• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hep-G2 cell

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The Effects of Orostachys japonicus on HepG2 Cell Proliferation and Oncogene Expression (와송(瓦松)이 HepG2 cell의 세포분열 및 관련유전자 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Young-Hun;Kim, Young-Chul;Lee, Jang-Hoon;Woo, Hong-Jung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.48-59
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of WS on HepG2 cell cycle and expression of related genes. Methods : The MTT assay, Cell counting analysis, $[^3H]-Thymidine$ Incorporation Assay, Flow cytometric analysis, Quantitative RT-PCR were studied. Results : WS inhibited HepG2 cell proliferation in low concentration$(1-10\;{\mu]g/ml)$ which did not cause direct cytotoxicity, with dose-dependant manner. WS in-hibited DNA synthesis as well. Flow cytometric analysis on the HepG2 cell showed G2/M phase arrest. Conclusion : These results suggest that WS inhibits HepG2 cell proliferation not by the gene regulation but by G2/M phase arrest in the cell cycle. Thus further studies on the effect of WS in G2/M phase regulation are thought to be needed.

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Ameliorate Effect of Black Ginseng on HepG2 Cell transplanted in BALB/c Nude Mice (HepG2 세포주를 이식한 BALB/c Nude Mice에서 흑삼의 고형암 개선효과)

  • Kang, Shin-Jyung;Han, Jung-Soon;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to examine the ameliorating effect of black ginseng on the growth of the HepG2 cell transplanted tumor in BALB/c nude mice. 27 male BALB/c nude mice (all six weeks old) were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the first treatment group (HepG2300RG, using 300 mg/kg red ginseng), and the second treatment group (HepG2300BG, using 300 mg/kg black ginseng). The HepG2300BG in the HePG2 cells showed increased mean survival time than that of red ginseng group. The size and volume of the tumor in the 300BG group showed significant reduction compared to those of the HepG2300RG group (p<0.05). The body weight and liver weight of the HepG2300RG group was not significantly different with control and HepG2300BG group. The serum levels of ALT and AST in the HepG2300RG and HepG2300BG group were significantly lower than those of the control group. In conclusion, these results suggest that the black ginseng may have possible anti-tumor activities.

The Effects of Loranthus parasiticus Merr. on Cell Cycle and Expression of Related Genes in HepG2 Cell (상기생(桑寄生)이 HepG2 cell의 세포분열 및 관련유전자 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Rhew, Kwang-Yul;Kim, Young-Chul;Woo, Hong-Jung;Lee, Jang-Hoon
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.60-73
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Loranthus parasiticus Merr. on cell cycle and expression of related genes in HepG2 cells. Methods : The MTT assay, cell counting assay, $[^3H]-Thymidine$ incorporation assay, flow cytometric analysis, quantitative RT-PCR and western blot assay were studied. Results : In the water extract of Loranthus parasiticus Merr., inhibition of cell proliferation and DNA synthesis in HepG2 cells was seen. These inhibitory effects were due to inhibition of G l-S transition in cell cycle. After treatment with the extract, expression of cyclin D1(G1 check point related gene) was inhibited particularly in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. Conclusion : These results suggest that the inhibition of cell cycle progression by Loranthus parasiticus Merr. in HepG2 cell is due to suppression of cyclin D1(G1 check point related gene) mRNA expression and protein synthesis.

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The Inhibitory Effects of Propolis on In Vitro Proliferation of Human Cancer Cell Lines (Propolis의 인체 암세포 증식억제 효과에 대한 In Vitro 연구)

  • 이현수;이지영;김동청;인만진;황우익
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.80-85
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    • 2000
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the inhibitory effects of propolis on the in vitro proliferation of human colon(HT-29) and hepatoma(HepG2) cancer cell lines. The growth of the HT-29 and HepG2 cells was respectively inhibited by the administration of propolis in a concentration response-dependent manner. The distributions of HT-29 and HepG2 cells cultured in the medium containing propolis were shifted to the smaller sizes, and then HT-29 and HepG2 cells were shrunken under microscopic observations. The progression of cell cycle from G1 to S phase was significantly inhibited by propolis in the HT-29 and HepG2 cell lines, respectively. Those observations suggest that propolis has anticancer effect against some of cancer cell lines in vitro. (Korean J Nutrition 33(1) : 80-85, 2000)

