• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hepatitis C

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Overview of hepatitis B and C infection (B형 및 C형 간염의 이해)

  • Kim, Ji-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Life Insurance Medical Association
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2011
  • Both the enterically transmitted forms of viral hepatitis, hepatitis A and E are self-limited and do not cause chroni chepatitis. Chronic hepatitis occurs in patients with hepatitis B and C as well as in patients with chronic hepatitis D superimposed on chronic hepatitis B. Chronic hepatitis such as hepatitis B or C is important in terms of insurance underwriting and claims. General review of hepatitis B and C was performed in this article.

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Distribution of Antibodies Against Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus in Human Sera (사람 혈청내 B형과 C형 간염바이러스에 대한 항체분포)

  • Choi, Jin-Sub;Seong, In-Wha
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 1997
  • Serum samples from 123 males and 123 females collected by age in 1996 were analyzed for antibodies against surface antigen of Hepatitis B virus and C22-3, C200 antigens of Hepatitis C virus. Sera from the children under the age of 10 showed 30% seropositivity to the surface antigen of Hepatitis B virus, 33.3% in $10{\sim}19$ year group, 20% in $20{\sim}29$ year group, 17.6% in $30{\sim}39$ year group, 3.3% in $40{\sim}49$ year group, 5.9% in $50{\sim}59$ year group, 8,3% in $60{\sim}69$ year group, 2.9% in $70{\sim}79$ year group, but antibody could not found in $80{\sim}86$ year group. 12 out of 123 male sera were positive, 19 out of 123 female sera were positive and overall rate of positivity of antibody against surface antigen of Hepatitis B virus was 12.6%. Serum samples from peoples under the age of 30 had not antibody against C22-3, C200 antigens of Hepatitis C virus. The positivity rate was 2.9% in $30{\sim}39$ year group. 5 out of 30 sera from $40{\sim}49$ year age group were positive, and 3 positive sera showed extremely high titer (1:524,288) but the titers of two remaining sera were 1:32, 1:8,192 respectively. 5.9% was positive in $50{\sim}59$ year group, 8.3% in $60{\sim}69$ year group, 11.8% in $70{\sim}79$ year group but all negative in $80{\sim}86$ year group 6 out of 123 male sera were positive (4.9%), 9 out of 123 female sera were positive (7.3%). Overall rate of positivity of antibody against C22-3, C200 antigen of Hepatitis C virus was 6.1 %. None out of 246 sera had both antibodies against Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus.

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Identification of Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) Virus Infection among Doctors and Nurses in Tertiary Hospitals in Mongolia

  • Batbold, D.;Baigalmaa, Dovdon;Ganbaatar, B.;Chimedsuren, O.
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.50-54
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    • 2010
  • The studies of M. Colombo (1989) and W. Lange (1992) showed that 30~40% of people became chronic after suffering from hepatitis B virus (HBV) and C virus (HCV) infection, and about 50% of the chronic cases transformed into primary liver cancer. There have been few studies done in Mongolia on hepatitis infection among health professionals, particularly in nurses. In a study done by Chimedsuren (8), the study showed that 19.4% of people with identified surface hepatitis B antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies to hepatitis C virus and 8% of people with the identified nucleotide of RNA for the hepatitis C virus (polymerase chain reaction) had an acute form of hepatitis C. Studies on the hepatitis virus genome damaging effect on liver cells showed that genotype 8 (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, TTV) had the most damaging effect on liver cells (Hahn and Faeka, 2007). Several studies have shown a relationship between hepatitis B virus infection and a lack of compliance regarding safety regulations and rules by medical personnel. Results of a study from the Maternal and Child Health Research Center showed that tests done to detect hepatitis B virus antigen and antibodies to C virus did not reveal anything. Both antigen and antibodies in 69% cases did not show, and separately, B virus and antibodies to hepatitis C virus were identified in 13% and 9%, respectively. Results of the tests taken from health personnel in Shastin Central Hospital showed that in 76% of the cases, the B virus antigen with C virus antibodies was not identified. In 8% of the cases, the B virus antigen was present on its own. The combination of B the virus antigen and C virus antibodies were present in 8% of nurses and doctors, respectively. 82% of the cases had negative results for the detection of a combination of B virus antigen and C virus antibodies taken from health personnel from the State Central Clinical Hospital whereas the B virus antigen and C virus antibodies by themselves were present in 7% and 14% of the cases, respectively. Combined cases of the B virus antigen and C virus antibodies were identified in 4% of the personnel. Results of the tests taken from the health personnel in the Hospital of the Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs showed that in 79% of the cases, the B virus antigen with C virus antibodies were not identified. Separately, the B virus and antibodies to hepatitis C virus were identified in 8% and 13% of the cases, respectively.

