bis-(triphenylsilyl)benzene (UGH3)) as a mixed-host emissive layer effectively achieves higher current density and lower driving voltage. The peak external quantum and power efficiency with the mixed-host structure improve up to 18.9% and 40.9 lm/W, respectively. Moreover, this mixed-host structure device shows over 30% enhanced performance compared with a single-host structure device at a luminance of 10,000 $cd/m^2$ without any change in the electroluminescence spectra.

Ophthalmic diseases caused by parasitic infections and its prevention (기생충 감염에 의한 안질환과 예방)

  • Joo, Kyung Bok;Roh, Pyong Ui
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 2002
  • The infection of parasites causes all kinds of parasitosis. The parasites that causes ophthalmic diseases are Protozoa, Nematodes, Cestodes and so on. These parasites has specific connection chains in between parasite and vector, parasite and host, host and host. If these connection chains were polluted or exposed into the worsened environments, the parasite are infected into human body which is its host. The parasite causes the destroy of organic tissues or inflammation and allergic responses by its toxicity and resistance of the host. In worst case, it might cause blindness. In order to prevent these disease, we should keep the clean and clear living environment of every human being.

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High performance guest-host liquid crystal display mode using the charged particles (대전입자를 이용한 고성능 Guest-Host 액정 디스플레이 모드)

  • Mun, Byung-June;Youn, Sung-Ho;Lee, Gi-Dong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1512-1517
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we proposed the novel hybrid guest-host liquid crystal display using the negative charged black particles in order to improve the low contrast ratio. We designed patterned electrode in order to switch the charged particle to the opposite electrode and improved the electro-optical characteristics by optimize the mixture of guest materials. In Comparison with the Heilmeier Guest-Host mode, proposed hybrid guest-host structure showed 80% reduction of transmittance in dark state, and the performance was examined by comparing contrast ratio.

A Performance Comparison Routing Protocols for control Mobile Host (Mobile Host 제어를 위한 Routing Protocol 성능 비교)

  • 김탁근;이광재;김동일
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.129-132
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    • 2001
  • The ad hoc network was composed of Mobile hosts. Due to the limited transmission range of each mobile node hosts, in such an environment, it is essential for other hosts to coorperate to transfer packet to destination. Moreover, the existing routing protocol algorithms are not efficient on the ad hoc network because a mobile host operates router without fixed router. In this paper, we will compare and analysis for the performance of existing ad hoc network routing protocols through simulation.

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A Study on a QoS Provisioning for Host-to-Host in Diffserv Network (Diffserv Network에서 Host 간의 QoS 보장에 관한 연구)

  • 김정윤;박재성;유인태;변옥환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.202-204
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    • 2003
  • 변화하는 인터넷 환경에서의 005 보장은 빼놓을 수 없는 중요한 과제로 각종 제안들이 나오고 있다. 본 논문에서는 IETF(Internet Engineering Task Force)에서 제안한 Diffserv 네트워크에서 Host-to-Host의 QoS 보장에 관하여 다루었으며, DSCP(Differentiated Service Codepoint)값의 설정을 Edge Router가 아닌 Host에서 수행하여 경계라우터의 Traffic 부하를 줄이고, MWRR2(Modified Weighted Round Robin Mode2) 방식의 스케줄링을 통해 더욱더 향상된 Diffserv network에서의 Host-to-Host QoS를 제공하는 것이 목적이다. 본 논문은 IETF에서 제안된 Diffserv 방식과 본 논문에서 제안된 Diffserv 방식의 효율성 입증을 위하여, ns2 시뮬레이션을 사용하여, 비교 분석하였다.

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