• Title, Summary, Keyword: HepG2 cells

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Induction of Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest by Jageum-Jung in HepG2 Hepatoma Cells (자금정(紫金錠)이 간암세포주 HepG2의 세포고사 및 세포주기에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Young-Kee;Jeon, Ji-Young;Shin, Yong-Jeen;Seol, Jae-Kyun;Rhee, Jae-Hwa;Won, Jin-Hee;Moon, Goo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.694-708
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : Jageum-Jung is used as an anti-cancer agent in oriental medicine, but the mechanism by which it induces cell death in cancer cells is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Jageum-Jung on apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in HepG2 hepatoma cells. Methods : Various cancer cell lines including HepG2, C6 glioma, SH-SY5Y, PANC-1, and MCF-7 cells, were used. Apoptosis was determined by DAPI nuclei staining and flow cytometry in HepG2 cells treated with various concentrations (from 25 to 200 ${\mu}g/ml$) of $H_2O$ extract of Jageum-Jung (JGJ) for 48 hrs. Expression of cell cycle arrest mediators including Rb, p53, p21, cyclin B1, cdk4, and cyclin E proteins were measured by Western blot analysis. To estimate intracellular hydrogen peroxide levels and intracellular nitric oxide levels, HepG2 cells were stained with DCFH-DA dye and DAF dye, subjected on flow cytometric analysis. Results : 1. Jageum-Jung decreased the viability of HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. 2. Jageum-Jung induced the catalytic activation of caspase-3 in HepG2 cells. 3. Jageum-Jung increased the intracellular hydrogen peroxide and NO in HepG2 cells. 4. Jageum-Jung increased the expression of Rb, p53 and p21 in HepG2 cells. 5. Jageum-Jung induced the expression of cyclin B1, cdk4, and cyclin E in HepG2 cells. Conclusions : Taken together, we suggest that Jageum-Jung exhibits cytotoxic effects on HepG2 cells, causing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. The results showed that Jageum-Jung may do so by regulating the expression of specific target molecules that promote efficient apoptotic cell death following $G_2$/M phase arrest in a dose-dependent manner.

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The Cytotoxic Effect of Chaga Mushroom (Inonotus Obliquus) Water Extract on HepG2 Hepatoma Cells

  • Kim, Jin-Kyung;Yang, Heun-Ok
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 2011
  • Chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) extract has been known to have therapeutic effects, such as anti-inflammatory, hepato-protective, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor effect. In this study, we evaluated the effects of Chaga extract on the cytotoxic actions of cisplatin in HepG2 hepatoma cells. The viability of the HepG2 cells was decreased to 10% at 3 ${\mu}M$ cisplatin and to 20% at 500 ${\mu}g$/ml Chaga extract as measured by the MTT assay. The viability of HepG2 cells co-treated with cisplatin (3 ${\mu}M$) and Chaga extract (500 ${\mu}g$/ml) was decreased to 50% in compared with the control cells. The cytotoxicity of two drugs was revealed as apoptosis characterized by the chromatic condensation, nuclear fragmentation and the cleavage of pro caspase-3 in HepG2 cells. Also, the cells treated with combination of two drugs showed synergistically the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and increase of intracellular ROS levels. Therefore, these results suggest that the combination treatment of cisplatin and Chaga extract induces apoptotic cell death in HepG2 cells and has more potential anti-tumor effect than cisplatin alone.

Effects of Cholic Acid/CDCA and FGF-19 on the Protein Levels of the Endogenous Small Heterodimer Partner (SHP) in the Mouse Liver and HepG2 Cells (생쥐의 간과 HepG2 세포에 있어서 내인성 small heterodimer partner (SHP)의 단백질 수준에 미치는 cholic acid/CDCA 및 FGF-19의 효과)

  • Min, Gye-Sik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.1731-1736
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    • 2009
  • Recent studies determined that a chronic western-style diet increased the endogenous small heterodimer partner (SHP) protein levels in mice. In experiments with cell cultures, chenodeoxy cholic acid (CDCA) treatment increased endogenous SHP protein levels and reduced the degradation rate of exogenously expressed flag-SHP levels in the human hepatoma cell line, HepG2 cells. In addition, bile acid-induced intestinal fibroblast growth factor-19 (FGF-19) increased the half-life of the exogenously expressed SHP when HepG2 cells were transfected with ad-flag-SHP. However, both the expression level and the degradation rate of the endogenous SHP in response to cholic acid and FGF-19 have not been well understood, either in mice or in cultured HepG2 cells. This study examined the effects of cholic acid treatment on the endogenous SHP protein levels in mice and the effects of FGF-19 on the degradation rate of the endogenous SHP protein in HepG2 cells. Mice fed 0.5% cholic acid in normal chow showed an increase in endogenous SHP protein levels during both 12 hr and 24 hr treatment periods as compared to control mice fed only normal chow. In cultured HepG2 cells, treatment with CDCA did not noticeably change the rate of degradation in the endogenous SHP protein from cells not treated with CDCA. Although consistent with the previous studies on the exogenous ad-flag-SHP protein, treatment with FGF-19 significantly decreased the degradation rate of the endogenous SHP protein when HepG2 cells were treated with cyclohexamide. These results suggest that both bile acids and FGF-19 increase the endogenous SHP protein levels in mouse liver and HepG2 cells.

