• Title/Summary/Keyword: Health related quality of life

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Oral health related quality of life of women college students (일부 여대생의 구강건강이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyang-Nim;Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was conducted to evaluated the effects of oral health related quality of life and impacts of oral health related quality of life of early adult group through a questionnaire OHRQoL(Oral health related quality of life). The study subjects were 224 women college students. The results of this study were as follow; 1. Physical aspects score was $41.98{\pm}7.78$, social aspects score was $33.04{\pm}7.25$, psychological aspects score was $32.50{\pm}7.50$ in effects of oral health related quality of life. 2. Physical aspects score was $25.49{\pm}4.86$, social aspects score was $20.65{\pm}4.47$, psychological aspects score was $19.84{\pm}5.53$ in impacts of oral health related quality of life. 3. The better oral health was the higher effects of oral health related quality of life(pE0.05). No missing tooth(pE0.01), use of oral health device(pE0.05), no experience oral health education(pE0.05) group was higher impacts score of oral health related quality of life. 4. The significantly correlated among all items on effects of oral health related quality of life. Therefore it suggested that college students oral health program, need precision oral exam and oral health education.

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Resilience and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children with Chronic Illness (만성질환아의 극복력(resilience)과 건강관련 삶의 질)

  • Shin, Yeong-Hee;Sim, Mi-Kyung;Kim, Tae-Im
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.295-303
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between resilience and health-related quality of life and to identify the effect of resilience on health-related quality of life in children with chronic illness. Method: The participants in this study were 71 children who were seen at one of 3 hospitals, either in outpatient clinics or as admitted patients. The data were collected from March to October, 2005 and descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Result: Health-related quality of life was slightly low with a mean score of 2.85 (range 1-5). Health-related quality of life was significantly different according to age. There was a significant correlation between resilience and health-related quality of life. Resilience was a predictor of health-related quality of life and accounted for 45% of the variance. Conclusions: Resilience was shown to influence health-related quality of life of children with chronic illness. These findings suggest that the interventions to enhance resilience would be effective for the improvement of health-related quality of life.

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The Effect of Regular and Temporary Employment on Health-related Quality of Life (정규직 및 비정규직 고용형태가 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 분석 연구)

  • Sohn, Shin-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.171-182
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to identify the effect of employment type on health-related quality of life. Methods : This study used data from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data were analyzed with the ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression. Results : There were significant statistical differences the health-related quality of life according to employment type. The health-related quality of life of temporary workers was lower than that of regular workers. The significant predictors of the health-related quality of life of regular workers were the subjective health status, stress, age, and education. The significant predictors of the health-related quality of life of temporary workers were the subjective health status, education, stress, sleeping time, and gender. Conclusions : These results suggest that employment type affects the health-related quality of life. The research on social policy is recommended to resolve health inequalities.

Influencing Factors on Health Related Quality of Life in Middle Age (중년의 건강관련 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Chang, Hae-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.339-347
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on health related quality of life in middle age. Methods: Data were as collected by self-reported questionnaires from 303 middle age adults. Data analysis was done using SPSS/WIN 17.0 program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The average score of health related quality of life was $79.50{\pm}0.40$. Health related quality of life was statistically significant differences according to gender, education, economic status and disease. The health related quality of life was significantly correlated with fatigue, depression, stress, social support, somatic attribution, psychological attribution, normalizing attribution and type D personality. The major factors that affect health related quality of life in middle age were stress, fatigue, type D personality and normalizing attribution, which explained 51.3% of health related quality of life. Conclusion: The findings can provide the basis for the development of nursing interventions to improve health related quality of life. Furthermore, more studies are needed to explore variables that influence on the health related quality of life in middle age.

The Effects of Related Factors on Health-related Quality of Life for the Frail Elderly (허약노인의 건강관련 삶의 질과 영향요인)

  • Yim, Eun-Shil;No, Kyoung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.12-20
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of health-related quality of life and to examine their effects in frail elderly. Methods: This was a correlation study. The subjects were 680 frail elders aged over 65 who were receiving home care from one of 253 public health centers in 16 provinces, and data were collected from the 1st to 30th of April, 2008. Results: The mean health-related quality of life in the subjects was $6.0{\pm}2.0$. The predictors identified in this study significantly explained 41.3% of health-related quality of life. Self-rated health was the most significant predictor of health-related quality of life. ADL and depression had an effect on health-related quality of life. Conclusion: Self-rated health, ADL and depression were the predictors of health-related quality of life in the frail elderly.

Health-Related Quality of Life and Its Affecting Factors among the Aged in one Korean Community (일 지역 노인의 건강관련 삶의 질과 영향요인)

  • Kim, Hye-Ryoung
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.167-178
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of health-related quality of life among the aged who have been living in one urban community. The number of participants was 167 of people who were 60 and over. health-related quality of life was measured by EQ-5D in Korean Version. The order of frequency of 5 domain in EQ-5D were pain/discomfort, mobility, anxiety/depression, usual activity, self care. 32 of profiles were found from the study participants, and '11111' among them was 28.7%. Mean of EQ-5D index was $0.82{\pm}0.14$. Multiple Regression analysis of health-related quality of life explained 31% of variance of health-related quality of life using EQ-5D. In this analysis, age, regular exercise, spouse were found to be predictors to health-related quality of life measured by EQ-5D. The finding of this study will be the basis of well organized model of health-related quality of life for the aged.

