• Title, Summary, Keyword: Horticultural Therapy

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The Effect of an Occupational Therapeutic Intervention Program using Horticultural Therapy on Cognition and Daily Living Performance of the Elderly with Dementia (원예치료를 적용한 작업치료적 중재 프로그램이 치매노인의 인지기능 및 일상생활수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Myong-Hwa;Kim, Jung-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2012
  • Objective : This study aims to identify the effect of an occupational therapeutic intervention program including horticultural therapy on cognition and daily living performance of the elderly with dementia. Methods : For the purpose, the study measured the changes before and after the therapy, targeting sixteen women with dementia who were living in nursery facilities. We used MMSE-K to analyse the cognition, and evaluated daily living performance using K-MBI(p<.05). Results : The results of the study were presented as follows: 1. To identify changes of MMSE-K before and after the therapy between the control and test groups. As a result, it was discovered that MMSE-K of the control group was $16.25{\pm}1.38$ before the therapy and $16.00{\pm}.92$ after the therapy, which indicated no significant differences, but MMSE-K of the test group was $16.00{\pm}1.51$ before the therapy and $17.87{\pm}1.35$ after the therapy, which was statistically significant (p<.05). 2. To identify changes in daily living performance(K-MBI) between the two groups before and after the therapy, and it was discovered that scores of the control group were $74.00{\pm}1.30$ before the therapy and $74.25{\pm}1.16$ after the therapy, which showed no significant difference, but those of the test group were $73.75{\pm}1.28$ before the therapy and $76.37{\pm}1.30$ after the therapy, which was statistically significant(p<.05). Conclusion : Based on the results above, it was demonstrated that the an occupational therapeutic intervention program including horticultural therapy had a positive effect on cognition and daily living performance of elderly women with dementia and it is suggested that the results can be used as basic data for clinical intervention of the elderly with dementia.

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A Comparison of Exercise Intensity between Two Horticultural and Four Common Physical Activities among Male Adults in Their 20s

  • Park, Sin-Ae;Lee, A-Young;Lee, Ho-Sang;Lee, Kwan-Suk;Son, Ki-Cheol
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed to identify the exercise intensity associated with four common physical activities for adults (running, skipping rope, walking, and muscle strength exercises) and two horticultural activities (creating a vegetable bed and garden maintenance). For this experiment, 19 males (mean age: $25.8{\pm}2.3$ years) randomly participated in the activities at a glasshouse at Konkuk University. Each of the six activities lasted for 5 minutes; the subjects rested for 5 minutes during intervals between the activities. A portable metabolic analyzer was used to store the oxygen and energy consumption values obtained upon measurement of each activity. In addition, a wireless heart rate monitor was used to measure the subjects' heart rate. According to the results, the four types of physical activities and two horticultural activities carried out by the subjects are moderate- to high-intensity activities [i.e., $3.8{\pm}0.9$ to $9.9{\pm}2.1$ metabolic equivalents (METs)]. Running ($9.9{\pm}2.1$ METs) and skipping rope ($8.8{\pm}2.2$ METs) were categorized as high-intensity physical activities, whereas creating a vegetable bed ($5.0{\pm}1.2$ METs), walking ($4.9{\pm}0.8$ METs), muscle strength exercises ($4.5{\pm}1.3$ METs), and garden maintenance ($3.8{\pm}0.9$ METs) were classified as moderate-intensity physical activities. The exercise intensities of horticultural activities in this study were similar to those of walking and muscle strength exercises. Therefore, participating in these horticultural activities is expected to garner health benefits similar to those reaped from the physical activities described in the current study.

Horticultural Activities Using Colorful Food for the Improvement of Emotional Intelligence and the Reduction of Unbalanced Vegetable Diet of Young Children (유아의 채소편식 감소와 정서지능 향상을 위한 컬러푸드 원예활동)

  • Son, Hyo-Jung;Song, Jong-Eun;Son, Ki-Cheol
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.772-783
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    • 2015
  • This study focuses on horticultural activities using colorful food to reduce diets unbalanced in vegetables and to increase emotional intelligence. Horticultural activities using colorful food vegetables were based on 'Health in Daily Life' in the '7th Kindergarten Curriculum'; to improve the dietary habits of the young children, the program was also linked with a parents' education program. The research was conducted with a total of 70 children from classes for four-year-olds in three child-care centers located in Seoul. The horticultural activities based upon nutrition education included activities using colorful food vegetables and nutrition education. For the nutrition education group, only nutrition education was provided, while neither horticultural activities nor nutrition education were provided to the control group. The study was conducted from September to December 2011. A total of twelve sessions were conducted once a week for 60 minutes each. According to the result, after the horticultural activities with colorful food vegetable were conducted, both the nutrition education group and horticultural activity & nutrition education group showed improvements in 'Nutrition Knowledge' compared to the control group. Regarding 'Unbalanced Diet Behaviors', the horticultural activities & nutrition education group showed meaningful decreases compared to the control group. Moreover for preference of fruits and vegetables, the horticultural activities & nutrition education group revealed meaningful improvements. In conclusion, colorful food vegetable horticultural activity could be an effective approach to resolve the imbalance of health caused by unbalanced diets as children who participated in the colorful food vegetable horticultural activities continued to respond spontaneously to the colors of vegetables and fruits and showed joy and kept voluntarily eating them.

