• 제목, 요약, 키워드: High tide

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Catch fluctuation of the Pound Set Net According to Tide Age in the Coastal Waters of Jeju (제주 연안의 소대망에서 조석에 의한 어획량 변동)

  • Kim, Byung-Yeob;Seo, Du-Ok;Lee, Chang-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this paper is to obtain the fundamental data on the catch fluctuation in the pound set net according to the tide age from the catch recorded from the year 1997 to 2004 in the coastal waters of Guideok, Jeju. Total catch by the pound set net had a little connection with the tide age. During increasing tide, total catch were reduced slightly from the neap tide to the high tide while there seemed to be a little sign of rise in the total catch until decreasing tide. But in the relation between the catches and the tide age, the level of the correlation coefficient chosen at $p{\le}0.05$ was not significant. Therefore, the catch of the pound set net seemed not to be influenced by the tide age. In addition, CPUE at the high tide was higher than that at the neap tide. When the catch per operating frequency was graded in the order under 50 kg, 50-100 kg and 100-200 kg, the frequency rate by the pound set net was 38%, 19% and 19%, respectively.

Tidal and Seasonal Variations of Nutrients in Keunso Bay, the Yellow Sea (서해 근소만에서 영양염의 조석 및 계절 변화)

  • Kim, Dong-Seon;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2008
  • In order to find the effect of intertidal sediments on nutrient cycle in coastal environment, we measured ammonia, nitrate, phosphate, and silicate concentrations every hour during at least 12 hours in the entrance of Keunso Bay during four seasons. The content of ammonia and silicate do not change considerably with season, but nitrate shows large seasonal variation. In summer, nitrate concentration was much lower than in other seasons, which resulted from large biological uptake and active denitrification in intertidal sediments during summer. Phosphate also exhibit seasonal variations, but not that large like nitrate. N/P and N/Si ratios were lower in summer than in other seasons, which was due to active denitrification in the intertidal sediments during summer. For all seasons, ammonia concentrations were higher at low tide than at high tide, but nitrate concentrations were higher at high tide. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen concentrations measured in spring, summer, and winter were higher at high tide than at low tide, but in fall, they were higher at low tide than at high tide. For spring and winter, phosphate and silicate concentrations were higher at low tide than at high tide, while in summer and fall, they were higher at high tide than at low tide. In Keunso Bay, intertidal sediments affect significantly the nutrient cycle around the coastal areas. The intertidal sediments act as a source for ammonia and silicate, but as a sink for nitrate. However, phosphate is not considerably influenced by intertidal sediments.

Satellite Monitoring and Prediction for the Occurrence of the Red Tide in the Middle Coastal Area in the South Sea of Korea

  • Yoon, Hong-Joo;Kim, Young-Seup
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2003
  • It was studied the relationship between the red tide occurrence and the meteorological and oceanographic factors, the choice of potential area for red tide occurrence, and the satellite monitoring for red tide. From 1990 through 2001, the red tide continuously appeared and the number of red tide occurrence increased every year. Then, the red tide bloomed during the periods of July and August. An important meteorological factor governing the mechanisms of the increasing in number of red tide occurrence was heavy precipitation. Oceanographic factors of favorable marine environmental conditions for the red tide formation included warm water temperature, low salinity, high suspended solid, low phosphorus, low nitrogen. A common condition for the red tide occurrence was heavy precipitation 2∼4 days earlier, and the favorable conditions for the red tide formation were high air temperature, proper sunshine and light winds for the day in red tide occurrence. From satellite images, it was possible to monitor the spatial distributions and concentrations of red tide. It was founded the potential areas for red tide occurrence in August 2000 by CIS conception: Yeosu∼Dolsan coast, Gamak bay, Namhae coast, Marado coast, Goheung coast, Deukryang bay, respectively.

