• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Horticultural Therapy

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간호중재로서의 원예요법에 관한 고찰 (Study Review of Horticultural Therapy As a Nursing Intervention)

  • 김부영;김정선
    • 성인간호학회지
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.409-419
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    • 2001
  • The reference study was performed to investigate the nursing importance which was based a theoretical background related to horticultural therapy and to examine the possibility which horticultural therapy was applicable as a nursing intervention through analysis on a preceding study. The research subjects related to the areas of horticultural therapy which related as a nursing intervention, were psychological, physical, environmental, and psycho-social aspects. It is judged that the horticultural therapy is effective in treating depression, emotional disruption or anxiety. It seems to be also effective in increasing the muscular tension and, thereby, expanding the scope of joint movements. Such theories show that horticultural therapy may be a good alternative nursing means. Plants act to create a pleasant interior atmosphere by generating anion, controlling the temperature and humidity and purifying the air, and therefore, the horticultural therapy may be applied to clinic or environmental therapy. When horticultural therapy is used as a nursing intervention, patients' sociopsychological needs may be fulfilled. It has been found that horticultural therapy is instrumental in treating perceptive or emotional disruption, depression, loss of self-respect, disrupted everyday activities and social behaviors. In particular, horticultural therapy seems to be effective in managing chronic patients' crisis or improving life quality. Intervention method applied on a preceding study was activity therapy and scene therapy in the horticultural therapy The above findings suggest that the pro-environmental horticultural therapy is useful as a new paradigm of nursing or holistic nursing conducive to improvement of health. So, it is desirable to prove its effects by applying it in the clinic. In order to apply horticultural therapy as a nursing intervention, it will be necessary to educate nurses on principles and methods of horticultural therapy and encourage them to apply it in nursing and clinics. Moreover, it may well be necessary to develop landscape therapy as nursing intervention as well as a variety of horticultural therapy programs befitting the clinic conditions. On the other hand, we need to provide for some scientific ground for horticultural therapy through continued studies. In this regard, this study which focuses on patients' health improvement through change of environment. may well provide for a framework for such studies.

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국내 노인에게 적용한 원예치료의 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰 (Effects of Horticultural Therapy for the Korean Elderly : A Systematic Literature Review)

  • 김주현;권성복;김현주;최경혜;이향미
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to ascertain the effectiveness of horticultural therapy by analyzing researches on horticultural therapy applied to elderly Koreans. Methods: We evaluated 401 research papers including dissertations on horticultural therapy applied to elderly Koreans from Jan. 2000 to Feb. 2016. We reviewed the appropriate 12 papers among them for the final analysis. Results: Horticultural therapy had physiological and psychosocial effects. First of all, it showed the physiological effects of reducing stress hormones. Outdoor horticultural therapy improved the gross motor movements of the body. Indoor horticulture therapy improved delicate cognitive & operating functions. Second, horticultural therapy showed the psychosocial effects of reducing depression and improving cognitive functions, language abilities, comprehension, daily activity, life satisfaction and sociality. But the effects appeared differently dependent on the implementation protocol & period of horticultural therapy, as well as the professionalism of the therapists. Therefore, if horticultural therapy were to be administered through nursing, it should be based on its key principle, in other words, the principle of action-interaction-response of horticultural therapy. Conclusion: The results of this study will be useful for developing therapeutic interventions through nursing. Also they will be helpful in applying horticultural therapy programs in nursing practice.

Comparison of Horticultural Therapy in Korea and Japan: History, Inspiration, and Education

