• Title, Summary, Keyword: High-ozone episode day

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Case Study for High Ozone Episode day during Summertime in Busan (부산지역 여름철 고농도 오존 발생의 사례 연구)

  • Jeon, Byung-Il
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.303-313
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to survey the high ozone episode of summertime in Busan. The selected day was July 18, 1999 and August 24, 2001 which recorded exceed to 12ppb/hr at 3 station in Busan simultaneously. In case July 18, 1999, thick cloud and variable wind made weak ozone concentration during morning hour. And increase of ozone concentration by revolution of mixed layer for morning hour did not occur in this case study day. Photochemical reaction by strong radiation after 1100LST made sharp increase rate of ozone concentration(50ppb/hr). In case August 24, 2001, the meteorological condition of this day was not general wind with gradient force, very clear day with less cloud amount, high insolation and sunshine. Dongsamdong, Beomcheondong, Daeyeondong, and Sinpyeongdong had double peak which twice maximum concentration in the early afternoon and late afternoon. Ozone concentration of this day was in inverse proportion to Nitrogen oxide strongly. Ozone concentration exceed to 60ppb/hr occurred at 1400LST, continued to 2300LST.

On Characteristics of Surface Ozone Concentration and Important Meteorological Parameters in Pusan, Korea (부산 지역의 오존 농도 특징과 기상 인자에 관한 연구)

  • 전병일;김유근;이화운
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 1995
  • We considered that characteristics of surface ozone continuous and important meteorological parameters from the data measured 7 air quality continuous monitoring stations during 2 years (1990, 1993) in pusan. The diurnal ozone variation showed a primary peak near 1500LST and a secondary peak of the DP(double peaked) pattern. The episode day was defined when an ozone peak higher than 60 ppb was observed at least one station. The frequency of episode day was 100 (298 hours, 69 days). The frequency of the episode day was higher at Meongryundong and Daeyeondong than other sites and highest in August under control of pacific subtropical high. The high temporatant meteorological parameters accompanying the high episode days. The favorable synoptic environment accompanying ozone episode was distributed to 7 different pattern. These pattern can be taken as a nesessary but not an absolute indicator for predicting the occerrence of an episode.

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Characteristics of Diurnal Variation of the Atmospheric Pollutants Concentration in High-Ozone Episode day in Daegu (대구시 고농도 오존 사례일인 경우 대기 오염물질 농도의 일변화 특성)

  • 손임영;윤일희;김희종
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.1253-1259
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    • 2002
  • This study analyzes the surface ozone, NO and $NO_2$ concentration data from 1997 to 1999 in Daegu. It investigates effect on precursor during high-ozone episode days. The high-ozone episode is defined when a daily maximum ozone concentration is higher than 100 ppb(ambient air quality standard of Korea) in at least one station among six air quality monitoring stations. The frequency of episodes is 13 days(33 hours). The frequency is the highest in May and September, and the area with the highest frequency is Nowondong and Manchondong. The average value of daily maximum ozone concentration with high ozone episode is 81.6 ppb, and that of 8-hour average ozone concentration is 58.6 ppb. It means that ozone pollution is continuous and wide-ranging in Daegu. The daily variation of NO, $NO_2$ and $O_3$ in high-ozone episodes are inversely proportional one another. Nowondong an industrial area, is affected by pollutants that are emitted from the primary sources, while Manchondong a residential area, is affected by the advection of $O_3$ or by the primary pollutants like VOCs.

A Numerical Simulation of High Ozone Episode Using OZIPR in Busan (OZIPR을 이용한 부산지역 고농도 오존 사례 모사)

  • Do, Woo-Gon;Lee, Hwa-Woon;Jung, Woo-Sik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.985-994
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    • 2007
  • To investigate the effect of NOx and VOCs(volatile organic compounds) on the generation of high ozone episode, examined the hourly variations of ozone, NOx and VOCs concentrations, and calculated the ozone isopleth about maximum ozone concentrations using OZIPR which was presented by U. S. EPA at three sites in Busan. There was some difference by the sites, but decreasing VOCs concentration was effective for reduction of ozone at 22 July, the episode day of 2005. In the year 2006, the episode day was 8 August and the variations of NOx and VOCs concentration was little than variation of ozone. So it was estimated that the photochemical production of ozone was low than transportation of ozone. And the result of the OZIPR modeling was that decreasing VOCs concentration was effective for reduction of ozone.

