• Title, Summary, Keyword: Haugh Unit

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Effects of Dietary illite As a Feed Additive on The Haugh Unit and Fatty Acid Profiles of Eggs (일라이트(illite)를 산란계 사료에 첨가 시 계란 신선도와 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, In-Hag
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.807-811
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    • 2019
  • The present study aimed to examine the effects of dietary illite as a feed additive on the Haugh unit and fatty acid profiles of eggs. One hundred and twenty laying hens (48-week-old Hy-line Brown) were randomly assigned to one of the following two treatments: control or 2% illite powder. At 2 and 4 weeks, the Haugh unit values between the control and 2% illite powder groups were not significantly different (p>0.05). In addition, individual fatty acid content at 2 and 4 weeks did not differ between the treatments (p>0.05), except for palmitic (C16:0) and palmitoleic acid (C16:1) content. The addition of 2% illite powder caused no difference between the total saturated and total unsaturated fatty acids at 2 and 4 weeks (p>0.05). In conclusion, the addition of dietary illite at a rate of 2% did not improve the Haugh unit values or fatty acid profiles of eggs.

Effect of Age of Laying Hens and Grade of Egg Shell Abnormality on Internal Egg Quality (산란계 주령과 계란 난각 형태이상 정도가 내부품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Heui-Soo;Kim, Sun-Man;Noh, Jae-Jung;Lee, Jae-Ik;Lee, Hyun-Jung;Jo, Cheo-Run
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of age of laying hens and grade of shell abnormality on internal egg quality. At each week, 1,000 eggs were randomly selected from 21,000 eggs laid by Hy-Line hens (100,000 birds) aged from 56 to 62 wk. The samples were divided into normal and externally abnormal eggs by an official egg grader. Then, egg quality including egg weight, egg white height, Haugh unit and yolk color was evaluated from each normal and abnormal eggs. The production rate of externally normal and abnormal eggs was 81.22 and 18.78%, respectively. No difference found in the production rate by the increase of hen's age, but Haugh unit of eggs from hens of 60-wk-old was higher (p<0.05) than that of 56-wk-old. When the same age groups were compared, egg white height and Haugh unit were lower in eggs which were externally abnormal. When the grade of abnormality increased, egg white height and Haugh unit were decreased further (p<0.05). Among the externally abnormal eggs, malformation showed the lowest Haugh unit. In conclusion, the shell abnormality of eggs laid by hens aged 56 to 62 wk was closely related with internal egg quality. Therefore, the grading external egg quality in the present egg grading system is directly related with the internal egg freshness.

Comparison of Principle Components and Internal Quality of Eggs by Age of Laying Hens and Weight Standard (산란 주령 및 중량 규격에 따른 계란의 주요 성분 및 내부 품질 비교)

  • Lee, Jae Cheong;Kim, Sun Hyo;Sun, Chang Wan;Kim, Chang Ho;Jung, Samooel;Lee, Jun Heon;Jo, Cheorun
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to compare the principle components and internal quality of eggs by age of laying hens and weight standard. The eggs (2,140 in total) used were from Hy-Line Brown reared from 18 to 63 weeks of ages and all were higher than appearance grade B by animal grading standard of Korea. Eggs were investigated their principle components, internal quality index, and their relationship. The weights of whole egg, shell, yolk, and albumen were increased while albumen height and Haugh unit were decreased by age of laying hens. When the composition of egg was investigated after sorting by ages, the ratio of egg yolk increased while that of albumen decreased. Egg shell composition was not shown significant difference by age. Age of laying hens had positive correlation with the weights of whole egg, shell, yolk, and albumen while albumen height and Haugh unit showed negative correlation. Also, the albumen height and Haugh unit were decreased by increase of weight of whole egg or principle components of egg.

Effect of Chitosan Coating on Quality of Egg during Storage (Chitosan Coating이 계란의 저장중 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 이신호;노홍균;정영희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.288-293
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    • 1996
  • Chitosan의 막형성능을 이용하여 계란의 저장성 증진 효과를 검토하기 위하여 세척란과 미세척란을 chitosan용액 1%와 2%를 이용하여 coating 처리하여 $20^{\circ}C에서$ 저장하면서 난중 감소율, yolk index, Haugh unit 및 유화력 등을 측정하여 대조구와 비교한 결과 난중 감소율은 chitosan 처리에 의해 저장 기간이 경과함에 따라 감소하는 경향을 나타내었다. Yolk index와 Haugh unit 측정결과 chitosan의 처리효과는 p<0.05 수준에서 유의성이 인정되었다. 난황의 유화력은 저장 기간이 경과함에 따라 감소하였으며 chitosan 처리구는 대조구에 비해 완만하게 감소하였다. Chitosan coating의 농도별 처리는 계란의 저장중 무처리구에 비해 품질보존 효과가 점차 뚜렷하였으며, 미세척란 보다 세척란에서 더욱 뚜렷하였다.