  • Zhang, Won Tae;Yun, Suk Young;Choi, Byung Jin
    • 인간식물환경학회지
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.533-543
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to examine how the horticultural therapy that was originated in the US has influenced South Korea and Japan and developed in the two countries as an interim check to promote qualitative growth of horticultural therapy with the growing social attention. It also aimed to look into the background of how horticultural therapy was introduced in Japan (which introduced horticultural therapy around the same time as Korea), and the process of the introduction, and compare them with those of Korea in order to set the direction for horticultural therapy. Data was collected to prepare the chronological table of horticultural therapy in Korea and Japan and investigate the flow. Interviews were conducted with the professors who first opened a horticultural therapy course in university so as to determine the introduction background. The analysis results are summarized as follows: Horticultural therapy was created to give mental comfort and emotional purification to those concerned with horticulture that had concerns over social phenomena. In Korea, there had been a process of finding a way of getting mental comfort and emotional purification in the economic slowdown in the late 1990s. Since 2001, there have been more attention and demand for horticultural therapy. As a result, there has been a tendency of studying general horticultural welfare activities and professional horticultural therapy separately. In Japan, the environmental pollution that has arisen since 1970s led to a concern over social orientation in the relation between plants and humans. The academic conference of global researchers to establish the horticultural therapy studies influenced the introduction of horticultural therapy in Korea and Japan. Both countries had no operations and system, and developed them independently. They had similar directions to seek, such as the department of horticultural therapy, need for professional education, active introduction of hospital practice (internship), and security of operating budget. Horticultural therapy has many competencies and thus requires constant research and expansion.

Horticultural Therapy Program Based on Health Care Education for Stress Reduction of Hypertensive Patients

  • Jung, Soo Seon;Park, Sin Ae;Oh, Yun Ah;Son, Ki Cheol
    • 인간식물환경학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to analyze the effects of horticultural therapy program based on health care education on quality of life, stress, depression and anxiety of hypertensive patients, and to find effects on ability to control hypertension by continuing health care education and horticulture education. Subjects were 60 adult hypertension patients aged 30 to 64 at a hospital in K-gu, Seoul, aged 30 to 64. Experimental group of 30 patients received horticultural therapy program and control group of 30 patients did not receive horticultural therapy program. The horticultural therapy program was conducted for 60 minutes per session, twice a week, and total 8 times. This study was performed from 1. Aug. to 31. Oct. in 2015. Each session was based on contents of basic health care education and horticultural education. The programs were verified by 5 specialists in related fields (1 doctor, 2 nurses, 2 horticultural therapists). To prove effects of horticultural therapy program, patients' stress, depression, anxiety, quality of life and knowledge of hypertension and horticulture were estimated 3 times(before, after and 1 month after the experiment). SPSS (Version 22 for Windows) was used for t-test of independent sample, which analyzes demographic information and verifies homogeneity, and for t-test of matching sample which shows different effects between groups. As the results, horticultural therapy program based on health care education made significant positive effects on stress and quality of life of hypertensive patients. Moreover, the horticultural therapy program improved knowledge on horticulture and hypertension. However, there were no significant changes in control group. This result shows that the horticultural therapy program based on health care could relive stress and improve quality of life.

The Effect of Applying Learning Theory to Horticultural Therapy on Improving Personal Relationships in High School Students with Intellectual Disabilities

  • Jang, Iee-Hwa;Han, Kyung-Hee
    • 인간식물환경학회지
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.523-532
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    • 2018
  • In order to actively apply horticultural therapy to vocational education base schools, this study applied the learning theories based on behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism to improve the vocational skills of high school students with intellectual disabilities. The horticultural therapy program was carried out in total 12 sessions with three groups composed of 20 students each: 20 in the control group, 20 in the experimental group with a normal horticultural program, and 20 in the experimental group with a horticultural therapy program which applied the learning theories based on behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The results were analyzed with SPSS 12.0 using the Interpersonal Negotiation Strategies evaluation tool. The study found that in terms of interpersonal relationship, there was no significant difference between the pre and post tests within each group. However, in the post tests among the three groups, there was no significant difference between control group and experimental group with normal horticultural program (p=.82), but there was a significant difference between the control group and experimental group with the horticultural therapy program applying the learning theories based on behaviorism, cognitivism (p=.03). This proved that the horticultural therapy program applying the learning theories based on behaviorism, cognitivism is effective for improving interpersonal relationship. Ultimately the program is expected to be continuously, and systematically improved and applied as a learning method contributing to developing the basic vocational skills of persons with intellectual disabilities.