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Association between Socioeconomic Status and Hepatitis C Prevalence among Community-Dwelling Adults (전라남도 일지역 거주 성인의 사회경제적 지위와 C형 간염과의 관계)

  • Ahn, Hye-Ran;Jeong, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.234-243
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the socioeconomic status as a risk factor for hepatitis C virus infection among community-dwelling adults in Korea. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study including 2,617 adults. Data from hepatocellular carcinoma epidemiological investigation and information regarding three markers of socioeconomic status, education, employment, household income, were obtained. Multiple logistic regression was performed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) for hepatitis C virus infection for socioeconomic status markers, adjusting for the other soioeconomic status marker, behavioral and hepatitis-related factors. Results: Of the 2,617 study subjects, 104 subjects infected with hepatitis C virus and prevalence was 4%. When compared to subjects with a lowest education, ORs was 0.16 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.04-0.69) for highest education group. After adjusting behavioral and hepatitis-related factors, ORs was 0.20 (0.05-0.87) for highest education compared with lowest group. Conclusion: Low educational level was associated with an increased risk of hepatitis C virus infection.

Correlation between Knowledge of Hepatitis C and Compliance with therapeutic guidelines in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients (만성 C형간염환자의 질병에 대한 지식과 치료지시이행 간의 관계)

  • Sun, Woo Rim;Ju, Hyeon Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2015
  • Purposes: The purpose of the study was to evaluate knowledge of hepatitis C and compliance with therapeutic guidelines and their correlation. Methods: Participants included a total of 197 subjects with chronic hepatitis C from 4 general hospitals. Subjects were asked 25 items of knowledge on hepatitis C and 17 items of compliance with therapeutic guidelines. The collected data was analyzed for frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient. with the help of SPSS 21.0 program. Results: The subject's knowledge on chronic hepatitis C expressed as percentage was 67.1%. Compliance of the research participants gained $3.96({\pm}0.76)$ points in general on a 5-point scale. Learned compliance was higher when the patients were 45 years old and over. female and with spouse. There was a statistically significantly positive correlation between knowledge and compliances. Conclusions: Development of educational programs requires consideration of patient characteristics, particularly education on the male patients under 45 years of age.

Drugs for the Treatment of Viral Hepatitis (바이러스성 간질환 치료약)

  • Kim, Choong Sup
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2013
  • Viral hepatitis is the inflammation of liver cells caused by viruses, and still one of the major health-care problems worldwide. A number of viruses to cause hepatitis are type A, B, C, D, E or G. Among these viruses leading to hepatitis, B and C are more troublesome being more prone to chronic illness which can cause the potentially fatal conditions of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and/or liver failure. If immediate treatment is not initiated, liver transplant is the only option left. Over the past few decades there has been remarkable progress in diagnose and monitor all hepatitis virus infections for treatment and prevention. Nonetheless, important challenges remain to develop more effective and safe vaccines for prevention as well as antiviral agents to reduce viremia/viral load by inhibiting viral replication. The development and evaluation of antiviral agents through carefully designed clinical trials over the last 25 years has heralded a new dawn in the treatment of patients chronically infected with the hepatitis B and C viruses, but not so for the D virus. The introduction of Direct Acting Antivirals (DDAs) for the treatment of HBV carriers has permitted the long term use of these compounds for the continuous suppression of viral replication. This review aims to summarize the current status and development approaches of antiviral drugs for the treatment of viral hepatitis and future perspectives.

Viral Hepatitis and Liver Cancer on the Island of Guam

  • Haddock, R.L.;Paulino, Y.C.;Bordallo, R.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.3175-3176
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    • 2013
  • Patient records from the Guam Cancer Registry were compared with patients listed in a health department viral hepatitis case registry and the numbers of liver cancer and viral hepatitis cases were compared by ethnicity. Hepatitis C was the form of viral hepatitis most common among liver cancer cases on Guam (63.3% of viral hepatitis-associated liver cancer cases). Since viral hepatitis is an important cause of liver cancer, studies such as the present one may provide the information necessary to establish programs (screening of populations at risk and infant vaccination in the case of hepatitis B, for example) that may lessen the impact of liver cancer in the future.