Catch fluctuation of the rectangular set net according to the tide age in the coastal waters of Jeju (제주연안 각망의 조석에 의한 어획량 변동)

  • Lee, Chang-Heon;Choi, Chan-Moon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.112-119
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    • 2008
  • The fundamental data on the catch fluctuation in the rectangular set net according to the tide age were developed based on the catches recorded from the year 1986 to 2004 in the coastal waters of Hamdeok, Jeju. Total catch by the rectangular set net had a deep connection with the tide age. In particular, during increasing tide, total catch were reduced gradually from the neap tide to the high tide. As it turned out, the slope of total catch declined by degree and showed a correlation coefficient of determination of 0.76. On the contrary, in the case of decreasing tide, there was little sign of rise in total catch. In particular, large catch seemed to occur at the next tide to the neap tide. In the relation between the catch and the tide age, the level of the correlation coefficient chosen at $p{\leq}0.05$ decreased in the order rabbitfish(-0.84) and horse mackerel(-0.71), while the significance of other dominant species were not selected.

Impacts of Land Cover Change of Tidal Flats on Local Meteorology in Gyeonggi Bay, West Sea of Korea (경기만 갯벌의 지표면 토지피복 변화가 국지기상에 미치는 영향 평가)

  • An, Hye Yeon;Kim, Yoo-Keun;Jeong, Ju-Hee
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.399-409
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    • 2017
  • The impact of land cover changed by tidal flats on local meteorology in Gyeonggi Bay was quantitatively evaluated based on a numerical modeling approach during 18 days (21 June to 9 July 2013). The analysis was carried out using three sets of simulation scenarios and the land cover of tidal flats for each simulation was applied as follows: (1) the herbaceous wetland representing coastal wetlands (i.e., EXP-BASE case), (2) the barren or sparsely vegetated representing low tide (i.e., EXP-LOW case), (3) the water bodies representing high tide (i.e., EXP-HIGH case). The area of tidal flats was calculated as about $552km^2$ (the ratio of 4.7% for analysis domain). During the daytime, the change (e.g. wetlands to water) of land cover flooded by high tide indicated the decrease of temperature (average $3.3^{\circ}C$) and the increase of humidity (average 13%) and wind speed (maximum $2.9m\;s^{-1}$). The changes (e.g. wetlands to barren or sparsely vegetated) of land cover induced by low tide were smaller than those by high tide. On the other hands, the effects of changed land cover at night were not apparent both high tide and low tide. Also, during the high tide, the meteorological change in tidal flats affected the metropolitan area (about 40 km from the tidal flat).

Characteristics of Zooplankton Community in the Udolmok Waterway, Korea (울돌목 수로 동물플랑크톤의 군집 특성)

  • Yoo, Jeong-Kyu;Jung, Jung-Ho;Nam, Eun-Jung;Myung, Chul-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 2006
  • 55 zooplankton taxa including 35 copepoda were observed in the Uldolmok waterway during the sampling period from August 2003 to April 2004. Neritic species showed the seasonal species fluctuation, and oceanic warm-water species occurred throughout the year. The number of taxa tended to increase at the flood tide from low tide to high tide, and to decrease at the ebb tide from high tide to low tide. Therefore, species composition of zooplankton in the Uldolmok waterway seemed to be affected by the inflow of oceanic waters with oceanic species all the year round. Total abundance of zooplankton ranged from 104 (February 2004) to 2,717 indiv. $m^{-3}$ (August 2003). According to the tidal cycle, the change of total abundance was more irregular and variable in November 2003 and February 2004 than August 2003 and April 2004. In August 2003 and April 2004, total abundance was low at the strong tide, and was high at low and high tide when tidal current was weak. Average abundances of dominant species such as Paracalanus indicus, Cirripedia nauplii and Acartia hongi were on the order of twice higher at ebb tide than flood tide. However, their abundances were also subject to wide fluctuation within flood tide and ebb tide. The changes of environmental parameters such as water temperature, salinity and chlorophyll-a concentration were negligible along the tidal periods in the Uldolmok waterway. Therefore, the advection, transfer and loss of zooplankton population derived from strong tidal current and eddy formed by the local difference of tidal velocity lead temporal variation of zooplankton community more complex and variable in the Uldolmok waterway.