원예치료에서 식물.자연 접촉이 지니는 치료적 요인 연구동향과 전망 (Research Analysis of the Therapeutic Factors in the Contact with Plant.Nature in Horticultural Therapy)

  • 최민희;조태동;서정근
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.517-525
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    • 2010
  • Horticultural therapy is a complementary therapy by trained professionals utilizing plant and horticultural activities as media to pursue the positive change of clients, which resulting from stimuli of plant nature, activities, and interaction with other people. Outdoor horticultural activities provide clients with the opportunities of the contact to nature such as fresh air and sunlight as well as plants. But the importance of plant nature to client's health has not been fully acknowledged compared to that of therapist's role and activities in horticultural therapy in Korea. In horticultural therapy it is possible for client to participate on the various levels from passive viewing to active gardening according to the client's ability. Therefore it is necessary for horticultural therapists to consider the therapeutic factors of plant nature to maximize the therapeutic effect of horticultural therapy. The purpose of the research is to clarify the therapeutic factors in the contact of client with plant nature and to emphasize those importance in horticultural therapy. From the review of the experimental researches five therapeutic factors were revealed: Natural light, plant natural view, natural sound, aroma(volatile oils of plants), and plant itself. This paper raises the importance of outdoor activities in horticultural therapy and the necessity for severely handicapped clients to the contact with plant nature, though passively.

Reasoner's Building Self-esteem에 근거한 원예치료 프로그램이 청소년의 자아존중감에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Horticultural Therapy Program Based on Reasoner's Building Self-esteem for Juveniles)

  • 김혜지;이상미;서정근
    • 원예과학기술지
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.877-883
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 Reasoner's building self-esteem에 근거한 자아존중감 향상 원예치료 프로그램이 청소년의 자아존중감에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 실시되었다. 담당 지역사회교육 전문가(사회복지사)에게 추천 받은 중학생 14명 중 본 프로그램에 참여가 적합한 실험군 7명과 대조군 7명을 대상으로, 2009년 4월부터 2009년 7월까지 이루어졌다. 실험 결과, 실험군은 사후에 자아존중감 중위수가 높아졌고, 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 나타냈으나(p=$0.046^*$), 대조군은 사후에 자아존중감 중위수가 낮아졌으며 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았다(p=0.610). 자아존중감 하위영역별 점수 변화에서 실험군은 사회적 자아존중감에서 통계적으로 유의한 증가를 보였으나(p=$0.018^*$), 대조군은 모든 하위영역 점수에서 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았다. 본 연구결과를 통해 Reasoner's building self-esteem에 근거한 원예치료 프로그램이 청소년의 자아존중감 향상에 적절한 도구로 활용 가능함을 검증했다는 점에서 본 연구의 의의가 있으며, 향후 임상에서 활용할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.

원예치료정원의 성능개선을 위한 평가지표 개발 (A Development of Evaluation Indicators for Performance Improvement of Horticultural Therapy Garden)