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Induction of Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest by Jageum-Jung in HepG2 Hepatoma Cells (자금정(紫金錠)이 간암세포주 HepG2의 세포고사 및 세포주기에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Young-Kee;Jeon, Ji-Young;Shin, Yong-Jeen;Seol, Jae-Kyun;Rhee, Jae-Hwa;Won, Jin-Hee;Moon, Goo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.694-708
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : Jageum-Jung is used as an anti-cancer agent in oriental medicine, but the mechanism by which it induces cell death in cancer cells is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Jageum-Jung on apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in HepG2 hepatoma cells. Methods : Various cancer cell lines including HepG2, C6 glioma, SH-SY5Y, PANC-1, and MCF-7 cells, were used. Apoptosis was determined by DAPI nuclei staining and flow cytometry in HepG2 cells treated with various concentrations (from 25 to 200 ${\mu}g/ml$) of $H_2O$ extract of Jageum-Jung (JGJ) for 48 hrs. Expression of cell cycle arrest mediators including Rb, p53, p21, cyclin B1, cdk4, and cyclin E proteins were measured by Western blot analysis. To estimate intracellular hydrogen peroxide levels and intracellular nitric oxide levels, HepG2 cells were stained with DCFH-DA dye and DAF dye, subjected on flow cytometric analysis. Results : 1. Jageum-Jung decreased the viability of HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. 2. Jageum-Jung induced the catalytic activation of caspase-3 in HepG2 cells. 3. Jageum-Jung increased the intracellular hydrogen peroxide and NO in HepG2 cells. 4. Jageum-Jung increased the expression of Rb, p53 and p21 in HepG2 cells. 5. Jageum-Jung induced the expression of cyclin B1, cdk4, and cyclin E in HepG2 cells. Conclusions : Taken together, we suggest that Jageum-Jung exhibits cytotoxic effects on HepG2 cells, causing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. The results showed that Jageum-Jung may do so by regulating the expression of specific target molecules that promote efficient apoptotic cell death following $G_2$/M phase arrest in a dose-dependent manner.

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G1 Arrest of the Cell Cycle by Onchungeum in Human Hepatocarcinoma Cells (온청음(溫淸飮)이 인체 간암세포의 세포주기 G1 Arrest에 미치는 영향)

  • Goo, In-Moo;Shin, Heung-Mook
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.821-828
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    • 2008
  • Onchungeum, a herbal formula, which has been used for treatment of anemia due to bleeding, discharging blood and skin disease. In the present study, it was examined the effects of extract of Onchungeum (OCE) on the growth of human hepatocarcinoma cell lines Hep3B (p53 null type) and HepG2 (p53 wild type) in order to investigate the anti-proliferative mechanism by OCE. Treatment of Hep3B and HepG2 cells to OCE resulted in the growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner, however Hep3B cell line exhibited a relatively strong anti-proliferative activity to OEC. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that OCE treatment in Hep3B cells caused G1 phase arrest of the cell cycle, which was associated with various morphological changes in a dose-dependent fashion. RT-PCR and immunoblotting data revealed that treatment of OCE caused the down-regulation of cyclin D1 expression, however the levels of cyclin E expression were not changed by OCE. The G1 arrest of the cell cycle was also associated with the induction of Cdk inhibitor p27 by OCE. Because the p53 gene is null in Hep3B cells, it is most likely that the induction of p21 is mediated through a p53-independent pathway. Moreover, p27 detected in anti-Cdk4 and anti-Cdk2 immunoprecipitates from the OCE-treated cells, suggesting that OCE-induced p27 protein blocks Cdk kinase activities by directing binding to the cyclin/Cdk complexes. Furthermore, OCE treatment potently suppresses the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma proteins and the levels of the transcription factor E2F-1 expression. Taken together, these results indicated that the growth inhibitory effect of OCE in Hep3B hepatoma cells was associated with the induction of G1 arrest of the cell cycle through regulation of several major growth regulatory gene products.

