• Title, Summary, Keyword: Heart Disease

Search Result 2,405, Processing Time 0.111 seconds

Palliative surgery for cyanotic heart disease: 102 cases (선천성 청색증 심장병에 대한 고식적 수술: 102례 보)

  • 진성훈
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.26-31
    • /
    • 1984
  • From Jan. 1962 to Aug. 1983, one hundred patients with cyanotic heart disease underwent various palliative operations at the department of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, S.N.U.H. In the period from Jan. 1962 to Dec. 1973, in which the open heart surgery was not routinely performed, sixty-two operations including 2 cases of second shunt operation were performed in sixty patients, and all of them were tetralogy of Fallot except three cases. Various palliative procedures such as Glenn, Brock, Waterston and Blalock-Taussing operation were used in this period with overall mortality rate of 16%. In the period from Jan. 1980 to Aug. 1983, forty patients with cyanotic heart disease were operated and majority of them was complex anomalies. Only Blalock-Taussing operation was used in this period with a mortality rate of 20%. These two groups of patients were compared according to age, diagnosis and results of operations, and it appears that Blalock-Taussing operation is effective palliation for patients with cyanotic heart disease, especially with complex anomaly, with an acceptable mortality.

  • PDF

Medical Expenditure Attributable to Overweight and Obesity in Adults with Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke in Korea (우리나라 성인의 허혈성 심장질환, 뇌졸중으로 인한 총 진료비 중 과체중 및 비만의 기여분)

  • Kang, Jae-Heon;Jeong, Baek-Geun;Cho, Young-Gyu;Song, Hye-Ryoung;Kim, Kyung-A
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.83-90
    • /
    • 2010
  • objectives: This study was conducted to estimate medical expenditure attributable to overweight and obesity in adults with ischemic heart disease and stroke using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey data and Korea National Health Corporation data. methods : The medical expenditure of ischemic heart disease and stroke related to overweight and obesity were composed of inpatient care costs, outpatient care costs and medication costs. The population attributable risk (PAR) of overweight and obesity was calculated from national representative data of Korea such as the National Health Insurance Corporation cohort data and 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey data. results: The medical expenditure attributable to overweight and obesity of ischemic heart disease were 97.4 billion won(74.1-122 billion won). and stroke were 64.6 billion won(33.1-98.1 billion won). Consequently, these costs corresponded to 11.4% of total medical expenditure due to ischemic heart disease and stroke. conclusion: We conclude that overweight and obesity have increased medical expenditure from ischemic heart disease and stroke in Korea. These findings provide important support for implementing overweight and obesity management strategies in Korea.

Clinical Study of Ventricular Function Following Open Heart Surgery by Radionuclide Angiocardiogram - left ventricular ejection fraction by ECG gated blood pool scan - (방사성 동위원소를 이용한 개심술 전후의 심실기능 변화에 관한 연구: ECG gated blood pool scan을 이용한 ejection fraction 검사)

  • Lee, Jeong-Cheol;Kim, Gyu-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.25-34
    • /
    • 1986
  • Recently, radionuclide angiocardiogram is one of the most common procedure for assessment of ventricular performance due to its distinctive advantages such as safety, accuracy, and ease of repeated studies. Also, measurement and comparison between pre and postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] are meaningful for assessing the severity of myocardial damage which occurred during open heart surgery and the status of myocardial recovery. We obtained pre and post operative LVEF using radionuclide angiocardiogram on 30 patients composed of atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, cyanotic congenital heart disease, and valvular heart disease who undergone the open heart surgery from March to august 1984. The study revealed that ventricular septal defect and mitral valvular heart disease showed 8.1% and 6.2% decreases of postoperative LVEF, respectively. But, there are little increases of postoperative LVEF in the atrial septal defect and cyanotic congenital heart disease. In ventricular septal defect, each group of Qp/Qs over 2.0 and systolic pulmonary artery pressure over 50mmHg showed significant 17% and 14.7% decreases of postoperative LVEF, respectively. Considering the duration of the aortic cross clamping times and closing methods of VSD, each group of duration over 30 min. and of patch closure showed 13.9% and 14.2% decreases of LVEF between pre and postoperative status respectively which was significant finding statistically.