The Influences of 5ea Breeze on Surface Ozone Concentration in Pusan Coastal Area, Korea (부산 연안역의 오존 농도에 미치는 해풍의 영향)

  • 김유근;이화운
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.265-275
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    • 1996
  • Air pollution characteristics and the influence of sea breeze on surface ozone concentration were studied using the data measured at 7 air quality continuous monitoring stations from June to September using 3 years (1990, 1993, 1994) in Pusan coastal area. Among the 246 sea breeze days for research Period, there were approximately 89 sea breeze days (36%) from lune to September, And there were 120 the episode days (68%) of ozone greater than or equal to 60 ppb in summer season. In 89 sea breeze days, the episode day was highly marked as 56 days (63%). So, we knew that the sea breeze greatly affects the occurence of ozone episode day. the ozone concentration under the condition of the sea breeze increase about 40% in the daytime. Frequencies distribution of $O_3$ concentration for sea breeze moved toward high concentration class. The characteristics of ozone concentration in relation to meteorological conditions of sea breeze is significant because we can discover major weather factors for eastablishing an air pollution- weather forecast system. For further. study about meterological approach method for photochemical air pollution, it is necessary to explain the characteristics of atmosphere below 1, 000 m, especially concerning the formation mechanism of inversion layers. And finally, we will study the relationships to synoptic weather conditions and vertical structure and diurnal variation of local wind systems including sea breeze, and the vertical movements of atmosphere in the city.

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Photochemical Modeling of July 1994 High-Ozone Episode in the Greater Seoul Area

  • Kim, Jin-Young;Ghim, Young-Sung;Kim, Yong-Pyo
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.15 no.E
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 1999
  • The CIT(California Institute of Technology) three-dimensional Eulerian photochemical model was applied to the Greater Seoul Area, Korea for July 24, 1994, a day of the 9-day ozone episode to understand the characteristics of photochemical air pollution problems in the area. The modeling domain was 60km$\times$60km with the girl size of 2km$\times$2km. As the base case emissions, air pollutant emission data of the National Institute of Environmental Research, Korea for the year of 1991 were used with modifications based on EKMA(Empirical Kinetic Modeling Approach) resutls. Comparisons between predicted and observed concentrations showed that the model predicted the peak concentration over the domain reasonably. It was found that the location of the peak ozone concentration was mainly decided by metorological conditions. But the model could not resolve the spatial variations of concentration station by station, which was mainly caused by localized variations in emission and meteorology.

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Meteorological Characteristics of High-Ozone Episode Days in Daegu, Korea (대구시의 고농도 오존 발생 일에 나타나는 기상학적 특성)

  • Son, Im-Young;Kim, Hee-Jong;Yoon, Ill-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.424-435
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    • 2002
  • This study analyzes the surface ozone and meteorological data in Daegu for a period from 1997 to 1999. It also investigates the meteorological characteristics of high ozone episodes. For this study the high ozone episode has been defined as a daily maximum ozone concentration higher than 100ppb in at least one station among six air quality monitoring stations in Daegu, Korea. The frequency of episodes is 13 days. The frequency is the highest in May and September. The average value of daily maximum ozone concentration is 81.6ppb, and 8-hour average ozone concentration is 58.6ppb for the high episodes. This shows that ozone pollution is continuous and wide-ranging in Daegu. The daily maximum ozone concentration is positively correlated to solar radiation and daily maximum temperature, but negatively correlated to relative humidity, wind speed and cloud amount. The maximal correlation coefficient to solar radiation is 0.45. The differences between high ozone episode day's daily mean meteorological value and monthly mean value are +1.58hPa for sea level pressure, +3.45${\circ}$C for maximum temperature, -5.69% for relative humidity, -0.46ms$^{-1}$ for wind speed, -1.79 for cloud amount, and +3.97MJm$^{-2}$ for solar radiation, respectively. This shows that strong solar radiation, low wind speed and no precipitation between 0700${\sim}$1100LST are favorite conditions for high ozone episodes. It is related to the morning stagnant condition.