The Effect of Temperature and Cycles on Amplification of DNA by PCR (PCR에 의한 DNA 증폭에 미치는 온도와 Cycle 수)

  • Kim, Chong-Ho;Shin, Sang-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 2004
  • In order to study the effect of temperature of denaturation, annealing and extension and cycles on amplification of DNA by PCR method, We isolated the hepatitis B virus DNA from hepatitis B patient blood and compared the density of DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program (denaturation at $94^{\circ}C$ for 30 sec., annealing at $60^{\circ}C$ for 1 min., extension at $72^{\circ}C$ for 1 min., holding at $72^{\circ}C$ for 5min., 30 cycles) that is usually used in laboratory to the density of DNA amplified by PCR program changed only the denaturation temperature or annealing temperature or extension temperature. We amplified about 341bp of hepatitis B virus DNA by Reference PCR Program from hepatitis patient blood, but the DNAs denatured at $72^{\circ}C$ or $60^{\circ}C$ were not detectable on photoradiography film. The DNA amplified at $37^{\circ}C$ of annealing temperature was not detectable, but the DNA annealed at $72^{\circ}C$ was detectable the lower density of DNA than the DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program. Each DNA amplified by PCR program changed only the extension temperature to $37^{\circ}C$ or $60^{\circ}C$ was almost same density as DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program. We compared the density of hepatitis B virus DNA amplified by Reference PCR Program for 30 cycles, 20 cycles, 10 cycles, and 5 cycles. The DNA cycled for 20 cycles was not amplified well as cycled for 30 cycles, but the DNA was detectable on the photoradiography film. The DNAs amplified for 10 cycles or 5 cycles were not detectable on photoradiorgaphy film. The concentration of hepatitis B virus DNA amplified in Reference PCR condition for 30 cycles, 20 cycles, 10 cycles, and 5 cycles were $72{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $83{\times}10^{-3}{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $27{\times}10^{-6}{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, and nondetectable, respectively.

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Correlation of Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection with Diabetes Mellitus Indicators

  • Lee, Jung Hwa;Hyun, Sung Hee;Park, Kap Tae;Ahn, Tae Ho;Kim, In Sik
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2013
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has recently shown to be associated with diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between chronic hepatitis B and diabetes mellitus indicators. We evaluated anthropometry, metabolic syndrome risk factors, fasting glucose, HbA1c, and C-peptide among the normal and HBV subjects. The partial correlation and average comparison analysis were used to assess the independent association between chronic hepatitis B and diabetes mellitus indicators. Average comparisons of normal and HBV subjects were significantly different in fasting glucose (p<0.000), HbA1c (p<0.000), C-peptide (p<0.000), alanine transaminase (ALT) (p<0.000) and aspartate transaminase (AST) (p<0.000). We may suggest that HBV infection is related to diabetes mellitus indicators such as fasting glucose, HbA1c and C-peptide.

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Seroprevalence of Hepatitis A and B Virus Antibody of Employees among Three Companies with Different Health Policy (사업장 보건관리에 따른 A형, B형 간염 항체 양성률)

  • Koh, Hyun Min;Son, Jun Seok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: We checked hepatitis A virus antibody(anti-HAV IgG) and hepatitis B virus antibody(HBsAb) in three large companies. The result could be a guideline to establish proper health policy for Hepatitis A and B virus preventive plan in company. Methods: We investigated the seroprevalence of anti-HAV IgG and HBsAb, and demographic characteristics of employee volunteer in three companies in southern area of Korea. Company was divided three according to health policy for hepatitis A and B. Results: The seroprevalence rate of anti-HAV IgG in company A, B, and C was 53.6%, 25.8%, and 17.7%(P<0.001), respectively. The seroprevalence rate of HBsAb in workplace A, B, and C was 79.7%, 82.4%, and 70.9%(P<0.001), respectively. Anti-HAV IgG showed more considerable difference among the companies. Conclusions: The results confirmed that low rate of IgG anti-HAV and HBsAb, particularly in the company that had low level of hepatitis education and vaccination program. This study was important for establishing hepatitis education policies, to prevent and control outbreaks in companies.