  • PDF

Gender Differences in Factors Influencing The Framingham Risk Score-Coronary Heart Disease by BMI (남녀 체질량지수에 따른 관상동맥질환위험도(Framingham Risk Score-Coronary Heart Disease) 영향요인)

  • Park, Kwang-Ok;Seo, Ji-Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.248-258
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate factors influencing the Framingham risk score-Coronary heart disease (FRS-CHD) according to gender and body mass index (BMI) of adults who participated in the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-3). Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design with secondary analysis with KNHANES V-3. The FRS-CHD scores were measured with ages, sex, blood pressure, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, smoking, and diabetes mellitus. With demographic characteristics, family history of ischemic heart disease, types (intensity) and days of physical activities, perceived stress, drinking, menopause (in female), and BMI scores were measured. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions. Results: FRS-CHD was significantly associated with types (intensity) and days of physical activities, educational level, occupation, and marital status, explaining 19.1~76.8% of the variance in men. FRS-CHD was significantly associated with types (intensity) and days of physical activities, menopause, and education level, explaining 55.0~59.5% of the variance in women. Conclusion: Factors influencing FRS-CHD were significantly different according to gender and BMI. To reduce the risk of coronary artery disease, it is necessary to develop gender-specific physical activity programs according to BMI.

Pathology of the Cardiac Valve Disease (심장판막의 병리)

  • 임창영
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.276-282
    • /
    • 1988
  • Surgery is now the usual mode of therapy in patients with severe valvular heart disease. Until recently, clinicians and pathologists attributed nearly all acquired valvular heart diseases to a rheumatic origin, except some obviously resulting from acute infection and syphilis. Although many clinicians and pathologists describe that the origin of aortic valvular disease is a nonrheumatic origin, we recognize the major origin of aortic valvular disease in Korea as a rheumatic origin. We excised 47 cardiac valves from valvular heart diseased patients and performed anatomical and pathological analysis for its origin and underlying pathology. The purpose of this article is to provide an update for the clinicians of evolving issues related to the pathology of valvular heart disease. But myxomatous origin and infective endocarditis valvulitis will not be covered in detail.

  • PDF

Plasma Antioxidant Status and Platelet Antionxidative Enzyme Activities in Patients of Ischemic Heart Disease (허혈성심질환에서의 항산화영양소 상태와 혈소판 항산화계효소 활성에 관한 연구)

  • 최영선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.223-231
    • /
    • 1996
  • To investigate antioxidant status and platelet antioxidative enzyme activity in patients with ischemic heart disease, 36 male patients admitted to Kyungpook National University Hospital from June to December 1994 were compared to 36 healthy male control subjects. The percentages of heavy smoking and nonexercise were significantly higher in the patient group compared to the control, but the drinking status was not significantly different between groups. Food habit and food frequency scores were significantly lower in patients than in control subjects. Plasma retinol levels tended to be lower in the patient group, and plasma $\alpha$-tocopherol and $\beta$-carotene levels were not different between groups. There was no difference in the level of plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) and in the activities of platelet glutathione peroxidase and catalase. Our results indicate that oxidative stress, which is reflected by the plasma levels of antioxidants and TBARS, did not increase in the patients with ischemic heart disease, and the long-term effects due to smoking, poor food habit and other life styles could possibly contribute to the onset of the disease.

