• Title, Summary, Keyword: Holstein Cows

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCES OF F1 CROSSBRED COWS UNDER RURAL CONDITIONS

  • Nahar, T.N.;Islam, M.;Hasnath, M.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.435-438
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    • 1992
  • Data were collected on productive and reproductive performance of different $F_1$ crossbred cows (Deshi cows joined by A.I. to Sindhi, Sahiwal, Jersey or Holstein-Friesian Bull semen) reared by farmers in and around the Bangladesh Agricultural University campus at Mymensingh. The traits considered were birth weight, age at first heat, age at first calving, gestation length, post-partum heat period, milk yield, lactation length, dry period and calving interval. Data were analyzed statistically using a completely randomized design and Duncan's Multiple Range Test to compare and determine the significance of between individual group means. It was observed that the Holstein $\times$ Deshi had the highest birth weight (21.4 kg) followed by Sahiwal (17.6 kg), Jersey (16.7 kg) and Sindhi (16.1 kg). Shortest age at first heat (854 and 920 days) and age at first calving (1002 and 1201 days) were found for the Jersey $\times$ Deshi and Holstein $\times$ Deshi crosses respectively. The post-partum heat period were significantly different between breeds with Jersey and Holstein sired calves having the shortest intervals. There was no difference in the gestation length of the four crosses. Holstein $\times$ Deshi and Jersey $\times$ Deshi cows gave the highest milk yields due to longer lactation periods and higher daily milk production. Similarly, Holstein $\times$ Deshi and Jersey $\times$ Deshi crosses had significantly shorter dry periods and Jersey $\times$ Deshi had a shorter calving interval. From this study it may be concluded that exotic genotypes such as Holstein-Friesian and Jersey can perform very well under rural conditions in Bangladesh.

Effect of Close-up Dry Period Protein Level on Preparturiental Nitrogen Balance and Lactating Performance of Primigravid and Multiparous Holstein Cows

  • Adachi, N.;Kusuhara, T.;Nonaka, I.;Terada, F.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.831-836
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    • 2006
  • This study compared the effects of two levels of crude protein (CP) supplementation during a close-up dry period on the productive performance, nitrogen balance, and blood profiles of Holstein cows. Eighteen cows (8 primigravid and 10 multiparous), 21 days prior to calving, were divided into four groups and fed a diet containing a low (11.5 to 12.7% CP) or high (14.1 to 15.3% CP) level of protein. Following parturition, all cows were offered the same diet. Nitrogen balance was measured 12 d to 10 d prior to the expected calving date. Whole feces and urine were collected. The higher close-up CP did not improve milk production during the early lactation period (14 w) in multiparous cows but tended to increase production by 2 kg of milk per day in primigravid cows. There were no differences in the weight of calves, the weight of the placenta, or the incidence of calving difficulty. Nitrogen intake, urine nitrogen and nitrogen retention were increased by the higher CP diet in primigravid and multiparous cows. All groups of cows showed a positive nitrogen balance. In particular, higher nitrogen retention was observed in primigravid cows fed the higher CP diet. With the exception of plasma urea nitrogen (PUN), non of the blood profiles were influenced by the CP level. The higher close-up CP increased the PUN during the period studied in primigravid and multiparous cows. These results indicate that a CP level of 14% during a close-up dry period is optimal for primigravid cows, and 12% CP level is sufficient for multiparous cows.

Discussion on Probrem in Viewpoint of Blood Values of Holstein Cows Raised in Korea (국내사육 Holstein종 유우의 혈액치에서 본 문제점에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee Bang Whan
    • Journal of the korean veterinary medical association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 1979
  • In this survey, the blood values of erythrocytic series, leukocytic count, serum protein and serum minerals, including calcium, inorganic phosphorus and magnesium, in usual conditions of 271 adult Holstein cows raised in. Korea were compared to the standa

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Studies on Variation of Blood Composition in Course of Pregnancy of Holstein Cows (Holstein종 유우의 임신기에 따르는 혈액성상의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Han Bang Keun
    • Journal of the korean veterinary medical association
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 1979
  • Samples of blood from 264 health adult Holstein cows were examined to determine the variation of blood composition during pregnancy and early lactation. The animals were selected from herds in Jeonnam area. The results were summarized as below: 1. The num

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Studies on the Occurence of Reproductive Disorders of Dairy Cattle Resident in High-land (고지사육유우의 번식장해 발생상태에 관한 조사연구)

