• Title/Summary/Keyword: Hijikia fusiforme

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Effects of the Feeding Hijikia fusiforme(Harvey) Okamura on Lipid Composition of Serum in Dietary Hyperlipidemic Rats (톳(Hijikia fusiforme(Harvey) Okamura)이 식이성 고지혈증 흰쥐의 혈청 지질성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 김군자;김한수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.718-723
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    • 1998
  • This study was designed to observe the effects of the feeding of Hijikia fusiforme(Harvey) Okamura juice extract on the improvement of lipids in the serum of cholesterol-supplemented diet induced dietary hyperlipidemic rats fed experimental diets for 4 weeks. Concentration of total cholesterol and LDL-choloesterol in serum was significantly lower in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group than in the cholestero diet group. Concentration of HDL-cholesterol in serum was higher in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group than the cholesterol supplemented diet group. Those in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group were higher than those in the cholesterol diet group. In the ration of HDL-cholesterol concentration to total cholesterol concentration, Hijikia fusiforme juice extract administration group was higher percentage than the other groups. Atherosclerotic index was lower in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group than in the cholesterol diet group. Concentration of free cholesterol and cholesteryl ester in serum was rather lower in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group than the other groups. Triglyceride concentration in serum was significantly lower in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group than in the cholesterol diet group. Concentration of phospholipid in serum was more decreased in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group than in the cholesterol diet group. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in serum were rather lower in the Hijikia fusiforme juice extract group than the cholesterol supplemented diet group. From the avove research, the Hijikia fusiforme juice extracts were effective on the improvement of the lipid compositions in serum of high fat diet induced dietary hyperlipidemic rats.

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Effects of Dietary Calcium Level and Hijikia fusiforme Supplementation on Bone Indices and Serum Lipid Levels in Ovariectomized Rats (식이 중 칼슘수준과 톳 첨가가 난소절제한 흰쥐의 골지표와 혈청 지질 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Seung-Eun;Chyun, Jong-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.419-427
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    • 2007
  • This study explored the effects of dietary calcium level and Hijikia fusiforme supplementation on bone indices and serum lipid levels using 36 female Sprague-Dawley rats as a model. Rats received low Ca diet for 3 weeks after ovariectomy. The rats were then divided into six dietary groups and fed low (0.1% Ca), normal (0.5% Ca) and high (1.5% Ca) Ca diets (CaL, CaN, CaH) and low, normal, high Ca diets with Hijikia fusiforme supplementation (CaLH, CaNH, CaHH) for 3 weeks. After each experimental periods, 24 hour urine and/or blood samples, left and right femurs were collected for analysis. Serum Ca concentration showed no significant difference by dietary Ca levels and Hijikia fusiforme supplementation. Alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly higher in normal and high Ca group compared to low Ca group. Serum total cholesterol, triglyceride and total lipid were not significantly different among groups. HDL-cholesterol showed no significant difference by Hijikia fusiforme supplementation. However, the normal and high Ca groups showed significantly higher HDL-cholesterol compared to the low Ca group. Urinary hydroxyproline and hydroxyproline/creatinine ratio were not significantly different among groups. The wet weight of the femur was significantly higher in low Ca group compared to normal or high Ca group. The dry weight, wet weight/body weight, length and breaking force of the femur were not significantly different among groups. Ash contents/wet weight of the femur was significantly increased as dietary Ca levels up and significantly higher in Hijikia fusiforme supplementation groups. The Ca content of the femur were significantly higher in the normal and high Ca groups than the low Ca group. However, there was no significant difference in Ca content by Hijikia fusiforme supplementation.

Effects of Hijikia fusifome Ethanol Extract on Antioxidative Enzymes in Ethanol-induced Hepatotoxicity of Rat Liver (톳 에탄올 추출물이 알코올을 투여한 흰쥐의 항산화효소활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 고무석;신길만;이명렬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 2002
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of Hijikia fusiforme (Harvey) Okamura ethanol extract on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity of rat administered orally experimental diets for 6 weeks. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing about 100 g were divided into 4 groups; normal group (NOR), ethanol (35% ethanol 10 mL/kg b.w/day) treated group (CON), ethanol and Hijikia fusiforme ethanol extract 200 mg/kg (HE1) and 400 mg/kg (HE2) concomitantly treated group, respectively. Each group was examined for the growth rate, feed efficiency ratio (FER), activities of antioxidative enzymes and contents of TBARS and glutathione. Hijikia fusiforme ethanol extract showed increasing effects of the growth rate by 43%, and FER was gradually increased by Hijikia fusiforme ethanol extract treatment, compard with ethanol treatment. Ethanol elevated the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase of rat liver markedly as compared to normal group, but those activities were significantly decreased in Hijikia fusiforme ethanol extract treatment by 56%, 38% and 25%, respectively. Xanthine oxidase activity elevated by ethanol was not affected by Hijikia fusiforme ethanol extract. The content of TBARS increased by ethanol treatment was signigicantly decreased in HE2, and the glutathione content depleted by ethanol treatment was increased by Hijikia fusiforme ethanol extract administration adjacent to normal level. These results suggest that Hijikia fusiforme ethanol extract is believed to be a possible protective effect for the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity of rat liver.