Numerical Study on the Ozone Formation Sensitivity of Precursors Using Adjoint Model around the South-eastern Area of the Korean Peninsula (수반모형을 이용한 한반도 남동지역의 오존 전구물질의 오존 생성 민감도에 관한 수치연구)

  • Park, Soon-Young;Lee, Soon-Hwan;Lee, Hwa Woon;Kim, Dong-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.669-680
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    • 2013
  • Ozone sensitivity analysis with respect to $NO_x$ is conducted around the south-eastern area of the Korean Peninsula. WRF-CMAQ modeling system is used to simulate a local circulation and high ozone episode day. To analyze the sensitivity, the adjoint model for CMAQ is adopted in this study. The purpose of current study is to investigate the location that affects a day time ozone concentration of these receptors on the high ozone episode day. Adjoint sensitivity analysis for Daegu shows two areas of influence. One is the range from the neighboring location to Pohang and it affects mainly on the same day as receptor time. The other is the remote south-eastern area from Daegu. This remote influence area suggests that $NO_x$ emitted on the previous day can change the ozone concentration at receptor time. The influence area for Busan, on the other hand, is originated only from the emission on the previous day because the sea-breeze occurred on the episode day makes low influence of surrounding emission. The cross sectional analysis reveals that $NO_x$ advection is important not only near the surface of land but also around the height of boundary layer.

A Comparative study on Ambient Air Quality Standard for Ozone (오존 대기 환경기준의 비교 연구)

  • 허정숙;김태오;김동술
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.159-173
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    • 1999
  • Based on air quality monitoring data('89~'97) operated by the Department of Environment, we provide various fundamental statistics for ground ozone. The purpose of this paper are to review the national ambient ozone standard, to study spatial distribution of ozone. Since we, in Korea, calculate average ozone level, to examine the occurrences of ozone level 3 times a day (1~8, 9~16, 17~24 hours), the method does not seem to be scientifically sound comparing to a running average method adapted by the USEPA. When we counted the number of cases with 8-h average O3 level exceeding 60ppb(8-h average standard in Korea)and 80 ppb (that in the U.S.A) and also when we calculated 8-hour average ozone level based on th US method, some regions were classified as non-attainment areas. Especially in Seoul, results of spatial distribution analysis showed that high level ozone over 80 ppb was observed at Kuui-Dong and Pangi-Dong in the eastern part and at Ssangmun-Dong in the northeastern part. Also, occurrences of ozone episode defined as number of days then ozone level exceeding 80 ppb for 3 consecutive hours were extensively reviewed in this paper.

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Numerical Simulation of Ozone using UAM-V on Summer Episode in the Costal Urban Area, Busan (UAM-V를 이용한 부산지역 고농도 오존사례 수치모의)

  • 김유근;오인보;황미경
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2003
  • Temporal and horizontal distributions of surface ozone concentrations covering the Busan metropolitan area were simulated by UAM -V (The Variable grid Urban Airshed Model) that was run with meteorological inputs taken from MM5 for ozone episode day (18 July 1999). UAM-V underestimated the daily maximum ozone con-centration about 14 ppb on average at all monitoring sites within Busan area comparing with observed value. but the correlation between observed and simulated values showed quite significant (R = 0.896, p< 0.01 on average). Higher concentrations of ozone occurred near the city center and industrial areas (western side of city) with high levels of anthropogenic source in the morning, and transport of ozone and its precursors by sea breeze developed in the afternoon contributed to elevated ozone levels in downwind rural areas. Particalarly in slightly downwind area of city center, the highest daily maximum ozone concentration ($\geq$120 ppb) was simulated by UAM-V at 1400 LST. Consequently, local environments including emission distributions and land -sea breeze circulation influenced ozone distributions in the Busan metropolitan area.