Asparagus cochinchinensis inhibits the ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells

  • Kim, Jeong-Joong
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2000
  • A human hepatoma cell line, Hep G2 cells are a reliable for the study of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, the author investigated the effect of an aqueous extract of Asparagus $cochinchinensis_{MERRIL}$ (Liliaceae) roots (ACAE) on ethanol (EtOH)-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells. ACAE dose-dependently inhibited the EtOH-induced tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}\;(TNF-{\alpha})$ secretion. ACAE also inhibited the EtOH and $TNF-{\alpha}-induced$ cytotoxicity. Furthermore, the author found that ACAE inhibited the $TNF-{\alpha}-induced$ apoptosis of Hep G2 cells. These results suggest that ACAE may prevent the EtOH-induced cytotoxicity through inhibition of the apoptosis of Hep G2 cells.

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Preparation of CdSe QDs-carbohydrate Conjugation and its Application for HepG2 Cells Labeling

  • Jiang, Mingxing;Chen, Yan;Kai, Guiqing;Wang, Ruijun;Cui, Huali;Hu, Meili
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.571-574
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    • 2012
  • In present study, CdSe quantum dots (QDs) were prepared with a novel but simple, effective and exercisable method. Nine different types of carbohydrate molecules were used to modify CdSe QDs. D-mannose (Man)-coated quantum dots were prepared for labeling human hepatoma (HepG2) cells, because of the high expression of mannose receptor (MR) on HepG2 cells. The uptake characteristics of CdSe QDs-Man were investigated in HepG2 cells. The absorption rate result of MTT assay in 48 h suggested the extremely low cytotoxicity of CdSe QDs-Man. The presence of quantum dots was confirmed with fluorescence microscopy. These results were encouraging regarding the application of QDs molecules for early detection of HepG2 cells.

Drug Resistance Effects of Ribosomal Protein L24 Overexpression in Hepatocellular Carcinoma HepG2 Cells

  • Guo, Yong-Li;Kong, Qing-Sheng;Liu, Hong-Sheng;Tan, Wen-Bin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.22
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    • pp.9853-9857
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    • 2014
  • Background: The morbidity and mortality rate of liver cancer continues to rise in China and advanced cases respond poorly to chemotherapy. Ribosomal protein L24 has been reported to be a potential therapeutic target whose depletion or acetylation inhibits polysome assembly and cell growth of cancer. Materials and Methods: Total RNA of cultured amycin-resistant and susceptible HepG2 cells was isolated, and real time quantitative RT-PCR were used to indicate differences between amycin-resistant and susceptible strains of HepG2 cells. Viability assays were used to determine amycin resistance in RPL24 transfected and control vector and null-transfected HepG2 cell lines. Results: The ribosomal protein L24 transcription level was 7.7 times higher in the drug-resistant HepG2 cells as compared to susceptible cells on quantitative RT-PCR analysis. This was associated with enhanced drug resistance as determined by methyl tritiated thymidine (3H-TdR) incorporation. Conclusions: The ribosomal protein L24 gene may have effects on drug resistance mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells.

Effect of Paclitaxel-loaded Nanoparticles on the Viability of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma HepG2 Cells

  • Hou, Zhi-Hong;Zhao, Wen-Cui;Zhang, Qi;Zheng, Wei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.1725-1728
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    • 2015
  • Objective: To explore effects of paclitaxel-loaded poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) particles on the viability of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. Materials and Methods: The viability of HepG2 cells was assessed using MTT under different concentrations of prepared paclitaxel-loaded particles and paclitaxel (6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, and 100 mg/L), and apoptosis was analyzed using Hochest33342/Annexin V-FITC/PI combined with an IN Cell Analyzer 2000. Results: Paxlitaxel-loaded nanoparticles were characterized by narrow particle size distribution (158.6 nm average particle size). The survival rate of HepG2 cells exposed to paclitaxel-loaded PLGA particles decreased with the increase of concentration and time period (P<0.01 or P<0.05), the dose- and time-dependence indicating sustained release (P<0.05). Moreover, apoptosis of HepG2 cells was induced, again with an obvious dose- and time-effect relationship (P<0.05). Conclusions: Paclitaxel-loaded PLGA particles can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of HCC HepG2 cells. This new-type of paclitaxel carrier body is easily made and has low cost, good nanoparticle characterization and sustained release. Hence, paclitaxel-loaded PLGA particles deserve to be widely popularized in the clinic.

