• Title, Summary, Keyword: Horticultural Therapy

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The Effect of Horticultural Therapy on Cognitive Function, Self-esteem, Depression and ADL of Elderly with Dementia (원예요법이 치매노인의 인지기능, 자아존중감, 우울 및 일상생활수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Park Jeong Sook;Lee Hyun Gi;Kim Mi Eun
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.69-82
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of horticultural therapy on cognitive function, self-esteem, depression and activities of daily living of elderly with dementia. Method: The research design was an one group pre and post-test study design. The subjects of this study were 7 elderly with dementia in K elderly institution in Daegu. Instruments used in this research were MMSE-K(Mini-mental state Examination Korean Version) developed by Kwon & Park, SES(Self-Esteem Scale) developed by Rosenberg. SDS(Self-Rating Depression Scale) developed by Zung and BADL(Bathel Activity Daily Living) developed by Bethel. One-hour horticultural therapy was offered to the study participants weekly for 12 weeks. Results: The results showed that self-esteem was significantly increased after the horticultural therapy. However, in terms of cognitive function. depression and ADL, there was no significant change after the horticultural therapy among these elderly. Conclusion: In this research. there were no obvious change in cognitive function. depression, and ADL after the horticultural therapy among participants. Although the difference was not statistically significant. descriptive statistics showed some difference in scores on these variables after the intervention. So, it is suggested to conduct a further research with larger samples and pre and post-test design with control group.

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The Effect of Positive Horticultural Therapy on the Self-respect, Personality and Talent of Elderly Women

  • Han, Sung Ju
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of positive horticultural therapy (PHT) on the self-respect and the personality and talent in elderly women. Elderly women were divided into 2 groups as the control and the experimental group, which performed a positive horticultural therapy program for eight weeks. The results were summarized as follows: self-respect was recognized in all factors of 'Self-confidence, cooperative mind, optimistic mind, satisfaction, self-respect, presence, positive outlook, accomplishment, and sense of excellence' Positive horticultural therapy programs were positively related to improving self-respect and quality of life of the elderly women (p<.01). The personality and talent score of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group in all factors: '[t]he pursuit of meaning, personal relationships, reliability, sincerity/acceptance, compassion, sympathy, being earnest, responsibility, self-awareness, altruism, respect and praise for others, and grace' (p<.01). Also it can be confirmed that it has a positive effect on the mental, physical, and social lives of the elderly women. Therefore, positive horticultural therapy with horticultural therapy and positive psychology, be confirms that the above results are very useful for improving the self-respect and quality of life in elderly women; also, it can be suggested that the above results are very useful for improving self-respect or quality of life of various objects.

An Analysis of the Healing Effects of Forest Therapy and Horticultural Therapy (숲치유와 원예치료의 치유효과 분석)

  • Park, Sun-A;Jeong, Moon-Sun;Lee, Myungwoo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2015
  • Stresses from desolate urban environments cause illnesses and worsen health conditions of urban residents, while natural environments have a positive influence on human. Natural healing programs such as forest therapy and horticultural therapy can be differentiated by the characteristic of activity space. However, previous studies of healing programs have focused on either forest therapy or horticulture therapy and there is a limit to comprehending the effects of adopting and connecting various healing programs. This study compares and analyzes the physiological and psychological effects of forest therapy and horticultural therapy to identify the effects and differences by types of healing programs. The before and after effects of horticultural therapy and forest therapy are measured by experiment and survey for 5 days with 5 subjects in each program. For physiological reaction, blood pressure, pulse, and cortisol levels are measured and the profile of moods states(POMS) is used to measure psychological reaction. Collected data are analyzed with the analysis of variance(ANOVA) and Paired-Sample T-test in SPSS 18.0. The results of this study are as follows: 1) forest therapy and horticultural therapy show positive effects in physiological and physiological aspects, 2) forest therapy is more effective than horticultural therapy in physiological relaxation and stress mitigation, 3) horticultural therapy has a tendency to alleviate depression more effectively than forest therapy. In conclusion, this study contributes to providing fundamental information for the development of healing programs and design guidelines for healing spaces through identifying the characteristics of each healing program.

Horticultural Therapy Program for Multicultural Groups

  • Kim, H.D.;Kim, K.J.;Yoo, E.H.
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.67-70
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    • 2011
  • In 2006, 41% of newly-married Korean men living in agriculture or fishery area were married to foreign wives. These foreign wives suffer social, cultural, and psychological maladjustment. They need support in understanding Korean culture & language, economic independence, and mental health. This horticultural therapy program (HT program) was practiced to help the foreign wives gain emotional stability, to help them adapt to rural society, and to help them improve the relationship with their families. The participants of this HT program were 10 foreign wives, 5 Chinese, 2 Vietnamese, 1 Japanese, 1 Thai, and 1 Filipina. Total sessions were 12, and each session lasted for two hours. This program started April and ended July in 2007. After this program, self-esteem of participants increased from 29.6 to 33.5, and stress decreased from 77.3 to 64.7. Participants also expressed sense of satisfaction and accomplishment after the program.