  • PDF

Pathological observation of mulberry heart disease of pigs in Korea (Mulberry heart disease의 병리학적 관찰)

  • Chung, Un-ik;Kim, Hong-jib;Eun, Gil-soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.601-606
    • /
    • 1997
  • Mulberry heart disease was associated with vitamin E and selenium deficiency of pigs. Anatomical findings of this disease were hydropericadium, extensive patchy hemorrhage of epicardium, endocardium, and discoloration of dark red color of myocardium. In histological findings were characterized by acute myocardial degeneration, extensive hemorrhage, fibrinoid degeneration of arterioles, PAS positive material deposition of arterioles and capillary thrombosis. In affected herds, feed and serum tocopherol and selenium concentration were less than normal values.

  • PDF

The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Position and the Predicted Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease with Using Health Risk Appraisal (허혈성심질환 예측모형을 이용한 사회경제적 위치와 허혈성심질환 위험도의 연관성)

  • Koh, Dong-Hee;Han, Sun-Shil;Jee, Sun-Ha;Kim, Hyoung-Ryoul
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.39 no.4
    • /
    • pp.359-364
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objectives: The object of this study is to assess the relationship between socioeconomic factors and the predicted 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease by using health risk appraisal of ischemic heart disease. Methods: The study population was taken from The 2001 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey, and it consisted of 1,566 men and 1,984 women aged 30-59. We calculated 10-year risk using the risk function of ischemic heart disease as developed by Jee. The educational level and equivalized household income were dichotomized by a 12 years education period and the median income level. Occupation was dichotomized into manual/non-manual work. We stratified the population by age(10 years) and sex, and then we rated the risk differences according to socioeconomic factors by performing t-tests for each strata. Results: There were gradients of the predicted 10-year risk of ischemic heart disease with the educational level and the equivalized household income, and thet was an increasing tendency of risk differences with age. Manual workers didn't show significant risk difference from non-manual workers. Conclusions: There was definite relationship between low socioeconomic position and the predicted risk of ischemic heart disease in the future.

The Clinical Experience of 500 Cases in Open Heart Surgery (개심술 500례의 임상적 고찰)

  • 민용일
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.148-155
    • /
    • 1987
  • From May 1977 to June 1986, 500 cases of open heart surgery were performed under the cardiopulmonary bypass. There were 278 male and 222 female patients ranging from 6 months to 69 years. 363 cases[73.6%] were congenital heart diseases, and 137 cases[27.4%] were acquired heart diseases, which were 33 valvular diseases, 3 myxomas and 1 IVC obstruction. There were 363 congenital heart anomaly with 35 operative deaths[9.6%], consisting of 279 acyanotic cases with 12 deaths [4.3%] and 85 cases of cyanotic cases with 23 deaths[28.4%]. In 133 patients of acquired valvular disease, 124 valves were implanted and operative death of valvular disease was 12%. Finally the operative mortality was 9.6% in congenital anomaly, and 12.4% in acquired heart disease, overall mortality rate was 10.4%.

  • PDF

Status of open heart surgery in Korea (한국의 개심술 현황)

  • 송진천
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.996-1000
    • /
    • 1989
  • Open heart surgery begun at 1959 in Korea. From that time to 1979, the surgery was performed below 100 cases in a year. However,that was performed above, 1,000 cases in a year from 1981. During the recent three years, i.e., 1985, 1986, and 1987, the annual operative cases were 3614,4503, and 4906, and then the mortality rates were progressively decreased to 6.2%, 5.3 %, and 5.0 %. In these time, overall mortality rate above 1 year old was 5.0 % versus that below 1 year old 17.9 9o in congenital heart diseases. These results are statistically different between two groups. Of the valvular heart disease cases, which occupied 97 % of total acquired heart disease, individual incidence was in mitral 68 %, and aortic 28%. The operative method was mainly valve replacement. Operative mortality for valve surgery in total was 4.4 %. Until 1985, bioprosthetic valve was frequently implanted but mechanical valve has been done more frequently in these days. Coronary artery bypass graft was large portion [67 * 75 %] of open heart surgery in western, but was below 1 % in Korea. However our diet patterns have been changed. Therefore we think the incidence of coronary artery disease will be increased. So we will be familiar to this field.

  • PDF