Meteorological characteristic and satellite monitoring for red tide in the Korean coasts

  • Yoon, Hong-Joo;Kim, Seung-Cheul
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.873-875
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    • 2003
  • It was studied the relationship between the red tide occurrence and the meteorological factors, and the satellite monitoring for red tide. From 1990 through 2001, the red tide continuously appeared and the number of red tide occurrence increased every year. A common condition for the red tide occurrence was heavy precipitation 2${\sim}$4 days earlier, and the favorable conditions for the red tide formation were high air temperature, proper sunshine and light winds for the day in red tide occurrence. From satellite images, it was possible to monitor the spatial distributions and concentrations of red tide.

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The Coastline Extraction Using RTK GPS/GLONASS

  • Jang, Ho-Sik;Roh, Tae-Ho;Lee, Jong-Chool
    • Korean Journal of Geomatics
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2002
  • On this study, it was applied that the method of Coastline extracting by aerial photogrammetry so as to extract the coastline using the method of RTK GPS/GLONASS. The observed area is Gwanganri beach that is located in Pusan and it was observed according to high wave of scar when the approximate highest high water and it was surveyed according to that the boundary line connecting to sea water surface at random time-zone. Observation analysis was used digital map of 1:1,000 and compared coastline that was converted tide with coastline of high tide. So this conclusions was agreed with converted coastline and high tide coastline.

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Monitoring Red Tide in South Sea of Korea (SSK) Using the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) (천리안 해색위성 GOCI를 이용한 대한민국 남해안 적조 모니터링)

  • Son, Young Baek;Kang, Yoon Hyang;Ryu, Joo Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.531-548
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    • 2012
  • To identify Cochlodinium polykrikoides red tide from non-red tide water (satellite high chlorophyll waters) in the South Sea of Korea (SSK), we improved a spectral classification method proposed by Son et al.(2011) for the world first Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI). C. polykrikoides blooms and non-red tide waters were classified based on four different criteria. The first step revealed that the radiance peaks of potential red tide water occurred at 555 and 680 nm (fluorescence peak). The second step separated optically different waters that were influenced by relatively low and high contributions of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) (including detritus) to chlorophyll. The third and fourth steps discriminated red tide water from non-red tide water based on the blue-to-green ratio, respectively. After applying the red tide classification, the spectral response of C. polykrikoides red tide water, which is influenced by pigment concentration as well as CDOM (detritus), showed different slopes for the blue and green bands (lower slope at blue bands and higher slope at green bands). The opposite result was found for non-red tide water. This modified spectral classification method for GOCI led to increase user accuracy for C. polykrikoides and non-red tide blooms and provided a more reliable and robust identification of red tides over a wide range of oceanic environments than was possible using chlorophyll a concentration, or proposed red tide detection algorithms. Maps of C. polykrikoides red tide in SSK outlined patches of red tide covering the area near Naro-do and Tongyeong during the end of July and early of August, 2012 and extending into from Wan-do and Geoje-do during the middle of August, 2012.

Estimation of potential area for red tide occurrence in the Korean coasts by Marine GIS

  • Yoon, Hong-Joo;Whang, Wha-Jeung
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.876-878
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    • 2003
  • It was studied on the choice of potential area for red tide occurrence from oceanographic factors. Oceanographic factors of favorable marine environmental conditions for the red tide formation included warm water temperature, low salinity, high suspended solid, low phosphorus, low nitrogen. It was founded the potential areas for red tide occurrence in August 2000 by GIS conception: Yeosu~Dolsan coast, Gamak bay, Namhae coast, Marado coast, Goheung coast, Deukryang bay, respectively.

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