Inhibitory effect of Panax ginseng and Pleurotus osteratus complex on expression of cytokine genes induced by extract of Dermatophagoides pteronissinus in human monocytic THP-1 and EoL-1 cells

  • Park, Kyeong Hun;Lee, Eun Suk;Jin, Yong Ik;Myung, Kyung Sun;Park, Hong Woo;Park, Chun Geon;Kong, Won Sik;Kim, Young Ock
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 2016
  • A recent study reported that Pleurotus ostreatus has the potential to be used as a ${\beta}-glucan-based$ cream for supportive complementary therapy of atopic dermatitis. KH054 is a new herbal prescription consisting of P. ostreatus and Panax ginseng. The effects of atopic dermatitis-induced materials on the expression of cytokine genes in human monocytes (THP-1, EoL- 1) have been examined. Some reports demonstrated that P. ginseng augments the activity of natural killer cells, which plays an important role in innate immunity against infection and tumor development. Monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-8 have important roles in mediating the infiltration of various cells into the skin of atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. The present study investigated whether KH054 on induced IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 secretion by house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronissinus) in THP-1 (human acute monocytic leukemia) and EoL-1(Human eosinophilic leukemia) cell. D. pteronissinus functions in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, including atopic dermatitis and asthma. The inhibitory effect of KH054 on the induction of IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 secretion by D. pteronissinus extract in THP-1 and EoL-1 cells was examined. KH054 potently suppressed the elevated production of IL-6 and IL-8 induced by D. pteronissinus treatment in THP-1 and EoL-1 cells. Based on the present results, KH054 may be useful for developing functional foods to treat atopic dermatitis.

Improving Work Adjustment Skills in Students with Mental Retardation Using Hydroponics Program (수경재배 프로그램을 통한 지적 장애학생의 직업적응력 증진)

  • Joo, Byung-Sik;Park, Sin-Ae;Son, Ki-Cheol
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.586-595
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of horticultural therapy (HT) program using hydroponics on work adjustment skills of students with mental retardation. Based on the critical role transitional model and special education curriculum for agriculture, especially hydroponics, HT program (total 22 sessions) using hydroponics procedure for Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. 'Asia Heuk Romaine') was developed. Fourteen (10 males, 4 females) graded $1^{st}$ to $2^{nd}$ with intellectual disabilities were recruited from a special education class in a high school located in Inchon, Korea and then a special farm for hydroponics in Inchon, Korea was offered for the HT program. The students with intellectual disabilities participated in the HT program for 4-month (from September to December of 2011, twice a week, approximately 60 minutes per session). Before and after the HT program, the McCarron assessment neuromuscular development, emotional behavioral checklist, interpersonal negotiation strategies, and KEPAD picture vocational interest test were performed by the teachers and horticultural therapists. As the results, the students significantly improved motor performance (p = 0.002), emotional behavioral strategies (p = 0.00), and interpersonal negotiation strategies (p = 0.05). However, no significant difference between before and after the HT program for vocational interest was observed. In conclusion, the HT program using hydroponics, consists of simple and easy tasks so that it would be applicable for the students with intellectual disabilities positively affected to work adjustment skills by improving the motor performance, emotional behavioral strategies, and interpersonal negotiation strategies. Additionally, HT programs using hydroponics with various kinds of vegetables are required to develop and to apply in practical settings for improving work adjustment skills.

Evaluation of Horticultural Therapy on the Emotional Improvement of Depressed Patients by Using Heart Rate Variability (심박변이도를 이용한 우울증 환자의 정서개선에 미치는 원예치료 효과 분석)

  • Song, Mi-Jin;Kim, Mi-Young;Sim, Iee-Sung;Kim, Wan-Soon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1066-1071
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    • 2010
  • To evaluate the effect of horticultural therapy (HT) on the emotional improvement of depressed patients, computer-based heart rate variability (HRV) was compared with self-report scale (SRS) known as existing subjective evaluation method. SRS included four test areas: mental stress scale (MSS), physical stress scale (PSS), Beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and Beck depression inventory (BDI). HRV was itemized into four parameters: standard deviation of the N-N intervals (SDNN), square root of mean squared difference of successive N-N intervals (RMSSD), total power (TP), and low-frequency/high-frequency ratio (LF/HF ratio). Thirty patients with depression at the same mental hospital participated in this study. 15 patients of the treatment group received HT once a week for three months, but the control group did not during the same period. As a result, the emotional improvement in treatment group was clearly identified through HRV as well as SRS. The significant difference was shown at three test areas (MSS, BAI, and BDI, $p$ < 0.001) in SRS and at one parameter (total power, $p$ < 0.05) in HRV. There was noticeable increase in SDNN, RMSSD, and LF/HF ratio in treatment group after HT activity, but no significant difference. Although all parameters of HRV did not show significance, the possibility of HRV as an objective evaluation method to HT was recognized in this study. These results also implied that HT was efficient in the mental and physical regeneration of the depressed patients in both subjective and objective evaluation methods.