Inhibitory Mechanisms of Cell Cycle Regulation Induced by Indole-3-carbinol in Hepatocellular Carci-noma HepG2 Cells. (간암 세포주에서의 Indole-3-Carbinol에 의해 유도되는 세포주기 억제 기전)

  • 김동우;이광수;김민경;조율희;이철훈
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.181-185
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    • 2001
  • The naturally occurring chemical indole-3-carbinol (13C), found in vegetables of the Brassica genus, is a promising anticancer agent that was shown previ- ously to induce a Gl cell cycle arrest of human breast cancer cell lines, independent of estrogen receptor signaling. The anticancer activity of 13C and the possible mechanisms of its action were explored in a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2. Treatment of HepG2 cells with 13C suppressed the growth of the cells. The growth sup- pression caused by 13C ($IC_{50}$/: 444$\mu$M) was found to be partially due to its ability to stop the cell cycle in HepG2 cells. Western blot analysis for the Gl phase artiest demonstrated that the expression-levels of cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk4, Cdk6) and cyclic D were reduced strongly after treatment of Hep72 cells with 13C (4007M) for 24- 72 hrs. Furthermore, I3C selectively abolished the expression of Cdk6 in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and accordingly, inhibited the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma. Interestingly, after the HepG2 cells reached their max- imal growth arrest, the level of the p21, a well-known Cdk inhibitor, increased significantly. Therefore, it could be considered that the Gl arrest of HepG2 cells treated with 13C was due to the indirect inhibition of Cdk4/6 activities by p21 Western blot analysis for G2/M phase arrest of demonstrated the levels of Cdc2 and cyclin Bl werer reduced dramatically after the treatment of HepG2 cells with 13C ($40\mu$M) for 24-72 hrs. flow cytometry of propidium iodide-stained HepG2 cells revealed that 13C induces a Gl (53%,72hr incubation) and G2 (25%,24hr incubation) cell cycle arrest. Thus, our observations have uncovered a previously undefined antiproliferative pathway for r3C that implicates Cdk4/6 and Cdc2 as a target for cell cycle control in human HepG2 cells. However, the 13C-medi- ated cell cycle arrest and repression of Cdk4/6 production did not affect the apoptotic induction of HepG2 cell.

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Inhibition of gene associated with Dyslipidemia and Antioxidative Effect of Artemisia iwayomogi, Curcumae Radix and Raphani Semen(ACR) on HepG2 cell model (HepG2 cell을 이용한 한인진, 울금, 나복자 복합물(ACR)의 이상지질혈증 관련 유전자 발현 억제 및 항산화 효능 평가)

  • Cha, Jiyun;Yoo, Ho-ryong;Kim, Yoon-sik;Seol, In-chan;Jo, Hyun-kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.43-58
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: We performed this study to evaluate the antioxidative and hypolipidemic effect of Artemisia iwayomogi (韓茵蔯), Curcuma longa L. (鬱金) and Raphanus sativus L. (蘿?子) (ACR). Method: We enriched Artemisiae Capillaris, Curcumae Longae and Raphani Semen compound with alcohol. ACR extract is treated to HepG2 cell. Cell groups are devided into 3 groups: normal, control and ACR treated group. We measured polyphenol, flavonoids, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity, ROS, glutathione, GSH peroxidase, GSH reductase, SOD, catalase, free fatty acid, lipid peroxidation and suppression of ACAT1 and HMG-CoA reductase expression on mRNA level. Results: 1. ACR contained polyphenol and flavonoids and increased GSH significantly in HepG2 cell. 2. ACR increased GPx, GR, and catalase activity significantly in HepG2 cell. 3. ACR increased DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity significantly in HepG2 cell and decreased ROS. 4. ACR decreased free fatty acid and MDA significantly in HepG2 cell. 5. ACR suppressed ACAT1 and HMG-CoA reductase expression on mRNA level in HepG2 cell. Conclusion: This study suggests that ACR has antioxidative and hypolipidemic effect and might be effective in prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia.