Degree of Dry Mouth and Factors Influencing Oral Health-related Quality of Life for Community-Dwelling Elders (지역사회 노인의 구강건조증 정도 및 구강건강관련 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Park, Myung-Sook;Ryu, Se-Ang
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.747-755
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the degree of dry mouth and oral health-related quality of life and to identify factors contributing to oral health-related quality of life for community-dwelling elders. Methods: A descriptive correlational study design was used. Participants were 156 older adults from two senior welfare centers. Data were collected on February 21, 22 and 29, 30, 2009 using structured questionnaires. Enter type multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing oral health-related quality of life according to general and oral health characteristics. Results: There were significant differences in oral health-related quality of life according to living arrangement, insurance, smoking, number of natural teeth, and denture type. The oral health-related quality of life had significant correlations with the number of chronic disease, number of medications, and dry mouth. Factors influencing oral health-related quality of life for community-dwelling older adults were dry mouth, number of chronic disease, and medical aid, which explained about 47.9% of total variance. Conclusion: These results indicate that in order to promote oral health-related quality of life for older adults, prevention or management of chronic diseases as well as oral health and dry mouth are needed for this population, and especially economically poor elders.

The Effect of Functional Dependency and Stress on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients under Rehabilitation after Stroke (뇌졸중 재활 환자의 기능적 의존도와 스트레스가 건강 관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Ok-Hee;Choi, Suyoung;Song, Jihyeun
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors contributing to health-related quality of life in patients under rehabilitation after stroke. Methods: A descriptive correlational study design was used. Ninety-two stroke patients under rehabilitation from a university hospital were included. Data were collected on March and April, 2013 using structured questionnaires. Hierarchial multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing health-related quality of life. Results: There were significant differences in health-related quality of life according to type of impairment. The health-related quality of life had significant correlations with age, functional dependency, and stress. Factors influencing health-related quality of life for stroke patients under rehabilitation were stress, functional dependency, type of impairment, and age, which explained about 34.5% of total variance. Conclusion: To promote health-related quality of life for stroke patients under rehabilitation, stress and functional dependency should be managed in this population, especially for older adults. Also these results can be utilized in the development of program for helping rehabilitation of stroke patients. The effect of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life should also be addressed in future research.

Relationships among Uncertainty, Distress, and Quality of Life in Lung Cancer Patients: Mediating effect of Resilience (폐암 환자의 불확실성과 디스트레스가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 극복력의 조절효과)

  • Lee, Jungah;Kim, Minju
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.148-156
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to examine health-related quality of life and to identify the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship among uncertainty, distress, and health-related quality of life in lung cancer patients. Methods: A total of 149 lung cancer patients visiting the D hospital in B city completed a questionnaire, including demographic and disease-specific characteristics, uncertainty, distress, resilience, and health-related quality of life. Data were analyzed with descriptive analysis, t-tests, ANOVA, and multiple regression analyses via SPSS 24. Results: Health-related quality of life was $81.00{\pm}21.39$ (range 0~136) in lung cancer patients. In the results of hierarchical regression analyses, the health-related quality of life was associated with education, uncertainty, distress, and resilience. However, there was no mediating effect of resilience on the relationship among uncertainty, distress, and health-related quality of life. Conclusion: Lung cancer patients with high uncertainty and distress and low resilience could experience low health-related quality of life. In order to reduce uncertainty and distress, it is necessary to provide more detailed, systematic information and support, while reinforcing positive thinking.

Somatic Symptoms as Mediating Factors between the Perceived Social Support and the Health-Related Quality of Life in North Korean Defectors

  • Won, Sung-Doo;Lee, So Hee;Kim, SeogJu;Jun, Jin Yong;Shin, Sang-Soo
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.407-412
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    • 2017
  • Objective This study was conducted to examine the mediating effect of somatic symptoms between perceived social support and health-related quality of life among North Korean defectors living in South Korea. Methods A total of 200 North Korean defectors were assessed using the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Short-Form 8-Item Health Survey, the Patient Health Questionnaire 15, the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version and the Patient Health Questionnaire 9. Results Somatic symptoms accounted for physical health-related quality of life after controlling for PTSD and depressive symptoms, but did not for mental health-related quality of life. Moreover, somatic symptoms mediated the relationship between perceived social support and physical and mental health-related quality of life, indicating that perceived social support indirectly affects physical and mental health-related quality of life through somatic symptoms in North Korean defectors. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that not only intervention for PTSD or depressive symptoms but also for somatic symptoms might be effective to improve physical and mental health-related quality of life for North Korean defectors, especially those who have a lack of perceived social support.