• Title/Summary/Keyword: Health

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The Effect of e-Health literacy on Health Behavior in Health Science Majors (보건학전공 대학생의 e헬스 리터러시가 건강행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seungmin;Nam, Younghee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed identify of the level and effect of the e-health literacy and health behavior in health science majors Methods: The data was collected from March 5 to March 15, 2018 for student majoring in health science at a university in the C city. The data were analyzed with the SPSS 21.0. Results: First, the e-health literacy were statistically significant in grades (F=5.769, p=0.001), health interest (F=10.553, p<0.001) and health care time (F=3.841, p=0.023), and health behavior were statistically significant in subjective health condition (F=5.476, p=0.05), health interest (F=16.716, p<0.001), and health care time (F=28.479, p<0.001). Second, the e-health literacy were correlated with grades, health care time, economic level and health interest, and health behavior were related to health care time, e-health literacy, subjective health condition and health interest. Third, health behavior related factors were health care time, e-health literacy, grades, subjective health condition, and health interest. Conclusion: The related knowledge and skills should be applied to basic classes in order to ensure that health science majors care can accurately utilize the information on the e-health.

Perceived Health Knowledge and Health Education Needs Associated with Child Health Behaviors : A Survey of Some Elementary School Students in Seoul

  • Jung, Sang-Hyuk;Park, Kyoung-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.65-81
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to describe child perceived health knowledge, health education needs, and health behaviors by sex as a representative general characteristic and examined their associations for students' better health behavior changes. Methods: The survey participants were 410 fourth to sixth grade students in two elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. A total of 12 classes in two elementary schools were randomly selected and all students of the selected classes participated in the self-administered survey. The questionnaire contained the items of perceived health knowledge, health education needs (health topics which they want to know more), health behavior, and general characteristics. Results: Perceived health knowledge, health education needs, and health behaviors were, generally, better among girls than boys. Sexual differences were not large in perceived health knowledge, health education needs, health behaviors. Perceived health knowledge had significant positive correlation with health behaviors both in boys and girls(p <.01). The correlation between perceived health knowledge and health behaviors(r =.36) was two fold greater than correlation between health education needs and health behaviors(r =.18) among boys; where as the two correlations were similar to each other among girls. The significant factors were perceived health knowledge, sex, grade, and health education needs in order, and the four factors described health behaviors in 21.0%. The higher perceived health knowledge, girls, lower grade, and more health education needs was associated with the better health behaviors. Conclusions: There was significant sexual difference of the relationship between health knowledge, health education needs, and health behaviors among children. Perceived health knowledge was more important factor to improve health behaviors among boys while perceived health knowledge and health education needs had equal importance on health behaviors among girls. Therefore, knowledge building should be an essential part of health education class goals for building better health behaviors.

Health Literacy, Health Risk Perception and Health Behavior of Elders (노인의 건강정보이해능력, 건강 관련 위험인식과 건강행위)

  • Jeong, Jeong Hee;Kim, Jung Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The aim of this study is to clarify the level of health literacy, health risk perception and health behavior of Korean elders and to determine the impact of their health literacy and health risk perception on their health behavior. Methods: A descriptive correlation study was conducted with 188 elders aged 65 or older in senior welfare centers in Busan. Questionnaires were used to measure levels of health literacy, health risk perception, and health behavior. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Kruskal Wallis test, Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical regression were performed. Results: 43.6% of the subjects had low levels of health literacy. There was a negative relation between health literacy and health risk perception, and between health risk perception and health behavior. There was a positive relation between health literacy and health behavior. Health concern, health literacy affected health behavior. Health literacy independently accounted for 24% of health behavior. Health risk perception didn't affect health behavior. Conclusion: Many of the Korean elders had low levels of health literacy and health literacy was independently associated with health behavior. These findings show that interventions for improving health literacy are necessary to enhance health behavior of the elderly.

A study on development of health indicator system in Korea (한국의 보건지표 체계 개선에 관한 연구)

  • 윤치근;윤병준;이준협;김윤신
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.44-66
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    • 2003
  • I. Background and Purpose Health Indicator system and measurement of health status are an important fields in national health fields. This study reviewed the overall concepts of health and health indicators, health indicator system. The purposes of this study are to build the conceptual health framework, and suggest a health indicator system, in order to correspond to the situation of national health and the demand of International organizations. II. Scope and Contents The scope of this study ; - Review of tile conceptual health framework, health indicators, and health Indicator system - Selection and development of tile new individual health indicators - Suggestion of tile revised health indicator system III. Results of Study This study intented to build the conceptual and framework of national health and provide the measurement tools of health status. This study developed the health indicator system through the conceptual and hierarchial approach to national health. The health indicator system contains 6 concern: areas and each sub-areas. The major concern areas are health state and behavior, deathㆍdiseaseㆍdisability, health care utilization, health resources, health expenditure and finance, other affecting factors on health. This health indicator system is corresponding to the situation of health status patterns and the demand of international organizations. And this health indicator system is considering the present health data production system and the availability of health data.

A Study of Health Promotion Activity in Community Health Nursine Areas (지역사회 간호분야에서의 건강증진행위분석)

  • Kim, Young-Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.158-169
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    • 1993
  • Health promotions have been identified as foundamental concepts for nursing practice, especially in community health nursing. Nurses have been regarded as having important role's in health promotion activities. According to a review of literature, the concepts of health promotion consist of prevention services, health protection. Health prevention services have three levels : Primary secondary and tertiary. The objectives of this study are (1) to analyze the health promotion activities in school nursing. (2) to analyze health promotion activities in community health nursing posts. (3) to analyze the health promotion activities in industrial nursing while suggesting future direction for health promotion in community health nursing areas. The major results are first, Prevention services are most actively performed rather than health protection, and health education in three areas: School, industries, and community. Health nursing, secondary prevention services follow emergency care, and ordinary diseases control are especially active. Health promotion can ultimately from changing life be accomplished styles, and health behavior. As a consequence, future directions promoting health in community health nursing are desirable areas. Focusing on health protection, and health education that is not activated presently.