An Analysis of the Cross-Relation Between Self-Speculated MBTI Personality Types and Horticultural Preferences (자기추측 MBTI 성격유형과 원예선호도간 관련성 분석)

  • Jeong, Seon Hee;Lee, Sang Mi;Huh, Moo Ryong
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2017
  • A chi-square test was performed in terms of MBTI personality types and horticultural preferences, where the MBTI personality types were obtained from the predicted results from the typical expressions of the Korean Psychological Testing Institute's self-speculation MBTI preference indicator. The analysis results were organized into two types: intuition type and sensing type. The results suggest that the intuition type preferred the herbs with fragrances, while the sensing type showed their preference towards flowering plants. Also, there were significant differences between the intuitive and sensing types with respect to 'five senses that are the most stimulating in the horticultural process', 'plant characteristics' and 'interesting horticultural activities', which imply that different types have different choices. In the comparison between thinking type and feeling type, the thinking type showed their interest in the overall shape of the plant, while the feeling type showed their first interest in the flowers of the plants. The result showed that thinking type and feeling type had a significant difference in terms of 'degree of preferences in horticultural activities', 'initially interested plant tissues', 'five senses that are the most stimulating in the horticultural process' and 'effects of horticultural activities'. Regarding the judging type and perceiving type in their choices of plant characteristics, the judging type preferred flower plants, while perceiving type preferred herbs with fragrances. The results of self-speculation MBTI personality test showed significant differences according to the personality types, regarding the most interested plant tissue and plant characteristics, which leads to a difference in their choices.

Development and Effects of Horticulture Therapy on Quality of Sleep and Immune Function in Patients in Hospice Units (병동형 호스피스 환자를 위한 원예요법의 개발 및 수면의 질과 면역기능에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Chung Nam;Song, Mi Ok;Kwon, Yun Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The study was done to examine the development and effects of horticulture therapy on quality of sleep and immune function in patients in hospice units. Methods: The participants in this study were hospice patients in D hospital in D city. Thirty hospice patients were assigned to the experimental group, thirty to the control group. Data were collected from April 29 to July 26, 2009. The horticulture therapy program consisted of indoor and outdoor horticultural activities. The horticulture therapy was conducted for 30 minutes, 6 times a week for 3 weeks (a total 18 times). Measures were quality of sleep, and immune function by serum T-cell, NK-cell count. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test and t-test with SPSS/WIN 13.0 version. Results: Patients in the experimental group receiving horticulture therapy had a significant difference in changes in the quality of sleep compared to the control group. There were also a significant difference in changes in the immune function (serum T cell and serum NK cell) between the experimental group and control group. Conclusion: The study results indicate that horticulture therapy developed for hospice patients is an effective, palliative intervention program to improve the quality of sleep and immune function of hospice patients.

Analysis of Brain Waves Before and After Plant Cutting Procedure

  • Lee, Sang Mi;Gim, Gyung Mee;Jeong, Seon Hee;Jeong, Sun Jin;Han, Kyung Sook;Chea, Young;Jang, Yoonah;Lee, Sook;Jang, Hyun Jin
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.379-392
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze brain waves before and after the plant cutting procedure in 34 adult subjects. After plant cutting procedure, RT(Relative power of theta) decreased and RB(Relative power of beta), RMB(Relative power of mid beta), RHB(Relative power of high beta), RST(Ratio of SMR to theta spectrum), RMT(Ratio of mid beta to theta), and RSMT(Ratio of SMR~mid beta to theta) increased, while RA(Relative power of alpha), RLB(Relative power of low beta), and RG(Relative power of gamma) did not change significantly. The decrease in the RT indicator means that the cutting did not cause anxiety as a stable work rather than a high level task. Therefore, it is considered that the cutting activity can be applied to the subjects with low cognitive level such as children, dementia, and intellectual disabilities and those who should avoid the psychological burden due to the performance of the work. The increases in RB, RMB, and RHB indicators mean a state of mental awakening, inducing concentration similar to meditation. Therefore, the activity of cutting can be applied to people who use psychological energy in daily life, psychological confusion, excessive unnecessary thought, troublesome problems. The increases in the RST, RMT, and RSMT indicators mean an increase in concentration. Therefore, it is possible to apply the cutting activity for the purpose of strengthening the attention and intensifying induction. The results of this study are meaningful that it was confirmed that the cutting activity could induce the brain to be awakened by inducing concentration through conscious activities without giving an intellectual anxiety or psychological burden.