Effect of CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid) on the Anti-Atherosclerotic actors in Human Hepatoma HepG2 Cells (간암세포 (HepG2 Cell)에서의 식이성 CLA(Conjugated Linoleic Acid)가 항동맥경화성 인자에 미치는 영향)

  • 오현희;문희정;이명숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.182-192
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    • 2004
  • Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is the mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid (LA), which is found abundantly in dairy products and meats. This study was performed to investigate the anticarcinogenic effect of CLA in HepG2 hepatoma cells. HepG2 cell were treated with LA and CLA at the various concentrations of 10, 20, 40, 80 uM each at different incubation times. After each incubation times, cell proliferation, fatty acids incorporation into cell, peroxidation and postaglandin E$_2$ (PGE$_2$) and thromboxane $A_2$ (TXA$_2$) for the eicosanoid metabolism were measured. LA treated HepG2 cells were increased cell growth 6 - 70% of control whereas CLA increased cell death the half of those in LA group (p 〈 0.001). LA and CLA were incorporated very well into the cellular membranes four times higher than in control according to concentration and longer incubation times. Moreover, LA synthesized significantly arachidonic acids corresponding with LA concentration compared to CLA supplementation. The supplementation with LA increased intracellular lipid peroxides concentration corresponding with LA concentration and five times higher than those in CLA significantly at any incubation times (p 〈 0.001). PGE$_2$ and TXA$_2$ levels were three to twenty times lower in condition of CLA treatments than LA, respectively. Overall, the dietary CLA might change the HepG2 cell growth by the changes of cell composition, production of lipid peroxide. Since CLA have not changed the levels of arachidonic acid of cell membrane, which was sources of eicosanoids, eicosanoid synthesis was not increased in CLA compared to LA. Our results was suggest CLA has a possibility to protect the progress of atherosclerosis because CLA does not produce lipid production and endothelial contraction factors in liver.

A Study on Antitumor Effect and Mechanism of Cortex ulmi pumilae Water Extract on HepG2 Hepatoma cell (유근피(楡根皮) 추출액(抽出液)이 HeoG2 간암세포(肝癌細胞)에 미치는 항암효과(抗癌效果) 및 기전(機轉)에 대(對)한 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Su-Deock;Park, Young-Kweon;Kim, Gang-San;Kang, Byung-Ki;Han, Sang-Il
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : The effects of aqueous extracts of Cortex ulmi pumilae (a traditional medicine for cancer treatment in oriental medicine) on the induction of apoptotic cell death were investigated in human liver origm hepatoma cell lines, HepG2. Methods : The death of HepG2 cells was markedly induced by the addition of extracts of Cortex ulmi pumilae in a dose-dependent manner. The apoptotic characteristic ladder pattern of DNA strand break was not observed in cell death of HepG2. In addition, it was not shown nucleus chromatin condensation and fragmentation under hoechst staining. However, by the using annexin V staining assay, externalizations of phosphatidylserine in HepG2 cell which were treated with Cortex ulmi pumilae extracts were detected in the early time (at 9 hr after extract treatment). Furthermore, LDH release was not detected in this early stage. Therefore, Cortex ulmi pumilae extracts-induced cell death of HepG2 cells is mediated by apoptotic death signal processes. Result : The activity of caspase 3-like proteases remained in a basal level in HepG2 cells which treated with the extract of Cordyceps sinensis. However, it was markedly increased in HepG2 cells which treated with two extracts of Cortex ulmi pumilae (C.U.P.-C, C.U.P.-K) which were differently extracted (respectively, 2.3 and 3.3 fold). On a while, the phosphotransferase activities of JNK1 was markedly induced in HepG2 cells which were treated with two extracts of Cortex ulmi pumilae. On the contrary, the activation of transcriptional activator, activating protein1(AP-1) and NF-kB were severely decreased by these two extracts of Cortex ulmi pumilae (C.U.P.-C, C.U.P.-K). In addition, antioxidants (GSH and NAC) and intracellular $Ca2^+$ level regulator (Bapta/AM and Thapsigargin) did not affect Cortex ulmi pumilae extracts-induced apoptotic death of HepG2 cells. Conclusions : In conclusion, our results suggest that two extracts of Cortex ulmi pumilae (C.U.P.-C, C.U.P.-K) induces the apoptotic death of human liver origin hepatoma HepG2 cells via activation of caspase 3-like proteases as well as JNK1, and inhibition of transcriptional activators, AP-1 and $NK-{\kappa}B$.

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