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Health Promotion Services and Administrative System of the University Health Clinic (대학보건실의 운영체계 및 건강증진 서비스 제공 실태)

  • Park, Chun-Man;Kim, Young-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.151-163
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to analyze problems and priority of university health services through analysis of health promotion programs and administrative system of university health clinics. Methods: In first telephone survey, 349 colleges and universities nationwide were surveyed to find out whether they operate health clinic or not. The administrative system and health promotion services of university health clinics were analyzed in 198 schools which had health clinic in it. Results: 160 schools were included in the final analysis. The most common name of university health clinic was 'health clinic' (35.2%), and heads of 52 university health clinics were non-medical school professors. 20.9% of the school provided details of the rules and implement guidelines of health care service. Health promotion services of university health clinic were set the non-smoking area (90.6%), health counseling (81.8%), providing health information (74.8%), health check-up (65.4%), health education (61.4%), partnership with health institutions in a community (61.4%), and immunization (48.1%) in order of that. Conclusion: It is urgent to establish the regulatory and guidelines for university health clinic. Each member of school should have interests in their health clinic and acknowledge health promotion services which they can get at the university health clinic.

The Health Information for Health Promotion (건강증진을 위한 보건정보)

  • 김종갑;강성홍
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 1993
  • Human health is affected by physical, social, cultural, economic, and political environment. To improve health status, of the people we need much support from social system and to make social supporting system effective for health promotion, we need health information. Because, the health information is basic to the social supporting system for health promotion. So, we should construct health information systems as follows : 1. Health information system for children 2. Health information system for families 3. Health information system for adolescents 4. Health information system for mothers 5. Health information system for workers 6. Health information system for physical handicapped 7. Health information system for elders

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The Effects of Health Behavior Among Adolescents (청소년의 건강행위에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Jung, Sang-Hyuk;Yoon, Hee-Sang
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.6
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : This study was to describe health behavior, self-esteem, health knowledge, health education needs, and to assess the effects of health behavior on self-esteem, health knowledge and health education needs. Study Methods : A self-administrated questionnaire was carried out to randomly selected students in two middle schools in Seoul, Korea. The questionnaire contains items of health behavior on self-esteem, health knowledge and health education needs. Results : The mean score differences of health behavior were not meaningful. Health behavior had significantly positive correlation with self-esteem, health knowledge and health education needs. The multiple regression showed that higher self-esteem, health knowledge and health education needs was associated with higher scores of health behavior. Discussion : Health knowledge has a significant effect on health behavior Therefore, regular health education class must be based on health knowledge and health education needs.

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The Analysis of the Real Condition of School Health and the Establishment of a Management System (학교보건(學校保健)의 실태분석(實態分析)과 운영체계(運營體系) 정립(定立))

  • Chang, Kwan-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.24-55
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    • 1993
  • School health aims to guide and manage growing students from elementary schools to high schools in order to grow healthily through the formation of healthy life habits, the self-control health management guide and the making of pleasant school health environments. Even though this school health plays an important role in guiding the students who are in the period of growing to have a perfect personality as a democratic people of our country in the school education, there are many lacks, such as they still don't know the word itself, "school health" or recognize its importance. Also it's a real condition to practice items concerned with the health under the condition of unestablished structure. 1. The results of analyzing school health real conditions. Based on treatises concerned with school health and various statistical materials which are announced by concerned people. We divided and analyzed school health into the items concerned with health education, the items with health management, and the items with school health environments, and investigated the level of the present school health and its necessity. As the items concerned with health education, we investigated the necessary range of school health education, the effect of health education on children's daily life, family's health and the interesting contents of school health. And as the items with health management, I investigated children's obesity, dental caries, eyesight, clinics, a health examination, drug abuse, spirit health, providing meals for school children, and school health manpower. And as the items conerned with school health environments, we investigated the recognition of the problem of natural environments, the management of purification district around the school, the problem of environments within the school and classroom lighting. As the results of analyzing these, I realized that the present level of school health is still in unsatisfactory situation and school health is needed necessary. 2. The establishment of school health. In order to set the school health, above all, the management system of School health should be set. I classified and systemized the contents of each item which had been promoted till now according to the function. They are classified as followings Based on classifying school health into (1) health education, (2) health management and (3) health environments, I divided school health education into the health education of health subjects, the health education of concerned subjects and the education of health life. And I divided health management into the health managements for a prevention and a cure. And I divided health environments into the environment around the school and within the school. Each system set like these is not fixed invariably and I should keep the relationship of mutual supplement between health education and health management, between health management and health environments, and between health environments management and health education. When we run these systemetic school health, students' health could be maintained and improved to more proper directions.

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The Utilization of Health Educator for Health Promotion (건강증진을 위한 보건교육과 보건교육사 활용)

  • 남철현
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1993
  • Health behavior of the people is not satisfactory and it is recommended that proper health education methods be utilized for health promotion of the people. In order to accomplished health promotion objectives. it is necessary to assign teachers specialized in health education to schools and health educators to communities. Health promotion bill is prepared by members of national assembly and the government has to develope a sound policy for the health promotion of the people. In developed countries. health educator are serving communities and help people for health promotion. It is recommended that health educators be assigned to local health departments and local health centers throughout Korea, and to general hospitals. It is recommended that public health related associations, health education association and professors of health care departments in colleges work together for better health services through health education. The most important variable to affecting KAP level of people on environmental health was education level.

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