The Effect of Lacca Sinica Exsiccata on The Manifestation of Angiogenic Proteins (건칠(乾漆)이 혈관신생관련 단백질 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Hak;Kim, Kyung-Jun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2006
  • Objective : Angiogenesis is an essential process for metastasis of solid tumors and Psoriasis. Lots of Researches for anti-angiogenic effect to angiogenic factors have been carried out in the world. So this experiment was carried out for whether Lacca Sinica Exsiccata(LSE) extracts have an anti-angiogenic effect for angiogenic factors. Methods: To investigate the roles of the LSE extracts, we performed MIS assay, western blots using HaCaT cells and HepG2 cells. And then, HaCaT cells were treated with 10, 50, 100, 250, $500{\mu}g/ml$ LSE extracts. After 4hrs, HaCaT cells were theated with IGF-II protein for 1hr. HepG2 cells were treated with 1, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200 ${\mu}g/ml$ LSE extracts. After 4hrs, HepG2 cells were theated with $CoCl_2$ for 24hrs Results: 1. In $50{\mu}g/ml$ and $100{\mu}g/ml$ density we confirmed the inhibition effect of LSE extracts to $HIF-1{\alpha}$ activation which was induced by IGF-II in HaCaT cells. 2. In $50{\mu}g/ml$ density we confirmed the inhibition effect of LSE extracts to $HIF-1{\alpha}$ activation which was induced by $CoCl_2$ in HepG2 cells. 3. In $25{\mu}g/ml$ density we confirmed the inhibition effect of LSE extracts to VEGF activation which was induced by $CoCl_2$ in HepG2 cells. Conclusion: The above-mentioned results proved that LSE extracts reduced $HIF-1{\alpha}$ protein level in the HaCaT cells and HepG2 cells. These results suggest that inhibition of HaCaT cell and HepG2 cell proliferation by LSE extracts contributes to the anti-angiogenic activities on the keratinocytes and hepatocellular carcinoma.

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Cytotoxic and Apoptotic-inducing Effects of Purple Rice Extracts and Chemotherapeutic Drugs on Human Cancer Cell Lines

  • Banjerdpongchai, Ratana;Wudtiwai, Benjawan;Sringarm, Korawan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6541-6548
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    • 2013
  • Pigmented rice is mainly black, red, and dark purple, and contains a variety of flavones, tannin, polyphenols, sterols, tocopherols, ${\gamma}$-oryzanols, amino acids, and essential oils. The present study evaluated the cytotoxic effects of purple rice extracts (PREs) combined with chemotherapeutic drugs on human cancer cells and mechanisms of cell death. Methanolic (MeOH) and dichloromethane (DCM) extracts of three cultivars of purple rice in Thailand: Doisaket (DSK), Nan and Payao (PYO), were tested and compared with white rice (KK6). Cytotoxicity was determined by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2, prostate cancer LNCaP and murine normal fibroblast NIH3T3 cells. MeOH-PYO-PRE was the most cytotoxic and inhibited HepG2 cell growth more than that of LNCaP cells but was not toxic to NIH3T3 cells. When PREs were combined with paclitaxel or vinblastine, they showed additive cytotoxic effects on HepG2 and LNCaP cells, except for MeOH-PYO-PRE which showed synergistic effects on HepG2 cells when combined with vinblastine. MeOH-PYO-PRE plus vinblastine induced HepG2 cell apoptosis with loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (MTP) but no ROS production. MeOH-PYO-PRE-treated HepG2 cells underwent apoptosis via caspase-9 and-3 activation. The level of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol was highest in DCM-PYO-PRE (44.17 mg/g) whereas anthocyanin content was high in MeOH-PYO-PRE (5.80 mg/g). In conclusion, methanolic Payao purple rice extract was mostly toxic to human HepG2 cells and synergistically enhanced the cytotoxicity of vinblastine. Human HepG2 cell apoptosis induced by MeOH-PYO-PRE and vinblastine was mediated through a mitochondrial pathway.

Effects of persimmon leaf extracts on proteasome activity in HepG2 human liver cancer cells (감잎 추출물이 HepG2 인간 간암 세포의 proteasome 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soyoung;Yoon, Hyungeun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.393-397
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    • 2019
  • Proteasome inhibitors can promote apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in cancer cells by inhibition of nuclear factorkappaB ($NF-{\kappa}B$) activation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of persimmon leaf extract (PSE) on proteasome activity in HepG2 human liver cancer cells. PSE treatment inhibited the proteasome activity and $NF-{\kappa}B$ activation in a dose-dependent manner in HepG2 human liver cancer cells (p<0.05). PSE treatment increased the population of cells in G2/M and sub-G1 phases. The results suggested that PSE is one of the candidate substances that may be developed into a proteasome inhibitor.