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Changes of Albumen Index and Haugh Unit by the Different Position of Thick Albumen Height of Eggs Measured (계란 농후난백의 높이 측정부위에 따른 Albumen Index와 Haugh Unit의 변화)

  • 하정기;김태호;나재천;강보석;하광수;김동혁;이상진
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.157-170
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    • 2002
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the change of egg qualify by the height of thick albumen of egg, storage temperature and storage period. The albumen index and Haugh unit were measured and compared among five different storage periods(0, 2, 4, 6, and 10 days), four different storage temperatures($15^{\circ}C$ , $20^{\circ}C$ , $25^{\circ}C$ and $30^{\circ}C$ ), and five different Parts(0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 mm) aparted from egg yolk. The albumen index and Haugh unit were as follows: the albumen index of eggs was significantly(P<0.01) different by the storage temperature and by the measuring position of thick albumen of eggs. It means that the albumen index can be differed by the measuring position of thick albumen even if eggs have a same qualify. For measuring egg qualify in this country, it should be announced that which Parts in thick albumen of eggs are measured. The albumen index of fresh eggs was 0.16. However, the index when measured at 3 hour after oviposition was lower than 0.16. Therefore, it indicates that the criterion of 0.06 lower than 0.16 is required to set for considering practical point during the marketing periods of eggs. When the criterion of albumen index puts 0.06, it is as 100%. Therefore, eggs can be kept the same quality for 6, 4 and 2 days when eggs were stored at $15^{\circ}C$ , $20^{\circ}C$ and 25 ~$30^{\circ}C$ , respectively. When the criterion of Haugh unit score puts 79 as 100%, the eggs can be maintained the quality for 6, 4, and 2 days when eggs are stored at $15^{\circ}C$ , $20^{\circ}C$ and 25~$30^{\circ}C$ , respectively. When the criterion of Haugh unit 55 as 100%, the eggs can be maintained the same quality for 10, 8 and 2 days when eggs are stored at $15^{\circ}C$ , $20^{\circ}C$ and 25~$30^{\circ}C$ , respectively. From the experimental results, it can be considered that calculathing egg quality by the height of thick albumin of eggs which was measured at the attachment Parts of thick albumin layer and yolk of eggs was most reasonable and suitable when considering the marketing periods of eggs.

Effect of Composite Film on Quail Egg and Sandwich Breads (복합 필름(SPI/corn search)이 메추리알 및 샌드위치 식품에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Jae-Youn;Park Sang-Kyu;Rhee Chong-Ouk
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.23-27
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    • 2005
  • Yolk index (In, Haugh unit (BU) and weight loss of quail egg were measured to evaluate the effect of composite film (SPI/corn starch). Also, the effect of composite film was investigated to extend the shelf-life of sandwich foods. The quality characteristics of sandwich food was measured by the weight increment The weight reduction ratio for quail egg coated with composite film showed $8\%$ increment after 20 day storage. Yolk index and Haugh unit were significantly different between the uncoated and coated quail eggs with composite film solution. Sandwich coated with composite film showed the less weight increase for 12 hour storage compared to controls.

Effects of Forced Molting and Storage Time on the Egg Quality (강제환우와 보존기간이 난질에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hong-Rock;Lee, Bong-Duk;Lee, Soo-Kee;Liu, Xian-De;Yu, Dong-Jo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2006
  • An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of forced molting and egg storage time on the various egg qualities. A total of 240 ISA Brown layers (60 wk of age) were employed as the unmolted treatment (Control). Two hundred and forty ISA Brown layers, molted at the age of 55 wk, were used as a forced molting treatment (T1), and the same number and strain of layers, molted at the age of 70 wk, were also used as the another forced molting treatment (T2). A total of 120 eggs were sampled from each treatment, and divided into six sets, 20 eggs per set. These six sets were stored for 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 days at $18^{\circ}C$ temperature, respectively. Eggs from T1 were collected from laying hens at the age of 68 wk, which started molting at 60 wk of age and achieved 50% egg production at 63 wk of age. Eggs from T2 were collected from hens at 82 wk of age, which started molting at 70 wk of age and achieved 50% egg production at 78 wk of age. The eggshell strength of T1 was significantly (p<0.05) higher than the Control and T2, and the storing periods did not affect the eggshell strength at all. Neither the forced molting nor the storing periods did not exert any consistent effect on the egg weight, eggshell thickness, eggshell color and egg yolk color. The albumin heights of T1 and T2 were significantly (p<0.05) lower than the Control, and it was remarkably reduced gradually as the storage periods increased in all three treatments. The Haugh unit showed very similar trends as the albumin height, indicating that both albumin height and Haugh unit were very much related to each other. In conclusion, the forced molting improves the eggshell strength, but decreases the albumin height and Haugh unit. The storage of eggs also decreases the albumin height and Haugh unit regardless of molting.