  • 박춘근;고광두
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 1986
  • Breeding and infertility status of Holstein cows reared in pasture of High-land was investigated. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. Eight hundred and forty Holstein cows with heifers (12.4%), 3 years old cows (19.3), 4 years old cows (16.7%), 5 years old cows (12.5%), 6 years old cows (11.4%), 7 years old cows (13.2%), 8 years old cows (9.4%) and above 9 years old cows (5.1%) were investigated. 2. They were 72.4% of conceived cows, 8.2% of uncertain pregnancy, 7.7% of physiological empty and 11.7% of reproductive disorder. 3. The percentage of cow concepted with 1, 2, 3 and more than 4 times of A.I. was 49.2, 28.8, 14.6 and 7.4% respectively. 4. In the nutritional condition of infertile cows, excellent, good, fair and poor was 7.1, 30.6, 36.7 and 25.5%, respectively. 5. Among 98 infertile cows, distribution of reproductive disorder was 41.8, 37.8, 5.1, 5.1 and 11.2% in ovary, uterus, vagina, oviduct and others, respectively. Ovary showed higher percentage than any other reproductive organs. Among the ovarian syndromes, lutein cystic ovary, follicular cystic ovary, and persistent corpus luteum were 31.7, 26.8 and 19.5%, respectively. 6. Four years old cow showed highest distribution (16.4%) among the aged groups in disordered cows. In the syndromes of reproductive disorder, latent endometritis showed higher frequency (14.3%) than any others. 7. Infertile cows with complex syncrome of genital disease was 29.6%.

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Effects of Cooling and Exogenous Bovine Somatotropin on Hematological and Biochemical Parameters at Different Stages of Lactation of Crossbred Holstein Friesian Cow in the Tropics

  • Chaiyabutr, N.;Boonsanit, D.;Chanpongsang, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.230-238
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    • 2011
  • Effects of cooling and supplemental recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) on hemato-biochemical characteristics were studied at different stages of lactation of crossbred Holstein Friesian cows in a tropical environment. Ten primiparous cows were divided into two groups of five animals each. The first group was housed as the non-cooled animals in an open-sided barn with a tiled roof in a normal shaded house (NS), while the second group was housed as cooled cows in an open-sided barn with a tiled roof under misty fan cooling (MFC). Three injections with rbST (500 mg per dose) at each stage of lactation (early, mid and late lactation) significantly increased total milk yield as compared with pretreatment in both cooled and non-cooled cows. Milk fat was significantly increased, while total solids, solid not fat, milk protein and lactose were not affected by the rbST treatment. Hematological parameters, plasma proteins, albumin, glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), plasma inorganic phosphate and the activities of plasma aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were not affected by supplemental rbST in cooled and non-cooled cows. Supplementation of rbST caused a significant decrease in plasma urea concentration, while plasma FFA concentrations significantly increased in both cooled and non-cooled cows. The results of the present study suggest that exogenous rbST is efficacious in increasing milk yield without adverse effects on lactating crossbred Holstein cows in a tropical environment.

Differences in Voluntary Cow Traffic between Holstein and Illawarra Breeds of Dairy Cattle in a Pasture-based Automatic Milking System

  • Clark, C.E.F.;Kwinten, N.B.P.;van Gastel, D.A.J.M.;Kerrisk, K.L.;Lyons, N.A.;Garcia, S.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.587-591
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    • 2014
  • Automatic milking systems (AMS) rely upon voluntary cow traffic (the voluntary movement of cattle around a farm) for milk harvesting and feed consumption. Previous research on conventional milking systems has shown differences between dairy cow breeds for intake and milk production, however, the ability to manipulate voluntary cow traffic and milking frequency on AMS farms through breed selection is unknown. This study investigated the effect of breed (Holstein Friesian versus Illawarra) on voluntary cow traffic as determined by gate passes at the Camden AMS research farm dairy facility. Daily data on days in milk, milk yield, gate passes and milking frequency for 158 Holstein Friesian cows and 24 Illawarra cows were collated by month for the 2007 and 2008 years. Illawarra cows had 9% more gate passes/day than Holstein cows over the duration of the study; however, the milking frequency and milk yield of both breeds were similar. Gate passes were greatest for both breeds in early lactation and in the winter (June to August) and summer (December to February) seasons. These findings highlight an opportunity to translate increased voluntary cow movement associated with breed selection into increased milking frequencies, milk production and overall pasture-based AMS performance.