  • 안제준;박율진
    • 한국전통조경학회지
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 치료적 목적의 달성을 위해 훈련받은 치료사(Horticultural Therapist)가 실시하는 원예활동에 대상자가 참여하는 치료(Therapy)의 공간으로서 '원예치료정원의 성능개선을 위한 평가지표 개발'에 관한 연구로서 원예치료는 대상자의 치료를 위한 '의학모형'이며 원예치료정원은 대상자와 원예치료사의 활동을 기능적이고 효율적으로 지원하는 특성화된 공간임을 기본 전제로 설정하였다. 연구의 수행을 위해 의도적 표집에 의해 모집된 전문가 패널을 대상으로 3차례의 델파이(Delphi)기법과 AHP기법을 수행하였으며, 이를 통해 원예치료정원의 성능개선을 위한 평가지표를 도출하였고, 각 평가지표들을 유형화, 계층화하여 평가항목의 우선순위를 파악하였다. 본 연구를 통한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 원예치료 관련 업무를 수행하는 공무원과 원예치료사를 대상으로 본 연구의 타당성을 확보하기 위한 전문가 설문을 실시하였으며, 분석결과 관련 공무원 75.2%, 원예치료사 87.8%로 두 직군 모두 원예치료정원에 대한 인식이 높았으며 원예치료를 실시함에 있어서 치료정원의 활용이 필요하다는 의견에 동의하는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 원예치료정원 성능평가를 위한 가중치가 적용된 평가지표 개발을 위해 총 3회에 걸쳐 델파이 조사를 실시하였다. 이후 두차례에 걸친 델파이 조사를 통해 타당도 및 신뢰도 분석 결과, 총 34개의 원예치료정원 성능개선을 위한 평가요소가 도출되었다. 셋째, 가중치가 적용된 원예치료정원의 성능개선을 위한 평가지표 개발을 위해 계층분석기법을 적용, 각 지표별 상대적 중요도 및 가중치를 분석한 결과 상위요인에서는 '자연과 인간의 상호작용'이 가장 중요한 요인으로 나타났으며, 다음으로는 '프로그램의 계획과 활용', '사회적 상호작용', '지속가능한 환경', '보편적 디자인'의 순으로 나타났다. 넷째, 전문가를 대상으로 원예치료정원 성능평가를 위한 가중치가 적용된 평가지표 개발을 위하여 종합가중치를 활용하였다. 평가지표의 가중치 적용은 평가점수에 AHP를 이용한 종합가중치를 곱하여 산출하는 것이 일반적이며 이러한 과정을 통해 평가지표들 간의 상대적인 우선순위를 토대로 가중치와 변환점수를 분석하여, '원예치료정원의 성능개선을 위한 평가지표 및 평가점수표'를 최종 작성하였다. 가중치가 적용된 평가표를 활용하여 기존에 조성된 원예치료정원의 효율성 증대를 위한 개선점을 도출할 경우, 전문가의 의견에 따른 항목별 중요도가 반영되어 있으므로 사항별 중요도를 판단하여 우선순위를 선정하여 개선할 수 있으며, 원예치료정원의 신규 조성 시에도 계획단계에서 원예치료 활동의 효율성 증대를 위한 방안으로 주요 지표를 미리 파악함으로서 가이드라인이 설정이나 기타 효율성 증대를 위한 방안을 제안하는데 도움이 될 것으로 판단된다.

원예요법프로그램이 여성 암생존자의 상태불안과 피로 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과 (Effects of Horticultural Therapy Program on State-Anxiety, Fatigue and Quality of Life among Women Cancer Survivors)

  • 오경옥;강문희;정관숙
    • 종양간호연구
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to examine the effects of horticultural therapy program on state-anxiety, fatigue and quality of life (QoL) of among women cancer survivors. Methods: Quasi-experimental study was used with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected from February to June, 2009. Participants consisted of 40 women cancer survivors in community. The experimental group participated in horticultural therapy program once a week for 18 weeks. Data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 18.0 program using ${\chi}^2$-test and t-test. Results: There were significant differences between the two groups in state-anxiety and QoL. Conclusion: The results of this study support that horticultural therapy program was effective in decreasing state-anxiety and improving QoL among women cancer survivors.

원예치료가 치매노인의 일상생활 수행능력과 인지기능에 미치는 영향 (Effect of the Horticultural Therapy on Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Function of Demented Old Adults)

  • 윤숙영;김홍열
    • 농업생명과학연구
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 원예치료가 치매노인의 일상생활 수행능력과 인지기능에 미치는 영향에 대해서 알아보고자 실시하였다. 연구방법은 시설에서 요양 중인 치매노인을 대상으로 정서적인 안정과 손 기능은 물론 인지기능을 강화하여 일상생활 수행능력을 향상시키고자 다양한 원예활동을 실시하였다. 원예치료 실시 전과 후의 일상생활 수행능력의 변화를 평가한 결과 대조군은 9.71점에서 9.21점으로 시간이 지날수록 일상생활 수행능력이 감소되었으나 실험군은 원예치료 실시 전 10.86점에서 실시 후 12.43점으로 일상생활 수행능력이 유의하게(p=.009) 향상되었다. 그리고 인지기능의 변화를 평가한 결과 대조군은 10.57점에서 9.07점으로 인지기능이 떨어졌으나 실험군은 원예치료 실시 전 10.43점에서 실시 후 13.29점으로 인지기능이 유의하게(p=0.003) 향상되었다. 이와 같이 치매노인에게 식물을 매개체로 하는 다양한 원예활동은 치매노인의 일상생활 수행능력뿐만 아니라 인지기능 향상에 효과적이었다.