Effect of Horticultural Therapy on the Stress and Serum Cortisol of Demented Elders (원예치료가 치매노인의 스트레스 및 혈중 코티졸 호르몬에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Suk-Young;Choi, Byung-Jin
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.891-894
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted in order to examine the effects of horticultural therapy on stress in demented elders, and for this purpose, we analyzed stress-related physiological changes in demented elders under the care of an elderly facility who had not taken medication and consented to blood tests. The horticultural therapy program included only flower decoration, which was preferred by the participants, aiming ultimately to reduce stress. First, a one-to-one session was given for forming rapport and the horticultural therapist had many conversations about plants with the elders. Furthermore, the participants were induced to be absorbed into the horticultural activities, though a short while, so that they might forget troubles. Evaluation was made by measuring subjective stress and the blood cortisol hormone concentration before and after the horticultural therapy and examining differences between them. Subjective stress increased from 12.88 to 17.88 in the control group, but decreased significantly from 13.88 before the therapy to 6.38 after in the experimental group (p = 0.007). When the blood cortisol hormone level was measured as a physiological indicator of stress, it decreased significantly from $11.33{\mu}g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ before the horticultural therapy to $9.85{\mu}g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ after (p = 0.037). These results suggest that horticultural therapy reduces the blood cortisol hormone level and is effective in easing stress.

Effects of Horticultural Therapy on the Introduction of Logotherapy for Relieving Loneliness and Helplessness of Senior Citizens (의미요법을 도입한 원예치료가 노인의 고독감과 무력감 완화에 미치는 효과)

  • Jo, Ju Young;Lee, Ho yeon
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of horticultural therapy program introducing logotherapy to relieve senior citizens from loneliness and helplessness. 24 senior citizens registered in C Senior Welfare Center located in Chung-cheongbuk-do were selected to be subject of this study. 12 senior citizens were assigned to the experimental group and went through a horticultural therapy program, the other 12 senior citizens were assigned to the control group, and no specific program was applied. As a result, the experimental group which went through a horticultural therapy program shown a statistical significance in relieving their loneliness and helplessness, while the control group did not show any statistical significance. In this respect, this study concludes that horticultural therapy introducing logotherapy, can be useful for senior citizens to relieve their loneliness and helplessness.

"Green Harmony" - The Horticultural Therapy Program for Holistic Health of College Students ("그린 하모니" - 대학생의 전인건강을 위한 원예치료 프로그램)

  • Choi, Min-Hee;Lee, In-Sook;Cho, Tae-Dong;Suh, Jeung-Keun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.1437-1444
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    • 2010
  • This research was to find out the effectiveness of the horticultural therapy program based on the therapeutic factors and the most meaningful experiences of the clients. For this purpose "Green harmony" program focused on harmony through horticulture was implemented. It is based on the preposition that holistic health is promoted with harmonious relationships with oneself, other people, community and nature. The program has three-fold structure: In innermost it deals with the task of the late adolescent, i.e., self identity, secondly the experience of communication and solidarity in the group, and finally extension of interest to the community. For the therapeutic intervention, questions using the metaphor of the activity were given to the clients for the establishment of self-identity, while group activity and the donation of the works let the second and third purpose accomplished. Outdoor activity, 'Tire garden project', has provided the clients with chances of the contact with nature, cooperation with other group members, and a contest to provoke enthusiasm. Also recycling and greening of the community were possible by utilizing old tires for the containers and by donating the final works to the community. For the evaluation of the result, the effect of the program on the stress of the college students was tested, and the most meaningful experiences during the participation to the program were asked to identify the therapeutic factors acknowledged by clients. "Green harmony" program has brought positive effects on the stress of the clients in spite of relatively short period of five weeks. The clients has acknowledged plant/nature contact and interactions between group members for the most meaningful experiences. This research suggests "Green harmony" horticultural therapy program based on the therapeutic factors is highly applicable for the general populations.