Effects of Exogenous Bovine Somatotropin on Mammary Function of Late Lactating Crossbred Holstein Cows

  • Tanwattana, P.;Chanpongsang, S.;Chaiyabutr, N.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2003
  • The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of exogenous bovine somatotropin on the mammary function in late lactating crossbred Holstein cows. Twelve 87.5% late lactating Holstein cows, approximately 30 weeks postpartum, were divided into two groups of 6 animals each. Animals in the control group were given sodium bicarbonate buffer by subcutaneous injection, while animals in the treated group were given recombinant bovine somatotropin (bST) by subcutaneous injection with 500 mg of bST (14 day prolonged-release bST). After bST injection, milk yield significantly increased from the control level on day 8 to day 20 (p<0.05) with a concomitant increase in mammary blood flow (p<0.01). An increase in mammary blood flow in response to bST treatment was greater than an increase in milk production. An increased plasma concentration of IGF-I coincided with an increase in mammary blood flow in animals treated with bST. There were no significant changes in the concentration of arterial plasma glucose concentration, the arteriovenous concentration difference (A-V difference) and mammary extraction ratio while the mammary glucose uptake increased when compared to the control group. The concentration of arterial plasma triglyceride decreased throughout the experimental period in animals give bST. The plasma concentration of acetate, and the mammary uptake for acetate significantly increased (p<0.05) after bST treatment. The action of bST did not affect the plasma concentration, A-V difference and extraction ratio across the mammary gland for $\beta$-hydroxybutyrate. The concentrations of milk fat and lactose tended to increase during bST treatment. Milk protein concentration initially increased in the first few days and decreased after bST injection when compared to the pretreated period. The present results indicated that bST could affect the mammary function in late lactating cows by increase in milk yield involving changes in both extra-mammary and intra-mammary mechanisms. The exogenous bST exerted its galactopoietic action through an increase in circulating IGF-I of the late lactating Crossbred Holstein cattle.

Effect of Concentrate Feeding Frequency versus Total Mixed Ration on Lactational Performance and Ruminal Characteristics of Holstein Cows

  • Fan, Yang-Kwang;Lin, Yaun-Lung;Chen, Kuen-Jaw;Chiou, Peter Wen-Shyg
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.658-664
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to determine a proper feeding regime for lactating Holstein cows during the warm season in Taiwan. In Feeding Trial, 21 lactating Holstein cows were randomly allotted into three feeding regimes in a Completely Randomized Design. The feeding regimes were roughage fed ad libitum along with concentrate fed either twice daily (2C) or four times daily (4C), and total mixed ration (TMR) for 8 weeks. No significant differences among the three feeding regimes were found in body weight changes, and intakes in terms of dry matter, crude protein and net energy. For milk yield and 4% FCM yield, 4C were higher than the other two feeding regimes (p<0.05). No significant differences were found in milk compositions or differences noted in the yields of the respective milk components. TMR was worse than 2C and 4C (p<0.05) in milk production efficiencies in terms of dry matter intake per kg milk yield, crude protein intake per kg milk protein yield, as well as dry matter intake, net energy intake and crude protein intake per kg 4% FCM yield. Three ruminally fistulated Holstein dry cows were randomly assigned into the same three feeding regimes in a 3${\times}$3 Latin Square Design. No significant differences were found among the feeding regimes in ruminal pH, ammonia nitrogen, total VFA concentration, molar percentages of VFA, and acetic acid: propionic acid ratio (C$_2$/C$_3$). Taken all together, roughage fed ad libitum and concentrate fed four times daily was the better feeding regime for lactating cows during the warm season in Taiwan.

in Vitro Embryo Production Following Transvaginal Follicular Oocyte Aspiration from Holstein Cows Using a Simple Aspiration Apparatus (간이 난자채취기를 이용한 젖소로부터 난초란의 채취와 체외수정란의 생산)

  • 김일화;손동수;이호준;이동원;최선호;서국현;양병철;이광원
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 1997
  • The present study was carried out to produce in vitro fertilized embryos with immature follicular oocytes collected by transvaginal aspiration from Holstein cows. A simple aspiration apparatus consists of two stainless steel tubes, an inner tube (needle holder; 1.2cmdiameter, 55cm long) and an outer tube (1.5cm diameter, 4Scm long), and a hand-operated vacuum pump was used. Under epidural anesthesia, the needle guide was passed into the vagina of the cow to a point next to the cervix. An ovary was placed against the wall of the vagina over the end of the aspiration needle by rectal manipulation. As the needlepassed into the ovary, an assistant was asked to apply vacuum(l00mrnHg) and the ovary was manipulated back and forth in all directions over the needle. When all sites of the ovary was aspirated, the needle was withdrawn and the needle guide was moved to the other side of ovary and the procedure was repeated. When the oocyte aspiration procedure was finished, collected fluid was transported to laboratory. Oocytes surrounded with at least 1 layer of cumulus cells were matured, fertilized and cultured in vitro. The results were as follows; Ninety seven oocytes were collected by transvaginal aspiration from seventeen Holstein cows(5.7 /head). The number of oocytes surrounded with at least 1 layer of cumulus cells were 60(61.9%). Following in vitro maturation, fertilization and culture, the cleavage and development rate to morula+blastocyst were 83.3% and 30.0%, respectively. From this study, transferable in vitro fertilized embryos could be produced with imma- ture follicular oocytes collected by transvaginal aspiration from Holstein cows using a simple aspiration apparatus.

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