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Effect of Dietary Medicinal Plant by-products on Egg Production and Egg Quality in Laying Hens (약용 식물 가공 부산물의 첨가가 산란계의 생산성 및 난질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim J.H.;Na J.C.;Kim S.H.;Jang B.G.;Kang H.S.;Lee D.S.;Lee S.J.;Jwa S.H.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.121-126
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of medicinal plant by-products on productivity and egg quality in laying hens. A total of five hundred sixty laying hens was randomly distributed into 7 treatments with 4 replicates of 20 birds per replicate and fed com-soy based experimental diets containing 1.5% and 3.0% by-products of Cordyceps militaris, Artemisia capillaris and Curcuma aromatica S., respectively for 12 weeks. Egg production was not significantly different among treatments. Haugh unit was significantly increased in all treatments compared to control(p<0.05). There was no difference among the treatments in egg shell breaking strength, shell thickness, and yolk color. In conclusion, three medicinal by-products used in this experiment did not affect feed intake, egg production and showed positive effect on Haugh unit when they used $1.5{\sim}3.0%$ of feed.

Egg Quality in Battery Cage and Free-Range Systems : with Reference to Comparison of Eggs Based on Price and Hens' Age (방사 사육과 배터리 사육 산란계에서 난질 : 난가와 산란계 주령에 따른 난질의 비교)

  • Kim, Dae-Woo;Kang, Seok-Min;Yang, Young-Rok;Kim, Ji-Min;Yoon, Hyung-Sook;Jeon, Jung-Hwan;Choi, Yang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2016
  • The main purpose of the current study was to compare quality of eggs 1) produced from hens housed in battery cages vs. free range, 2) from young vs. old hens, and 3) tagged with the lowest vs. the highest price in a local franchised mart. The ages of hens, at which their eggs were used for the analysis of quality, were 70 weeks old in the experiment 1, 22 and 47 weeks old in the experiment 2, and were unknown in the experiment 3. Eggs were analyzed for weight, albumen height, Haugh unit, shell color, shell strength, shell thickness, shell weight, yolk color, yolk weight, and egg white weight. In the experiment 1, significant differences were detected between two housing systems in shell color, shell weight, yolk color, and yolk weight (P<0.05), but not in egg weight, albumen height, Haugh unit, shell strength, shell thickness, and egg white weight (P>0.05). Although egg weight was slightly but not significantly higher in battery cages by 2.2 g than in free range, yolk weight was significantly higher in battery cage (P<0.05). On the contrary, shell color was greatly increased in free range system by 68.5% compared with battery cage. In the experiment 2, there were significant differences between young and old hens in egg weight, albumen height, Haugh unit, shell strength, shell weight, yolk color and yolk weight (P<0.05). Egg weight, shell weight, yolk color and yolk weight were increased in old hens than young hens while albumen height, Haugh unit, and shell strength were decreased. In the experiment 3, egg weight, albumen height, Haugh unit, shell weight, and egg white weight were significantly higher in the highest priced eggs than the lowest ones (P<0.05), whereas shell strength and yolk color were lower (P<0.05) but shell color, shell thickness and yolk weight were not different (P>0.05). So, egg freshness was clearly higher in the highest priced ones than in the lowest (P<0.05). Due to the limited information on raising and husbandry of laying hens whose eggs were tested for egg quality in the current study, the present results should be cautiously interpreted while contributing to the future study as a basis in this field.

Effects of Water Extract Mixtures from Artemisia capillaris, Camellia sinensis, Schizandra chinensis, and Viscum album var. coloratum on Laying Performance, Egg quality, Blood Characteristics, and Egg Storage Stability in Laying Hens (인진쑥, 녹차, 오미자, 겨우살이 혼합 추출물의 첨가 급여가 산란계의 난 생산성, 계란 품질, 혈액 특성 및 계란 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Wook;Kim, Ji-Hyuk;Kang, Geun-Ho;Kang, Hwan-Ku;Choi, Ji-Young;Kim, Sang-Ho;Kang, Chang-Won
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.449-457
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the effects of three kinds of water extract mixtures each with different ratios of A. capillaris, C. sinensis, S. chinensis, and V. coloratum on laying performance, egg quality, blood characteristics, and egg storage stability in laying hens. One hundred and sixty 35-wk-old laying hens (Hy-line brown) were divided into four groups of 10 birds each replicated times four. The treatments involved a basal diet (C, control) or diets containing three kinds of water extract mixtures at 200 ppm (T1, water extract mixture A; T2, water extract mixture B; T3, water extract mixture C). The egg production rate, egg mass, and feed conversion ratio were significantly improved in all treatments compared to those of control (p<0.05). Haugh unit and egg yolk color in all treated groups were significantly improved in comparison with control (p<0.05), but no significant differences were observed for egg shell quality. The content of total cholesterol in blood serum was significantly decreased in all treatments compared to that of control (p<0.05). The blood biochemical parameters of liver and kidney damage were significantly decreased in all treatments compared to those of control (p<0.05). Total antioxidant activity in the blood serum of all treated groups was increased as well. The Haugh unit and malondialdehyde content in the egg yolk during storage were significantly decreased in all treated groups compared to control (p<0.05). Consequently, the dietary supplementation of water extract mixtures of A. capillaris, C. sinensis, S. chinensis, and V. coloratum improved laying performance and egg quality but decreased egg quality deterioration with increased storage. These results suggest that medicinal plant extracts could be used as a feed additive in feed for laying hens.