Meta-Analysis of Research Papers on Horticultural Therapy Program Effect (원예치료 효과 검증을 위한 연구논문의 메타분석)

  • Jang, Eu-Jean;Han, Go-Wun;Hong, Jong-Won;Yoon, Sung-Eun;Pak, Chun-Ho
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.701-707
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    • 2010
  • To analyze the effectiveness of horticultural therapy reported in research papers, a meta-analysis was carried out with 108 of 377 Korean and overseas research papers on horticultural therapy from 1985 to February 2009 (196 Korean dissertations, 113 Korean journal articles, 5 overseas dissertations, and 63 overseas journal articles). The results revealed a large effect size of 0.71. The effectiveness according to the type, age and number of participants were also analyzed. The therapy was most effective in children, and it was more beneficial for children with special needs and elderly people affected by dementia than for the typical population. The greatest effect was found with group sizes of five people or less, and when carried out by researchers from departments related to horticultural therapy than by researchers from unrelated fields of study. The most effective horticultural therapy programs involved floral decorations; and participants who took part in 21 to 30 sessions or at least 31 sessions benefited the most. Among the main effects of short-term horticultural therapy are cognitive, social, physical and emotional; the greatest effect was observed in the physical domain.

Effects of Horticultural Activities Designed to Stimulate Five Senses on the Sensory Development of Children

  • Yun, Hae Soon;Yun, Suk Young;Choi, Byung Jin
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.369-378
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to look into the effect of horticultural activities designed to stimulate five senses on a child's sensory development. This study selected 22 children at 'H' child community center located in D city as research subjects, and conducted a program consisting of 12 sessions (once a week) from January 4 to March 29, 2017. Each session's horticultural activities were designed to stimulate all five senses in children. The research results are as follows: first, the control group didn't show any significance in changes of attention concentration by sense before/after implementing the program, but in case of the experimental group, all senses but a major hand tactile sense were found significantly improved. For visual sense assessments, selective attention was improved from 4.5 scale before implementing the horticultural activity to 7.6 scale(p=.000); sustained attention was improved from 4.3 scale before implementing the activity to 7.8 scale after implementing the activity(p=.000); self-control was improved from 4.3 scale before implementing the activity to 7.3 scale (p=.000), and in case of tactile concentration, a non-major hand dexterity was enhanced from 29.6 seconds before implementing the activity to 23.2 seconds(p=.000) after implementing the activity, but a major hand didn't show any significant change. In the measurement of auditory concentration, it was significantly improved from 9.4 score before implementing the activity to 12.2 score (p=.001) after implementing the activity. Olfactory concentration was also significantly improved from 1.2 score before implementing the activity to 2.2 score(p=.002) after implementing it. Taste concentration was also found improved significantly from 4.3 score before implementing the activity to 5.6 score(p=.001) after implementing it. The results suggest that applying horticultural activities that can stimulate all five senses using natural objects familiar and interesting to children will be effective for sensory development of children.

Horticultural Therapy: Job Analysis, Performance Evaluation, and Educational Needs (원예치료사의 직무 및 수행평가와 교육요구 분석)

  • Kim, Soo-Yun;Park, Sin-Ae;Son, Ki-Cheol;Lee, Chan
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.887-900
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to provide a job analysis for, and assess the job performance of horticultural therapists, as well as examine future educational needs. To this end, a chart developed using the DACUM method was chosen as the appropriate tool for the job analysis of horticultural therapists (Study 1). Based on the chart, a survey using an evaluation form was produced to investigate the current level of job performance and future required level of horticultural therapists (Study 2). A total of 8 duties and 45 tasks were classified to examine job performance, based on analysis of the DACUM Council (Study 1). These duties include A. Decide execution organization for horticultural therapy (HT) program, B. Diagnose and assess clients before starting the HT program, C. Plan HT program, D. Develop HT program, E. Prepare to implement HT program for each session, F. Implement HT program for each session, G. Implement overall assessment for HT program, and H. Develop oneself as a horticultural therapist. Their duties were broken down further into five to eight tasks per duty, totaling 45 tasks. Based on the horticultural therapist job performance sheet developed through this process, an assessment of the current job level of horticultural therapists was performed and future required level were examined (Study 2). The evaluation forms were sent to 779 horticultural therapists with level 1 or 2 certification via email or mail delivery. The analysis of 242 questionnaires (31.1%) revealed that horticultural therapists with level 1 certificates have a significantly higher job performance level for 34 of the 45 tasks. Regarding future required level, 20 out of 45 tasks were assessed as higher for level 1 horticultural therapists than level 2. In addition, a Borich formula was utilized to identify the priority of educational needs for the 45 horticultural therapist tasks. The results revealed the following top three tasks: H1. Receive feedback from the supervisor for the horticultural therapy program; A1. Distribute promotional materials about the horticultural therapy program; and H2. Submit a grant proposal for horticultural therapy program to organizations such as welfare foundations. The results of this study are anticipated to facilitate understanding and improve work conditions for current horticultural therapists or horticultural therapists-in-training. In addition, institutions that train horticultural therapists will be able to use this as basic research to develop a practical training curriculum.