The Effects of Hijikia fusiforme on Serum Lipid Levels in Ovariectomized Rats (톳이 난소를 절제한 흰쥐의 지질 농도 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Jeang-Yub;Kim Mihyang
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.2 s.69
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    • pp.242-247
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was evaluated the effect of biological activity of Hijikia fusiforme (HF). To investigate the effects of biological activity of HF ethanol extracts, Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to the following groups: sham-operated rats (Sham), ovariectomized control rats (OVX-control), ovariectomized rats supplemented ethanol extracts of HF at 50 mg/kg bw/day (OVX-HF50), ovariectomized rats supplemented ethanol extracts of HF at 200 mg/kg bw/day (OVX-HF200). HF ethanol extracts were orally supplemented at the level of 1 mL per day. The body weight gain, food intake and food efficiency ratio were not significantly different between groups. Although total-cholesterol and triglyceride were increased in the ovariectomized control, supplementation with the HF extracts decreased the levels. And HDL-cholesterol levels were significantly increased after supplementation with the HF extracts $(p<0.05)$. According to these results, we could known the effects biological activity of Hijikia fusiforme. Consequently, we expect the effects of Hijikia fusiforme extract on cardiovascular diseases aging coming from postmenopausal.

Effect of Hijikia fusiforme Fractions on Proliferation and Differentiation in Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 Cells (톳 분획물이 조골세포의 증식 및 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Min-Hee;Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.300-308
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    • 2011
  • Osteoporosis is a disease involving a decrease in bone mineral density and increased risk of fractures. Osteoblast and osteoclast activities are important for bone formation. The MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cell line is a well-accepted model of osteogellsis in vitro. Hijikia fusiforme is a kind of edible brown seaweed that grows mainly in the Northwest Pacific region, including the countries of Korea, Japan and China, and it has been widely used as a medicinal and health food in Korea. In this study, by using osteoblasts, the effects of Hijikia fusiforme fractions on proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, collagen synthesis and mineralization of cells were investigated. Hijikia fusiforme were subjected to fractionation by using hexane, methanol, butanol and aqueous. Proliferation of the MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells that were treated with Hijikia fusiforme fractions increased by approximately 120%. Regarding effects of Hijikia fusiforme fractions on ALP activity, 1 ${\mu}g$/ml butanol fraction showed the highest activity. The synthesis of collagen increased significantly in response to treatment with Hijikia fusiforme fractions, with the exception of the hexane fraction. Moreover, mineralization in the MC3T3-E1 cells that were treated with 100 ${\mu}g$/ml butanol fraction increased by 281%. Also, when 100 ${\mu}g$/ml aqueous fraction was added, mineralization increased by 240%. These results indicate that Hijikia fusiforme fractions have anabolic effect on bone through the promotion of osteoblastic differentiation, suggesting that it could be used for the treatment of common metabolic bone diseases.

Effects of Hijikia fusiforme Extracts on Lipid Metabolism and Liver Antioxidative Enzyme Activities in Triton-Induced Hyperlipidemic Rats (톳(Hijikia fusiforme) 추출물이 고지혈증 횐쥐의 지질대사 및 간 효소활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 정복미;안창범;강성조;박정현;정덕화
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1184-1189
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Hijikia fusiforme extracts on serum lipid and liver antioxidative enzyme activities in triton-induced hyperlipidemic rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats divided into 7 groups : We injected saline to a normal group (N), saline and tween 80 to control groups (CS, CT) and tot extracts to experimental groups (CSA, CTEtOH, CTE, CTH) for 7 days and then injected triton at the last day. Serum and liver free cholesterol contents were significantly lower in hexane-treated group (CTH) than control group (CT) whereas serum HDL-cholesterol content was higher in aqueous extract group (CSA) than control group (CS). Total cholesterol and phospholipid contents in serum and liver were lower in aqueous extract group (CSA) than control group (CS). Serum and liver triglyceride contents were significantly lower in ethanol (CTEtOH) and hexane treated group (CTH) than control group (CT). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances of liver were lower in tot extract groups (CSA, CTEtOH, CTE, CTH) than control groups (CS, CT). Superoxide dismutase activities in liver were significantly lower in aqueous extracts group (CSA) and hexane treated group (CTH) than control groups (CS, CT). Liver catalase activity was the lowest in ethylacetate extract group. These results showed that some Hijikia fusiforme extracts have reduction effect of lipid and antioxidative effect in triton-induced hyperlipidemic rats.

