• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hatching

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Effect of Water Temperature and Salinity on the Fertilized Egg Development and Larval Development of Sevenband Grouper, Epinephelus septemfasciatus

  • Song, Young-Bo;Lee, Chi-Hoon;Kang, Hyeong-Cheol;Kim, Hyung-Bae;Lee, Young-Don
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.369-377
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    • 2013
  • The fertilized eggs of E. septemfasciatus are spherical and transparent with buoyancy at 790 to $890{\mu}m$ (average $821.8{\pm}2.0{\mu}m$) in diameter with 170 to $230{\mu}m$ oil globules (average $192.9{\pm}0.93{\mu}m$). Hatching began approximately 46 and 35 hours after fertilization at $22.0^{\circ}C$ and $25.0^{\circ}C$ water temperature, respectively. The average total length of newly hatched larvae was $1.75{\pm}0.03mm$. Most of the yolk and oil globules were absorbed within 3 to 4 days after hatching. The larvae reached 2.48 to 2.72 mm in total length, and their mouths and anuses opened at 3 to 4 days after hatching. In this time, the mouth diameters of the larvae were 0.209 to 0.238 mm. The larvae reached 3.24 to 4.15 mm in total length at 11 to 17 days after hatching, and began to metamorphose at the time the second dorsal and pelvic spines appeared and elongated. The abdominal cavity was densely lined with melanophores. The larvae reached 5.12 mm in total length at 24 days after hatching.

Diapause Characteristics of the Emma Field Cricket, Teleogryllus emma

  • Kim, Nam-Jung;Hong, Seong-Jin;Kim, Seong-Hyun
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2011
  • The diapause of $Telegryllus$ $emma$, the Emma field cricket, was investigated to study the ecological characteristics of the species. Changes in the volume, oxygen consumption, and water content of T. emma eggs were followed from oviposition. An increase in volume, oxygen consumption and water uptake occurred from 7 to 8 days following oviposition. The oxygen consumption of the eggs increased slowly for 7 days following oviposition, but then decreased until 15 days following oviposition. These results showed that a physiological change at diapause initiation affected the volume, water content, and oxygen consumption of the $T.$ $emma$ eggs. An experimental investigation of egg hatching showed that the eggs could be stocked at $10^{\circ}C$ for 40 days with a 14 day pre-period after laying and yield, 62.1% hatchability under these conditions. Maintaining the temperature at approximately $10^{\circ}C$ was favorable for hatching. Another experiment on egg hatching showed that the storage of eggs at $10^{\circ}C$ from 40 to 180 days would ensure satisfactory, hatching capacity.

Effect of Nutritional Requirements and Feeding Regimes at First Feeding on the Survival of the Larval Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus

  • Cabrera Tomas;Hur Sung Bum
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 2005
  • Despite the relatively high production of fingerlings of the olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus, its larval rearing in terms of first feeding has not been fully analyzed. We evaluated the variations of amino acids and fatty acids of starved larvae over 96 hr after hatching. We also investigated depletion of the yolk and oil globule of starved larvae and those fed the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis. In addition, the optimum size of the rotifers according to the mouth size of the larvae, and the point of no return with delay of the first feeding, were also examined. The amino acids in the egg decreased abruptly during embryo development. At 48 to 72 hr after hatching, the amino acids of starved larvae decreased by $30-40\%$ from the level in newly hatched larvae. The concentrations of fatty acids in newly hatched larvae were lower than those of floating eggs and dropped sharply at 48 hr after hatching, when the yolk disappeared. The starved larvae depleted their yolksacs and oil globules earlier than the fed larvae did. At 84 hr after hatching, rotifers were detected for the first time in the guts of the larvae, which were about 3 mm in total length. The point of no return appeared to be close to the fourth day from the first feeding. For a high survival rate of P. olivaceus larvae, the first feeding should occur before the third day after hatching.

A study on breeding ecology and nest characteristics of oriental scops owl (Otus sunia stictonotus) in South Korea

  • No, Sun-Ho;Baek, Chung-Youl;You, Young-Han;Cho, Sam-Rae
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.415-424
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    • 2015
  • This research was conducted to reveal the characteristics of breeding ecology of oriental scops owl (Otus sunia stictonotus) inhabiting in South Korea according to the nest types during the breeding season from march to October for two years (2011 and 2012). Oriental scops owl nested in woodpecker's nest holes (46.1%), natural tree holes (38.5%), and artificial wood boxes (15.4%). These nests were located on following trees: Zelkova serrata, Paulownia coreana, Celtis sinensis, Salix chaenomeloides, Salix babylonica, Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Robinia pseudoacacia and Platanus occidentalis. The hatching success was 91.4%, fledging success was 83.0%, and breeding success was 75.9%. The factors of the breeding failure were falling (57.1%), abandonment (28.6%), hatching failure (7.1%), and others with unknown cause of death (7.1%). According to nest types, the fledging success (69.2%) of woodpecker's nest holes were low and the hatching success (79.2%) of natural tree holes were also low due to hatching failure and abandonment. However, hatching success, fledging success, breeding success were high in the artificial nests as all the eggs hatched and succeeded in fledging. Therefore, we suggested that artificial nests can cover the weaknesses of natural nests as well as increasing the breeding success. However, long-term research on installation place, height, and hole sizes of the artificial nest are required in order to clearly reveal the effects on the breeding success of oriental scops owl.