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Effects of Water-Soluble Polysaccharides from Tott on Lipid Absorption and Animal Body Weight (톳 유래 수용성 다당류의 Lipase 저해활성과 지질 및 체중변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Baek, Gu;Goo, Bon Geun;Ahn, Byung Jae;Park, Jae Kweon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.556-562
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    • 2013
  • We examined the anti-obesity effects of water-soluble polysaccharides (WSP-A) extracted from the seaweed Hijikia fusiforme (Tott in Korean). The extracted alginate-like polysaccharide (verified by FT-IR and HPAEC-PAD analysis) was examined in a lipase inhibition assay and animal experiments. WSP-A inhibited lipase up to 30%, with over 80% of the initial activity retained until the 1 hour reaction in vitro. There was a 30% loss in the rate of weight gain in rats fed a high-fat diet. WSP-A therefore seems to serve as a healthy weight loss agent by inhibiting lipases, thus preventing the absorption of fat in the body.

Effect of Hijikia fusiforme extracts on degenerative osteoarthritis in vitro and in vivo models

  • Kwon, Han Ol;Lee, Minhee;Kim, Ok-Kyung;Ha, Yejin;Jun, Woojin;Lee, Jeongmin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.265-273
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    • 2016
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The inhibitory effect of Hijikia fusiforme (HF) extracts on degenerative osteoarthritis was examined in primary cultured rat cartilage cells and a monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis rat model. MATERIALS/METHODS: In vitro, cell survival and the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), collagen type I, collagen type II, aggrecan, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) was measured after $H_2O_2$ ($800{\mu}M$, 2 hr) treatment in primary chondrocytes. In vivo animal study, osteoarthritis was induced by intra-articular injection of MIA into knee joints of rats, and then RH500, HFE250 and HFE500 were administered orally once a day for 28 days. To determine the anti-inflammatory effects of HFE, nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PGE_2$) expression were measured. In addition, real-time PCR was performed to measure the genetic expression of MMPs, collagen type I, collagen type II, aggrecan, and TIMPs. RESULTS: In the in vitro assay, cell survival after $H_2O_2$ treatment was increased by HFE extract (20% EtOH). In addition, anabolic factors (genetic expression of collagen type I, II, and aggrecan) were increased by HFE extract (20% EtOH). However, the genetic expression of MMP-3 and 7, known as catabolic factors were significantly inhibited by treatment with HFE extract (20% EtOH). In the in vivo assay, anabolic factors (genetic expression of collagen type I, II, aggrecan, and TIMPs) were increased by oral administration of HFE extract. However, the genetic expression of MMP-3 and 7, known as catabolic factors, and production of NO and $PGE_2$ were significantly inhibited by treatment with oral administration of HFE extract. CONCLUSION: HFE extract inhibited articular cartilage degeneration through preventing extracellular matrix degradation and chondrocyte injury.

Antioxidant and physiological activities of Hijikia fusiforme by extraction methods (추출방법에 따른 톳 추출물의 항산화 및 생리활성 특성)

  • Kwon, Yu-ri;Youn, Kwang-Sup
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.631-637
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    • 2017
  • The physiological properties of extracts from Hizikia fusiforme with different extraction methods (hot water extraction, autoclave extraction and high pressure extraction) were investigated. The amounts of substances related to polyphenol and flavonoids contents were the highest in autoclave extract (30.51 mg/g and 4.78 mg/g, respectively). The DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in the autoclave extract (81.80%) at the 5 mg/mL. Autoclave extract exhibited the strongest ABTS radical scavenging activity and reducing power among the three extraction methods. However, ferrous ion chelating, TBA reactive substances and xanthine oxidase inhibition activity of high pressure extract were higher than those of the other extracts. Additionally, the tyrosinase and elastase inhibition activities of high pressure extract with a concentration of 1 mg/mL were higher than those of the other extracts. These results suggest that extracts of Hizikia fusiforme have a potential to act as functional materials, and autoclave and high pressure extractions are superior to hot water extraction for enhancement of the biological activity.

Effects of diet with brown algae on the quality characteristics of eggs (갈조류 첨가 사료로 식이한 산란계 계란의 품질 특성)

  • Jo, Kil-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.294-300
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to determine the effect of brown algae on the egg quality of laying hens fed a non-supplemented diet (Control) and a diet supplemented with 10% Undaria pinnatifida (A), Laminaria religiosa (B), and Hijikia fusiforme (C), respectively. Isa Brown (28 weeks old) were raised for 8 weeks. The darkness, redness, and blueness of the egg yolks increased with the addition of brown algae, expecially Undaria pinnatifida (A). The fucoxanthin contents were observed to be only 21.3-34.8 mg% level in the brown algae but they were nearly traced in the egg yolks. Among the analyzed minerals, the Ca, Fe, K contents increased to 391.2, 6.3, and 450.5 mg%, respectively, but the amount of P was reduced to 110.5 mg%. The total mineral contents were higher in the egg yolk with Hijikia fusiforme (C) (1,155.1 mg%) than with any other supplement. The brown algae diet reduced the saturated fatty acid level from 38.3 to 32.1% but increased the unsaturated fatty acid level from 61.5 to 69.6% owing to the rise of the level of polyunsaturated fatty acids.