The effect of the site of laser zona opening on the complete hatching of mouse blastocysts and their cell numbers

  • Sanmee, Usanee;Piromlertamorn, Waraporn;Vutyavanich, Teraporn
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.152-156
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    • 2016
  • Objective: We studied the effect of the site of laser zona opening on the complete hatching of mouse blastocysts and the cell numbers of the completely hatched blastocysts. Methods: Mouse blastocysts were randomly allocated to the inner cell mass (ICM) group (zona opening performed at the site of the ICM, n=125), the trophectoderm (TE) group (zona opening performed opposite to the ICM, n=125) and the control group (no zona opening, n=125). Results: The rate of complete hatching of the blastocysts was not significantly different in the ICM and the TE group (84.8% vs 80.8%, respectively; p=0.402), but was significantly lower in the control group (51.2%, p<0.001). The cell numbers in the completely hatched blastocysts were comparable in the control group, the ICM group, and the TE group ($69{\pm}19.3$, $74{\pm}15.7$, and $71{\pm}16.8$, respectively; p=0.680). Conclusion: These findings indicate that the site of laser zona opening did not influence the rate of complete hatching of mouse blastocysts or their cell numbers.

The effect of temperature and duration of incubation on the hatching of diapause eggs of Centropages hamatus (Copepoda, Calanoida)

  • Jo, Soo-Gun;Nancy H. Marcus;Suh, Hae-Lip;Kim, Jong-Yeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.272-274
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    • 2003
  • A few studies have examined the hatching response of copepod diapause eggs to various factors (Ban and Minoda, 1991; Chen and Marcus, 1997). Marcus (1979) monitored the hatching of diapause eggs of Labidocera aestiva and suggested that diapause eggs of marine copepods undergo a refractory phase similar to other diapausing organisms. (omitted)

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Reproductive Strategies in Great Tits

  • Yoo, Jeong-chil
    • Proceedings of the Zoological Society Korea Conference
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 1995
  • Most female Great Tits lay one egg each day until the clutch is complete. However, some exceptions are found. “Pause day/s” most frequently occur after the 1st egg is laid. In general, egg-size increase with laying sequence, but there is year-to-year variation. The relationship between egg size and laying sequence is found more significantly in relatively larger clutches than in smaller ones. Great Tits tend to advance the hatching of their chicks by starting to incubate earlier in relation to clutch completion as the breeding season progresses. hatching asynchrony affects chick´s growth rate, but when the effect of laying date on hatching asynchrony is controlled, the effect of hatching asynchrony on growth rate is not found. These findings support the ´hurry-up´ hypothesis.

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Histological and immunohistochemical studies on the endocrine cells in the bursa of Fabricius of duck, Anas platyrhynchos platyrhyncos Linne (청둥오리 Fabricius 낭에 대한 조직학적 및 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-hyun;Ku, Sae-kwang;Lee, Hyeung-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.461-466
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    • 1998
  • The histological profiles and endocrine cells in the bursa of Fabricius of the duck (Anas platyrhynchos platyrhyncos, Linne) were studied at 23 days of incubation, at hatching, 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks, 5 weeks, 6 weeks, 7 weeks, 9 weeks, 10 weeks and 32 weeks after hatching. Histologically epithelium of bursa Fabricius were pseudostratified columnar and simple columnar epithelium. Numerous lymphatic follicles and well developed plica were observed in this study. The sections were reacted immunohistochemically using antisera specific to bovine chromogranin(BCG), serotonin and somatostatin antisera using immunohistochemical methods. A few number of BCG-immunoreactive cells were detected from 23 days of incubation to 5 weeks after hatching and serotonin-immunoreactive cells were also observed from 23 days of incubation to 3 weeks after hatching. No somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were detected in this study.

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Individual Recognition between Siblings of the Young Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris)

  • Chung, Hoon;Lee, Hyun-Jung;Park, Shi-Ryong
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.365-369
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    • 2002
  • We had 18 eggs artificially hatched in a mass breeding place of black-tailed gulls and examined the individual recognition between young siblings in a laboratory environment. The results of the experiment showed that the young gulls selectively responded to their siblings and non-siblings at an early stage after hatching. It was shown that they began to recognize the begging call among the voice signals of siblings and non-siblings 15-16 days after hatching, and the chirirah call 11-12 days after hatching. Also, more significant results were shown with the chirirah call than with the begging call. In an experiment of visual recognition between siblings and non-siblings, the young black-tailed gulls approached their siblings significantly 9-10 days after hatching. The recognition between young siblings in a mass breeding place provides an important evolutionary indicator in terms of their social behaviors.

Nesting Site Preference and Hatching Success of the Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) in the Nakdong Estuary, Busan, Republic of Korea

  • Hong, Soon-Bok;Higashi, Seigo
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to determine clutch size and habitat usage of Kentish plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus) breeding on Sinja-do lslet in the Nakdong Estuary from 22 April to 12 July in 1995 and from 21 April to 20 June in 1996. The Kentish plover preferred grasslands and damp sands to dry dunes as nesting sites. The difference in hatching success among these microhabitats was attributed to high tides, which washed away many nests on damp sands, and strong winds, which frequently shifted the sand to bury eggs on dry dunes. The main mortality factor in grasslands was predation by magpies Pica pica. Each clutch contained one to four eggs, with a mode of three eggs. Hatching success was highest in two-egg clutches and lowest in one- and four-egg clutches. The mean interval for egg laying was 1.8 days between the first and second eggs and 2.1 days between the second and third eggs. The average incubation period was about 24.2 days.